Chinese Name: Rush (Kaibao materia medica)
[category]: stems and vines
[synonyms] huxucao (Cui Bao's ancient and modern notes), Chishu (Lei Gong's treatise on processing), Dengxin (Shengji Zonglu), Dengcao (zhenzhenbao), biyucao (Gangmu), shuidengxin (classified herbal medicine), tiedengxin (Tianbao materia medica), zhuyacao, yangpaidong (Mindong materia medica), dengxincao, hujiucao, qushicao (Fujian herbal medicine), huxu (Northern herbal medicine) Manual of common Chinese herbal medicine.
[source] it is the stem pith or whole plant of Juncus.
[plant morphology] Juncus
Perennial herbs, 35-100 cm high. Rhizome transverse, with many fibrous roots. Stem cylindric, 1-2 mm in diameter, with obvious stripes outside, light green. Stemless leaves with sheath like leaves at the base, reddish brown for the elder and brown or dark brown for the shorter, glossy. Compound cyme, pseudolateral, densely clustered by many florets; flowers pale green, with short stalks; perianth 6, 2-whorled, lobes lanceolate, 2-2.5 mm long, abaxially pilose, margin membranous, 2 longitudinal veins; stamens 3, shorter than perianth; ovary 3-locular, style inconspicuous, stigma 3. Capsule ovate triangular or elliptic, ca. 2 mm, apex obtuse, yellowish brown. Seeds numerous, obliquely ovate. The flowering period is from May to June. The fruit period is from July to August.
On the edge of a wetland or swamp. It is distributed all over the country.
The root and rhizome of this plant (rush root) are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] harvest in autumn. Cut the stem to dry, or cut the stem skin longitudinally, remove the skin and marrow, and dry in the sun.
[medicinal material] the dried pith of stem is slender and cylindrical, generally 50-60 cm long, sometimes more than 1 m long. The surface is milky white to yellowish white, rough, with fine longitudinal grooves. With a magnifying glass, it can be seen that there are many filaments on the surface, interwoven into a net, and most of them are short hairy. It is light and soft, like sponge, slightly elastic, easy to break, uneven section, white. The air is weak and the taste is light. It is better to have white color, uniform length and elasticity.
Produced in Jiangsu, Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou and other places. The Juncus produced in Sichuan is called "Juncus" if its skin is peeled off, and "Juncus" if its skin is not peeled off.
There are also other plants of the same genus, such as wild rush and pseudo rush, which are also used as medicine for rush.
[chemical composition] the stem and pith contain fiber, fatty oil, protein, etc. The stem contains polysaccharides.
[processing] Rushi charcoal: take Rushi and put it in a pot, cover it with a pot with a smaller diameter, paste it with white paper, seal the junction of the two pots with salt mud, do not let down, calcine until the white paper is scorched yellow, stop fire, cool and take out. Vermilion wick: take the cut wick section, spray it with water to make it slightly wet, put it into the porcelain jar, add vermilion powder, and shake it repeatedly until the vermilion is evenly distributed. (10 jin for each wick, 10 Liang for cinnabar)
Sweet and light, cold.
① Kaibao materia medica: "it tastes sweet, cold and nontoxic. "
② "Qi level, taste sweet. "Secret of indications" says: Xin Gan. "
③ Shanghanyunyao: "light, flat. "
④ "Materia Medica from the new": "sweet and light, slightly cold. "
[meridian tropism] entering heart, lung and small intestine meridians.
① "Lei Gong's treatment of medicinal properties": entering the heart and small intestine. "
② According to Bencao Huiyan, "start with Shaoyin and Taiyin, and follow the sun and silent yin meridians. "
③ According to the interpretation of Materia Medica classic, "start with Taiyang small intestine meridian, foot Taiyang bladder meridian, foot Taiyin spleen meridian. "
[function indications] Qingxin Jianghuo, diuretic Tonglin. Treatment of gonorrhea, edema, adverse urination, dampness and heat jaundice, restlessness, sleeplessness, children night cry, laryngeal obstruction, trauma.
For: 1, heat syndrome urination water conservancy, dripping astringent pain. 2. Heart heat irritability, children night cry, convulsion. In addition, this product can be used externally to blow the throat, which can treat laryngopharyngeal obstruction.
① "Kaibao Materia Medica": "the main five Lin. "
② "Qi Yuan of medicine": "Tongyin Qiao astringent, Li small water, in addition to edema closed, treatment of five Lin. The secret of indications says: purging the lung. "
③ "Supplement to the meaning of materia medica:" it is used to treat acute laryngitis and children cry at night. "
④ "Compendium": "reduce heart fire, stop bleeding, ventilate, disperse swelling, quench thirst. "
⑤ "Classification of herbal medicine": apply hemorrhoids. "
⑥ "The manual of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine in the north": "clearing away heat and calming the nerves, promoting diuresis and removing drenching. "
⑦ Common Chinese herbal medicine in Tibet: "clearing lung, reducing fire, diuresis. It can cure the upset and insomnia. "
⑧ "Treating laryngitis and cough" in Nanchuan's Handbook of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine. "
⑨ Fujian Longxi practical Chinese herbal medicine: "treatment of children with fever, urinary tract inflammation, sore, pterygium. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 5-8 points (fresh grass alone, 0.5-1 Liang); or into pills, powder. External use: calcine, grind, sprinkle or blow throat.
[taboo] 1. In the classic of materia medica: "those with deficiency and cold should take it carefully. "
② "Materia Medica from the new": "in the cold can not help urinating who do not take. "
③ "Seeking truth from Materia Medica" says: "those who can't help urinating due to Qi deficiency should not take it. "
Store in a dry place.
[prescription selection] ① to treat five kinds of gonorrhea: one or two junxincao, five Maimendong and five licorice. Deep fried drink. (Fang Mai Zheng Zong)
② Treatment of edema: Rush four Liang. Take it in water. (Fang Mai Zheng Zong)
③ Tongli watercourse: ten jin of wick (dyed with rice flour paste, dried in the sun, ground into water, clarified in water, floating wick, taken out, dried in the sun, used for medicine with twenty-five yuan, and sink for rice flour, no need), five liang of red white Poria Cocos (peeled, also used for Poria to remove wood), five liang of talc (water flying), two liang of Polyporus umbellatus (peeled), three liang of Alisma (removed beard), one jin of ginseng (removed reed, sliced, boiled thick soup to remove residue) It is used to mix the paste. The five flavors, such as shangdengxin, are finely ground, with ginseng paste and CHENGWAN, such as longan, cinnabar, and gold foil. Use one pill each time, and let the disease change. (Han Shi Yi Tong Tian Yi Wan)
④ Treatment of heat drenching: fresh rush grass, plantain grass, Fengwei grass each one or two. Pan fried with rice water. (Henan Chinese herbal medicine manual)
⑤ Treatment of cystitis, urethritis, nephritis and edema: fresh rush 1 to 2 liang, fresh plantain 2 liang, coix seed 1 or 2, sea Jinsha 1 or 2. Take it in water. (Henan Chinese herbal medicine manual)
⑥ Treatment of nephritis edema: fresh junxincao one to two liang, fresh plantain grass one or two, fresh gallbladder grass one or two. Take it in water. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
⑦ Treat insomnia, upset: Rush six money. Take fried soup instead of tea. (Modern Practical Chinese Medicine)
⑧ Treatment of children with heat shock: junxincao one to two money, Plantago three. Drink boiled water and stew. (Fujian folk herbal medicine)
⑨ Treatment of children's night cry: Rush five money. Decoct twice and take twice. (Jiangxi Chinese herbal medicine)
⑩ Treatment jaundice: a lamp heart grass, day coriander each one or two. Fry in water, add a little liqueur and serve. Two junxincao five money, fresh wolfberry root one or two, yinxingcao five money. Decoct in water and mix with sugar. (Jiangxi Chinese herbal medicine)
(11) treatment of damp heat jaundice: fresh JUNCAO 1-2 Liang, Baiying (fresh) 1-2 Liang. Take it in water. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
(12) treatment of acute pharyngitis, pharyngitis particles or glossitis, aphthous ulcer: junxincao Yiqian, Maimendong Sanqian, decoction; can also be used junxintan Yiqian, add ice tablets, with research, blowing throat. (Hebei Traditional Chinese medicine manual)
Treatment of zouma throat obstruction: wall like nest (burning ash), wick (burning ash), alum each equal. It's a fine breeze. (village residents' emergency prescription)
(14) treatment of breast moth: light grass (soaked in salty brine, sealed in chicken shell, calcined for storage, ground fine) plus dust on the beam and herring gall, alum, bronze, point throat. Don't use it for people who are weak or cold. (Ben Cao Hui)
The treatment of epistaxis is more than one: one or two wicks (baked). Pound Luo for scattered, into a money, research. Take two daggers each time and drink rice. (dengxinsan, Shengji Zonglu)
(16) treatment of broken wounds: the wick is rotten and chewed, and the saliva is pasted and wrapped in silk. (Sheng Jin Fang)
Treatment of breast carbuncle: water lamp heart one or two. The wine is half fried. (experimental study of traditional Chinese Medicine)
(18) treatment of Yin chancre: junxincao (burning ash), light powder and musk (Research and coating together). (compendium)
(19) the wound is bleeding. Chew and apply rushes to the affected area.
He has a bloody nose. One or two rushes for the end, plus a dollar sand. Two yuan for each, rice soup.
(21) laryngeal obstruction. Use a handful of JUNCAO, burn it on the tile, add a spoonful of fried salt, and blow a little into your throat. You Fang: two yuan with Rushan ash, one yuan with borax powder, and even, blowing throat. Another formula: burn the ash with junxincao and Indocalamus leaves, divide evenly and blow the throat. Another prescription: burn ash with rush and safflower, and give one money for wine.
(22) insomnia. Use rush water instead of tea.
(23) damp heat jaundice. Use four pairs of lampgrass roots, add wine and water, cook for half a day, expose for one night, and warm.
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