Founded in 1898, Peking University was first named as Beijing Normal University Hall. It was the first national comprehensive university in China and the highest educational administrative organ at that time. After the 1911 Revolution, it was renamed in 1912.
As the center of the New Culture Movement and the origin of the May 4th Movement, the birthplace of the earliest dissemination of Marxist and democratic scientific ideas in China, and the earliest activity base of the Communist Party of China, Peking University has made irreplaceable contributions to the revitalization and liberation of the nation, the construction and development of the country, and the civilization and progress of society. The contribution of generations has played an important pioneer role in the process of China's modernization. The traditional spirit of patriotism, progress, democracy and science and the style of study of diligence, rigorousness, realism and innovation are alive and well here and handed down from generation to generation.
In 1917, Cai Yuanpei, a famous educator, became president of Peking University. He carried out effective reforms on Peking University and promoted ideological emancipation and academic prosperity by following the principle of freedom of thought and taking inclusiveness. Chen Duxiu, Li Dazhao, Mao Zedong, Lu Xun, Hu Shi and a number of other outstanding talents have served or taught in Peking University.
After the Lugouqiao Incident in 1937, Peking University, Tsinghua University and Nankai University moved south to Changsha to form Changsha Provisional University. Shortly afterwards, the temporary University moved to Kunming, renamed the National Southwest United University. After the victory of the War of Resistance Against Japan, Peking University resumed its studies in Peking in October 1946.
After the founding of the People's Republic of China, colleges and departments were adjusted in 1952. Peking University became a comprehensive university focusing on basic teaching and research of Arts and sciences, and trained a large number of talents for the country. According to incomplete statistics, there are more than 400 academicians and faculty members in Peking University. A considerable number of influential people in the field of Humanities and Social Sciences in China are also from Peking University.
Since the reform and opening up, Peking University has entered a new period of unprecedented development and construction, and has become one of the two key universities in the national "211 Project".
On May 4, 1998, on the occasion of the centennial celebration of Peking University, President Jiang Zemin delivered a speech at the Congress celebrating the centennial of Peking University's founding. He issued the call that "in order to realize modernization, China should have some first-class universities with advanced world level". With the support of the state, Peking University launched the "Plan to Create a World-class University" in time. Since then, the history of Peking University has opened a new page.
On April 3, 2000, Peking University merged with the former Peking Medical University to form a new Peking University. The former Beijing Medical University was founded on October 26, 1912 as the predecessor of the National Beijing Medical College. In the 1930s and 1940s, the school was once called the Medical College of Peking University, and was incorporated into Peking University in July 1946. In 1952, during the adjustment of colleges and departments in national universities, Peking University Medical College separated from Peking University and became independent of Peking Medical College. In 1985, it was renamed Beijing Medical University. In 1996, it became the first medical university supported by the "211 Project" in China. The merger of the two universities has further broadened the discipline structure of Peking University, laid the foundation for promoting the integration of medicine, humanities, Social Sciences and science, and reforming medical education.
In recent years, with the support of "211 Project" and "985 Project", Peking University has entered a new stage of historical development. It has made remarkable achievements in discipline construction, personnel training, faculty building, teaching and scientific research, and laid a solid foundation for building Peking University into a world-class university. Today, Peking University has become the cradle of cultivating high-quality and creative talents, an important base for scientific research and knowledge innovation, and an important bridge and window for international exchanges.
Beijing Fenghuangling Natural Scenic Park is China's National AAAA Scenic Area. The scenic spot is located in the northwest of Haidian District, 51 kilometers away from Tiananmen straight line.
The ancient Huaihe River cultural and ecological scenic spot is located in Qingjiangpu District, Huai'an City, Jiangsu Province. It is a national AAAA-level tourist scenic spot. The scenic spot is an .
Zaoyuan is located 8 kilometers northwest of Yan'an City. It is a garden-like revolutionary memorial. There are many kinds of flowers, plants and trees growing in it. The scenery is beautiful and the .
Zhaozhou Bridge, also known as Anji Bridge, is situated on the Juanhe River in Zhaoxian County, Hebei Province. It spans more than 37 meters across the river. Because all the bridges are built of ston.
Zhenbeitai, World Heritage Site, National Key Cultural Relics Protection Unit. It is located on the top of Hongshan Mountain, 4 kilometers north of Yulin City, a famous national historical and cultura.
Douchi brewing has a long history in China, and the records of Douchi production appeared in Qimin Yaoshu during the Northern and Southern Dynasties. Douchi is a kind of healthy food.
Hezi Opera is one of the traditional operas in Anhui Province. It was named after the pronunciation of the word "sea". It is popular in some areas of Anhui and Henan.
Sacrifice to the gods of villages, as well as "Amaron" and "Pumatu" and other names, is a traditional festival of the Hani people, which takes villages as units and integrates reli.
Pingyao Shage Opera, commonly known as Shage Renren, also referred to as Shage, is one of the traditional handicraft techniques in Pingyao, Shanxi Province. Because it was usually placed in the cabine.
In February 2006, a cultural census unexpectedly found "Poya Ge Shu" in Poya Village. Through expert research, 81 patterns in "Poya Ge Shu" have the character of words, and are one.
Qinhuai Lantern Festival, also known as Jinling Lantern Festival and Confucius Temple Lantern Festival, is a popular folk cultural activity in Nanjing. It is mainly held from Spring Festival to Lanter.
Muli temple is a key cultural relics protection unit in Sichuan Province. It is located at the foot of daniyabu mountain, youyidian village, Taoba Township, Muli Tibetan Autonomous County. It is more than 300 kilometers away from Xichang City.