Soil alkali firing technology
Artemisia alkali firing soil and alkali technology, known to inherit five or six generations, has a history of more than 200 years.
On June 7, 2008, the soil-alkali firing system was approved by the State Council and listed in the second batch of national intangible cultural heritage list.
In 2007, Tian Xiyun, the inheritor of alkali-artemisia sintering soil-alkali technology in Xinhu farm, was invited to interpret the whole process of alkali-artemisia sintering soil-alkali technology in Xinhu farm, and the farm was made into TV and carved into CD-ROM for preservation.
According to historical records, Xinjiang has a dry climate and a high content of saline-alkali soil. A wild plant, Artemisia alkali, is alkali-tolerant, drought-tolerant, and has strong vitality. It spreads or flocks around the alkali lake and on the saline-alkali patches. It can form a pure community and is also a companion species of other halophyte communities. Local people found that Artemisia alkali can be used not only as firewood and retting fertilizer, but also as soil and alkali. Soil alkali can wash clothes, wash hands and remove grease stains. It can also be manually kneaded with noodles to make gray noodles. People can easily digest gray noodles when they eat them. Soil alkali can not be replaced by edible alkali sold in the market.
The tender seedlings of Artemisia alkali are commonly known as "wolftail (yx) bassiana", "Artemisia alkali", "Artemisia salina". Annual herbs have erect stems, cylindrical, 30-100 cm high. Flowers are solitary or 2-3 stalks clustered on the short stalks of axillary leaves, which are umbrella-shaped. The perianth is pentagonal star-shaped in fruit stage. They are typical halophytes. Artemisia alkali is salt-loving and humid, its stem and leaf are fleshy, and there is a large amount of water in the leaves, so it can endure temporary drought. The dormancy period of seeds is very short. When suitable conditions are met, seeds can germinate and grow quickly. When young, pigs eat less of their leaves, and cattle and horses generally do not eat. Seeds are rich in oil and can be used as soap and paint. It can be used in printing and dyeing, glass industry and raw materials of chemical industry.
Intangible cultural heritage
It has been handed down orally or by way of action by human beings. It has national historical accumulation and extensive and representative folk cultural heritage. It was once known as the "living fossil" of historical culture and the "background of national memory".
The biggest characteristic of intangible cultural heritage is that it is not separated from the special way of life and production of the nation, and it is the "living" manifestation of national personality and aesthetic habits. It is the most vulnerable part of the "living" culture and its tradition, which relies on human beings, expresses itself by means of voice, image and skills, and continues through the transmission of body and mouth as a cultural chain. The second Saturday in June is designated as "Cultural Heritage Day". So far, China has already had "Cultural Heritage Day", "Cultural Heritage Symbols" and "Public Welfare Songs for Cultural Heritage Protection", which will play a very positive role in enhancing the awareness of cultural heritage protection of all the people.
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