Cutting Skill of Kaner Well
Kanerjing is the meaning of "well hole". It has been recorded as early as in Historical Records. It is called "well canal", while Xinjiang Uygur language is called "Kanerzi". Kanerjing is a special irrigation system in desert areas, which is widely used in Turpan, Xinjiang, China. Kanerjing, together with the Great Wall and the Grand Canal of Beijing and Hangzhou, is known as the three major projects in ancient China. The total number of Kaner wells in Turpan is more than 1100, with a total length of about 5000 kilometers. On November 11, 2014, the drilling technique of Kanerjing was approved by the State Council and listed in the fourth batch of representative projects of national intangible cultural heritage.
Kanerjing, which means "well hole", is called "Kanerzi" in Xinjiang Uygur language. Kanerjing is a special irrigation system with ingenious structure in desert areas, especially in Turpan, Xinjiang. It is called the Three Great Projects of Ancient China with the Great Wall and the Grand Canal of Beijing and Hangzhou. The total number of Kaner wells in Turpan is more than 1100, with a total length of about 5000 kilometers.
2. Structural Principle
Kaner well is an ancient horizontal catchment structure for groundwater development and utilization. It is suitable for foothills and alluvial fan margins, mainly for intercepting underground diving for farmland irrigation and residential water use.
The structure of Kaner well is composed of four parts: vertical shaft, underground channel, surface channel and "waterlogging dam" (small reservoir). Bogda Mountain in the north of Turpan Basin and Karawucheng Mountain in the West are covered with snow and rainwater in spring and summer, which dive into the Gobi beach. By using the slope of the hill, people ingeniously created Kaner wells to divert underground subsurface flow to irrigate farmland. Kaner well does not evaporate a lot of water because of hot and strong wind, so the flow rate is stable and self-flow irrigation is guaranteed.
The reason why Kanerjing was built in large numbers in Turpan Basin is inseparable from the local physical and geographical conditions. Turpan is one of the extremely arid areas in China, with annual precipitation of only 16 mm and evaporation of up to 3000 mm, which can be called the "dry pole" of China. However, Kaner well is an underground underground canal water conveyance, not affected by season, wind and sand, small evaporation, stable flow, can be perennial self-flow irrigation.
It is precisely because of this unique underground water conservancy project, which leads the underground water to the ground and irrigates hundreds of thousands of mu of good fields in the basin, that the Turpan people of all nationalities were bred and the desert became an oasis.
On November 11, 2014, the drilling technique of Kanerjing was approved by the State Council and listed in the fourth batch of representative projects of national intangible cultural heritage.
Tianzifang is located in lane 210, Taikang Road, Shanghai, China.
Bijie Baili Rhododendron Scenic Area is located in the northwest of Guizhou Province and the central part of Bijie City. It belongs to the Baili Rhododendron Management Area of Bijie City..
Qianling Scenic Area, located in Qianxian County, Xianyang, Shaanxi Province, covers an area of 1002.71 square kilometers. Population: 580,000 (2011), postcode: 713300..
Beijing Ocean Hall, located on the North Bank of Changhe River in Beijing Zoo, is adjacent to Beijing Exhibition Hall, Astronomical Museum and Capital Stadium in the south. It covers an area of 120,00.
Dayugou Scenic Area is located in Dayugou, Muer Township, Zhuoni County, Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture. It is 12 kilometers away from the county seat and has a total area of 105214.6 hectares..
The Dafo Cultural Tourist Area of Zigong Rong County was opened to the outside world in 1982. It covers an area of 32,470 square meters and has a building area of 3,403 square meters. There are a wide.
Wash ginseng, boil it in a little water, take out slices, and cook it in the original pot for 15 minutes. Still soak it in the original soup. All the above ingredients except hen nuggets and ginseng s.
"Quantang Lion Lantern" is a traditional Wushu athletic project spread in Huzhaoping Village, Shangxiang, Jinggang, Shandong Province. It has nearly 200 years history. .
Laohekou Silk String is a traditional folk music in Xiangyang City, Hubei Province. Laohekou Silk String is different from other forms of folk literature and art. It is a music that combines folk arti.
Luan drum is a traditional drum book and drum music form with distinct regional characteristics in the north, also known as the "old tune of Lu'an". It is named for its popularity in the are.
The horse race held every June in the Tibetan calendar is a grand traditional festival in the northern Tibetan grassland, also known as the "Grassland Festival", which lasts from 5 to 15 day.
The traditional firing technique of Wuzhou kiln is a local traditional handicraft technique in Zhejiang Province. Wuzhou kiln is located in Tiedian Village, Langya Township, Jinhua City. Jinhua was na.