Big flying grass
(collection of herbs in Lingnan)
[synonym] dafeiyang (preparation of raw herbal medicine), Feiyang, shenxianduishao, jiejiehua, dahaoruzicao, hujiacao, maozihuang, darucao, woody rucao, Jinhua, dragonfly (Fujian folk herbal medicine), bairucao, Guolu centipede, ant grass (Minnan folk herbal medicine), tianpaocao (Guangdong traditional Chinese Medicine), darucao, Zicao, jiuwaicao (Guangzhou folk herbal medicine) In the army, the common Chinese herbal medicine manual, Eulaliopsis, tinea officinalis, and milkvetch (Health Bulletin (3): 111971) were published.
[source] it is the whole grass or the whole grass with roots of Euphorbiaceae.
[plant morphology] Euphorbia
Annual plants, coarsely hairy, with white milk, usually branched from stem base. Branches often reddish or lavender, creeping or spreading, 15-40 cm long. Leaves opposite; ovate to oblong, 1-4 cm long, base slightly narrow and oblique, margin serrate, middle usually purple spot; stipules small, linear. Most of the cup-shaped inflorescences are densely integrated into axillary capitulum; involucre is broad campanulate, pubescent, apically 4-lobed; gland is 4, funnel-shaped, with short stalks and petal like appendages; flowers are unisexual, without branches: male and female flowers are in involucre; male flowers are numerous, stamen 1; female flowers are single 1, in the center of inflorescence, ovary 3-locular, style 3. Capsule broadly ovate, ca. 1. 5 mm, hairy, triangular. It blooms all year round.
Born in the open, roadside, garden. It is distributed in Guangxi, Fujian, Guangdong, etc.
[collection] harvest in summer and autumn and dry in the sun.
[medicinal material] the whole herb is dried with roots, 15-30 cm in length. The root is slender and curved; the stem is cylindrical, 1-3 mm thick, slightly flexed, reddish brown, with irregular shallow longitudinal wrinkles and small wart points, obvious nodes, covered with yellowish green coarse hairs; the quality is hard and brittle, and the section is white and hollow; the leaves are mostly curly, and the paper is fragile; the axils of the leaves have inflorescences, and the flowers are small, many, dry, or with capsule. Qi is weak and special.
Produced in Guangdong, Fujian and other places.
Bitter and cold.
① "Raw herbal medicine nature preparation": sour taste, strong nature. "
② "The taste is sour and bitter, the nature is cold. "
③ Guangzhou army "commonly used Chinese herbal medicine manual": "slightly bitter, slightly cool. "
Functions and indications: heat clearing, detoxification, lactation, dampness infiltration, antipruritic. Treatment of acute enteritis, bacillary dysentery, gonorrhea, blood in urine, lung carbuncle, breast carbuncle, sore, swelling, eczema, tinea pedis, skin itching.
① "Preparation of raw herbal medicine nature": "it can cure floating deficiency fire, swelling and pain of applied tooth flesh. "
② In the collection of herbs in the south of the five ridges, it is said that "you can wash scabies with boiling water. "
③ "Fujian folk herbal medicine": "Xiaoyong Jiedu, diuretic Zhili. "
④ Guangzhou army "commonly used Chinese herbal medicine manual": "clearing away heat and detoxification, dispelling wind and relieving itching, dredging milk. Treatment of enteritis, dysentery, dermatitis, eczema, skin itching, tinea pedis, postpartum less milk. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 2-3 yuan (1-2 Liang fresh). External use: fried, washed or tamped.
[prescription selection] 1. To treat Chibai dysentery: five to eight coins of Dafei Yangcao. Red dysentery with white sugar, white dysentery with brown sugar, stewed with boiling water.
② Cure urination impassable, drench blood: fresh big flying grass one to two Liang. Drink water to fry, take twice a day.
③ Treatment of sores: hold the fresh leaves of Dafeng grass, add a little salt and black sugar, and mash them for external application.
④ Treatment of lung carbuncle: fresh big flying whole grass a grip, mash, wring juice half a cup, boiled water Chongfu.
⑤ Treatment of mastitis: dafeiyang whole grass two Liang and tofu four Liang stew service; another take fresh grass a grip, add a little salt, mash heating water external application.
⑥ Drink and wash the skin with water.
⑦ Treatment of infantile malnutrition: one or two big flying grass, four or two pig liver. Stewed clothes. (1) Fujian folk herbal medicine
⑧ Treatment of herpes zoster: fresh flying whole grass mashed juice, add realgar five points, mix well, smear the affected area. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
⑨ Treatment of tinea pedis: three liang of fresh Herba euphorbiae, add 500 ml of 75% alcohol, soak for three to five days, take the extract and rub it externally. (Yunnan)
[clinical application] ① treatment of acute enteritis and bacillary dysentery
It can be made into tablets, 5 tablets each time, 3-4 times a day; or it can be made into injection (each milliliter is equivalent to 5 grams of crude medicine), 2 milliliters each time, intramuscular injection, 3 times a day. The decoction was concentrated into a paste, dried and refined, and then put into capsules (each containing 0.6 g). Three capsules were taken for adults, two for children aged 7-12, and one for children under 7 years old, four times a day, five days as a course of treatment. According to more than 2000 cases of acute bacillary dysentery and enteritis treated with different doses and dosage forms, the cure rate is about 90%. According to the analysis of 1743 cases of bacillary dysentery, the fastest time for pyorrhea to disappear is one day, the slowest is nine days, 78% of them disappear in three days; the shortest time for antipyretic is six hours, the longest is four days, 68% of them disappear in one day; the shortest time for stool to turn negative is two days, the longest is 10 days. If the stool test is positive several times, the dosage can be doubled, which can make the stool test quickly turn negative, and no side effects are found.
② Treatment of chronic tracheitis
Add water to boil for 2 hours, filter the juice and fry it again. Filter and concentrate the two solutions to 60 ml. take 20 ml each time, 3 times a day. Take 10 days as a course of treatment. Take two courses of treatment. According to the observation of 128 cases, 33 cases (25.8%) were controlled in the near future, 36 cases (28.1%) were markedly effective, and 46 cases (36.2%) were improved. Feiyang mixture has a good short-term effect on cough, expectoration and dry wet rales of lung in chronic tracheitis, but its antiasthmatic effect is not ideal; the older the age, the longer the course of disease, the weaker the constitution, the worse the effect; the simple type has a better effect than the wheezing type; it belongs to the deficiency cold type of traditional Chinese medicine. If individual patients have dizziness, loose stools and cold, they can continue to take medicine.
Chinese PinYin : Da Fei Yang Cao
Big flying grass
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