Wang Zuo (1898-1930), also known as Wang Yunhui, nicknamed Nandou. He was born in shuikeng, Xiazhuang village, Suichuan County, Ji'an City, Jiangxi Province. He came from a tailor.
He joined the Greenwood armed forces in 1923. In 1925, Suo Bu was accepted by the local government as the deputy head and head of the new Suiyuan frontier security corps. Later, in order to avoid the pursuit of local gentry, the original team was restored. In 1927, with the help of Suichuan County farmers' Association, the Ministry was renamed the peasant self-defense army to support the Suichuan peasant movement. In June of the same year, the right wing of the Kuomintang in Yongxin launched a coup. On July 26, with the cooperation of the Yongxin uprising team, the Kuomintang led its headquarters and the peasant self defense forces of Ninggang, Yongxin, Anfu and other ministries to conquer Yongxin County, rescue the arrested revolutionary comrades, and assume the post of deputy commander-in-chief of the peasant self defense forces in western Jiangxi. Later, he fought with Yuan Wencai and his ministry in Ninggang. In October of the same year, Mao Zedong led the workers' and peasants' revolutionary army to Jinggangshan and gave active support and help. In January 1928, the Institute was reorganized. In February, it was incorporated into the second regiment of the first division of the first army of the workers' and peasants' revolutionary army, serving as the deputy head of the first division and the commander of the second battalion. He joined the Communist Party of China in April. In May, he served as deputy head of the 32nd regiment of the first division of the Fourth Army of the Chinese workers' and peasants' Red Army, commander of the 2nd Battalion, member of the Military Commission of the Fourth Army of the Red Army, and was elected member of the CPC Hunan Jiangxi border special committee. In July, he served as director of the Hunan Jiangxi Border Defense Commission. He led the establishment of the rear organs and five outposts in the Jinggangshan revolutionary base. In January 1929, the Fourth Red Army took the initiative to attack Southern Jiangxi, and was ordered to lead the 32nd regiment to stay in Jinggangshan with the fifth Red Army. At that time, he was the head of the 32nd regiment, who had repeatedly defeated the enemy and attacked heavily. In March, the first independent regiment of the Red Army on the border between Hunan and Jiangxi was established as head of the regiment and commander of the first battalion. In May, he served as commander of the sixth column of the fifth Red Army. In July, he served as the commander of the fifth column of the fifth Red Army and led the army to adhere to guerrilla warfare in Jinggangshan. In February 1930, he was wrongly killed in Yongxin and was chased as a revolutionary martyr after the founding of the people's Republic of China.
At the end of 1928, the Kuomintang mobilized more than 30000 troops to encircle Jinggangshan. Due to the early winter of this year and the tighter economic blockade, the Fourth Red Army fell into unprecedented difficulties. In the face of such difficulties, Mao Zedong and Zhu De presided over the famous Bailu meeting in January 1929, and decided to implement the strategy of "encircling Wei and rescuing Zhao" put forward by Mao Zedong. Peng Dehuai, Teng Daiyuan and Huang Gonglue led the fifth Red Army to stay in Jinggangshan, and Zhu and Mao led the 28th and 31st regiments of the Fourth Red Army to command troops down the mountain and go straight out of Gannan, so as to achieve the goal of sticking to the internal line and fighting on the external line Combined. the Bolu meeting officially ended, and the delegates got up and left their seats one after another. At that time, Mao Zedong, the former Secretary and political commissar of the Fourth Red Army of the Communist Party of China, waved to Peng Dehuai and Tan Zhenlin who came out of the army, Deng Qianyuan, the Secretary of the Special Committee on the border between Hunan and Jiangxi, long Chaoqing, the Secretary of the Yongxin county Party committee of the Communist Party of China, and Wang Huai, the Secretary of the Ninggang county Party committee. Mao Zedong grabbed the cloth bag beside him, looked around the crowd, and shook off the documents of the Sixth National Congress of the Communist Party of China. He pointed to the chapter of the resolution on the organization of the Soviet regime and said, "let's keep it for a moment to convey a document. In the morning, Yuan Wencai and Wang Zuo were there. I skipped this paragraph. " As soon as they heard this, they opened their eyes and couldn't help looking at each other. "This is the Central Committee's section on the relationship with bandits." Mao Zedong looked up at everyone and read again, "you can ally with them before the riot, but you should disarm them and destroy their leaders after the riot This is a prerequisite for maintaining local order. Their leaders should be treated as counter revolutionary leaders, even if they are asked to help the riots. All such leaders should be completely annihilated. It is extremely dangerous for bandits to immerse themselves in the revolutionary army or government. These elements must be expelled from the revolutionary army and government organs. That is to say, the most reliable part of them can only use them to work in the enemy's rear. They must never be placed within the scope of the Soviet government. " After reading this paragraph, Mao Zedong put down the document and said with a heavy heart, "do you understand? I didn't read it this morning. I don't know what the central government is doing? Come up with this policy. If Lao yuan and Lao Wang knew, what would happen? What should you do after you have a discussion? " Wang Huai and long Chaoqing were the first to stand up and say, "since the central government has such instructions, we should implement them. We should also resolutely wipe out the bandits in Jinggangshan." Chen Yi didn't think much of this. He said: "a few days ago, our fourth Red Army issued a letter to brothers Greenwood, calling on brothers Greenwood to join the Red Army and work together with the Communist Party. How can we suddenly turn around again? Besides, Lao yuan and Lao Wang have long been revolutionary comrades. " Zhu De also disagreed: "bandits are called local tyrants and evil gentry. Lao yuan and Lao Wang are forced to go up the mountain. The Communist Party should unite them. Besides, the central government did not let the Fourth Red Army do the work of demolishing bridges across the river? It's hard to say how to kill each other. " Mao Zedong was much relieved when he heard this. He said with one stroke: "the problems of Yuan Wencai and Wang Zuo are not within the meaning of the central document. We can't treat yuan Wencai and Wang Zuo as bandits. After more than a year of investigation and joint fighting, we can see that they have made a lot of contributions to the cause of the party, to the consolidation of the base areas and to the growth of the Red Army. They are heroes. Of course, we have to report the situation to the Central Committee so as not to leave any sequelae in the future. " Wang Huai and long Chaoqing no longer argue. However, Deng Qianyuan, who just took over from Tan Zhenlin at the end of the year as secretary of the Hunan Jiangxi border special commission, disagreed with Mao Zedong's decision. In his view, the central document on the disposal of bandits is not made out of thin air. He thought that Yuan Wencai should be removed from the post of chairman of the Soviet government and changed his post to prevent him from being entangled with Wang Zuo. Deng Qianyuan's opinion was approved by the public. Mao Zedong also felt that the proposal was feasible and reasonable. Therefore, he decisively proposed that Yuan Wencai should be transferred from Jinggangshan to be the deputy chief of staff of the Fourth Red Army, and that he should go to southern Jiangxi with the brigade. Zhu De agreed with Mao Zedong. In order to take care of Yuan Wencai's mood, Mao Zedong proposed and passed the decision to appoint Liu huixiao, a good friend of Yuan Wencai, as the Secretary General of the former Party committee. Peng Dehuai, who was then the commander of the fifth Red Army, did not express any opinions on the grounds that he did not know about yuan Wencai and Wang Zuo. On the next day, Mao Zedong found yuan Wencai and informed the former Party committee of his appointment plan. He hoped that he would take the overall situation into consideration and serve as deputy chief of staff of the Fourth Red Army. Of course, Yuan Wencai couldn't give up his familiar Jinggangshan in his heart, but he finally expressed his willingness to obey the organization's arrangement unconditionally. In order to balance the relationship, and to really bond with Wang Zuo and other members of the special Border Commission, Mao Zedong retained Wan Xixian, a party worker he always valued, and repeatedly made special explanations.
In May 1929, most of the Kuomintang troops besieged Jinggangshan had withdrawn because they were busy with warlord wars. All the people in Jinggangshan were jubilant and relieved. At the same time, after days of long-distance attacks, the Fourth Red Army in southern Jiangxi made a short rest. On that day, Yuan Wencai came to Liu huixiao, Secretary General of the former Party committee, who had always been close to him. He saw the door open and the two broken benches outside the yard were covered with papers. Inside, Liu huixiao walked back and forth, tidying up the front Committee's things. Yuan Wencai looked at the busy Liu huixiao and didn't disturb him. As he was about to cross the door, he instinctively glanced back and saw a series of documents of the Sixth National Congress of the Communist Party of China on the bench. One of them drew a thick black bar with a pencil, which was very eye-catching in the sunlight. Yuan Wencai stopped his feet and became curious. He turned around and looked carefully. Under the thick black pencil, he drew such an eye-catching and nerve stimulating title "relationship with bandits". He held his breath and looked down quickly. After reading it, Yuan Wencai suddenly felt cold, as if he had fallen into the ice. He put down the papers and fell to the ground. Liu huixiao heard the news and saw that Yuan Wencai was so out of his wits. His heart suddenly understood. He went over and helped yuan Wencai into the room, but he didn't know what to say. When they sat in silence for a while, Yuan Wencai left unhappily. From then on, the document haunted him like a nightmare. Finally, one day, following the troops going south to kuzhuba, Guangchang, Yuan Wencai decided to leave the Fourth Red Army and return to Jinggangshan. He enlisted Liu huixiao, Xie guibiao and others, left a "leave notice" in the military headquarters on the ground of "the same revolution everywhere", and quietly left the troops at night to rush to Jinggangshan. In the middle of May, Yuan Wencai quietly returned to Jinggangshan and hid with Wang Zuo. "No matter how loyal we are, they still can't believe it," he told Wang Zuo Yuan Wencai and Wang Zuo discussed countermeasures together. A few days later, Xie Xi'an, Secretary of the Ninggang county Party committee of the Communist Party of China, went to Longshi to tell Deng Qianyuan, Secretary of the special committee, about yuan Wencai. Deng Qianyuan was greatly surprised after hearing this. Three days later, Deng Qianyuan, long Chaoqing and Xie Xi'an went to "visit" Yuan Wencai and invited him to "go out to work" on behalf of the special committee. Embarrassed and helpless, Yuan Wencai silently agreed. In late May, the CPC Ninggang County Committee held a standing committee meeting to discuss the handling of Yuan Wencai's leaving the Fourth Red Army without permission. Coincidentally, the special commission, which was always valued by Mao Zedong and specially stayed behind
Chinese PinYin : Wang Zuo
LAN Bozhou, a Hakka, was born in Miaoli County, Taiwan Province on March 8, 1960. He graduated from the French Department of Fu Jen University in Taiwan. He is a novelist and reportage writer. Professor in charge of the cutting-edge Culture Workshop of &a. Lan Bo Zhou
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