Acupuncture and moxibustion are the general name of acupuncture and moxibustion.
Acupuncture means that under the guidance of traditional Chinese medicine theory, needles (usually filiform needles) are punctured into patients'bodies at a certain angle, and needling techniques such as twisting and lifting and inserting are used to stimulate specific parts of the human body so as to achieve the purpose of treating diseases. The point of penetration is called human acupoint, or acupoint for short. According to the latest statistics of acupuncture textbooks, there are 361 meridian acupoints in the human body.
Moxibustion is a kind of precast moxibustion stoving or moxibustion on certain acupoints on the body surface to burn and fumigate, and use heat stimulation to prevent and treat diseases. Usually moxa grass is the most commonly used, so it is called moxibustion. There are other methods such as Herb-separated moxibustion, wicker moxibustion, wick moxibustion, mulberry branch moxibustion and so on. Nowadays, moxa stick moxibustion is often used in people's life.
Acupuncture and moxibustion, consisting of "needle" and "moxibustion", is one of the important components of Oriental medicine. Its contents include acupuncture and moxibustion theory, acupoints, acupuncture and moxibustion technology and related instruments. In the process of formation, application and development, it has distinct Chinese national culture and regional characteristics, and is based on the Chinese national culture and scientific tradition. The precious heritage.
In 2006, the Chinese Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine declared that acupuncture and moxibustion had been listed in the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage list by the State Council.
Acupuncture and moxibustion is a method of preventing and treating diseases by Acupuncture and moxibustion. Acupuncture is made of metal needles, which are pierced into certain points of the human body, and manipulation is used to adjust Yingwei Qi and blood. Moxibustion is used to rub moxa velvet into moxa sticks or moxa cones and ignite the skin surface of acupoints to warm and dredge meridians and harmonize qi and blood.
Interpretation: The general name of traditional Chinese medicine acupuncture and moxibustion. Acupuncture is a special metal needle, according to certain acupoints, into the body of patients, the use of manipulation to achieve the purpose of treatment. Moxibustion is the treatment of burning moxa velvet, warming the skin surface of acupoints and using thermal stimulation. Acupuncture and moxibustion is a valuable heritage of Chinese medicine.
: "Su Wen Yi Neng Lun" said: "Those with neck carbuncle, or stone treatment, or acupuncture and moxibustion treatment.
: Biography of Bian Quecang in History: "Inappropriate medication, or inappropriate acupuncture and moxibustion." Jin Gehong's "Baopuzi Qinqiu": "Acupuncture and moxibustion are rapid when diseases occur." Tang Wujing's Zhengguan Zheng Zheng Zheng Zheng Zheng Zheng Xue: "Dao Zong is losing his feet in battle, Emperor himself is acupuncture and moxibustion." Qingyu Zhengxie's "Guisi Draft": "Zong Qi Yingwei, has a lifetime, besides acupuncture and moxibustion, Decoction and medicine are all in harmony."
Introduction to Acupuncture and Moxibustion
Acupuncture and moxibustion is a unique treatment of diseases in China. It is a kind of "internal and external treatment" medicine. Through the transmission of meridians and acupoints, as well as the application of certain methods of operation, to treat systemic diseases.
Clinically, according to the diagnostic and therapeutic methods of traditional Chinese medicine, we can diagnose the causes, find out the key points, distinguish the nature, identify which meridians and viscera the lesion belongs to, identify which type it belongs to in the surface, cold and heat, deficiency and excess, and make a diagnosis. Then the corresponding acupoint prescription was given for treatment. In order to achieve the goal of disease prevention, it is necessary to balance Yin and Yang and harmonize the functions of viscera and organs by regulating qi and blood.
Acupuncture and moxibustion therapy is a part of the Chinese medical heritage and a unique national medical method in China. For thousands of years, it has made remarkable contributions to the protection of health and the reproduction of the nation. Until now, it still undertakes this task and is trusted by the masses.
Placing moxa velvet or other medicines on the acupoints on the body surface to burn and warm ironing, through the mild heat of moxibustion fire and the role of medicines, through the transmission of meridians and collaterals, it plays a role of warming blood, strengthening and removing pathogens, and achieves the purpose of disease treatment and prevention and health care as an external treatment method.
Other stabbing methods
Three-edged needling, skin needling, intradermal needling, fire needling, awn needling, electro-acupuncture, warm needling and catgut embedding therapy.
Various methods are used to remove the air in the tank to form negative pressure so that it can adsorb the body surface to treat diseases. Also known as suction tube therapy, pull-out method. Ancient times, there were horns, called horn method. Through inhalation and extraction, it can cause congestion or stagnation of local tissues, promote smooth meridians and collaterals, vigorous Qi and blood, and have the functions of promoting blood circulation and promoting qi, relieving pain and swelling, dispelling cold, removing dampness, dispersing knots and removing poisons, and reducing fever.
Plum Blossom Needle Therapy
Plum blossom needle therapy, also known as skin needle therapy, consists of five or seven needles knotted into a cluster of needles, piercing skin meridians and acupoints.
Moxibustion therapy includes moxibustion stick moxibustion, moxibustion by Moxibustion and warm moxibustion. Moxibustion with moxibustion sticks can be divided into three types: mild moxibustion, pecking moxibustion and ironing moxibustion. Moxibustion can be divided into direct moxibustion and indirect moxibustion. Warm acupuncture and moxibustion is also called needle plus moxibustion or needle handle moxibustion. That is to say, after needling gets qi, the needle handle is covered with moxibustion sticks and ignited, so that it can be transmitted into acupoints through the needle body.
Modern Acupuncture Moxibustion
Ear needle, head needle, eye needle, hand needle, foot needle, wrist and ankle needle.
Acousto-Electro Acupuncture, Electro-Fire Acupuncture, Microwave Acupuncture.
Acupoint laser irradiation, acupoint application, acupoint catgut embedding, acupoint magnetic therapy, acupoint injection, acupoint pointer method, acupoint iontophoresis method, acupoint cutting method, acupoint ligation method.
Acupuncture and moxibustion therapy is characterized by not relying on medication, but by needling into a certain part of the patient's body to prick the nerve and cause local reactions, or by burning the part with the warm stimulation of fire, in order to achieve the purpose of treatment. The former is called acupuncture and the latter is called moxibustion, which is called acupuncture and moxibustion therapy.
Acupuncture and moxibustion therapy in clinical, according to the diagnosis and treatment of traditional Chinese medicine to diagnose the cause of disease, find out the key to disease, identify the nature of disease. Then the corresponding acupoint prescription was given for treatment. The purpose of preventing and treating diseases is to balance Yin and Yang and to harmonize the functions of viscera and organs by regulating qi and blood.
Acupuncture and moxibustion therapy has many advantages:
First, it has a wide range of indications, which can be used for the treatment and prevention of various diseases in internal, external, gynecology, pediatrics and five senses.
Second, the effect of treatment of diseases is relatively rapid and significant, especially with good exciting body function, improving disease resistance, sedation, analgesia and other effects;
Thirdly, the operation method is simple and easy.
Fourth, medical expenses economy;
Fifth, it has no or very few side effects, is basically safe and reliable, and can be combined with other therapies for comprehensive treatment.
These are also the reasons why it has always been welcomed by the people.
Acupuncture and moxibustion have formed meridian theory consisting of fourteen meridians, eight odd meridians, fifteen different meridians, twelve different meridians, Twelve Meridian tendons, twelve skin parts, Sun collaterals and floating collaterals, and knowledge of 361 acupoints and main diseases of acupoints, such as extra-meridian odd points, and discovered rules of specific links between specific parts of the human body. Law, created the theory of meridians and collaterals, and thus produced a set of methods for the treatment of diseases.
In the long-term medical practice, acupuncture and moxibustion has formed meridian theory consisting of fourteen meridians, eight odd meridians, fifteen different meridians, twelve different meridians, Twelve Meridian tendons, twelve skin parts, Sun collaterals and floating collaterals, as well as knowledge of 361 acupoints and the main diseases of acupoints such as Jingwaiqi acupoints, and found specific links between specific parts of the human body. The law created the theory of meridians and collaterals, and thus produced a set of methods for the treatment of diseases.
Because of its unique advantages, wide adaptability, rapid and remarkable curative effect, simple and easy operation, economical medical expenses and few side effects, Chinese acupuncture and moxibustion was spread to Japan, Korea, India, Arabia and other countries far back in the Tang Dynasty, and it has blossomed and fruited in other countries, which has exotic characteristics. Acupuncture and moxibustion of color. Up to now, acupuncture and moxibustion has spread to more than 140 countries and regions in the world, and has played a huge role in ensuring human life and health.
The scientific and cultural knowledge that acupuncture and moxibustion has grown up in the specific natural and social environment of China in the past dynasties contains the unique spirit, thinking and cultural essence of the Chinese nation. It embodies a great deal of practical observation, knowledge system and technical skills, and embodies the strong vitality and creativity of the Chinese nation, and is the wisdom of the Chinese nation. Jing, also a treasure of human civilization, should be better protected and utilized.
Acupuncture and moxibustion can treat many diseases, for cosmetology, the most is the treatment of adult pox and weight loss.
Acupuncture and moxibustion acne removal principle: according to the specific reasons of each person's acne, such as lung fire, stomach fire or spleen-stomach imbalance, targeted formulation of acupuncture and moxibustion conditioning program, through the treatment of symptoms, to achieve smooth channels and collaterals, to achieve the purpose of acne removal beauty.
I. Principles of Acupuncture and Moxibustion for Weight Reduction
Acupuncture and moxibustion can regulate the functions of hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal cortex and sympathetic-adrenal medulla by stimulating meridian acupoints, accelerate the basic metabolic rate, thereby promoting fat metabolism, increasing heat production, and making fat consumption accumulated, and then adjusting, perfecting and restoring the body's self-balance.
Acupuncture and moxibustion can strengthen spleen and kidney function, help healthy qi, and eliminate the evil gas stagnating in the body by strengthening the body and eliminating pathogenic factors, stimulating acupoints, adjusting meridians and collaterals. It can not only achieve the overall effect of weight loss, but also eliminate local fat to achieve the purpose of local weight loss.
Firstly, weight loss through acupuncture can effectively regulate lipid metabolism. The lipid peroxide in obese patients is higher than normal. Acupuncture and moxibustion can decrease the content of lipid peroxide in human body and accelerate the metabolism of fat so as to achieve the goal of weight loss.
Secondly, the abnormal appetite of patients can be corrected. By regulating the nervous system, the excessive secretion of gastric acid can be inhibited to achieve the goal of no fatigue and no hunger. After acupuncture and moxibustion, the gastric emptying slows down, the stomach is not empty, naturally there is a feeling of satiety, you can not want to eat.
Third, it is to effectively regulate endocrine disorders. Obesity patients have a high incidence of endocrine disorders. Why do women who have children gain weight? Not only do they have excessive nutrition, but also when they have children, they break their endocrine balance and cause obesity. When women reach menopause, endocrine disorders also cause obesity. The regulation of the two systems of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal cortex and sympathetic-adrenal cortex can correct the endocrine disorder and accelerate the metabolism of fat, so as to achieve the goal of weight loss.
At present, there are many ways to lose weight, but acupuncture and moxibustion has a unique effect, that is, safe and convenient, and no adverse reactions. Acupuncture and moxibustion is different from drug weight loss. Drug action usually has a certain period of time. Acupuncture and moxibustion weight loss plays an endogenous role by adjusting the internal function of patients, so it will not get fat soon after the treatment of acupuncture and moxibustion weight loss stops. That is to say, acupuncture and moxibustion generally do not rebound. Nowadays, acupuncture and moxibustion has attracted much attention from scholars at home and abroad, and it is the most effective way to lose weight healthily. Especially in the treatment of obesity and simple obesity caused by endocrine disorders, acupuncture and moxibustion can quickly reduce excess fat, tighten the skin, no relaxation, no wrinkles, and affect the health of the body. Acupuncture and moxibustion is suitable for those who have no effect on long-term weight loss and fail to lose weight by medicine. It has the advantages of no diet, no heavy exercise and no pain in operation for obese patients.
Acupuncture and moxibustion therapy has a wide range of applications, including many diseases in internal, external, traumatic, gynecological, pediatric, facial, dermatological and other disciplines, most of which can be treated by Acupuncture and moxibustion. The World Health Organization (WHO) also publicly declared that acupuncture and moxibustion is indeed helpful to some diseases. The following 43 effective diseases of acupuncture and moxibustion published by the World Health Organization (WHO) are listed, including:
I. Respiratory diseases
1. Allergic rhinitis 2. Sinusitis 3. Rhinitis 4. Cold 5. Tonsillitis 6. Acute and chronic laryngitis 7. Tracheitis 8. Bronchial asthma
8. Acute conjunctivitis 9. Central retinitis 10. Myopia 11. Cataract
3. Stomatological diseases
12. toothache 13. pain after extraction 14. gingivitis
IV. Diseases of gastrointestinal system
15. Esophageal and cardiac achalasia 16. Hiccup 17. Gastroptosis 18. Acute and chronic gastritis 19. Gastric acidosis 20. Chronic duodenal ulcer (pain relief) 21. Simple acute duodenal ulcer 22. Acute and chronic colitis 23. Acute (chronic) bacillary dysentery 24. Constipation 25. Diarrhea 26. Enteroplegia
Neurological, muscular and skeletal diseases
27. Headache 28. Migraine 29. Trigeminal neuralgia 30. Facial paralysis 31. Mild paralysis after stroke 32. Peripheral neuropathy 33. Sequelae of poliomyelitis in children 34. Meniel's syndrome 35. Neurological bladder dysfunction 36. Enuresis 37. Intercostal neuralgia 38. Cervical brachial syndrome 39. Shoulder coagulation 40. Tennis elbow 41. Sciatica 42. Lumbago 43. Arthritis 44. Cerebral palsy in children
(WHO recommends 43 clinical guidelines for acupuncture and moxibustion for diseases. China Metrology Press. 1995)
In the 1970s, taking the opportunity for China to publish the research results of acupuncture anesthesia to the whole world, the international community set off an upsurge of eager to understand acupuncture and moxibustion and its application in the treatment of diseases, which is a worldwide upsurge of acupuncture and moxibustion. Because of the study of acupuncture and moxibustion, the misunderstanding of acupuncture and moxibustion has gradually been eliminated in Western medical circles. Some foreigners have also developed a strong interest in it and become the main force in the application, research and promotion of acupuncture and moxibustion.
In the process of internationalization of acupuncture and moxibustion, WHO has played an important role in promoting and guiding, such as setting up cooperative centers for acupuncture and moxibustion research and training in some countries, supporting and establishing the World Acupuncture and Moxibustion Federation, formulating the International Standard for the Names of Meridians and Collaterals Points, and the Standard for Clinical Research of Acupuncture and Moxi Nowadays, more than 140 countries and regions in the world have carried out acupuncture and moxibustion treatment, and the number of people engaged in acupuncture and moxibustion is about 200-300,000.
In the second half of the 20th century, the clinical focus of acupuncture and moxibustion was to observe and summarize the indications of acupuncture and moxibustion. In the 1990s, the clinical application of acupuncture and moxibustion has expanded to four aspects, namely, meridian diagnosis, acupuncture anesthesia, acupuncture and moxibustion health care, acupuncture and moxibustion treatment. Acupuncture and moxibustion can treat more than 800 kinds of diseases nowadays, of which 30%-40% have remarkable therapeutic effect. Including some common diseases, functional diseases, chronic diseases, some difficult diseases and acute diseases for acupuncture and moxibustion to assist more effective.
Because of its unique advantages, extensive indications, rapid and remarkable curative effect, simple and easy operation, economical medical expenses and few side effects, Chinese acupuncture and moxibustion had spread to Japan, Korea, India, Arabia and other countries and regions in the Tang Dynasty, and had blossomed and fruited in other countries. Acupuncture and moxibustion medicine with foreign characteristics. Up to now, acupuncture and moxibustion has spread to more than 140 countries and regions in the world, and has played a huge role in ensuring the life and health of all mankind.
Ancient Chinese people used acupuncture and moxibustion to keep fit long ago. In the Yellow Emperor's Internal Classic, doctors who master acupuncture and moxibustion health care technology are called "going to work". In the book "Lingshu Bei Shun", it is said that "going to work to stab those who are not alive."
By the Tang Dynasty, the health care of acupuncture and moxibustion had occupied a considerable position. For example, in Qianjin Yaofang, many materials for health care of acupuncture and moxibustion were discussed. In the Book of Acupuncture and Moxibustion Shishengjing written by Wang Zhizhong in the Song Dynasty, it was recorded that acupuncture and moxibustion were used to prevent various diseases, such as puncturing the back of the wind gate without carbuncle. The doctors of Ming Dynasty also advocated the health care of acupuncture and moxibustion. Gao Wu said in "Acupuncture and Moxibustion Juying": "Acupuncture and moxibustion is the first way to treat diseases, but it is the opposite. Adversity is the meaning of disease prevention. Pan Weiru of the Qing Dynasty also expounded the health function of acupuncture in the book "Health Requirements". He said: "People's viscera, meridians, blood, Qi and muscle are careless every day, while external evil causes diseases. Ancient people focused on acupuncture and moxibustion. Therefore, it is beneficial to joints and Qi and blood, so as to expedite the evil and recover from the evil and recover from the disease.
The so-called acupuncture health care is to stimulate certain acupoints of the human body with filiform needles in order to stimulate the Qi of meridians and collaterals, so as to make the metabolism of the human body vigorous, so as to strengthen the body and prolong life. This method of health preservation is acupuncture health care.
Acupuncture health care and acupuncture treatment methods are basically the same, but the focus is different. Acupuncture treatment focuses on correcting the ups and downs of Yin and Yang, Qi and blood. Acupuncture health care focuses on strengthening the body, improving the body's metabolic capacity, aiming at maintaining health and prolonging life. It is also because of their different points of view, reflected in the selection of acupoints, needles also have some differences. If it is used for health care, the stimulation intensity of acupuncture manipulation should be moderate, the selection of acupoints should not be many, and the acupoints with strong effect should be the main ones.
Health moxibustion is one of the unique health preservation methods in China. It can not only be used for health care, but also for the rehabilitation of people with chronic illness and deficiency of body. The so-called health moxibustion method is to apply moxibustion on certain specific points of the body in order to achieve the goal of harmonizing Qi and blood, regulating meridians and collaterals, nourishing viscera and prolonging life. In Introduction to Medicine, it is said that "moxibustion is necessary if medicine is inferior or needle is inferior", which shows that moxibustion can play a role that needles and medicines sometimes cannot play. As for the health care function of moxibustion, as early as in Bian Que Xin Shu, there is a clear record: "When people are disease-free, they often moxibuste Guanyuan, Qihai, Mingmen... Even if you haven't had a long life, you can still be over a hundred years old.
The state attaches great importance to the protection of intangible cultural heritage. On May 20, 2006, acupuncture and moxibustion was approved by the State Council and listed in the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage list. On June 5, 2007, the Ministry of Culture confirmed that Wang Xueto of the Chinese Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine and He Puren of the Chinese Acupuncture and Moxibustion Society were the representative successors of this cultural heritage project, and were included in the list of 226 representative successors of the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage projects.
Dredging channels and collaterals
The function of dredging channels and collaterals is to make the blocked channels and collaterals smooth and play their normal physiological role. It is the most basic and direct therapeutic effect of acupuncture and moxibustion. Meridians "belong to viscera and collaterals, and external collaterals belong to limbs." Running Qi and blood is one of its main physiological functions. The clinical manifestations are pain, numbness, swelling and ecchymosis. Acupuncture and moxibustion select corresponding acupoints, needling techniques and pricking hemorrhage with three-edged needles to make meridians smooth and Qi and blood run normally.
Balance Yin and Yang
The function of acupuncture and moxibustion to harmonize Yin and Yang is to transform the body from the unbalanced state of yin and yang to the balanced state, which is the ultimate goal of acupuncture and moxibustion treatment. The mechanism of disease occurrence is complex, but it can be summed up as Yin-Yang imbalance in general. Acupuncture and moxibustion can harmonize Yin and Yang through the attributes of Yin and Yang of meridians and collaterals, the compatibility of meridians and acupoints and the manipulation of acupuncture.
Strengthening the body resistance to eliminate pathogenic factors
Acupuncture and moxibustion can help the body to uphold Qi and dispel pathogenic factors. The process of occurrence, development and outcome of diseases is essentially the process of disputes between the good and evil. Acupuncture and moxibustion treatment is to play its role of strengthening the body and dispelling pathogens.
Origin of Acupuncture and Moxibustion
Acupuncture and moxibustion therapy was first found in Huangdi Neijing published in the Warring States Period. "The Yellow Emperor's Internal Classic" says, "Tibetan cold is full of disease, and its treatment is suitable for moxibustion", which refers to moxibustion, in which the shape of nine needles is described in detail, and a large number of theories and techniques of acupuncture and moxibustion are described. Acupuncture and moxibustion therapy has been popular in China for more than two thousand years and spread to the world. Acupuncture and moxibustion appeared earlier.
In ancient times, people were occasionally hit by some sharp and hard objects, such as stones, thorns and other parts of the body surface, there will be unexpected pain relief phenomenon. The ancients began to consciously stab some parts of the body with sharp stones or artificially puncture the body to make it bleed to relieve pain. People have mastered the digging and grinding technology, and can produce some exquisite stone tools suitable for penetrating the body to treat diseases. This stone tool is the oldest medical tool criticism stone. People use "stone criticism" to pierce a part of the body to treat diseases.
Bian stone was also more commonly used in surgical incision of suppurative infections, so it was also known as needle stone or stone. The Book of Mountains and Seas says, "If there are stones like jade, they can be needles." It is an early record of stone needles. In archaeology, stone objects have been found in China. It can be said that stone criticism is the foundation and predecessor of the tool of knife and needle in later generations.
Moxibustion arises after the discovery and use of fire. In the process of using fire, people find that the pain in a part of the body can be alleviated or relieved by burning and baking. Then they learn to use animal bark or bark to wrap hot stones and sand for local hot ironing, and gradually develop to burn branches or hay to cure the disease.
After a long period of exploration, the inflammable moxa leaves with the function of warming and dredging meridians were selected as the main material for moxibustion treatment, and the warm and hot stimulation was carried out on the surface of the body, thus making moxibustion and acupuncture become the important methods of disease prevention and treatment. Moxa leaf is easy to burn, fragrant, rich in resources, easy to process and store, so it has become the most important raw material for moxibustion.
"Bian and puncture" gradually developed into acupuncture, and "hot and ironed" gradually developed into moxibustion, which is the predecessor of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy.
"Needle" of needle implies "needle" in traditional style. The word "gold" refers to "metal", such as gold, silver, bronze and other materials. Salt means "sour" (see "salty" in interactive encyclopedia). Gold and salty means "an instrument that produces sour and astringent sensation". Not excluding the possibility that the ancients used fried bamboo needles as disposable needles, this kind of bamboo needle is called "Zhu", and the "salty" in its font still means "sour and astringent".
History of Development
Acupuncture and moxibustion originated in China and has a long history. Legend has it that acupuncture and moxibustion originated in the period of Three Emperors and Five Emperors. According to legend, Fuxi invented acupuncture and moxibustion. He "tasted a hundred medicines and made nine needles" (Huang Fu, an Eastern Han physician, was recorded in The Century of Emperors). According to the ancient literature Shanhai Jing and NeiJing, the records of "stone chi" piercing carbuncle, and Mencius, "seven years of disease, three years of Ai," and according to the historical relics excavated in various parts of China today, the origin of "acupuncture and moxibustion therapy" is in the Stone Age. When people suffered from some illness or discomfort, they unconsciously massaged and beat with their hands, and even pressed the discomfort area with sharp stone tools, thus alleviating or disappearing the original symptoms. The earliest needle tool, Bian Shi, came into being. With the continuous development of ancient wisdom and social productivity, needles gradually developed into bronze needles, iron needles, gold needles, silver needles, until now the use of stainless steel needles.
According to legend, Fuxi, the ancestor of Chinese civilization, was the inventor of acupuncture and moxibustion in traditional Chinese medicine. Fuxi not only painted eight diagrams, knotted ropes as a net, taught people to hunt, but also "tasted a hundred medicines and made nine needles" (the Eastern Han Dynasty Emperor Fu quietly recorded in the "Emperor's Century", "tasted grass and made criticism" (Luo Bi recorded in the Southern Song Dynasty Road History). Bian is Bian Stone, the earliest acupuncture and moxibustion of the Chinese nation. The origin of moxibustion is closely related to the discovery and use of fire. When the body has some discomfort, baking with fire can be alleviated, and then using various branches as moxibustion tools, gradually developed to moxibustion.
Acupuncture and moxibustion therapy is formed in a long historical process, and its academic ideas are gradually improved with the accumulation of clinical medical experience. The medical silk books unearthed from tomb No. 3 of Mawangdui, Changsha, in 1973 include The Eleven Veins Moxibustion Meridian of Foot and Arm and the Eleven Veins Moxibustion Meridian of Yin and Yang.
Huangdi Neijing is the earliest and complete classical works of traditional Chinese medicine in the existing literature. It has formed a complete meridian system, i.e. twelve meridians, fifteen meridians, twelve meridians tendons, twelve meridians, and specimens, roots, Qijie, four seas related to the meridian system. It is suitable for acupoints, acupuncture methods and acupuncture. In particular, the theory of acupuncture and moxibustion recorded in Lingshu Jing is more abundant and systematic, so Lingshu is the first summary of acupuncture and moxibustion. Its main content is still the core content of acupuncture and moxibustion shore, so Lingshu is called "Needle Jing". Following the Internal Classic, Bian Que, a divine doctor in the Warring States Period, wrote Difficult Classic to supplement and improve the theory of acupuncture and moxibustion.
Huang Fu-ming, a medical scientist in Jin Dynasty, devoted himself to the study of Neijing and other works, and wrote A and B Classics of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, which comprehensively discussed the theory of Zang-fu Meridians and collaterals, developed and determined 349 acupoints, and discussed their location, main treatment and operation. Meanwhile, it introduced the methods of acupuncture and moxibustion and the treatment of common diseases, which was the second time in acupuncture and moxibustion. Summary.
During the Tang and Song Dynasties, with the prosperity of economy and culture, the Academy of acupuncture and moxibustion also developed greatly. Sun Simiao, a Tang Dynasty physician, drew a colorful "three-person map of Mingtang" in his book "A Thousand Gold Prescriptions for Emergency", and put forward the method of selecting Ashi Point and its application. By the Song Dynasty, Wang Yi, a famous acupuncturist, had compiled "Tongren Acupuncture and Moxibustion Picture Classic", examined 354 acupoints and carved the whole book on stone tablets for learners to copy and print. He also created two models of Tongren, carved meridians and acupoints outside, and built viscera inside, which served as visual teaching aids for acupuncturing and evaluating acupuncturists. It has entered the development of acupuncture and moxibustion.
The Fourteen Meridians of Tuoboren in Yuan Dynasty, for the first time, called twelve Meridians together with Ren and Du Meridians as fourteen Meridians, which is of great benefit to future generations in studying Meridians.
The Ming Dynasty was the flourishing period of the academic development of acupuncture and moxibustion, with the emergence of famous doctors and the gradual deepening of the theoretical research of acupuncture and moxibustion. A large number of Monographs on acupuncture and moxibustion appeared, such as "Acupuncture and Moxibustion Daquan", "Acupuncture and Moxibustion Juying", "Four Books of Acupuncture and Moxibustion", especially "Acupuncture and Moxibustion Dachen Experience, rich in content, is an important reference book for future generations to learn acupuncture and moxibustion, is the third summary of acupuncture and moxibustion academic.
From the early Qing Dynasty to the Republic of China, acupuncture and moxibustion medicine gradually went from prosperity to decline.
In 1742, Wu Qian and others wrote "Jinjian of the Medical Sect". His "Jinjian of the Medical Sect". The key points of moxibustion and heart therapy not only inherited the essence of acupuncture and moxibustion of the past dynasties, but also carried it forward. The whole song is full of maps. Since the 14th year of Qianlong (A.D. 1749), it has been a compulsory content for medical students in Taiyuan Hospital of Qing Dynasty.
In the late Qing Dynasty, the feudal rulers led by Emperor Daoguang forbade Taiyuan Hospital to use acupuncture and moxibustion for the absurd reason of "needling and fire moxibustion is not suitable for emperors".
After the Opium War in 1840, when imperialism invaded China and the rulers at that time tried to discriminate against and eliminate traditional Chinese medicine, acupuncture and moxibustion were even more destroyed. Nevertheless, due to the popularity of acupuncture and moxibustion treatment, it is still widely spread among the people.
Li Xuechuan, a famous doctor of acupuncture and moxibustion, wrote "Fengyuan of Acupuncture and Moxibustion" in 1817, emphasizing both syndrome differentiation and acupoint selection, and giving a complete list of 361 meridian points, which are still used in today's textbooks of acupuncture and moxibustion.
During the period of the Republic of China, the government ordered the abolition of traditional Chinese medicine. Many acupuncturists set up acupunctural societies, edited books and periodicals of acupuncture and moxibustion, and carried out correspondence education of acupuncture and moxibustion in order to preserve and develop acupunctural science, a treasure of traditional Chinese medicine culture. Mr. Cheng Tan'an, a famous modern acupuncturist, made a lifelong contribution to revitalizing AC During this period, the revolutionary base area under the leadership of the Communist Party of China clearly advocated the study and application of acupuncture and moxibustion in Western medicine, opened an outpatient clinic of acupuncture and moxibustion in Bethune International Peace Hospital in Yan'an, and initiated the first step for the formal entry of acupuncture and moxibustion into a comprehensive hospital.
Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, great importance has been attached to inheriting and carrying forward the medical heritage of the motherland, formulating policies on traditional Chinese medicine, and taking a series of measures to develop the cause of traditional Chinese medicine, which has made acupuncture and moxibustion medicine unprecedented popularization and improvement.
In the early 1950s, the experimental Institute of acupuncture and moxibustion of Lang, Ministry of Health, was first established, which was the predecessor of the Acupuncture and Moxibustion Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Thereafter, "Acupuncture and Moxibustion" has been included in the compulsory courses for students of Chinese medical schools. Most Chinese medical colleges and universities have set up acupuncture and moxibustion specialty, and acupuncture and moxibustion talents have emerged.
Over the past 40 years, on the basis of inheritance, a large number of ancient books on acupuncture and moxibustion have been reprinted, collated and annotated. Combining with the clinical experience and scientific research achievements of modern doctors, a large number of academic monographs and papers on acupuncture and moxibustion have been published. The Chinese Acupuncture and Moxibustion Society has also been established. Academic exchanges are very active, and the "Acupuncture Anesthesia" Drunk".
The research work of acupuncture and moxibustion is not only the arrangement of literature, but also the systematic observation of the clinical curative effect of its treatment, and the combination of modern physiology, anatomy, histology, biochemistry, immunology, molecular biology, meridian theory, mechanism of acupuncture analgesia, acupoint specificity and high-speed function of acupuncture and moxibustion. The new technologies in the borderline disciplines of acoustics, optics, electricity and magnetism are experimentally studied. Clinical practice has proved that acupuncture and moxibustion have a good effect on the treatment of internal, external, gynecological, pediatric, bone injury, five senses and other diseases.
Acupuncture and moxibustion is an ancient and magical science. As early as the 6th century, Chinese Academy of acupuncture and moxibustion began to spread abroad. In Asia, Western Europe, Eastern Europe and Latin America, more than 120 countries and regions have applied acupuncture and moxibustion to treat diseases for their own people. Many countries have established academics, educational institutions and research institutions of acupuncture and moxibustion successively. The famous Medical College of Paris University has offered acupuncture and moxibustion courses.
It is reported that there are 307 effective diseases treated by Acupuncture and moxibustion, of which more than 100 are effective. In 1980, the World Health Organization of the United Nations proposed 43 indications for acupuncture and moxibustion treatment. In 1987, the World Acupuncture and Moxibustion Federation was formally established in Beijing, and the status of acupuncture and moxibustion as a world popular medicine was established in the world medical forest.
On November 16, 2010, Chinese medicine acupuncture and moxibustion was listed in the list of representative works of intangible cultural heritage of mankind.
Noun Set Interpretation
1. Needle, the ancient work "Needle", the word from gold to salt. Gold means that the material for making needles in ancient times was metal. In the Book of Changes, there are Zeshan Xiangua and Xianzuo. That is to say, the most pure and beautiful feeling that young boys and girls feel and play. This is what the needle is salty for. Acupuncture therapy is a method of treating the body with acid numbness of meridians and collaterals or tactile response along meridians by direct stimulation of metals.
2. Moxibustion, words from the fire for a long time. "Long" means "long" and "fire" means "burning". The combination of "long" and "fire" means "slow burning (skin)".
3. Bian, the surgical knife of ancient times, the predecessor of "needle". Words from stone never fade. "Stone" means "stone (tools, implements)", "stone knife", "stone needle", "lack" means "loss". "Stone" combined with "lack" means "cutting carbuncle with stone knife to reduce its volume", "puncturing abscess with stone needle to reduce its volume", "purulent discharge with stone medical instruments". Essential meaning: Stone needle is used to expel pus and bleed. Extension: a. Stone knives and needles specially used for purulent discharge and bloodletting. B. Acupuncture needles for stimulating acupoints.
4. Carbuncle, the ancient work "Kuang", the word from She Congyong. "Yong" means "add a circle to the periphery". "Cheng" and "Yong" jointly express "the increasing mass on the surface of the skin".
5. Ulcer, word from She from Fang. "Fang" means "dissemination" and "dissemination". The combination of "She" and "Fang" means "ulceration of human epidermal abscess".
6. sores, words from the ring from the warehouse. "Warehouse" means a circular building for storing millet, or a stack of millet. The combination of "She" and "Cang" indicates a stacked abscess of millet on human epidermis.
7. Creation, words from the warehouse from the knife. The original meaning of "cang" refers to the stacking of millet, which in turn refers to the millet-like abscess on the human epidermis. "Cang" combined with "knife" means "cutting abscess with stone knife or metal knife (to drain pus)".
8. Jinchuang, or "Jinchuang", refers to cutting abscess with metal tools. This is the "surgery" in the classification of ancient Chinese medical system.
9. pus, word from meat from farming. The original meaning of "agriculture" refers to the rural industry, which means the rural manure and its odor. "Meat" and "farmer" are combined to express "a solution of excrement-like growth from human epidermis (it smells as bad as excrement, is as turbid, and can grow maggots as well).
10. Points, words from evil from eight. "Sin" refers to a specific place and place, and "eight" means "separation". "Sin" and "Eight" unite to express "where the opening is". Acupuncture and moxibustion refers to some special sites on the body surface, which connect the stimulus transmission channel in the muscles below.
11. Shu, word from meat from Yu. "Yu" means "shortcut" and extends to "channel". "Meat" and "Yu" unite to express "passage in human body". In the term of acupuncture and moxibustion, it refers to the passage of stimulation on the body surface.
12. Classics, words from silk to silk. The original meaning of "silk" is the longitudinal arrangement of silk on the loom, which is extended to the top-down arrangement of fiber bundles used to transmit signals in the human body.
13. Loop, word from silk from each. "Each" means "crossing". The combination of "silk" and "each" means that "silk and hemp fibers are organized in a cross way". In the term of acupuncture and moxibustion, it refers to the bundles of branches stretching from side to side along the meridians, which form many "crossed" shapes with the meridians.
14. Pi, the word from Li Congyou. "You" means "flesh", "muscle" and "soft tissue". The combination of "She" and "You" means "skin and flesh injury" and "soft tissue contusion". "Lingshu Jing": "The needle has been injected, according to its illness, no blood out of it." "Three on the inside and three on the outside of both hands, and twelve on the outside (Shaoze, Guanchong and Shangyang on the outside; Shaoshang, Zhongchong and Shaochong on the inside). "Su Question Piercing Back Pain Chapter": "Three Pierces of Prick."
15. Swollen, traditional Chinese characters from the meat heavy. "Heavy" means "sinking feeling" and "falling feeling". The combination of "meat" and "weight" means that "the whole body, or a part of the body, increases its weight due to pathological changes, which brings a sense of sinking and falling". Meaning: The body increases its weight wholly or partially due to illness.
Causes of pain
Reasons for pain caused by Acupuncture and moxibustion:
1. Pain when entering the skin, because the needle is not fast enough, when entering the skin, the needle tip will stimulate the sensory organs of human nerve endings, causing pain.
There are two reasons:
First, the doctor's technique is not in place.
Second, the needle is not sharp enough, or with a barbed needle (rare nowadays, because most of them are disposable needles)
2. When the needle enters the human body, the patient feels pain.
1. Acupuncture to the sensory nerve endings of vessel membranes or muscles. Strong stimulation causes pain. If the stimulation is slowed down and slightly adjusted, the patient's conscious symptoms will disappear.
2. Acupuncture, there is "needle feeling" such as acid and numbness and heavy swelling, and each person's brain judges the degree of pain is different, so causing different feelings, acid and numbness and heavy swelling, are the manifestations of pain, the patient's insufficient tolerance will cause pain protection mechanism.
3. When the needle is pulled out, it passes through the skin and causes the same pain as the first one. There are two causes of pain after pullout:
1. Residual sensation, i.e. needle sensation, is easily found in people with sensitive physique, which is related to their state at that time.
2. Acupuncture, because of the numerous capillaries in the body, sometimes punctured, resulting in subcutaneous congestion or bleeding, resulting in pain.
4. Psychological factors, because pain is subjective feelings, no objective criteria to measure, so the psychological tension, fear is easy to pain, relaxation, relief is not easy to feel uncomfortable.
Matters needing attention
1. Acupuncture is inappropriate for those who are too tired, mentally tense and hungry. Acupuncture for the elderly and infirm should take the lying position as far as possible, with fewer acupoints and lighter manipulation.
2. Acupuncture should not be too violent for pregnant women. Acupuncture and moxibustion are forbidden in abdomen, lumbosacral region and acupoints that can cause uterine contraction, such as Hegu, Sanyinjiao, Kunlun and Zhiyin.
3. Children usually do not keep needles because they do not cooperate. Needles are forbidden in infants and young children's fontanel, Fengfu and Yamen acupoints.
4. Patients with hemorrhagic diseases, or often with spontaneous bleeding, are not suitable for needling if it is difficult to stop bleeding after injury.
5. Acupuncture is not allowed for skin infections, ulcers, scars and tumors.
6. The depth and angle of pubic symphysis should be grasped when needling in eye area, chest and back, kidney area, neck area, abdomen of patients with gastric ulcer, intestinal adhesion and intestinal obstruction, and pubic symphysis area of patients with urinary retention.
7. Acupuncture has a very good effect on some diseases, but it is not omnipotent, especially in the treatment of some acute and serious diseases. We should adopt comprehensive treatment in time according to the situation so as to be more beneficial to patients and give full play to the role of acupuncture and moxibustion.
In a word, during the whole treatment process, doctors'conscientious responsibility to patients, seriousness and attentiveness, and concentration are all important links to prevent accidents.
Acupuncture Weight Loss
Acupuncture and moxibustion must know the first point: generally, local obesity is the embodiment of overall body obesity. Acupuncture and moxibustion is specifically aimed at local obesity. If you want to adjust the overall obesity by Acupuncture and moxibustion, you must synchronize with exercise or other weight loss methods, so as to achieve the effect of weight loss.
Acupuncture and moxibustion must know the second point: when carrying out acupuncture and moxibustion weight loss, do not stop, preferably once a day, at least adhere to three courses of treatment to achieve a good weight loss effect, but Xiaobian recommends that we do not carry out acupuncture and moxibustion weight loss for a long time, the general treatment period of acupuncture and moxibustion weight loss is best in spring.
Acupuncture and moxibustion must know the third point: Acupuncture and moxibustion combined with diet to lose weight, so the effect will be better. So how to cooperate? Must use some high protein and low fat food more, three meals a day can not be less, it is better to mix with exercise together, so that you can thin!
Acupuncture and moxibustion must know the fourth point: Acupuncture and moxibustion is the most appropriate age for weight loss between 20 and 40 years old, and not everyone is suitable for acupuncture and moxibustion, some people are not obvious weight loss, some people are long-term adherence to thin. Acupuncture and moxibustion in traditional Chinese medicine is a gradual process, if you want a needle to stick down, it is impossible to lose weight!
Acupuncture and moxibustion must know the fifth point: in the process of acupuncture and moxibustion, if patients have pain, dizziness, nausea symptoms, then we must stop acupuncture and moxibustion in order to prevent accidents; if in the process of anorexia, increased urine and urine, fatigue response, these are normal. Acupuncture and moxibustion can accelerate the body's metabolism, and constantly consume a lot of energy can reduce weight.
Ear acupoints: mouth, esophagus, duodenum, hunger spot, endocrine, brain and stomach.
Operations: Select 1-2 points each time, prick needles alternately in bilateral ears, apply ear needles 2-3 times a week, 10 times as two courses of treatment, and each course interval is 5-7 days.
One of the body needles
Acupoint selection: Guanyuan and Sanyinjiao are the main points.
Acupoint allocation: According to syndrome differentiation and classification.
It belongs to the damp zone of spleen deficiency: Neiguan, water, Tianshu, Fenglong, Lieqian and Pishu.
It belongs to the humid and hot interior: Quchi, branch ditch, Daheng, Si Man, atrium, abdominal knot.
It belongs to imbalance of duty: branch ditch, central injection, vein, blood sea, Shenshu and Taixi.
Operation: Every time the main point must be taken, and then according to the symptoms, add 3 to 4 points. Needles are kept for half an hour every time, once every other day, 15 times for a course of treatment, each course interval of treatment is 5 days.
Body Acupuncture II
Acupoint selection: The main points are Tianshu, Zhongli and Daheng.
Points allocation: Quchi, Hegu, Gaoku, Inner Court, Sanyinjiao.
Operation: Tianshu, large transverse electro-acupuncture instrument, and then continue to power for 15 to 20 minutes, once a day or every other day, 10 times for a course of treatment.
Acupoint selection: Shoulder Yu through Quchi, Liangqiu through Zhuguan, Liangmen through back.
Operations: Select No. 28 3 inch long Awn Needle for spare, each point should be pricked.
Acupoint selection: Yangchi and Sanjiao Yu are the main points.
Points allocation: ground mechanism, life gate, Sanyinjiao, Dazhui.
Operation: Select one main point and one matching point at a time, moxibustion needle with ginger partition.
go to the world arena
Chinese and foreign experts who attended the 2003 annual meeting of the European Federation of Chinese Medicine Experts in Paris said that Western medical circles have increasingly understood and recognized the efficacy of acupuncture and moxibustion, and that acupuncture and moxibustion has become a breakthrough in the world's acceptance of traditional Chinese medicine.
Dr. Andrs, chairman of the French Acupuncture and Moxibustion Association, believes that acupuncture can significantly relieve the symptoms and pain of patients. Western medicine believes that relieving the symptoms or pain of patients is one of the important steps of treatment. It plays an important role in the complete recovery of patients and enhancing their resistance. Therefore, acupuncture and moxibustion has been first accepted by the Western medical community. The French Acupuncture and Moxibustion Association has now become a Medical Association recognized by the French government. In recent years, many medical universities in France have added acupuncture and moxibustion courses, which is an important breakthrough for traditional Chinese medicine to enter the mainstream Western medicine.
Dr. Zhu Miansheng, Chairman-in-Office of the All-Europe Federation of Chinese Medicine Experts in 2003, said that many years ago, Chinese medicine was still a marginal medical discipline in the West. Many experts engaged in Chinese medicine research were not recognized by Western governments. But in recent years, Western national medical schools have become interested in traditional Chinese medicine. Some medical schools have established ministries of traditional Chinese medicine. After graduation, students can get certificates and open them. However, acupuncture and moxibustion are still accepted by Westerners. He said that the French Acupuncture and Moxibustion Association, which is composed of French practicing doctors, has become one of the sponsors of this academic conference, which shows that acupuncture and moxibustion represents traditional Chinese medicine and has gradually improved its status in Western medical circles.
Zhao Jinjun, China's ambassador to France, said that compared with acupuncture and moxibustion, traditional Chinese medicine was not widely accepted in the West, mainly because of the lack of standardized and standardized quality system of traditional Chinese medicine. Therefore, in order to make the pharmacology of traditional Chinese medicine accepted by Western medicine, it is necessary to formulate more detailed production standards and standards as soon as possible.
At this academic conference, experts also believed that the international status and influence of traditional Chinese medicine should be fundamentally changed, and there is a process of accumulation and development. The length of this process depends on two factors: internal cause is that the advantages and characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine should be combined with modern science and technology to realize the modernization of traditional Chinese medicine. The external reason is to deepen the international community's understanding and respect of TCM and bring TCM into the mainstream medical system. Acupuncture and moxibustion is a good example. Internal causes are more important than external ones.
Chinese food, acupuncture, Kungfu and traditional Chinese medicine are well-known overseas and can be called "the four new national quintessences". Acupuncture and moxibustion is the quintessence of Chinese culture that has spread throughout the West after Chinese food. It is also an area in which China has a real impact on Western science and technology. Although Chinese medicine came to the United States early with Chinese immigrants, it is generally acknowledged that acupuncture and moxibustion therapy was formally introduced into the United States with Nixon's visit to China. Many Americans know that the trigger of the "acupuncture fever" was a report published in the New York Times.
One of the most widespread rumors about the introduction of acupuncture and moxibustion into the United States in the field of acupuncture and moxibustion and medicine in the United States is that among the members of Nixon's delegation to China, a young journalist accompanied by the delegation suffered from appendicitis in China and was admitted to a Chinese hospital. When Chinese doctors performed appendectomy, they used acupuncture analgesia instead of anesthetics. The operation was very successful. After returning to the United States, the journalist published an article in the New York Times introducing his own experience, which triggered a fever of acupuncture and moxibustion in the United States.
This story can be called a "beautiful legend" in medical circles. So what is the historical fact?
Mr. James Reston, a well-known American journalist, wrote in the New York Times. At that time, he was the director of the New York Times Washington Reporter Station. He was good at political and current affairs reporting. He made remarkable achievements in his life. He interviewed several American presidents, including Roosevelt, Bush, Zhou Enlai and Khrushchev. Characters. Roston won several press awards and later died in 1995 as Vice President of the New York Times.
The fact is that in July 1971, before President Nixon's visit to China, Roston was sent to China for an interview after the Sino-US relations began to ease. He visited many units in Beijing, including the Chinese Hospital for Acupuncture and Moxibustion Therapy. But unfortunately, he suffered from acute appendicitis during his visit. He underwent appendectomy in the Chinese hospital. During the operation, he was anesthetized with conventional drugs. He felt abdominal distension after the operation and received acupuncture treatment. Then, in July 1971, he published the famous documentary report in the New York Times: "Let me tell you what I am in Beijing." Appendicectomy.
In 1971, Roston was already a senior journalist in his 60s. Because of his extraordinary experience and the status of the New York Times in the press, his articles were highly credible in the minds of the average American. At that time, the White House just announced that President Nixon would visit China in 1972. There is a sense of mystery in China, which is not much of an oriental power, and Roston's article just satisfies the curiosity of the readers. Roston wrote in his article:
It seems ridiculous to issue obituaries in memory of the lost appendix, but for this reason, the author has had the opportunity to learn from within the past ten days about the political and business development of an important hospital in China. This report is a record of my experience and experience.
In short, Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai invited 11 medical authorities in Beijing to consult me. Then Professor Wu, a surgeon at the Anti-imperialist Hospital, performed appendectomy for me in July after injecting lidocaine and benzocaine with routine local abdominal anesthesia.
There were no complications and no nausea or vomiting. I was awake throughout the operation. Through an interpreter from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China, I did exactly what Professor Wu asked me to do during the operation and returned to my room two and a half hours later.
However, the night after the operation, my abdomen had a painful and painful feeling. With my consent, Dr. Li of the Acupuncture and Moxibustion Department of our hospital pricked three needles under my right elbow and knees with a slender needle, and twisted the needle with his hand to stimulate my gastrointestinal peristalsis to reduce abdominal pressure and stomach flatulence.
Acupuncture pains my limbs, but at least it distracts my abdominal discomfort. At the same time, Dr. Li put two burning herbal moxa rolls like cheap cigars over my abdomen and smoked them, twisting my needles from time to time.
It took only 20 minutes, and I was wondering if it was a little too complicated to treat abdominal flatulence with this method, but in less than an hour, my abdominal flatulence felt much less and never recurred again.
According to the information I have received, many reports from China about acupuncture and moxibustion curing blindness, paralysis and mental illness have led the US to speculate that the Chinese people may have made new breakthroughs in acupuncture and moxibustion and herbal medicine. But I don't know whether these assumptions are correct or not, and I'm not qualified to make such a judgment.
On the other hand, someone said that my accident, at least the experience of acupuncture and moxibustion, was just a little skill of carving insects made by a reporter to understand the purpose of acupuncture anesthesia. This statement is not totally unreasonable, but it is really a reward for my imagination, courage and sacrifice. I can make a lot of sacrifices in order to get good news, but I'm not going to open a knife in the middle of the night or take the initiative to become an experimental Dutch pig.
After reading the original text, I deeply feel that Roston deserves to be an internationally renowned journalist. The article is not only clear and concise, but also humorous and interesting. More importantly, the author only reported his own experiences and experiences truthfully, did not comment on the medicine and acupuncture he was not familiar with, only described the facts, did not make any sensationalism or make news. However, the historical role of this article in popularizing acupuncture and moxibustion is not expected by the author himself.
It is said that at the beginning of the acupuncture fever, because China and the United States have not yet established diplomatic relations, there are few people in the United States who understand acupuncture and moxibustion, so for a time "Luoyang paper is expensive". Every day, there are buses that take patients from Washington to New York to see an acupuncturist. The business of acupuncturist is so busy that the clinic is not enough and the hotel is rented to receive patients. The acupuncturist was so busy that he had to prick the needle for the patient that he didn't even have time to take the needle. He had to hire an assistant to pull out the needle. Some acupuncturists have a good business and a week's income can buy a house. Of course, for understandable reasons, this kind of early acupuncture fever is not going well.
Comparing the true story with American "folklore", although the details are different, the story is basically the same. Although the credibility of this folk "oral literature" is not high enough to be used as historical evidence, the fact rendering itself in the process of folklore fully reflects the good wishes of people who spread stories.
There is an old saying in China, "Never forget to dig wells when you eat water." While remembering that our ancestors invented acupuncture and moxibustion, which created the healthy reproduction and prosperity of the Chinese nation, we should also remember many doctors and scientists, social activists and patients who have contributed to the development of acupuncture and moxibustion in the West, and also remember American journalist Luo. Stone and his trip to Beijing, published in the New York Times 30 years ago.
Acupuncture and moxibustion can not only serve people but also deal with animals.
To ensure the delicacy of beef, Japanese have innovated daily massage for beef cattle; to make pet dogs slender, Japanese will take their pet dogs to Samba dance together. Today, the Japanese are innovating again: to make the most delicious sushi in the world, they have made acupuncture and moxibustion for tuna.
A company in Osaka, Japan, has applied for a patent for its technology of acupuncture and moxibustion for tuna at the Japan International Seafood Show. The company said the technology was based on the principle that tuna tastes better when it dies calmly than when it dies uneasily. After a short period of acupuncture and moxibustion, the blood becomes pure and the fish becomes more delicious. But they refused to reveal the exact parts of the tuna body where acupuncture was inserted.
The technology only tested tuna, and the company will test salmon next.
Chen Shuife believes that acupuncture and moxibustion are full of risks. In the 21st century, with the advantages of less side effects and less consumption of acupuncture and moxibustion medicine being gradually recognized by people all over the world, it is necessary to confirm and improve the clinical level by legislation and challenge difficult diseases. Legislatively, due to the recognition of various countries and the promotion of the United Nations, many countries have established and perfected the legal management, and further standardized the examination and qualification certification of the practitioners of acupuncture and moxibustion; in research, the use of acupuncture and moxibustion to treat or assist difficult diseases is also emerging, such as the treatment of atrophic gastric by small dosage of drug acupoint injection. Inflammation, fire needle therapy for chronic osteomyelitis, tongue needle therapy for cerebral palsy, Parkinson's disease, etc. Thus, the great medical discipline of acupuncture and moxibustion has greater potential for us to explore!
Acupuncture and moxibustion is an important part of traditional Chinese medicine. At first, it was only used as a medical means, and then gradually developed into a discipline. Acupuncture and moxibustion is the science of sorting out and studying the medical technology of acupuncture and moxibustion and its clinical application law and basic theory.
Acupuncture and moxibustion have a long history. Ancient books have repeatedly mentioned that the original tool of needling is stone needle, called Bian stone. This kind of criticism stone appeared in the Neolithic Age about 8000 to 4000 years ago, which is equivalent to the later period of clan commune system. In archaeology, stone objects have been found in China. By the Spring and Autumn Period (770 BC-476 BC), medicine was free from the shackles of witches and had a professional doctor. According to Chunke Zuo's Biography, when a famous doctor was slowly diagnosed as Jinjinggong's disease, he pointed out that it was "impossible to attack, to reach, to take medicine, not to do it". "Da" and "attack" here refer to acupuncture and fire moxibustion.
From the Warring States Period to the Western Han Dynasty (476 B.C. to 25 A.D.), with the progress of iron-making technology, metal needles were gradually promoted. Metal needle gradually replaced stone criticism, thus expanding the practical scope of acupuncture and accelerating the development process of acupuncture and moxibustion. During the Eastern Han Dynasty and the Three Kingdoms Period, there appeared many doctors who were good at acupuncture and moxibustion. Among them, Huang Fujing's book Acupuncture and Moxibustion Classic A and B has become a monograph with a complete system of acupuncture and moxibustion. During the Jin Dynasty and the Northern and Southern Dynasties (256-589 A.D.), the number of Monographs on acupuncture and moxibustion increased significantly. During this period, acupuncture and moxibustion spread to Korea, Japan and other countries.
During the Sui and Tang Dynasties (581-907 A.D.), acupuncture and moxibustion developed into a specialized subject. At that time, there was a specialty of acupuncture and moxibustion in Taiyi Medical Department, a medical education institution. Subsequently, the Academy of acupuncture and moxibustion continued to develop in depth. Acupuncture and moxibustion were introduced to Europe in the 16th century. But in the Qing Dynasty, doctors attached more importance to medicine than to needles, which hindered the development of acupuncture and moxibustion to a certain extent.
Since the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, acupuncture and moxibustion have made great progress. Acupuncture and moxibustion departments have been set up in more than 2000 hospitals of traditional Chinese medicine. Acupuncture and moxibustion research has involved various systems and clinical departments of the body. A great deal of valuable scientific experimental data have been obtained in the study of the regulating, analgesic, enhancing immunity of acupuncture and moxibustion, meridian phenomena, meridian acupoints and viscera-related issues.
Improper acupuncture and moxibustion
The seemingly safe treatment of acupuncture and moxibustion in traditional Chinese medicine also has considerable risks. I met a patient who was sent by his family to Shanghai Eighth People's Hospital for surgery. The doctor was surprised to find that in a week, the needle moved from the left side of the patient's buttock through the pelvic cavity, abdominal cavity and abdomen to the navel eye. It was rare for the broken needle to move so long in the body. Fortunately, the broken needle did not puncture blood vessels or organs in the body when it moved, otherwise the consequences would be unthinkable.
Broken needle or broken needle refers to the broken body of the needle in the human body. The reasons are poor quality of needles, damage and erosion of needle body or root, failure to check before needling, all needle bodies are punctured into acupoints when needling, strong lifting and twisting when needling, violent contraction of muscles, arbitrary change of body position when retaining needles, or failure of timely and correct treatment of bending needles and staying needles.
It can be seen that in order to prevent needle folding, the needles should be carefully checked before operation, and needles that do not meet the quality requirements should be removed; excessive and strong needles should be avoided in operation; patients should be instructed not to change their positions at will when needling or retaining needles, such as picking up mobile phones and twisting their body to talk with people, etc. When needling, the needle body should not be thoroughly punctured into acupoints, and part of the needle body should be left outside the body so as to take the needle when the root of the needle breaks down; in the process of needling and needling, if a curved needle is found, the needle should be out immediately, and the needle should not be forced into or pulled out; in case of stagnant needle, the needle should also be handled in time and correctly, and the needle should not be forced to pull out. When or after the needle breaks, the operator must keep calm and instruct the patient not to change the original position. If the residual part of the needle body is exposed outside the body, the needle can be lifted out with fingers or tweezers. If the broken needle goes deep into the subcutaneous or muscular layer, it should be sent to emergency treatment.
In the course of receiving acupuncture, if the patient suddenly appears chest tightness, nausea, dizziness, sweating, even pale, cold limbs or convulsions, syncope, it is likely to be "faint needle". Acupuncture fainting is often caused by mental tension, hunger, fatigue, or by excessive stimulation of doctor's acupuncture manipulation. When fainting occurs, the doctor should quickly remove the needle, let the fainting needle lie flat, and press the corresponding acupoints, which will soon relieve the symptoms. Serious cases should be given the necessary drug rescue.
In short, for the first time to accept acupuncture and moxibustion treatment, before acupuncture and moxibustion to explain clearly to the patient, so that it can eliminate tension. Before receiving acupuncture and moxibustion, patients should calm their minds, eat something first, and choose a recumbent or comfortable position. Doctors should also use appropriate stimulation techniques to avoid needle fainting. In addition, some acupoints, such as Fengchi, Shoujing, Hegu, Zusanli, Weizhong, Chengshan, Sanyinjiao and Yongquan, are sensitive to acupuncture and moxibustion and are prone to needle fainting. Doctors should be more careful when pricking these acupoints.
Modern Nine Needles
Modern nine needles are Shi's new nine needles (new nine needles, magnetic round needle, pin, sharp hook needle, beryllium needle, plum-blossom needle, fire needle, filiform needle and three-edged needle), which are based on the "nine needles" of Lingshu by Mr. Shi Huaitang of Shanxi and Mr. Shan Changyong of Beijing. After more than 40 years of repeated clinical research, application, development and innovation. It is called "New Nine Needles".
The handle of the CHN needle is stainless steel, 10 cm long, and the needle body is made of molybdenum metal. The needle body is 4 cm long and 0.3 cm in diameter. The molybdenum needle body is partly embedded in the stainless steel handle. It has beautiful appearance and is easy to use. The tip of the needle body extends to an arrow-shaped sharp needle with a length of 0.5 cm.
The needle is used in selected parts by cutting method. First, the cutting parts and needles are disinfected, then the sharp edges are applied at different parts (acupoints) and reaction points according to the need. The needle body is held by pen with thumb, food and middle fingers, and the skin is cut with a degree of micro-bleeding. Direction of cutting: Walking along meridians and length of scratches should be 1 cm.
The needle is mainly used for the treatment of exogenous diseases and purulent excretion, such as exogenous wind pathogens, distorted apoplexy mouths, various gastrointestinal diseases, such as leukoplakia or purpura on the buccal mucosa in the oral cavity, and eczema and pustules in skin diseases.
Magnetic plum needle
The magnetic round needle handle is made of alloy aluminium, which is light, beautiful and durable. It is divided into two sections. The two sections are connected by the spiral thread mouth. The front section is thin, 12 cm long, the back section is thick, 10 cm long, the needle is 6 cm long, and the needle tip is embedded with 3000 Gaussian magnets. The needle end is like a big round mungbean, called a magnetic round needle; the other end is like a plum flower needle. The name is Magneto Plum Blossom Needle, each has its own use.
When magnetic round needle is used, the right hand holds the needle handle tightly, the right elbow flexes 90 degrees, the upper and lower movement strength of the right wrist is used, and the acupoints are tapped along the meridian. Each acupoint is tapped repeatedly for 5 to 10 times, along the meridian tapping is a tonic method, and reverse meridian tapping is a purging method. It is mainly used for the treatment of skin diseases.
This Needle Tapping along meridians can activate meridians and collaterals, promote blood circulation and remove blood stasis. It has comprehensive effects of magnetic therapy, round needle and plum blossom needle tapping along meridians. It can treat many common diseases, such as soft tissue injury, periarthritis of shoulder, gastroptosis, arteritis, phlebitis, nocturia in children, arteriosclerosis, mild varicose veins, mosquito bites, dropping hematoma and pain, goose palm wind, neurodermatitis and other skin diseases (mainly plum needle). It has curative effects on rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis, asthenia, neurasthenia, prolapse of anus and uterus.
The needle is 12 cm long and the handle is 9.5 cm long. It is made of stainless steel. The needle body is 2.2cm long and made of stainless steel. The size and shape of the needle are like millet grain, and its diameter is about 0.3cm.
Holding technique is the same as beryllium needle. The thumb, food and middle fingers hold the pen posture tightly, and then press at certain parts (acupoints, stimulation points) for a moment to form obvious pits, with the needle feeling as the criterion.
Mainly used for children massage, treatment of chancre, vomiting, dyspepsia, also used to find tenderness point, disease response point, Ashi point, also used for the point of indentation before needle pricking as a sign, can also be used as fire needle.
The needle is made of stainless steel. The needle is 12 cm long. The middle is thick and long. The two ends are thin and short. The needle is turned back at 110 degrees. The needle tip is sharp and triangular. The three edges are all sharp. The needle ends are pointed and different in thickness. It can be selected according to the disease.
(1) Routine disinfection was used after acupoint pricking.
(2) Press the acupoints on the left hand food and middle finger, and tighten the pricked skin in the opposite direction, keep the width of 1 cm between the two fingers, hold the needle in the brush-holding position of the right hand, and quickly penetrate the subcutaneous continuous hooking for 3-5 times, cut the muscle fibers or bleeding and make a noise, then press the acupoints with sterilized cotton ball for a moment.
It can be used for local dysfunction caused by some chronic diseases or persistent pain, such as scapulohumeral periarthritis, nervous headache, lumbodorsal muscle strain, tenosynovitis, sequelae of cerebrovascular diseases, gastrointestinal diseases.
(2) Other diseases such as acute conjunctivitis, tonsillitis, acute (or chronic) pharyngitis, high fever, etc.
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