Barcelona Football Club
Barcelona Football Club
”, a football club in Barcelona, Spain, was founded by Swiss Juan gamber on November 29, 1899. The team's home Camp Nou stadium can accommodate nearly 100000 spectators. It is the largest football field in Europe and the second largest in the world.
Barcelona is one of the traditional giants of Spanish Football League A. in Spain, it has won 26 Spanish league titles, 30 King's Cup (top in the history of King's cup), 13 Spanish Super Cups, 3 EVA cups and 2 Spanish League Cups. Internationally, it has won 5 Champions League trophies, 4 European winners' cups, 3 international city Expo cups and 5 European Champions League Cups Super Cup and three World Club cups. In the IFFHS International Club rankings, Barcelona ranked first in 1997, 2009, 2011, 2012 and 2015.
At the beginning of the team building
On October 22, 1899, Hans gamber published an advertisement in the magazine, claiming that he wanted to build a football club. Finally, at the conference held in Gimnasio sol é on November 29, a total of 11 players from Switzerland, England and Catalonia joined the team, including gualteri wild, LLU í sd'oss ó, bartomeu terradas, Otto Kunzle, Otto Maier, Enric ducal, perecabot, Carles Pujol, Josep Llobet, John Parsons and William Parsons Officially established.
The first meeting of Barcelona elected the president of the club and the name of the team. The president was decided by gualteri wild, a Catalan, and the name of the club was Barcelona football club. The emblem of the club adopts the same pattern as that of Barcelona (that is, white background with red cross on the left and red yellow straight bar on the right) to indicate the relationship between Catalonia. In terms of the Jersey, it refers to the former club basley's jersey color of gamber. The left is dark red and the right is blue. The two colors are separated in the middle. Gamber just separates the two colors Color change, as Barcelona's founding Jersey.
In December 1899, Barcelona took part in the game for the first time. Under the influence and promotion of the team, the Spanish royal family decided to establish the Spanish King's cup. In 1900, Barcelona took part in the first macaya cup (Catalonia regional league). They won four games, won one and lost one. They scored 47 goals and won the second place. In 1901, Barcelona won the macaya cup with eight victories, which is also the first championship of Barcelona.
In 1901, the first king's cup was held, but Barcelona failed to win the cup. It was not until 1910 that Barcelona won the cup for the first time. Then it won the cup twice in 1912 and 1913.
In 1902, they were invited to participate in the Spanish cup held to celebrate the enthronement of Spanish King Alfonso XIII. Barcelona first beat the Madrid Football Association 3-1 to advance to the final, but in the final stage, they lost 1-2 to Bilbao BIS and failed to win the championship.
In November 1908, the club was in a difficult period, with 38 members ready to leave. Gamber is determined to keep the club running. This is the first time that gamber became the president of the club. In less than 10 years, the number of members increased from 201 in 1909 to 2973. During this period, Barcelona laid a solid foundation and gradually became the football club in the beginning.
On March 14, 1909, the carrerdela ind ú stria stadium was officially opened as the home court of the team, with a capacity of 8000 people.
To celebrate the event, the club organized a logo design competition in the following year. Carles comamala won the competition and his design became the emblem used by the club since then, with slight adjustments in the middle until the last adjustment in 2012.
In the new sports city, Barcelona took part in the first Pyrenees cup, which was attended by the best teams from Languedoc, Pyrenees and Aquitaine, Basque and Catalonia They are all founding members of the Spanish border region. It was the most prestigious event of the time. From 1910 to 1913, Barcelona won the championship for four consecutive years. Carles comamala, amechazurra and Jack Greenwell all participated in four competitions as indispensable members at that time. Jack Greenwell later became the first full-time coach of the club in 1917. The final tournament was held in Barcelona City in 1914 and won by Barcelona's rival Spaniard.
During the same period, Barcelona changed the club's official language from ancient Spanish to Catalan, which gradually evolved into an important symbol of Catalan identity. For many fans, to join the club is not only to participate in the game itself, but also a kind of authentication of the club identity. On February 4, 1917, the club held its first commemorative match for ram ó n torralba, a player who played for Barcelona from 1913 to 1928. It was a match between Barcelona and the local team, Theresa, who won 6-2.
Gamber also launched a new campaign to recruit more members. By 1922, the club had more than 20000 members who funded the construction of a new stadium. When the new stadium, Les Cortes, was completed, the club moved to the past, and the opening ceremony was held in the same year. At that time, the capacity of Les Cortes was 30000 people, and then it was expanded to 60000 people in the 1940s.
Gamber has recruited Jack Greenwell as the first full-time head coach in the history of Barcelona football club. After this recruitment, the fate of the club on the pitch began to change. In the era of gamber, Barcelona won 11 campeonato de Catalu NIA, six kings and four Pyrenees cups, ushering in the first "golden age" in the history of the club.
In the 1911 / 12 season, 15-year-old legendary Filipino striker Paulino Alcantara joined Barcelona and quickly became the number one striker of Barcelona. The forward, who often wears a scarf around his waist, scored an incredible 369 goals in 357 games, helping Barcelona win five Spanish Championships and 10 Catalonia Championships.
In 1919, legendary goalkeeper Ricardo Zamora joined Barcelona with striker Josef samitier.
Barcelona celebrated its 25th anniversary on December 7 and 8, 1924, when the club had 12207 members.
On June 14, 1925, during the reign of Spain's Rivera dictatorship, Barcelona fans booed the Spanish national anthem at that time in a Barcelona home game and were ordered by the government to close the home court for six months, which was later reduced to three months.
In 1926, the directors of the club announced that they would operate Barcelona Football Club according to the way of professional football club, and the club would transition to the stage of professional football.
The Spanish cup in 1928, held in Santander final, Barcelona in the first two rounds of draw after finally 3-1 beat the Royal Society.
La Liga was founded in 1929, when a total of 10 teams participated. Barcelona won the first La Liga championship by 11 wins, 3 draws and 4 losses with 25 points (winning with 2 points at that time) over Real Madrid, who won 23 points.
On July 30, 1930, Gambo committed suicide because of depression, which was caused by the pressure of personal and financial problems.
From 1919 to 1930, Barcelona won 10 Catalan Championships, 5 Spanish Championships and 1 La Liga championship.
Rebirth of Nirvana
On July 30, 1930, Gambo, one of the founders of Barcelona, was confirmed to have committed suicide due to personal factors and died at the age of 52.
The new club constitution passed in May 1932 redefined the organization. According to its first chapter, Barcelona is "a cultural and competitive Association". In October, the Culture Committee was established to organize activities for its members.
In July 1935, new President Joseph sunor expounded his political ideas based on the Jiatai nationality. Using the famous saying "sport and citizen", he emphasized the connection between society and sport.
In 1937, the Spanish Civil War broke out and stayed in the West
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