Life of the characters
In 1935, he cooperated with Lei Xifu and made his debut in Beijing auspicious theater. With excellent voice conditions and skilled singing skills, he won the audience's praise and became a popular singer with a "female solution".
In 1936, Beijing Liyan daily held a public vote to elect "four big Tongling", and Zhang Junqiu, Li Shifang, Mao Shilai and song Dezhu were elected (later called "four xiaomingdan"). The press commented on his "appearance, like a fair lady, like plum; singing, with a good throat, like Shang; tone, euphemistic and polyphonic, like Cheng; workmanship, steady and generous, like Xun". His voice is "Jiao, Mei, Cui, Shui", sweet and fresh, high and low at will, stretching freely, the gorgeous of Mei school, the vigorous of Shang school, the gentle of Cheng school, and the graceful of Xun school are well integrated into his performing art style.
Later, Wang Yaoqing was worshipped as a teacher, and Mei Lanfang, Cheng Yanqiu, Shang Xiaoyun, Xun Huisheng, Yan Lanqiu, Zhu Guifang and so on were given guidance. The early performing repertoire is mainly "Jijiang", "Leifeng Pagoda", "yutangchun", "Chunqiu Pei" and so on.
In 1942, he set up his own class. Zhang Junqiu often cooperates with Meng Xiaodong, Wang Youchen, Tan Fuying and Ma Lianliang.
In 1947, he performed in Hong Kong with Ma Lianliang and Yu Zhenfei for several years.
In 1951, he returned to Beijing and formed a Beijing opera troupe with Ma Lianliang, Tan Fuying and Qiu Shengrong. He once performed dragon and Phoenix, Qin Xianglian, Zhao's orphan, number one media, Wangjiang Pavilion and Xixiangji in cooperation.
In 1956, Zhang Junqiu's Beijing Opera Troupe No.3 and Ma Lianliang's Beijing Opera Troupe and Tan Fuying's and Qiu Shengrong's Beijing Opera Troupe No.2 merged to form a powerful Beijing Opera Troupe.
During the cultural revolution, Zhang Junqiu was persecuted. After the cultural revolution, he came back and focused on the teaching of Peking Opera, attracting more students from home and abroad.
In 1986, at the invitation of the leaders of Tianjin municipal government, he presided over the 100 day training of Tianjin Youth Peking Opera Troupe. Later, entrusted by Li Ruihuan, chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference, he served as the general artistic consultant of "the essence of Chinese Peking Opera's sound and image matching". Up to his death, he completed 120 Peking Opera's sound and image matching, which made a great contribution to the inheritance of Peking Opera. He is one of the four famous actors in Beijing opera.
On May 27, 1997, Beijing Opera master Zhang Junqiu died.
Pass on the disciple personally
Zhang Junqiu's students are all over the country, with nearly 100 students
Wang Rongrong, a national first-class actor of Beijing opera academy, is the first graduate class of outstanding young Peking Opera actors. He is Mr. Zhang Junqiu's disciple and winner of plum blossom award.
Zhao Xiujun -- Tianjin Youth Peking Opera Troupe, national first-class actor, winner of plum blossom Award
Zhang Ping, a member of the Peking Opera Troupe of the Political Department of the Beijing Military Region, is a national first-class actor
Dong cuina, head of Yantai Peking Opera Troupe, national first-class actor, winner of the 16th Chinese Drama Plum Blossom Award
Cai Yinglian: Professor, academic leader and national inheritor of performance Department of China Academy of traditional opera
Zhang Xuemin, national first class actor of Tianjin Peking opera academy
Xue Yaping, a national first-class actor of Shandong Peking opera academy, enjoys the special allowance of the State Council and the eighth Chinese Drama Plum Blossom award, ranking among the "eight famous actors of contemporary Chinese Peking Opera"
Yang Chunxia, Beijing Peking opera academy, national first-class actor, the sixth Chinese Drama Plum Blossom Award
Yang Shurui, Beijing Peking opera academy, national first-class actor, the second Chinese Drama Plum Blossom Award
Lei Ying, Tianjin Youth Peking Opera Troupe, is a national first-class actor. The 68th disciple
Beijing Opera Troupe -- Wang Wanhua
Guan Jinglan, a national first-class actor in Beijing Opera Theater, won the 10th Chinese Drama Plum Blossom award in 1993
Sun Shuzhen -- Shanghai
Liu Mingzhu -- Tianjin Peking Opera Theater
Zhang Xiaohong, national first class actor of Guiyang Peking Opera Troupe
Peng Zelin, national first class actor of Hubei Peking opera academy
Wang Lihua, national first class actor of Tangshan Peking Opera Troupe
Chronology of people
1938, Wuyin year of the lunar calendar: Shi Huibao's last performance in Shanghai
Shi Huibao, along with Ma Lianliang and Zhang Junqiu, went to Shanghai to perform in the Golden Grand Theater. When he pasted the drama fan biography, he waved a brush on the spot, and the big characters on the gold plaque reappeared on the stage. At that time, Shi Huibao was known as one of the best in Shanghai. After living in Shanghai for nearly a year, he worked as a basic actor in the golden theater. This was his last performance in Shanghai.
January 22, 1940, December 14, the year of Jimao in the lunar calendar
For three days, the new people's Association performed in Xinxin Grand Theater. In the evening, Ma Lianliang's and Zhang Junqiu's "Mulberry Garden meeting" were the last words, and Jupeng's, Cheng Yanqiu's, Jin Shaoshan's and sun Yukun's "beauty trick" were the last words.
In 1941, Xinsi year of the lunar calendar: Zhang Junqiu formed Qianhe Society
Zhang Junqiu has set up his own modest society, with Li Duokui as the old actor. From 1941 to 1942, Zhang Junqiu and Li Duokui co starred in such plays as Si Lang Tan mu, Hong Zong lie Ma, sun Shangxiang and Jin Suo Ji.
In 1942, the year of Renwu in the lunar calendar: Shi Huibao joined the Qianhe society
Introduced by Zhao Yankui, Shi Huibao joined Zhang Junqiu's modest society. The last performance of Mr. Shi's life was "Sanniang Godson" with Zhang Junqiu.
March 30, 1946, February 27, 1898: fund raising performance for Beijing Islamic Industrial School in 1946
The Peking municipal theater raised funds for the Beijing Islamic Industrial school and other charity performances. Zhang Junqiu, Chen Shaolin, Yang Baosen, Xiao Changhua, Xiao Shengxuan, ye Shenglan, Li Duokui, Zhang Chunyan, Tian Yulin and others jointly performed "Si Lang Tan Mu".
June 10, 1946, May 11, 1898 of the lunar calendar: China Grand Theater in Tianjin held the sixth compulsory play for Guangxi disaster relief
The China Grand Theater in Tianjin held a benefit performance of Pingju for Guangxi disaster relief.
Mulberry Garden Club (Tan Fuying, Zhang Junqiu, Li Duokui)
April 26, 1947, the sixth day of March in the year of Dinghai in the lunar calendar: on April 26, 1947, the Peking municipal theater performed
Peking Opera is performed in Peking municipal theater.
All red maned horse (Zhang Junqiu, Chen Shaolin, Jiang Shiyu, Zhang Chunyan, Li Duokui)
September 3, 1947, July 19, Dinghai: Du Yuesheng's 60th birthday
On the first day of Du Yuesheng's 60th birthday, he performed in China Grand Theater in Shanghai.
September 8, 1947, July 24, Dinghai: the sixth day of Du Yuesheng's 60th birthday
On the sixth day of Du Yuesheng's 60th birthday, he performed in China Grand Theater in Shanghai. It was originally scheduled for only five days, followed by five days.
Famen Temple (Yang Baosen as Zhao Lian, Zhang Junqiu as song Qiaojiao, Qiu Shengrong as Liu Jin, Liu Binkun as Jia Gui, furongcao as Liu matchmaker)
July 1950, the year of Gengyin in the lunar calendar: Yang Baosen went to Hong Kong to perform
From July to August, Yang Baosen performed in Hong Kong for more than two months. Although the period is long, he does not perform every day. On average, he performs two or three times a week. During this period, both Zhang Junqiu and Ma Lianliang were in Hong Kong. Sometimes they performed with Zhang Junqiu, such as "Si Lang Tan Mu", "Er Jin Gong", "Mei Long Zhen" and "stealing soul bell". Yang Baosen's last farewell at the end of September was to cooperate with Zhang Junqiu. Yang Baosen played "Pearl curtain village" first and "stealing soul bell" later. Yang Baosen played "pig Bajie" and Zhang Junqiu played the role of Tang monk (Xiaosheng). Jiang Miaoxiang, Wei Lianfang, Wang quankui, Liu Binkun and Wang Zhenghua were also on the same stage.
During his stay in Hong Kong, he also cooperated with Ma Lianliang, who lived in Hong Kong, to perform fan Zhongyu for Shanghai friends. Because Yang and Ma had their own audiences in Hong Kong, they were both welcomed and equally enjoyed.
In September 1951, the year of Xinmao in the lunar calendar: the Central South experimental Peking Opera Troupe was founded
The literature and Art Department of the Ministry of culture of Central South China sent people to Hong Kong to pick up Ma Lianliang and Zhang Junqiu and set up the Central South experimental Peking Opera Troupe, which is attached to the Central South Peking Opera Troupe. Headed by Gao Gelin, the troupe performs in Guangzhou Taiping Grand Theater and Wuhan people's theater.
October 28, 1951, September 28, Xinmao year: Zhang Junqiu returns to the mainland secretly
Zhang Junqiu secretly returned to Guangzhou from Hong Kong.
In November 1951, the year of Xinmao in the lunar calendar, Gao Weilian was appointed head of Zhongnan experimental Peking Opera Troupe
The Central South experimental Peking Opera Troupe was headed by Gao Weilian and performed in Beijing and Tianjin. As a result of the retention of Beijing Cultural Department, Ma Lianliang, Zhang Junqiu and most members of the experimental troupe stayed in Beijing and formed another troupe, which became part of Beijing Opera Troupe a few years later.
December 5, 1951, November 7, Xinmao year of the lunar calendar: Zhang Junqiu performed "hatred of life and death" in Wuhan people's theater
Zhang Junqiu performed "hatred of life and death" in Wuhan people's theater (he is the plum school in Qingyi).
December 6, 1951, November 8, Xinmao year of the lunar calendar: Zhang Junqiu performed "Phoenix returns to nest" in Wuhan people's theater
Zhang Junqiu performed "Phoenix returns to nest" in Wuhan people's theater.
October 4, 1953, August 27, the lunar calendar: the third Chinese people's delegation to the DPRK
More than 5000 members of the third Chinese people's delegation to the DPRK left Beijing for the DPRK. He long was the head of the delegation, Lao She was the deputy head of the delegation, Liu Zhiming was the head of the literary and art work group, and Ma Yanxiang was the deputy head of the literary and art work group. The Beijing artists participating in the delegation are Mei Lanfang, Hong Shen, Chen Yi, Shi Dongshan, Cheng Yanqiu (deputy head of the first general and sub delegation), Tan Fuying, Qiu Shengrong, Ma Lianliang, Xin Fengxia, Chen Shufang, Yu Yixuan, Wang Kun, Zhang Junqiu, Liang Xiaolou, Bai Fengming, Guan Xuezeng and Yin Fu
Chinese PinYin : Zhang Jun1 Qiu
Wang Shuo. Wang Shuo
Rome. Luo Ma
He Yanjiang. He Yan Jiang
Lian Yiqi. Lian Yi Qi
Li Xiangjun. Li Xiang Jun1
Mao Junhui. Mao Jun4 Hui
Weng Xinyi. Weng Xin Yi
Dai Yanni. Dai Yan Ni
Hong Ruixiang. Hong Rui Xiang
Jiang Yun. Jiang Yun
Li Qimin. Li Qi Min
Xu Zheng. Xu Zheng