[synonym] Qigen, Digu, Difu, Dijie (Ben Jing), Lycium barbarum root, gouqi root (Ji Zhu of Materia Medica Jing), Lycium barbarum root bark (theory of medicinal properties), Lycium barbarum root, sweet tooth root, red ear drop root (Henan traditional Chinese medicine manual), Lycium barbarum root, gounaizi root bark (Shandong traditional Chinese Medicine), red durian root bark (traditional Chinese medicine manual), Goudi bud bark (Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals).
[source] it is the root bark of eggplant, Lycium barbarum, etc. See "wolfberry" for plant morphology.
[collection] dig in early spring or after autumn, wash the soil, peel off the root skin and dry in the sun.
[medicinal materials] the dried root bark is short, tubular or grooved, with different sizes. It is generally 3-10 cm long, 0.6-1.5 cm wide and 3 mm thick. The outer surface is grayish yellow or brownish yellow, rough, with mixed longitudinal cracks, easy to peel off. The inner surface is yellowish white, flat with fine longitudinal lines. It is light and brittle, easy to break, with uneven section, brownish yellow outer layer and gray white inner layer. It stinks. It's slightly sweet. It is better to be big, thick, without wood core and impurities.
It is produced in most parts of the country.
[chemical constituents] the root bark contains cinnamic acid, phenolic compounds and betaine. It was also reported that betaine only existed in the leaves and fruits of Lycium barbarum, but not in the root bark. The inhibitory effect of cysteine and vitamin C could be relieved. β - sitosterol, linoleic acid, linolenic acid and trinic acid were also isolated from Cortex Lycii.
[pharmacological action] ① effects on cardiovascular system
The extract, tincture and decoction of cortex Rehmanniae have obvious antihypertensive effect on anesthetized dogs, cats and rabbits by intravenous injection, accompanied by slow heart rate and rapid breathing; the effect of extract seems to be better than that of decoction; repeated administration can produce varying degrees of rapid tolerance. The concentrated tincture also showed sustained and stable hypotensive effect in anesthetized dogs and cats by intramuscular injection or in non anesthetized rats by intragastric administration. The antihypertensive effect of cortex Rehmanniae is related to the central nervous system. It may also block sympathetic nerve endings and directly relax blood vessels. During hypotension, ECG showed no significant change except for slow heart rate and decreased T wave. Poisoning dose could cause partial or even complete block of atrioventricular conduction in guinea pig heart.
② Hypoglycemic effect
The blood glucose of rabbits was increased for a short time, then decreased for a long time, and it did not recover after 4-8 hours. There was no obvious antagonism to hyperglycemia induced by epinephrine injection. After subcutaneous injection of the extract, the blood sugar of rabbits was also decreased
The extract of another bearded Lycium barbarum root can cause a significant and lasting decrease of blood glucose and increase of carbohydrate tolerance in rats. Its hypoglycemic effect is due to the guanidine derivative.
③ Antipyretic effect
The results showed that the artificial bone bark had significant antipyretic effect on rabbits. The ether extract and the water extract of the residue after ethanol extraction had no effect, but the ethanol extract, the water extract or the water extract of the residue after ether extraction had effect. Its antipyretic effect is weaker than that of aminopyrine, which is equal to that of other antipyretics.
[processing] remove impurities and wood core, wash slightly, dry in the sun and cut into sections.
Sweet and cold.
① Ben Jing: "it tastes bitter and cold. "
② Bielu: "cold, nontoxic. "
③ "Compendium": "sweet and light, cold. "
It enters the lung, liver and kidney meridians
① Tang Ye Ben Cao: "foot Shao Yin, hand Shao Yang Jing. "
② "Lei Gong's treatment of medicinal properties": entering the lung and kidney meridians. "
③ "Ben Cao Hui Yan": "enter the foot Shaoyin and foot Jueyin meridians. "
Functions and indications: clearing heat and cooling blood. It is used to treat asthenia, fever, night sweats, lung heat, cough and asthma, hematemesis, hematemesis, hemodrenching, diabetes, hypertension, carbuncle and sore.
① "Ben Jing" says: "it governs five internal evils, quenches thirst in heat, and disturbs Qi in Zhou. "
② Bielu: "it is mainly responsible for rheumatism, lower chest and hypochondriac Qi, guest heat, headache, tonifying internal injury, strenthening muscles, strengthening Yin, benefiting small intestine, and resisting cold and heat. "
③ "On medicinal properties": "fine file, noodles mixed cooked, boiled and swallowed, indications of kidney family. "
④ "Dietotherapy Materia Medica": "removing bone heat to quench thirst. "
⑤ Ben Cao BIE Shuo: "treat golden sores. "
⑥ Li Gao: "the treatment lies in the wind evil which has no definite appearance, and the bone steam which has sweat in the corpse. "
⑦ Wang Haogu: "Xie Shen Huo, Jiang Fei Zhong Fu Huo, de cellular Zhong Huo, de fever, bu Zhengqi. "
⑧ Daily use materia medica: "treat upper diaphragmatic hematemesis; decoct and gargle, stop tooth blood, treat bone trough wind. "
⑨ The compendium of Medical Sciences: "to remove the heat due to deficiency of liver and kidney. "
⑩ Materia medica: "it is mainly used to treat asthenia, fever, cold and heat, blood syndrome, epistaxis, cough, blood, cough, asthma, Xiaohuang, stroke, dizziness, spasm, lumbago, Xingbi, beriberiberi, edema, asthenia, palpitation, forgetfulness, dysuria, red and white turbidity. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 3-6 yuan; or into pills, powder. External use: gargle with boiling water, wash, sprinkle or apply.
[should avoid] it should not be taken if the spleen and stomach are deficient and cold.
① Introduction to medicine: "avoid iron. "
② "Materia medica Huiyan": "the deficiency of labor, fire and weak spleen and stomach, less food, diarrhea should be reduced. "
③ Ben Cao Zheng: "don't use it if it's fake hot. "
[prescription selection] 1. For the treatment of bone steaming and muscle heat, it can relieve all deficiency and irritability. The fluid for generating body fluid is: Digupi (wash, remove heart), Fangfeng (remove hairpin), and licorice (roast). Fine powder, 2 yuan per serving, 1 cup of water, 3 pieces of ginger, 7 pieces of bamboo leaves, fried. (DI Xian San in Benshi Fang)
② Treatment of heat and labor: two liang of Digupi, one or two of Bupleurum. On the two flavor daoluo powder, each take two money dagger, with Maimendong (heartless) decoction. (Digupi San in Shengji Zonglu)
③ For the treatment of deficiency and thirst in the mouth, dysphoria, heat or cold in the joints: five liters of Lycium barbarum root, white skin (cut), two liters of Ophiopogon japonicus and two liters of wheat. On the three flavor, with water two Dou, cooked wheat, medicine into dross, each take one liter, day again. (Chinese wolfberry soup in Qian Jin Fang)
④ Treatment of children lung Sheng, asthma cough: cortex rehmanniae, cortex mori (fried) each one or two, licorice (fried) one money. On file powder, into a pinch of Japonica rice, water two small, fried seven minutes, take before eating. (Xiebai powder in Zhijue of pediatric medicine syndrome)
⑤ Treatment of vomiting, blood: Lycium barbarum root skin, seeds, for the powder, Jianfu. (Puji Fang)
⑥ Treatment of blood drenching: cortex rehmanniae, decocted with wine. If the new cortex Rehmanniae add water to mash juice, each into a little wine, hollow warm suit better. (Digu wine from experience Collection)
⑦ To cure diabetes, drinking water day and night is not enough, small convenience: Digupi (file), tuguagen (file), Trichosanthes kirilowii (file), Lugen (file) each in half, Maimendong (heart removed, baked) two liang, jujube seven (nucleus removed). Take four daggers and one cup of water for each. Decoct it for eight minutes. Remove the dross and warm it. (Digupi drink in Shengji Zonglu)
⑧ Treatment of thirst, dry lips and dry mouth: five liters of wolfberry root (file skin), one liter of gypsum, three liters of wheat. Cut the upper three flavors, boiled in water, cooked in wheat soup, remove the dross, and drink it warm and cold. (Chinese wolfberry Decoction in yixinfang)
⑨ When the treatment line eye swelling itching pain: Digupi (cut) three jin. Take three liters of water, boil three liters, remove dross, add two liang of salt, fry one liter, wash eyes. (Digupi Decoction in Shengji Zonglu)
⑩ Treatment of wind insect toothache: Chinese wolfberry root white skin fried vinegar gargle it. It can be decocted with water. (behind the elbow)
(11) treatment of bladder heat transfer in the small intestine, mouth erosion, ulceration, heart and stomach heat, water valley: bupleurum, Digupi each three money. Take it in water. (Digupi Decoction in the secret collection of orchid chamber)
(12) for the treatment of deafness, there is more than abscess: half of the cortex diguis and half of the gall. Mash the upper two flavors into fine powder, add a little into the ear. (Digupi San in Shengji Zonglu)
The treatment of gangrene involves hands, feet, shoulders and back. Suddenly, the hair is as thick as adzuki bean. The juice comes from the root of wolfberry and the leaf of sunflower. Boil the juice and fry it like sugar. (Qian Jin Fang)
(14) for the treatment of intestinal wind, hemorrhoids and hemorrhoids, the bleeding is not enough: the root bark of Rehmannia glutinosa and phoenix eye are equally divided (stir fried, yellowish). Pound for the fine powder, each service three money, hollow warm wine tune service. Avoid greasy. (experience prescription Digupi powder)
⒂ treatment of hemorrhoids: wolfberry root, earthworm (pound). If the root of Lycium barbarum is new, scrape off the floating red skin, take only the second thin white skin, dry it and pound it for the end, one or two for each scale, and don't add a coin of earthworm powder. Mix well. First, wash the affected area with hot hydrocarbon juice. Dry the medicine, and use it three times a day. (gouqi powder in Shengji Zonglu)
(16) for the treatment of gas fistulas and crevices, it has not been cured for many years: there is not much land and bone, and pestle is fine. Every time you burn paper and dip it into the wound, you often use natural raw meat, and even use rice to drink two coins. You can take it three times a day. (yingxiaosan in surgical essence)
Treatment of female Yin swelling or sores: wolfberry root decoction frequency wash. (Yonglei qianfang)
(18) deficiency of kidney meridian, dizziness of eyes, or cloudiness of eyes. And wolfberry a Jin, good wine run through. It can be divided into four parts: one with Sichuan pepper, one with fennel, one with sesame and one with toosendan. After stir frying, pick out medlar, add Rehmannia glutinosa, Atractylodes macrocephala, white Poria cocos each one or two, research together for the end, add refined honey to make pills, take appropriate amount every day. This prescription is called "Sishen pill".
(19) strengthening the muscles and bones and tonifying the essence. Use wolfberry root, Rehmannia glutinosa and Chamomile Flower to mash, add water to a stone, boil five buckets of juice, cook five buckets of glutinous rice with juice, mix in the koji, make wine as usual, and drink three bowls a day. It is called "Digu wine".
The steaming and steaming of bones (including all tiredness and fever after serious illness). Use two liang of cortex rehmanniae, one or two of Radix Saposhnikoviae, half liang of licorice (roasted), and mix well. For every five yuan, add five pieces of ginger and fry them in water. This square is called "dixiansan".
(21) kidney deficiency lumbago. And wolfberry root, Eucommia ulmoides Oliv, Jue solution and a Jin, good wine three Dou soak, honey sealed pot, and then put the pot to boil for a day, often take drink.
(22) red eye swelling and pain. Use three catties of cortex rehmanniae, add three buckets of water, boil it into three liters, remove the residue, put in one or two pieces of salt, and then cook it into two programs, frequently wash and dot the eyes.
(23) bleeding of urine. Wash with new groundnut skin and pound for natural juice. nothing
Chinese PinYin : Di Gu Pi
Citron leaf. Xiang Yuan Ye
house lizard. Bi Hu
Light Douchi. Dan Dou Chi
Gall wood. Dan Mu
Ophiopogon japonicus. Mai Dong Hu Bei Mai Dong
Mianteng. Mian Teng
Daphne odorifera leaves. Rui Xiang Ye
Clematis. Shui Xian Cao
Centipede to the sky. Xiang Tian Wu Gong
Yaerqin root. Ya Er Qin Gen
Coix leaf. Yi Yi Ye
Ramulus. You Cao