(Kaibao materia medica)
[synonym] jumao (Kaibao materia medica) and Jue (Guihai yuhengzhi).
[source] it is the carapace of tortoiseshell.
The body length can reach 1.6 meters. There are hard scales on the back and abdomen. There are 2 pairs of anterior zygomatic scales on the head. The nostril is close to the snout. Its upper part is crooked, its beak is parrot like, and its jaw margin is serrate. The scales on the back are arranged in the form of shingles in the early stage and become flat with age. The surface is glossy with brown and light yellow patterns. In the center, there are 5 spines, 4 pairs of rib scales on both sides, and 25 marginal scales with serrated edges. The abdomen consists of 13 scales, which are yellow and black. The limbs were flat and leafy. The forelimb is larger with 2 claws, and the hind limb has only 1 claw. The outer part of the short tail is usually not small.
It lives in warm and tropical seas. It feeds on fish, shrimps and crabs, molluscs and seaweed. They are distributed in Fujian, Taiwan, Hainan and Paracel Islands.
The meat of this animal (hawksbill shell meat) is also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] all year round. After catching it, hang it upside down and pour it with boiling vinegar. The nail can be peeled off one by one to remove the residual meat and wash it.
[herbal medicine] the tablets are nearly round, triangular or polygonal, 10-20 cm long and 1.5-3 mm thick. The margin is thin and the center is slightly thick. A translucent body with a dark brown surface. There are dark brown and cream yellow patterns, smooth and shiny; the inner surface is densely covered with white stripes or spots, and crisscross grooves. Tough, not easy to break, section horny. There is no breath. It is better to be thick, clear and translucent.
It mainly produces Taiwan, Fujian and Guangdong Hainan Island, Paracel Islands and other places.
[chemical composition] it contains keratin and glia.
[processing] brush clean the soil, soak it in warm water, cut it into filaments or grind it into fine powder.
[flavor] sweet and salty, cold.
① Kaibao materia medica: "cold, nontoxic. "
② "Pinhuijingyao": it tastes salty and cold. "
③ "Gangmu": "sweet, cold, non-toxic. "
[Guijing] Bencao Huiyan: "start with Shaoyin and zujueyin meridians. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat, detoxifying and tranquilizing. It is used to treat fever, convulsion, apoplexy, delirium, convulsion, infantile convulsion, carbuncle, swelling and sores.
① "Eating Materia Medica": "it can cure heart wind evil and relieve vexation heat. "
② "Rihuazi Materia Medica": "break the crux, eliminate carbuncle poison, stop convulsion and epilepsy. "
③ "Compendium": "detoxify acne and poison, calm the mind, frighten the guests, heat knot of typhoid fever, rave. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup or grind juice, 1-2 yuan; or put pills, powder.
[prescription selection] 1. To cure acute wind and moderate evil, not knowing people, green face, cold limbs: raw tortoiseshell (mashed as the end), benzoin (boiled like paste with wine, filtered with silk), cinnabar (fine research, water flying), realgar (fine research), amber (fine Research), musk (fine research), borneol (fine research). Apply medicine to make even, with benzoin paste and pills, such as chicken head real big. With the boy urinate three, ginger juice half, together warm, regardless of time, research three pills. (Sheng Hui Fang Dai Mao WAN)
② For the treatment of apoplexy, mental depression and middle and evil speechlessness, there are two pieces of tortoise shell (pound), dansha (Research), realgar (Research) and white mustard seed, and one point of musk (Research). On the five flavors, pound for the end, and then with the research evenly, do not silver stone wine fried benzoin for paste, and pills such as mung bean big. Every time you take ten pills, warm boy urinates, at any time. (hawksbill pill in Shengji Zonglu)
③ The treatment of acne and black depression is also due to heart heat and blood coagulation: raw tortoiseshell, raw rhinoceros horn are combined with grinding juice. Put a little effort into the pig, five spoonfuls of Zicao soup, and take it gently. (on pox and rash)
④ Pre solution pox poison, when the line to take this, not hair within the elimination, has been rare: raw tortoise shell, raw rhinoceros horn grinding juice together. He Yun; warm half, three days. (lingyuanfang)
⑤ The treatment of Yingfeng eye tears is also due to deficiency of heart and kidney: one or two raw tortoise shells, one or two antelope horns, and a pair of stone swallows. It's the end. One money for each serving, mint soup, one serving a day. (Fei Hong Ji)
Chinese PinYin : Dai Mao
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Coriander. Jia Yuan Qian
Radix Hedysari. Hong Qi
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Artemisia annua L. Huang Hua Hao Zi
Bitter eggplant. Ku Qie
Ilex pubescens. Mao Dong Qing
Pansy. San Se Jin
Crow wing feather. Wu Ya Chi Yu
Immortal stick. Xian Ren Zhang
Sheep's dimple. Yang Ye
Stem borer. Zuan Gan Chong