Through the stone
(collection of herbs in Lingnan)
[synonyms] zhegen (Qian Jin Fang), Chuandashi (preparation of raw herbs), di Miangen and La Niu Ru Shi (Lingnan caiyao Lu), huangshe (Guangdong traditional Chinese Medicine).
[source] it is the root of xiaozheshu or Zheshu in Moraceae.
[plant morphology] 1. Xiaozheshu, also known as nuzheshu (materia medica), Kuma (Yibu Fangwu lueji), Kuma branch (Gangmu), Yuzhi (Yungu Zaji), Gouji, jiucenpi, pseudolitchi, houhuanxi, shanlitchi, huangjinci, niaobutai, mousei, fantuan and yemeizi.
Evergreen erect or climbing shrubs, 2-4 m high. The root bark is soft and yellow. Branches grayish brown, smooth, lenticels scattered, with thick, erect or slightly curved spines, 5-10 mm long. Single leaf alternate, leathery, obovate lanceolate, elliptic or oblong, 4-9 cm long, 1.5-2.8 cm wide, apex obtuse or acuminate, base cuneate, entire, glabrous on both sides; petiole 5-10 mm long, flowers unisexual, dioecious; head solitary or paired, short petiole, pilose: male inflorescence 6 mm in diameter, perianth segments 3-5, cuneate, unequal, pilose; female Inflorescence globose, enlarged when bearing, about 1.8 cm in diameter, perianth segments 4, apex thick, pubescent. Figs globose, fleshy, up to 5 cm in diameter, hairy, achenes enclosed in fleshy perianth and bracts. The flowering period is from April to May. The fruit period is from September to October.
It grows on hillsides, streams and shrubs. Distributed in Hunan, Anhui, Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi and other places.
The prickles (Nitraria) and fruits (Litchi chinensis) on the trunk of this plant are also used for medicine. See the special section for details.
② Zheshu, detailed "Zheshu" article.
[collection] all year round. After digging out the roots, cut off the branch roots, wash them, cut them into sections and dry them in the sun, or cut them into slices and dry them in the sun.
[medicinal material] the dry roots are cylindrical, with few branches and different thicknesses, which can reach 5-6 cm. The outer surface of the cork is orange yellow or orange red, with fine horizontal wrinkles, thin as paper, and easy to fall off; after the cork falls off, the surface is grayish yellow, with brown or orange patches. It's hard. On the transverse section, the skin is thin, fibrous, the wood is well developed, yellow, covered with fine and dense pinhole like ducts, and there may be small pith in the center. It is better to have yellow skin, uniform root and no fibrous root.
Produced in Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian and other places.
[chemical constituents] the root of xiaozheshu contains flavonoid glycosides, phenols, amino acids, organic acids and sugars.
[processing] wash, moisten, slice and dry.
[flavor] light, slightly bitter, cool.
① "Raw herbal medicine nature preparation": sweet taste, flat nature. "
② "Mindong Materia Medica": "sweet taste, warm nature. "
③ Guangzhou army's Manual of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine: "light, slightly bitter, slightly cool. "
④ New selection of practical Chinese herbal medicine in Guangxi: "slightly bitter, slightly sweet, flat, non-toxic. "
⑤ "Yunnan Chinese herbal medicine selection": "light, slightly sweet, cool. "
Functions and indications: dispelling wind and dampness, promoting blood circulation and dredging meridians. It is used to treat rheumatic joint pain, jaundice, drenching turbidity, Gu distension, amenorrhea, labor injury, hemoptysis, traumatic injury, sore and carbuncle.
① Yao Kecheng's food materia medica: "treating scabies. "
② "The preparation of the nature of raw herbal medicine": "to cure the top of wine, to eliminate the swelling of poisonous insects; to soak wine to dispel wind. "
③ "Seeking the source of Materia Medica": "strengthen the muscles and bones, activate the blood circulation, and manage the setbacks. "
④ Lingnan medicine collection record: "dispelling wind and dampness, steaming ten times and drying nine times; treating traumatic injuries, decocting with wine; shoulder sores and honey tamping.". "
⑤ "Nanning medicine annals": "the blood passes through the meridians, the treatment drenchs turbid, goes to the distant year stasis, the stone. "
⑥ "Mindong Materia Medica": "invigorating spleen and stomach, relaxing muscles and activating collaterals, dispelling wind and dampness, removing blood stasis. It is used to treat low back pain, joint pain, yellow swelling due to asthenia, diarrhea due to spleen deficiency. "
⑦ "Cooling blood and dispersing blood stasis" is a common Chinese herbal medicine manual of Guangzhou army. Treat amenorrhea. "
⑧ New selection of practical Chinese herbal medicine in Guangxi: "clearing away heat and promoting blood circulation, relieving cough and expectorant, treating fatigue and hemoptysis. "
⑨ "Selection of Yunnan Chinese herbal medicine": "Xiaoyan Zhitong, treatment of mumps, furuncle. "
⑩ Fujian Chinese herbal medicine: "clearing away heat and dampness. It is used to treat dampness heat jaundice, dampness heat arthralgia, sores and carbuncle swelling. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 2-4 yuan (1-2 Liang fresh); or soak in wine. External use: tamping.
[taboo] "it should not be used by pregnant women," according to Nanning medical records. "
[selected prescriptions] 1. Treatment of tuberculosis and rheumatism: Chuanpo stone, tiebaojin and licorice. Take the same decoction. (Guangdong traditional Chinese Medicine)
② Treatment of leucorrhea: Zheshu root one or two. Take it in water. (Zhejiang folk herbs)
③ Treatment of contusion: tamping Zhigen and glutinous rice. (list of traditional Chinese medicine resources in Zhejiang)
④ The treatment of long-term deafness and tinnitus, or juice, all from kidney deficiency. For many years, there are three reasons: Iron 30 jin (burn to make red, with water five Dou, soak iron three night, clarify), calamus 7 Jin (cut, with water one stone, boil five Dou, remove dross, clarify), zhegen 30 jin (with water one stone, boil five Dou, remove dross, clarify). When the wine is ripe, the wine is boiled, then three catties of magnetite are used, and the mash is used as the end. The wine is soaked for three nights. Day and night constant drink, take drunk for degree, wait to hear people's words is stop. (shenghuifang iron liquor)
⑤ Treatment of children with heart heat, heavy tongue, goose mouth: zhegen (file) five liters. Take five liters of water, boil for two liters, remove dross and fry for five minutes. Apply it carefully and count it. (Qian Jin Fang)
[clinical application] treatment of acute and chronic hepatitis
Take 2 jin of Chuanpo stone, half Jin of wuzhimaotao and 3 liang of gourd tea, soak them in water, boil them twice, combine and concentrate them to 1500 ml, add 300 g of sugar and preservative, and let them stand and filter. 45 ml each time, twice daily for acute icteric hepatitis and severe chronic hepatitis, once daily for mild chronic hepatitis, with 30 days as a course of treatment. After 72 cases of treatment, 35 cases were clinically cured (17 cases of acute jaundice, 18 cases of chronic hepatitis); 25 cases were improved (6 cases of acute jaundice, 19 cases of chronic hepatitis); 12 cases were ineffective (chronic hepatitis).
Chinese PinYin : Chuan Po Shi
Through the stone
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