(Guizhou herbal medicine)
[synonyms] niujinzi (a textual research on the name of plants), yuguimu, Chilan, Shiya, shanpomegranate (Chinese economic flora), guazichai, shanwuzhu, zilingshu, xizilian, Phoebe rubra, guazimu, pseudoeuonymus japonicus (Hainan flora).
[source] it is the root or root bark of Machilus thunbergii.
[plant morphology] Machilus
Shrub, 1-6m high. The stem is much branched; the bark is tea brown; the branchlets are square. Leaves leathery, opposite, occasionally 3 whorls, obovate or broad ovate, 1-3 cm long, 0.5-3 cm wide, apex obtuse, base cuneate, entire, pinnate, lateral veins small, raised below, glabrous, with scattered glandular points, leaves with short petiole. Cymes terminal or axillary, 2-4.5 cm long; flowers white; calyx obconic, lobes 4, short and obtuse; petals 4, separated; stamens numerous. Berries ovoid, 6-10 mm in diameter, purple black at maturity, crown with persistent calyx eaves at the top; 1 seed inside. The flowering period is from May to June. The fruit period is from September to October.
It grows in sparse forest, shrub and valley stream. Distribution in Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian, Taiwan, Zhejiang, Anhui, Jiangxi, Hunan, Guizhou and other places.
[collection] harvest in summer and autumn.
[nature and taste] Guizhou herbal medicine: "the nature is flat and the taste is sweet. "
Functions and indications: Invigorating Spleen and removing dampness, relieving asthma and dispersing blood stasis. Treatment of edema, children's salt asthma, traumatic injury, scald.
① "It can disperse blood. "
② "Guangxi medicine plant directory": "root: treatment of soup fire injury, Dieda. Ye: for finger sores. "
③ Guizhou herbal medicine: "invigorating spleen, removing dampness and relieving asthma. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 0.5-1 Liang. External use: tamping or grinding.
[selection] 1. Treatment of edema: one or two root bark of Machilus thunbergii. Simmer water clothes. (Guizhou herbal medicine)
② Treatment of children with salt asthma: chinangen one or two. Simmer water clothes. (Guizhou herbal medicine)
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