Anlong county is located in the southwest of Guizhou Province, on the North Bank of Nanpanjiang River in the upper reaches of the Pearl River, with a total area of 2237.6 square kilometers.
Anlong county is adjacent to Ceheng County in the East, Xingyi City in the west, Longlin County across the river in the south, Xingren county and Zhenfeng County in the north.
There are Han, Buyi, Miao, Tujia, Dong, Yi, Gelao, Shui and other ethnic groups in Anlong county. Ethnic minorities account for 47.25% of the total population of the county, with a total population of 480000 in 2018.
In March 2019, it will be listed in the first batch of counties for the protection and utilization of revolutionary cultural relics. On April 24, 2019, the people's Government of Guizhou Province officially approved the withdrawal of Anlong county from the poverty-stricken county sequence.
As early as the late Paleolithic age, more than 10000 years ago, human beings have been living and reproducing on the land of Anlong, creating an ancient civilization, leaving behind Longguang Guanyin cave, Qixing cave and Tonggu mountain Bodhisattva cave ancient human sites.
Anlongdi, in the spring and autumn and Warring States period, belongs to Yelang ancient country.
In the early years of the Western Han Dynasty, Jue county was set up in the present county and Panjiang River Basin.
In the Song Dynasty, the county is located in the territory of Qi State, where the minority regime came from.
In 1381, the 14th year of Hongwu in Ming Dynasty, Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang ordered Fu Youde to be the general of the South expedition, Lan Yu and Mu Ying to be the Deputy commanders, and 300 thousand soldiers to Guizhou. In the 15th year, the pingzu and Taizu of Yunnan left muying town in Yunnan and Guizhou. According to the imperial edict, they set up a fort 60 Li from Panjiang to Dali, stationed troops in the fields, and set Lingyuan fort in Lingbo village, which is the former site of Anlong city.
In the Ming Dynasty, in the 15th year of Hongwu (1382), muying Town, Yunnan and Guizhou Province, left troops to garrison the fields, and set lingyuanbao in lingbozhai, which is the former site of Anlong city; in the 23rd year of Hongwu (1390), qianhusuo of Anlong garrison was set up, and the city was in Qingkou of Anlong, which is now Anlong city; in the 2nd year of Yongle (1404), the city wall built by Qianhu of Anlong was the old city of Anlong.
In the ninth year of Shunzhi (1652), Zhu Youlang, the Yongli emperor of the Southern Ming Dynasty, changed Anlong's residence to Anlong's residence, and became the capital of the line for four years.
In the 15th year of Shunzhi (1658), the Qing army took Anlong Fucheng and changed Anlong mansion into nanlongsuo; in the 6th year of Kangxi (1667), shengnanlongsuo was nanlongting; in the 5th year of Yongzheng (1727), shengnanlongting was nanlongfu; in the 2nd year of Jiaqing (1797), nanlongfu was changed into Xingyi mansion.
In September 1913 (the second year of the Republic of China), Xingyi Prefecture was abolished and Nanlong county was established.
In 1922, Nanlong county was changed to Anlong county.
On March 15, 1950, the people's Government of Anlong county was established.
In 1952, with the approval of the Government Affairs Council of the Central People's government, Xingyi district was established, which is located in Xingyi County, and has jurisdiction over 10 counties including Xingyi, Xingren, Pan County, Pu'an, Qinglong, Anlong, Zhenfeng, Guanling, Ceheng and Wangmo.
In 1956, four counties, including Anlong, Ceheng, Wangmo and Zhenfeng, were included in Qiannan Prefecture. On July 18, 1956, Xingyi special office was cancelled, and six counties, including Xingyi, Xingren, Pan County, Pu'an, Guanling and Qinglong, were included in Anshun special area. On December 29, 1958, the establishment of Ceheng county was abolished and merged into Anlong county;
On August 17, 1965, the State Council approved the restoration of Xingyi District, which has jurisdiction over nine counties, namely Xingyi, Xingren, Pan County, Pu'an, Qinglong, Anlong, Zhenfeng, Ceheng and Wangmo, and is stationed in Xingyi county.
On August 18, 1961, the construction of Ceheng county was restored and it was set aside from Anlong county.
In February 1966, An'long Buyi and Miao Autonomous County was established under the jurisdiction of Xingyi Prefecture.
In 1970, Xingyi district was renamed as Xingyi District, with jurisdiction over nine counties, namely Xingyi, Xingren, Pan County, Pu'an, Qinglong, Anlong, Zhenfeng, Ceheng and Wangmo.
In September 1981, after the establishment of Qianxinan Buyi and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, it was renamed Anlong county.
In February 2015, with the approval of Guizhou Provincial People's government, it was agreed to cancel the organizational system of 10 townships (streets) in Anlong county, including Zhaodi street, Qifeng street, Xinglong Town, puping Town, Getang Town, Pojiao Town, Pingle Town, Qianxiang Town, Dushan town and Haizi Town, and set up new Zhaodi street, Qianxiang street, Qifeng street, puping Town, Dushan town and Haizi town.
In July 2019, the people's Government of Guizhou Province approved the establishment of Wufu Street and chuntan street in Anlong county.
As of August 2019, Anlong county has jurisdiction over 5 streets and 10 towns (Longguang Town, Dewo Town, Muzan town and Xinqiao Town are entrusted by Yilong Experimental Zone), and the county people's government is located in the administrative office area of Qifeng sub district office.
5 streets: Zhaodi street, Qifeng street, Qianxiang street, Wufu Street, chuntan street
10 towns: Longguang Town, Dewo Town, wanfenghu Town, Muzan Town, Sayu Town, puping Town, Longshan Town, Xinqiao Town, Haizi Town, Dushan town
Anlong county is located in the southwest of Guizhou Province, which spans between 104 ° 59 ′ - 105 ° 41 ′ E and 24 ° 55 ′ - 25 ° 33 ′ n. It borders Ceheng County, Zhenfeng County, Xingren county and Xingyi City in the East, northeast, North and west respectively, and faces Longlin Autonomous County of Guangxi across Nanpanjiang River in the south. It is 67 kilometers wide from east to west and 53 kilometers long from north to south, covering an area of 2237.6 square kilometers.
Anlong county is located in the transition section from Yunnan Guizhou Plateau to Guangxi hills. The whole terrain gradually decreases from northwest to Southeast, and the terrain is in the shape of multi-level steps, and gradually drops to the Nanpanjiang River Valley. The middle part is relatively flat. The highest point in the territory is Longtou mountain in Longshan Town in the north. The main peak, gonglong mountain, is 1966.4 meters above sea level. The lowest point is at the confluence of Zhigan River in Pojiao Township, South China, 407 meters above sea level. The terrain is undulating and there are many types. Affected by topography, topography and altitude, soil, climate and organisms are vertically distributed. It is mainly mountainous and karst landform. The mountainous area accounts for 66.3% of the total area, the hilly area accounts for 22.3%, the Bazi area accounts for 10.8%, and the water surface of rivers, reservoirs, Haizi, wells and springs accounts for 0.6%.
Anlong county belongs to subtropical monsoon humid climate zone. The annual average temperature is 15.3 ℃, the average temperature in the coldest month is 6.4 ℃, and the average temperature in the hottest month is 21.9 ℃; the annual average precipitation is 1195.4 mm, including 984.8 mm from May to October; the annual average frost free period is 308 days; and the annual sunshine hours are 1545.0 hours.
The drainage area of Anlong county is more than 20 square kilometers, and the river length is more than 10 kilometers. There are 34 rivers with development and utilization value, with a total length of 412.7 kilometers. They are divided into Nanpanjiang River system and Beipanjiang river system. The northeast part of the county belongs to Beipanjiang river system, and the southwest part belongs to Nanpanjiang River system. The water system of Nanpanjiang River mainly includes Nanpanjiang River, Baishui River (the upstream is called Tangtang River, xinqiaojing is called Xinqiao River), Xima River, Xige River, Muke River, Bakan River, Wuge River, Suomi River, Pojiao River, bamao River, Shizishan River, dewo River, Qingshui River (the upstream is called Mabie River), Ganhe River and anbi River; the water system of Beipanjiang River mainly includes Fazi River, BEIXIANG River, Shichong River, Dadang river Pitang River, Nama River, Leju River, Fazi River, Jiaba River, Lugou River, Nali River and Miandi river.
There are 65 wells in Longtan, including 29 in Nanpanjiang and 36 in Beipanjiang.
Among them, there are five major lakes, namely Haizi, Haizi and Jiangzi.
As of 2017, the land area of Anlong county is 2237 square kilometers (about 3.356 million mu), including 1.965 million mu of agricultural land, 138000 mu of construction land and 1244000 mu of unused land. Of the 756000 Mu cultivated land, 274000 Mu are paddy field and 482000 Mu are dry land.
Among all kinds of natural soils, calcareous soil has the largest area and the widest distribution, accounting for 61.5% of the total land area of the county, followed by yellow soil, accounting for 28.6% of the total land area, and red soil, accounting for 5.6% of the total land area. In addition, there are small areas of mountain yellow brown soil, dry red soil, purple soil and so on.
As of 2017, there are 11 kinds of minerals in Anlong county, including gold mine, coal mine, iron mine, manganese mine, potassium mine, mercury mine, limestone for cement, limestone for calcium carbide, calcite, Iceland spar, crystal, etc. Among them, the total coal reserves are about 1288 million tons, the gold ore reserves are 1.42 million tons, the iron ore reserves are more than 5 million tons, and the limestone reserves are 100 million tons.
As of 2017, there are more than 300 kinds of animals and more than 2000 kinds of plants in Anlong county.
The main animals are macaque, Caragana leucocephala, Caragana erythrocephala, pangolin, etc.
The main plants are Cycas guizhouensis, Taxus chinensis, Paphiopedilum malipoense, Paphiopedilum rigida, Cupressus chinensis, Pseudotsuga chinensis, horsetail tree, Cycas fern, Cunninghamia lanceolata, cypress, catalpa bungeana, Toona sinensis, etc.
By the end of 2018, there were 365000 permanent residents in Anlong county, with an annual average of 364200.
At the end of 2012, there were mainly Buyi, Miao, Tujia, Dong, Yi, Gelao, Shui and other ethnic minorities living in Anlong county, of which ethnic minorities accounted for 47.25% of the total population of Anlong county.
In 2018, the GDP of Anlong county reached 12.95 billion yuan, an increase of 13.3% over the same period of last year (comparable price growth, the same below). Among them, the added value of the primary industry was 3.015 billion yuan, an increase of 7.2% over the previous year, the added value of the secondary industry was 3.803 billion yuan, an increase of 12.5% over the previous year, and the added value of the tertiary industry was 61.2%
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