Jiangshan City, a county-level city managed by Quzhou City of Zhejiang Province, is located at the junction of Zhejiang, Fujian and Jiangxi provinces. It is the southwest gateway of Zhejiang Province and one of the sources of Qiantang River. In 1987, the county was set up as a city. In 2017, the region covers an area of 2019 square kilometers and has a population of 614000, realizing a GDP of 30.164 billion yuan. The per capita disposable income of urban and rural residents is 41545 yuan and 21932 yuan respectively, increasing by 9.1% and 9.9%. Hangzhou Changsha high speed railway, Beijing Taiwan (Huangqunan) Expressway and Zhejiang Jiangxi railway run through the whole area.
The main scenic spots are Jianglang Mountain scenic spot, Qingyang scenic spot, Nianbadu ancient town, floating pile stone cave group, harmony painted pottery cultural village, xianxialing scenic spot, daili Secret House, shigu Canyon, Moon Lake scenic spot, urban landscape, etc.
Jiangshan has been successively named as "the hometown of Chinese kiwifruit", "the hometown of Chinese white goose", "the hometown of Chinese white mushroom", "the hometown of Chinese bee", "the hometown of Chinese cement", "the capital of Chinese wooden gate", "the birthplace of Mao family in Jiangnan", "the birthplace of Mao Zedong", the first "the hometown of Chinese Village Song" and "the happy village of China".
In June 2017, Jiangshan City was named national health city. In October 2018, it won the honorary title of "2018 National Forest City". In November 2018, it was selected into the "happy 100 counties list" in 2018 and the top 100 of China's county-level cities in the overall well-off index. In September 2019, it will be selected as one of the first batch of national global tourism demonstration zones. Top 100 business environment counties in China in 2019.
During the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period, Jiangshan was a part of Gumi. At the end of the spring and Autumn period, it belonged to Yue State, and at the end of the Warring States period, it belonged to Chu state. In the 25th year of the reign of the king of Qin (222 BC), it belonged to Taimo County, Kuaiji Prefecture. In the first year of the founding of the people's Republic of China (AD 9), the new king mang changed Taimo county to Wuzhi county. In the first year of Jianwu in the Eastern Han Dynasty (AD 25), the name of Taimo county was restored. It belongs to Meizhi county and Taimo County successively. In 1921, Xinan county was set up in the west of Taimo County, which belongs to Kuaiji county. During the Three Kingdoms period, in 266, the first year of the Baoding reign of Sun Wu, Dongyang county was set up as a part of Kuaiji County, belonging to Xin'an County. In the first year of Taikang in the Western Jin Dynasty (280), it was changed to Xin'an County; in the third year of Chen Tianjia in the Southern Dynasty (562), Dongyang county was changed to Jinhua County; in the early Sui Dynasty, it was renamed Wuzhou; in the third year of Daye (607), it was restored to Dongyang county.
In the fourth year of Wude in Tang Dynasty (621), Xujiang county was set up in Nanchuan of Xin'an County. It was named after Xujiang in the south of the city and was subordinate to Quzhou, the governor of Yuezhou Prefecture. It was the beginning of Jiangshan county. In the sixth year of Wude, it was under the jurisdiction of Wuzhou. In the second year of chuigong (686), Quzhou was restored. Jiangshan belonged to Xin'an County of Quzhou. In 689, Xujiang county was restored to Quzhou.
After the Five Dynasties, in the second year of Changxing in Tang Dynasty and the sixth year of Baozheng in Wuyue Dynasty (931), Qian Xun changed Xujiang county to Jiangshan county because there was Jianglang Mountain in the south of the county. In the third year of Xianchun in Southern Song Dynasty (1267), he changed his name to Lixian County. In 1276, he got back to Jiangshan county.
In 1911, after the revolution of 1911, it was under the jurisdiction of the military and government branch of Quzhou. In the first year of the Republic of China, it directly belonged to the province. In the third year, Jinhua Road was set up below the provincial level, which was abolished in the 16th year and the fifth administrative supervision district in the 24th year. In the 37th year, it was changed to the third administrative supervision district.
On May 6, 1949, Jiangshan county was liberated. On July 1, the third special zone of Zhejiang Province was established, which belongs to the third special zone; in October, the third special zone was renamed Quzhou special zone, which belongs to Quzhou special zone. In 1955, it was transferred to Jinhua District. In 1985, Jinhua and Quzhou were divided into two cities, Quzhou.
On November 27, 1987, the State Council approved the abolition of Jiangshan county and the establishment of Jiangshan City (county level), which belongs to Quzhou.
In 2000, Jiangshan City governed 15 towns and 14 townships.
On December 31, 2005, Jiangshan City has jurisdiction over 2 streets, 13 towns and 6 townships: Hushan street and Shuangta street; Shangyu Town, Sidu Town, Hecun Town, Yutou Town, Fenglin Town, Xiakou Town, Changtai Town, Shimen Town, Daqiao Town, Qinghu Town, Tanshi Town, xintangbian town and Nianbadu town; Zhangcun Town, Baoan Town, Wanyao Town, Dachen Town, tangyuankou town and Shuangxikou town.
As of June 2012, Jiangshan City has jurisdiction over 2 streets, 12 towns and 6 townships: 25du town; Zhangcun Township, Baoan Township, Wanyao Township, Dachen Township, tangyuankou Township and Shuangxikou township.
As of November 14, 2019, it has jurisdiction over 11 towns, 5 townships, 3 streets, 292 administrative villages and 13 communities: Hushan street, Shuangta street, Qinghu street; Shangyu Town, Sidu Town, Hecun Town, Fenglin Town, Xiakou Town, Changtai Town, Shimen Town, Daqiao Town, Tanshi Town, xintangbian Town, Nianbadu town; Zhangcun Town, Baoan Town, Wanyao Town, Dachen Town, tangyuankou town.
Jiangshan City is located in the southwest of Zhejiang Province, which belongs to Quzhou City. It is the junction of Zhejiang, Fujian and Jiangxi provinces. It ranges from 118 ° 22 ′ 37 ″ e to 118 ° 48 ′ 48 ″ and 28 ° 15 ′ 26 ″ n to 28 ° 53 ′ 27 ″. It is adjacent to Kecheng District in the northeast, Qujiang District and Suichang County in the East, Pucheng County in Fujian Province in the south, Yushan County and Guangfeng District in Jiangxi Province in the west, and Changshan County in the north. It is 70.75 km long from north to South and 41.75 km wide from east to west, with a total area of 2019 square kilometers.
Jiangshan City has various geomorphic types, mainly mountainous and hilly areas. It is known as "seven mountains, one water, two fields". Among them, Pingban Valley and Xijian Valley account for 11.2%, and mountainous and hilly areas account for 88.8%. The terrain is high in the southeast and low in the northwest. The central part is a river valley, and the whole is asymmetric "concave". The southeast part of the city is xianxialing mountain range, which enters from fenglinguan at the junction of Pucheng city and Jiangshan City in Fujian Province, and extends eastward. It is dominated by Zhongshan Mountain, with steep mountains. There are 105 peaks above 1000 meters above sea level, and the highest peak is 1500.3 meters. The Northwest part is the branch of huaiyushan mountain, which enters from Yanggang town of Jiangshan bridge, which is the boundary between Jiangshan mountain and Changshan mountain; The central part is a river valley basin, extending from Jiangshan Sidu in the east to Jiangxi Province. In the basin, on both sides of jiangshanjiang River, Xiakou maoban section is alluvial plain, in the west is red rock low hill, in the Northeast changtaixi cuts through the high hill in the Harmony area, forming red soil low hill and impact fan in front of the mountain.
Climate and meteorology
Jiangshan City is located in the humid monsoon climate zone in the north of the middle subtropical zone. Affected by the topography and some characteristics of the basin climate, the alternation of winter and summer monsoon is obvious, the four seasons are cold, warm, dry and wet, the light is sufficient, the rainfall is abundant, and the rain and heat are in the same period. The average temperature for many years is 17.0 ℃, and the frost free period is about 249.7 days. Due to the influence of topography, there are great differences in rain and heat levels in the city, and the three-dimensional climate is obvious. The average annual temperature is above 17 ℃ in the valleys, hills and Pingshan in the north central part of the city, which is below 250 meters above sea level. The average annual temperature is less than 17 ℃. In January, the average temperature in the valley below 200m above sea level is above 5 ℃.
Jiangshan City is high in the South and low in the north. Xianxialing passes through the southeast obliquely. Huaiyushan branch runs through the northwest. The highest point is dalonggang in the south, with an altitude of 1500.3 meters. The lowest point is the ferry bow in the north, with an altitude of 73 meters.
The annual runoff of Jiangshan City is 2.28 billion cubic meters, including 2.05 billion cubic meters of surface runoff and 230 million cubic meters of underground runoff. The main river is jiangshangang River, which is the upstream tributary of Qiantang River. It is a mountainous river with large drop. The changes of water level, flow rate and velocity are deeply affected by the changes of precipitation, and the changes are large. Generally, the flood season occurs after April every year, especially the May to June is the Meiyu season with concentrated precipitation. The river water has high sediment content in the flood season, and the dry season occurs in the summer drought period and later period from July to August.
There are 503900 mu of cultivated land, including 403400 mu of paddy field, 61300 mu of water surface (23000 mu for breeding), 2.31 million mu of mountainous land, including 760000 mu of loess hilly land. The hydropower development capacity is 88100 kW. There are more than 20 kinds of underground mineral deposits, such as limestone, fluorite, dolomite, raw coal, stone coal, phosphate rock, bauxite, clay, marble, granite, wollastonite, etc.
The sixth national census of Jiangshan City in 2010 shows that:
The permanent resident population of Jiangshan City is 467900, compared with 473300 in the fifth national census at 0:00 on November 1, 2000, a total decrease of 5400 in the past ten years, a decrease of 1.14%. Among the permanent residents in Jiangshan City, the inflow of population outside the city was 19900, accounting for 4.25%.
There are 175600 permanent residents in Jiangshan City, with a population of 449600. The average population of each household is 2.56, 0.28 less than 2.84 in the fifth national census in 2000.
Among the permanent residents in Jiangshan City, the male population is 234500, accounting for 50.12%; the female population is 233400, accounting for 49.88%. The sex ratio of the total population (100 females, male to female ratio) decreased from 104.1 in the fifth national census in 2000 to 100.49.
Among the permanent residents in Jiangshan City, the population aged 0-14 is 83000, accounting for 17.73%; the population aged 15-59 is 296000, accounting for 63.27%; the population aged 60 and above is 88900, accounting for 19.00%, and the population aged 65 and above is 59300, accounting for 12.68%. Compared with the fifth national census in 2000, the proportion of the population aged 0-14 decreased by 3.63 percentage points, the proportion of the population aged 15-59 decreased by 0.56 percentage points, and the proportion of the population aged 60 and above increased by 4
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