Phellodendron chinense 1
(records of Sichuan Traditional Chinese Medicine)
[synonym] rat sting, muhuanglian (caomuben Fang), cihuangqin (Tianbao materia medica), shanhuangqin and yehuangqin (collection of commonly used folk herbs).
[source] it is the root of Phellodendron chinense, Mahonia Tangping or Mahonia tenuifolia.
[plant morphology] 1
Evergreen shrubs, 1-2m high, smooth and glabrous. Stem erect, yellow inside. Leaflets 2-3 pairs, leathery and thick, elliptic, with the smallest leaflet at the base, gradually larger upward, 4-13cm long, 1.5-4.5cm wide, apex acuminate, spiny, margin with 2-4 sparse serrations, apex also spiny, base gradually narrowed, dark green on the top, glossy, yellowish green below, covered with waxy white powder, without petiole, petiole long, near base The flower stalk is filiform, with 1 scaly bract at the base; sepals are 9, 3-row, ovate, and the outermost row is smaller; petals are 6, dark purple, elliptic, with nectary at the base; stamen is 6; pistil is 1, ovary is superior, ovate, stigma is flat and central concave, without style. Berries ovate, dark blue. The flowering period is from August to September.
It is distributed in Sichuan, Yunnan and other places.
The stems and leaves of this plant (Phellodendron chinense) are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
② Ten merits of Ganping
Evergreen shrubs, up to 2 m high. The young stem is smooth and glabrous, and the old stem is gray and grooved. Leaflets are usually 4-7 pairs, sessile, opposite, leathery, of different sizes, ovate elliptic to oblong, 4.5-7 cm long and 2.5-3 cm wide, with smaller basal leaflets, 2-6 upper teeth, apex pointed, base cuneate or asymmetric, green above, glossy below, light green below; petioles short, broad; stipules linear, 1 cm long . Raceme 12 cm long; petiole thin, base with 1 bract, ovate: sepals 9, 3-row, ovate, outermost row smaller; petals 6, shorter than calyx, ovate long elliptic, base with nectary; stamen 6; pistil 1, ovary superior, 1-locular, few style, stigma capitate. The berries are ovoid.
It is distributed in Hubei, Sichuan and Guizhou.
③ Mahonia tenuifolia, see "Mahonia tenuifolia" for details.
[collection] collect in summer and autumn, clean and dry.
[medicinal material] the dried root is cylindrical, about 1.5 cm in diameter, with brown yellow surface and longitudinal lines. The section is bright yellow and the xylem is yellow white. It's hard. It is slightly fragrant and bitter.
Produced in Sichuan.
[nature and taste] Cao Mu Bian Fang: "bitter, cool. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat, removing dampness, detumescence and detoxification. It is used to treat jaundice, heat dysentery, drenching turbidity, red eyes, swelling and pain, fatigue heat, bone steaming, dizziness, tinnitus, rheumatic arthralgia, carbuncle swelling and sore poison.
① "Cao Mu Bian Fang": "Tongli Er Bian, Qingli leader, in addition to fengre. Cure mad dog bite, kill insect. "
② Tianbao materia medica: "clearing fire and reducing fever. Treatment of pannus, mania. "
③ "Fujian folk herbal medicine": "antipyretic, in addition to bone steaming. For tinnitus and dizziness. "
④ Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "clearing heat, detoxifying. It can cure dysentery of damp heat, swelling and pain of red eyes, carbuncle swelling, sore poison and rheumatism redness and swelling. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 5-8 yuan. External use: tamping.
[selection] 1. Treatment of damp heat jaundice: two fresh roots of Mahonia tenuifolia and one or two fresh roots of Gardenia jasminoides. Take it in water. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
② Treatment of dampness, heat and turbidity: Mahonia tenuifolia has one or two fresh roots and stems. Take it in water. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
③ Treatment of wind heat eye red swelling pain: Phellodendron chinense, valley grass, chrysanthemum, Saposhnikovia, Schizonepeta tenuifolia, Coptis chinensis, Prunella vulgaris, mulberry leaves. Take it in water. (records of Sichuan Traditional Chinese Medicine)
④ Treatment of puerperal fever: one or two roots of Mahonia tenuifolia and eight Liang mutton. Drink red wine or boiled water for two hours.
⑤ Treatment of dizziness, tinnitus: one or two roots of Mahonia tenuifolia, four or two lotus seed meat. Add boiling water to stew for one hour, take after dinner, twice a day.
⑥ Treatment of arthritis pain: fine leaves of Mahonia root 22, pig foot 7 inches. Add boiling water and simmer for two hours. (4) Fujian folk herbal medicine
⑦ Treatment of carbuncle, swelling and sores: Phellodendron chinense, Liu jinu, dandelion, hibiscus leaves, yeyan, huatoucao. It's to be rammed together. (records of Sichuan Traditional Chinese Medicine)
Chinese PinYin : Ci Huang Bai
Phellodendron chinense 1
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