Lu opera, also known as disguised dulcimer and Qin opera, is a national intangible cultural heritage. It is one of the eight major operas in China and the most representative local opera in Shandong. It is popular in most parts of Shandong and parts of Jiangsu, Anhui and northeast provinces. It originated in the Yellow River Delta north of Shandong and evolved from Shandong Qinshu. Its music belongs to banqiang style, and it also sings Qupai. Its main accompaniment instruments are chuiqin (main string), Yangqin, Sanxian and pipa, which are called "four pieces of Lv Opera". It is loved by the broad masses of the people for its simple and vivid language, beautiful and pleasant singing, and rich and colorful musical vocabulary.
Around 1900, Lu opera was put on the stage; after 1917, Lu opera troupes performed in Jinan, Dalian and other cities; in 1951, the first professional Lu Opera Troupe, Jinan Lu Shengqin troupe, was established; in 1953, the first provincial Lu Opera Troupe, Shandong Lu Opera Troupe, was established During this period, famous artists such as Lang XianFen, Lin Jianhua and Li Daijiang appeared, as well as famous plays such as sister Yi Jia, forced marriage and Li Ersao remarriage.
In its heyday, there were nearly 100 professional Lu opera troupes in China, which affected Shandong, Jiangsu, Anhui, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Xinjiang and other provinces and cities. Lvyi town of Binzhou City has been rated as "the hometown of Chinese Lvju art" by the Ministry of culture.
The dispute over the birthplace
Lu Opera is developed from Shandong Qinshu, which is the most important form of folk art in Shandong. It can best represent the Shandong style, which has reached a broad consensus in the academic circles. However, as a form of drama, there are different views on where Lv Opera originated.
Around 1880 (the sixth year of qingguangxu), sun Zhongxin cooperated with Liu luanfeng and other singers to perform melodies with story lines, such as "stepmother beating a child" and "trial of Qingyang", according to the characters in the story, and performed in the form of drama. At that time, the masses called this art form "singing drama", and the main accompaniment instrument was four strings. Later, in the aspect of accompaniment, Yangqin and chuiqin were added. The singing style was changed from "Yangguang tune" to "sitting tune Yangqin", and soon developed to "topdressing Yangqin".
In 2007, Lvyi town of Boxing County was awarded the honorary title of "hometown of Chinese Lvju art" by the Ministry of culture.
Release Time:2020-12-26 23:48:49
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