Lu Su (172-217), Zi Jing, Han nationality, was an outstanding strategist and diplomat in the last years of the Eastern Han Dynasty.
Lu Su was born into a gentry family. He lost his father when he was young and was raised by his grandmother. He has a big body and a forthright personality. He likes reading books and riding and shooting. At the end of the Eastern Han Dynasty, he saw the imperial court fatuous, officials corrupt, social unrest, often called the young people in the countryside to practice martial arts. He is also generous and easy to make money, which is admired by the villagers. At that time, Zhou Yu was the head of the nest. He asked Lu Su for help because of food shortage. Lu Su generously gave Zhou Yu a granary of 3000 grains. From then on, they became friends and conspired with each other.
In the fifth year of Jian'an (200), Lu Su led his subordinates to go to Sun Quan and put forward a strategic plan for him, which was appreciated by Sun Quan. In 208, the 13th year of Jian'an, Cao Cao led the army southward. Many of Sun Quan's subordinates were in charge of surrender, while Lu Su and Zhou Yu were determined to fight against each other. As a result, sun Liu's allied army defeated Cao's army in Chibi. From then on, the pattern of tripartite confrontation was established.
After the Chibi war, Lu Su was often compared by Sun Quan to Deng Yu, the first founder of the Eastern Han Dynasty. Sun Quan set up the post of commander of zanjun for Lu su. After Zhou Yu's death, Sun Quan adopted Zhou Yu's suggestion and ordered Lu Su to lead 4000 soldiers on behalf of Zhou Yu. Because Lu Su had a good command of the army, the army quickly expanded to more than 10000. According to the needs of the political and military situation at that time, Sun Quan appointed Lu Su as the prefect of Hanchang and the general of Pian; after Sun Quan broke the city of Anhui, Lu Su was granted the general of Hengjiang and the general of Lukou. After that, the Soochow captured the three prefectures of Jingzhou. Lu Su led his troops to resist Guan Yu and invited Guan Yu, the general of Jingzhou. When he went to the meeting alone, Lu Su was so eloquent that Guan Yu was speechless.
In 217, Lu Su died at the age of 46. Sun Quan personally mourned for Lu Su, and Zhuge Liang mourned for him.
Life of the characters
Born into a wealthy family
At the end of the Eastern Han Dynasty, eunuchs monopolized power, levied exorbitant taxes, and the big landlords of the powerful families merged land crazily. A large number of peasants fled and became refugees. In 184, the yellow scarf uprising broke out, and the Eastern Han Dynasty suffered a devastating blow. In the process of suppressing the peasant uprising in the Eastern Han Dynasty, the feudal separatist forces in various places continued to expand, and the world was in chaos. At this time, Lu Su not only did not manage his family affairs, but also gave a lot of money and sold land to help the poor and make friends with the sages. Therefore, it is deeply supported by the villagers.
At that time, Zhou Yu was the head of Juchao. Hearing the name of Lu Su, he brought hundreds of people to visit him and asked him to provide some food. At that time, Lu Su's family had two big round granaries, each containing 3000 meters. Zhou Yugang said that he wanted to borrow grain. Without hesitation, Lu Su immediately pointed to one of the granaries and gave it to him. After this incident, Zhou Yu was convinced that Lu Su was a different person and took the initiative to make friends with him. They established an unbreakable friendship like gongsunqiao and Jizha in the spring and Autumn period.
When the scuffle between the heroes was about to spread to Lu Su's hometown, in order to avoid harm, Lu Su's family moved to Dongcheng. At that time, Dongcheng was under the jurisdiction of Yuan Shu. After hearing his name, Yuan Shu asked him to be the head of Dongcheng. But Lu Su found that Yuan Shu's methods were not enough to accomplish great things. He led more than 100 people to move south to Zhou Yu. When he moved to the south, he let the old and the weak come first, and led the agile and tough young people behind. When Yuan Shu learned that Lu Su had moved, he rushed to stop him. Lu Su stood aside the strong men and so on, drew a bow and arrow, and said to the pursuers, "men, you should understand the general trend. Now the whole world is in disorder. If I have made contributions, I can't get rewards, if I have no contributions, I can't get punishments. Why do I have to be forced? " And he ordered them to set up their shields on the ground, and to shoot them from a distance, and the arrows pierced them. On the one hand, the pursuers felt that Lu Su's words were reasonable; on the other hand, they estimated that they could not help him with their own strength, so they had to retreat. Lu Su arrived at Juchao smoothly.
In the third year of Jian'an (198), Zhou Yu crossed the Yangtze River and went to Sunce. Lu Su went with him and left his home in qua. After meeting sun CE, sun CE appreciated Lu su. Later, Lu Su's grandmother died, and he went back to Dongcheng to attend the funeral.
Join Sun Quan
Liu Ye, a good friend of Lu Su, wrote to him, saying: "today's world is full of heroes. With your talents, you are especially suitable for today's social situation. You'd better go back quickly to pick up your old mother. Don't stay in the east city. Nowadays, Zheng Bao has more than 10000 soldiers in Chaohu, occupying a rich area. Many people in Lujiang County go to depend on him, not to mention us. If you look at his trend, you will gather more people. You should go there as soon as possible
Lu Su agreed with Liu Ye. After burying his grandmother, he returned to qu'a and immediately reorganized his clothes. He wanted to go to Zheng Bao. It happened that Zhou Yu had already sent Lu Su's mother to Wujun. Lu Su went to see him and told him Liu Ye's suggestions and his plans.
In the fifth year of Jian'an (200 years), sun CE died, and Sun Quan still lives in Wujun. Zhou Yu urged Lu Su to stay. He said: "in the past, Ma Yuan said to Emperor Guangwu," in today's situation, not only the monarch can choose his subordinates, but also his subordinates can choose the monarch. ". Nowadays, Sun Quan is a close believer in wise people and accepts extraordinary talents. Besides, I heard that the ancient philosophers' mysterious argument that those who inherit the destiny of heaven to replace Liu's family must start in the southeast. By calculating the calendar and observing the situation, they will eventually build the foundation of the Emperor, which is in line with the destiny of heaven and is also in the southeast. Now is the time when people with knowledge and ambition will come back to heroes. I've just come to realize that you don't have to take Liu Ziyang's words for granted. "
Assist Sun Quan
Lu Su followed his words. Zhou Yu immediately recommended Lu Su to Sun Quan, saying that he had talent and could be an assistant minister. He also suggested that Sun Quan should collect talents like Lu Su in many ways, so as to achieve the great cause and not let them go abroad.
Sun Quan immediately made an appointment with Lu Su and talked with him. He was very happy. When the guests got up and left, Lu Su also left. But after a while, Lu Su was quietly led back by Sun Quan, and he sat down to drink. Sun Quan said to Lu Su: "today, the Han Dynasty is like a mansion, and there is a lot of chaos in all directions. I inherit the foundation established by my father and brother, and hope to build such achievements as Qi Huan and Jin Wen. Now that you are patronizing me, what are your good strategies to help me succeed? " Lu Su replied: "in the past, Geng Zhong, the great ancestor of the Han Dynasty, wanted to respect the righteous emperor, but he failed in the end. This is because Xiang Yu harmed the righteous emperor. Now Cao Cao is like Xiang Yu in the past. General, how can you become Duke Huan of Qi and Duke Wen of Jin? In Lu Su's private opinion, the Han Dynasty could not be revived, and Cao Cao could not be eliminated at once. For the sake of the general, we have to make full use of Jiangdong to observe the changing situation of the world. The situation in the world is like this. Naturally, one side will not arouse suspicion and hatred. Why? Because it's an eventful time in the north. You just take advantage of this change to wipe out Huang Zu, attack Liu Biao, and try your best to occupy all the places south of the Yangtze River, and then call yourself emperor and build a number in order to win over the world. This is the great cause of the founding of emperor Gaozu of the Han Dynasty! " Sun Quan added: "I'm doing my best now. I just hope to help Hanshi. What you said is beyond my ability."
Zhang Zhao thought that Lu Su was not modest enough. He criticized and slandered him many times, saying that he was young and careless and could not be reused. Sun Quan, on the other hand, took Lu Su seriously. His generous gift to Lu Su made the Lu family rich to the old level.
Lu Su tried his best to assist Sun Quan. Every time he met with great events, he counselled and planned. He thought deeply and had great wisdom.
In 208, the 13th year of Jian'an, Sun Quan ordered Zhou Yu to attack Jiangxia in the west, kill Huang Zu, the prefect, and then prepare to capture Jingzhou. Cao Cao had no time to go south. Now he saw Sun Quan conquer Jiangxia, fearing that he would conquer Jingzhou and develop his wings. In July, the army began to march to the South and gathered in Nanyang.
In August of the same year, Liu Biao died. Lu Su said to Sun Quan: "the land of Jingchu is adjacent to the east of the Yangtze River. It can reach the north along the river. It connects the river and the Han Dynasty on the outside, and is separated by mountains and mausoleums on the inside. It is like a solid Golden City, fertile fields and rich people. If you occupy this site, you will lay the foundation for the establishment of the Empire. Now that Liu Biao has just passed away, his two sons have always been at odds, and the generals in the army are divided into two groups. In addition, Liu Bei is a hero in the world, and there is a contradiction with Cao Cao. He lives in Liu Biao. Liu Biao is jealous of his talent and does not dare to reuse it. If Liu Bei and Liu Biao's sons work together, we should appease them, form an alliance with them, and be friendly; if they are divorced, we should make another plan to achieve our own great things. I ask to go to Jingzhou to offer my condolence to Liu Biao's sons, to their generals in the army, and to persuade Liu Bei to appease Liu Biao's subordinates and work together to deal with Cao Cao. Liu Bei will be happy to follow his orders. If this matter is handled well, the world will be peaceful. If we don't go to Jingzhou soon, I'm afraid Cao Cao will be ahead of us. " With that, Lu Su proposed to go to Jingzhou on behalf of Sun Quan to mourn and learn about the situation. Sun Quan approved his request.
As soon as Lu Su arrived at Xiakou, he heard that Cao Cao had sent troops to Jingzhou. Lu Su traveled day and night. When he arrived in Nanjun, Liu Cong, Liu Biao's son, had already offered his life to surrender Cao to Jingzhou, and Liu Bei was ready to withdraw south to cross the river. Lu Su makes a quick decision to find Liu Bei. Lu Su and Liu Bei met in Osaka, Dangyang (now in Dangyang, Hubei). Lu Su explained Sun Quan's mission, then discussed the world situation with Liu Bei, and asked Liu Bei where he was going. Liu Bei said that he wanted to go to Wu Ju, the governor of Cangwu. Lu Su said that Wu Ju was a mediocre person who did not do anything and advised Liu Bei not to rely on him. After that, it tells the situation of Sun Quan and the strength of Jiangdong in detail, and persuades Liu Bei to unite with Sun Quan to reject Cao Cao. After listening to Lu Su's analysis, Liu Bei decided to fight against Cao. At this time, Zhuge Liang was following Liu Bei. Lu Su said to Zhuge Liang, "I'm your brother's friend." they made friends immediately. Liu Bei leads his troops to Xiakou (now Hankou, Hubei)
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