Lu Yao (December 2, 1949 - November 17, 1992), male, whose real name is Wang Weiguo, was born in Qingjian County, Yulin, Northern Shaanxi Province. He is a contemporary Chinese writer. His representative works include the novels ordinary world and life. He was a member of the Party group and vice chairman of Shaanxi Branch of China Writers Association.
Lu Yao was born on December 2, 1949 in a poor peasant family in Qingjian County, Northern Shaanxi Province. At the age of 7, he was adopted to his uncle in Yanchuan County because of family difficulties. He studied in Yanchuan County Middle School and returned to his hometown to work in agriculture in 1969. During this period, he did a lot of temporary work and taught in a rural primary school for a year. In 1973, he entered the Chinese Department of Yan'an University and began to write literature. After graduating from University, he was appointed as "Shaanxi literature and art" (now "Yanhe"). In 1980, he published an amazing scene and won the first national excellent novella award. In 1982, he published the novella life, which was later adapted into a film. In 1991, he completed a million words novel the ordinary world. With its magnificent momentum and epic character, this novel shows the great changes of social life and people's thoughts and feelings in urban and rural areas of China in the era of reform in a panoramic way. It was broadcast on the Central People's radio before it was completed. For this reason, Lu Yao won the Mao Dun Literature Award.
On the morning of November 17, 1992, Lu Yao died in Xi'an at the age of 42.
On December 18, 2018, the Party Central Committee and the State Council awarded Comrade Lu Yao the title of reform pioneer, the reform pioneer medal, and the outstanding writer who inspired hundreds of millions of rural youth to join in the reform and opening up. On September 23, 2019, Lu Yao's novel "the ordinary world" was selected as "the collection of 70 novels in 70 years of new China". On September 25, 2019, Lu Yao was selected as "the most beautiful fighter".
Life of the characters
On December 2, 1949, he was born in a poor peasant family in Qingjian County, Yulin City, Shaanxi Province. When he was 7 years old, he was adopted to his uncle in Yanchuan County because of family difficulties. He studied in Yanchuan County middle school.
In 1968, as a representative of the masses, Lu Yao was incorporated into the Revolutionary Committee of Yanchuan County and held the post of deputy director.
In 1969, he returned to his hometown for farming. During this period, he did a lot of temporary work and taught in a rural primary school for a year. When Lu Yao returned home for farming, Lu Yao shared a cave with the general secretary of the Liang Jia River brigade who was in Yanchuan county at that time. The two became friends and talked all night long.
In 1970, Lu Yao published his poem "a car passing Nanjing Bridge" in Yanchuan culture, a mimeograph tabloid of Yanchuan cultural center.
In the autumn of 1972, Lu Yao was transferred to Yanchuan County literature and art propaganda team as a writer. In the same year, with the efforts of Cao Guxi, a poet, Yanchuan County set up a "literary and artistic creation group" and a printed literary journal "Shanhua", which was jointly published by several literary youths in different units. Lu Yao was one of them. During this period, Lu Yao wrote many poems.
In 1973, Lu Yao was elected to the Chinese Department of Yan'an University. During his stay in Yan'an University, Lu Yao systematically read a large number of Chinese and foreign literary masterpieces under the guidance of the history of European literature, Russian literature and Chinese literature. In July of the same year, Yanhe published his short story the winning red flag. This is his first novel published in public. In October, Lu Yao went to Xi'an to participate in the creation forum convened by the Department of Yanhe. From this time on, Lu Yao had the opportunity to contact Liu Qing, Du Pengcheng, Wang Wenshi and other writers, and was fortunate to get their direct education. Then, Lu Yao published a number of short stories, such as sister, red plum in the snow and moonlight.
In August 1976, after graduating from Yan'an University, Lu Yao was assigned to Yanhe, a literary journal sponsored by Shaanxi Writers Association. In 1980, he published a thrilling scene and won the first national excellent novella award.
In 1982, the novella "life" was published to describe the life pursuit and tortuous experience of a rural intellectual youth, which caused great repercussions. It won the second national excellent novella award. After being adapted into a film of the same name, it won the best feature film award of the eighth popular film Hundred Flowers Award, which made a sensation all over the country. In the difficult days, he won the prize for novel in contemporary literature in 1982 and joined the Chinese Writers Association in the same year. After the publication of life, Lu Yao successively wrote and published novellas such as in difficult days, yellow leaves falling in the autumn wind and you can't think of it.
In 1984, he began to prepare for the creation of ordinary world. In the autumn of 1985, Lu Yao came to Chenjiashan coal mine in Tongchuan to find materials for his creation.
In 1988, he completed a million words novel the ordinary world, which shows the contemporary urban and rural social life in a panoramic way with grand momentum and epic character. For this reason, Lu Yao won the third Mao Dun Literature Award, and the book was broadcast on the Central People's radio before it was finished.
From 1990 to 1992, Lu Yao was in the period of rest. On the one hand, it is necessary to restore the physical strength that is seriously overdrawn; on the other hand, it is also necessary to think about the creation. In order to answer people's many questions about the ordinary world, Lu Yao decided to write an essay on the creation of the ordinary world, which was later published in the morning from noon.
On August 1, 1992, Luyao left Xi'an and returned to Yan'an. On September 5, Luyao returned to Xi'an and his relatives and friends saw him off. At 8:20 a.m. on November 17, 1992, Lu Yao died in Xi'an at the age of 42 due to ineffective treatment of liver cirrhosis and ascites. On November 21, a farewell ceremony was held at Sanzhao cemetery in Xi'an.
Thoughts of works
Limitation of development space
In the author's works, the misery of living environment is not only the problem of livelihood, but also the limitation of development space. In fact, the heroine in Lu Yao's works is becoming more and more perfect in the process of constant pursuit of development. To write about suffering is to write about people in suffering. The deeper the suffering is, the more valuable and admirable the person who overcomes it and his character will be.
In the ordinary world, sun Shao'an's brother dropped out of school at the age of 13 and went back to work in a brick factory to get rich. His brother Sun Shaoping went to school and teach, and then went out to work and dig coal. Through the tortuous extension of their two ways of life, it reflected the survival of the peasants at that time, and the key point was to highlight the difficulty of Sun Shaoping's going out to make a living.
Lu Yao reflects on the relationship between urban and rural areas through the story of entering the city. Many researchers have pointed out that Lu Yao's novels are a literary world of binary opposition, in which the opposition between the city and the countryside is the core. Under this core opposition, many factors of binary opposition are derived, such as civilization ignorance, advanced backwardness, romance simplicity, complexity purity, nobility inferiority, self-confidence inferiority, and so on. These factors are consciously arranged by the author, and are clearly juxtaposed together through a vivid event, forming a contradictory and irreconcilable pole. This is obviously a sequence carefully constructed by the writer; the former is the symbol of the city, and the latter is the metaphor of the country. Lu Yao, a realistic writer, describes the countryside and the city with objective brushwork. In Lu Yao's works, the opposition between the city and the countryside is not only the opposition of geographical space, but also the opposition of cultural space. The city exists in the contrast with the countryside, and the countryside also unfolds in the shadow of the city. In fact, the story of Lu Yao's going to the city is the reappearance of the feeling of examining the countryside in the early local literature, and it reflects and reflects on the "evil" of the countryside from the perspective of the city people. City is the desire object of rural people. There is no doubt that rural space points to history and memory, and urban space certainly points to the future.
Lu Yao used realistic writing techniques in his story of going to the city to truly record the life struggle course of rural youth in the early stage of reform. Since the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee put forward the slogan of reform and opening up, Chinese society has entered a period of fierce social change. In this critical period of historical transformation, with the historical transformation from planned economy to commodity economy, all kinds of old ideas are facing a strong impact, and the traditional psychological structure is also undergoing new changes. As a new generation of rural youth in the 1980s, they first felt the power of this change and impact. They began to have dissatisfaction and doubt about the rural world they live in, and had a strong yearning for the city with the temptation of modern civilization. Lu Yao, a writer who always adheres to the concept of realism, truly records the process of rural youth's entering the city in the 1980s and their footprints of life struggle. For example, Gao Jialin in life is not afraid to go against the traditional ethics and strive to develop his own future in big cities. Sun Shaoping in the ordinary world shows the reality in the identity flow from a laborer to a coal miner All kinds of efforts and attempts to enter the city. No matter Gao Jialin or Sun Shaoping, they are all typical figures of the personal strivers in the 1980s. Therefore, it can be said that in the story of Lu Yao's going to the city, through the shaping of the image of rural people such as Gao Jialin and Sun Shaoping, he conveyed the era information of social change earlier, which made the readers at that time have a resonance in thought, and even made today's readers have a spiritual fit.
An important expression of Lu Yao's creation is his profound philosophy. Philosophy is not added in many of his works, on the contrary, it has been integrated with the works' revelation of the essence of life
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