Yang Gensi (November 6, 1922 ~ November 29, 1950), formerly known as Yang Gengxi, was born in yanghuolangdian, Taixing County, Jiangsu Province (now Gensi village, Gensi Township, Taixing City), a revolutionary martyr, a national fighting hero of the Chinese people's Liberation Army, the first special hero and super fighting hero of the Chinese people's Volunteer Army, and the first "hero of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea" of the Chinese people's Volunteer Army. In his military career, he successively served as deputy monitor, monitor, deputy platoon leader and platoon leader of the New Fourth Army, and deputy company commander and company commander of the PLA. He took part in dozens of battles, such as the Huaihai Campaign. He was good at blasting and made many meritorious achievements. He died in the Korean battlefield on November 29, 1950 when he blocked the U.S. Army's flight to the south. He was 28 years old.
On September 14, 2009, Yang Gensi was rated as one of the 100 people who have moved China since the founding of new China by 11 departments including the Central Propaganda Department and the central organization department.
On September 25, 2019, he was selected as "the most beautiful fighter".
Life of the characters
On November 6, 1922 (the 11th year of the Republic of China), Yang Gensi was born into a poor peasant family in yanghuolangdian, Taixing County, Jiangsu Province. When he was 6 years old, his father Yang de Tang became ill because of the landlord's extortion of debts. He died in the empty valley with hatred. His mother Liu was driven mad by the poor days and died with hatred. Forced to live, he went to the landlord's house to herd cattle at the age of 8. At the age of 12, he worked as a child laborer with his brother in Shanghai Linji carpet factory.
the period of the war of Resistance Against Japan
In the spring of 1942 (31 years of the Republic of China), because of the closure of the factory, the two brothers lost their jobs, so they had to leave Shanghai and return to their hometown, where they had been away for eight years. The director of the rural farmers' Association and the leader of the primary militia told him the story of the resistance of the New Fourth Army against Japan. Yang Gensi joined the primary militia.
In the summer of 1943 (the thirty second year of the Republic of China), the cadres of the first district held a secret meeting in yanghuolang store. Yang Gensi, who was on guard, discovered the enemy's situation and bombed away the enemy with hand grenades, ensuring the safe transfer of the cadres of the first district.
In February 1944 (the 33rd year of the Republic of China), Yang Gensi formally joined the New Fourth Army and became a soldier of the third company of the first battalion of the old regiment. When he joined the army, the registered staff asked him his name. Yang Gensi answered "Yang Gengxi" but was heard as "Yang Gensi". On February 22, after joining the army, Yang Gensi took part in the battle for the first time. He stabbed the enemy's heart with a spear and captured the first gun in his life.
War of Liberation
In the first ten days of June 1945 (the 34th year of the Republic of China), in Zhejiang Province, the Kuomintang troops had occupied Xindeng and Lin'an, and they marched toward Xiaofeng in three directions. Yang Gensi took the lead and used two grenades to blow up the sentry held by the enemy's heavy machine gun, which opened up the way for the New Fourth Army to attack. He was selected as the regiment's fighting model and East China's blasting king, and joined the Communist Party of China in November of the same year.
In January 1946 (the 35th year of the Republic of China), the army arrived in Yanzhou, an important military town. Yang Gensi signed up to study blasting technology in his brother's army.
In 1946 (the 35th year of the Republic of China), Yang Gensi used 18 grenades to attack the Catholic Church, the commanding point of the city. After the war, Yang Gensi won the title of "battle hero" for the first time.
On October 13, 1946 (the 35th year of the Republic of China), in the battle of guoliji in Lunan, he braved the close fire blockade of the Kuomintang army, transported Lalei three times in a row, and bombed the enemy's forward position bunker, known as the "blasting king".
In January 1947 (the 36th year of the Republic of China), in the battle of Qi Village in the battle of Lunan, he successively blasted the blockhouses of the Kuomintang garrison, destroyed the core fortifications of the enemy's brigade, quickly annihilated Qi village's garrison by the security forces, captured a platoon of the garrison, made great achievements, and was rated as "the first-class fighting hero in East China".
In 1948 (the 37th year of the Republic of China), in the third stage of the Huaihai Campaign, he was ordered to lead a strengthening platoon to attack the Kuomintang garrison in Xiazhai, cleverly destroyed a group of secret fortresses and annihilated an enemy platoon. After the war, he was awarded the title of "third class people's hero in East China".
On September 26, 1950, Yang Gensi, as a representative of the national model conference, was received by Chairman Mao Zedong and commander in chief Zhu De, together with more than 800 combat heroes and model workers.
Resist US aggression and aid Korea
In October 1950, Yang Gensi joined the Chinese people's Volunteer Army and went to Korea to fight with it. During the Korean War, Yang Gensi was the commander of the 3rd company of the 72nd regiment of the 58th division of the 20th volunteer army.
On November 25, the Chinese and Korean troops launched the second battle. Yang Gensi's troops were ordered to go to the Changjin Lake area on the eastern line to encircle and annihilate the enemy.
On November 28, Yang Gensi was ordered to hold fast to xiaogaoling, the southeast barrier of "1071 highland", the commanding height of xiajieyuli waiwaiwai, Changjin County, Xianjing South Road, and cut off the escape route of the US Army to the south.
On November 29, they beat back eight successive and fierce attacks by the enemy supported by a large number of planes and artillery. When the reinforcements were on their way, the enemy launched the ninth attack, and more than 40 of them climbed to the position. Yang Gensi, who had been injured, resolutely picked up a 5kg explosive bag, pulled the fuse and rushed to the enemy group, killing the enemy who climbed up the position and completing the task of cutting off the enemy's retreat. He died at the age of 28.
After joining the New Fourth Army, Yang Gensi successively served as deputy monitor, monitor, deputy platoon leader and platoon leader of the 1st division of the 1st East China column, and deputy company commander and company commander of the 172nd regiment of the 58th division of the 20th PLA. In the war of resistance against Japan and the war of liberation, he bravely and tenaciously completed the task excellently. He made great achievements once and was rated as a fighting model twice. He was successively rated as "East China first class fighting hero", and won the titles of "blasting hero", "East China third class people's hero" and "national fighting hero".
On November 29, 1950, in the battle of xiaogaoling in the south of xiajieyu, Changjin County, xianjingnan Dao, North Korea, Yang Gensi died with all the enemies, saved xiaogaoling's position with his life, and made outstanding contributions to win the second battle.
Anecdotes and allusions
Give up the spear
On February 22, 1944 (the 33rd year of the Republic of China), Yang Gensi took part in the battle for the first time after joining the army. His weapon was only a spear. When the Kuomintang garrison fled, he watched an enemy with a spear and fought with the enemy with a spear. After several rounds, Yang Gensi pierced the enemy's heart with a spear. After joining the army, he got his first gun in this way, which was praised by the platoon leader after the war Yang.
In the first ten days of June 1945 (the 34th year of the Republic of China), the Kuomintang troops occupied Xindeng and Lin'an, and marched toward Xiaofeng city in three ways. There was a great disparity between the forces of the New Fourth Army and the Kuomintang army. The new fourth army kept retreating, and the Kuomintang army was so eager for success that it split up and marched forward. In the battle between the New Fourth Army and the Kuomintang diehards, Yang Gensi took the lead and blew up the enemy's heavy weapons with two grenades The sentry guarded by machine guns opened up the way for the New Fourth Army to attack, and was selected as the regiment's fighting model. Yang Gensi also made contributions for the first time and joined the Communist Party of China in November of the same year. In 1946 (the 35th year of the Republic of China), Yang Gensi was hit in the face by bullets in the battle against the Catholic Church in Tai'an. The squad leader bandaged his eyes together. Under the command of the squad leader, blindfolded Yang Gensi threw out two grenades and hit the target accurately. Finally, he used 18 grenades to capture the commanding point of the city, the Catholic Church. After the battle, Yang Gensi won the title of "battle hero" for the first time.
Three send Lalei
On the afternoon of October 13, 1946 (the 35th year of the Republic of China), Yang Gensi's class received a surprise mission. At night, the New Fourth Army marched to the forward position of the Kuomintang garrison. Yang Gensi sent Lalei to the Kuomintang garrison bunker and then returned. A few minutes later, Lalei did not "respond".
Yang Gensi sent Lalei to the blockhouse again. As a result, Lalei was affected by the tide. This time, Lalei still did not explode. Yang Gensi took back the third Lalei from the battalion and sent Lalei again. There was a loud noise. The first two Lalei and this Lalei exploded at the same time. Half of the blockhouse of the Kuomintang garrison was blown up. Yang Gensi and his comrades rushed into the thick smoke. After the battle was over, The regiment awarded Yang Gensi the glorious title of "blasting king".
Capture a platoon
In January 1947 (the 36th year of the Republic of China), in the battle of Qi Village, Li Yutang, the commander of the Kuomintang garrison, was surrounded by the New Fourth Army for five days. He tried to defend and wait for help by relying on fortifications. Yang Gensi, then the Deputy monitor of class 9, received the task of blasting the round blockhouse from the commander.
Yang Gensi rushed to the big blockhouse with the explosive bag in his arms. He was about to pull the string when he put it down. Suddenly, he heard that the enemy in the blockhouse was clamoring to surrender, but the leading officer didn't agree. Yang Gensi immediately picked up the explosive bag, jumped into the traffic ditch, kicked open the blockhouse door with one foot, and yelled: "who dares to resist, if you don't give up your gun, you'll be reimbursed!" Then he made a gesture to pull the strings. Looking at the situation, all the enemies of a platoon in the bunker obediently climbed out and handed in their guns. After the war, Yang Gensi was awarded the title of "first class people's hero in East China".
In March 1956, Yang Gensi took part in the opening of the national drama "the front line". The drama tells the story of Yang Gensi from joining the army to sacrificing in Korea. It basically summarizes his life and won the first prize for performance.
Yang Gensi is one of the archetypes of the hero Wang Cheng in the movie heroes and heroines.
On the evening of April 2, 2018, the feature film "pay homage to the heroic hero Yang Gensi" with the theme of martyr Yang Gensi was shown on CCTV 4
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