Lin Qing (1770-1813) was born in Shuntian Daxing (Huangcun Town, Daxing District, Beijing). He was the leader of the Tianli uprising in the Jiaqing period of the Qing Dynasty.
His ancestral home is Zhejiang Province. He used to be a general inspector in Daxing. In the 11th year of Jiaqing (1806), he joined the Tianli sect and became the leader of kangua sect, preaching all over Hebei Province. In the 16th year of Jiaqing, he discussed with Li Wencheng about joint action, and jointly held the nine eight trigrams palace with Li, which was called "emperor". On September 15, the 18th year of Jiaqing, he launched an army. On September 14, 200 people were sent into Beijing in two teams with weapons hidden. The next day, guided by the eunuch, he entered the inner city in two ways and launched a fierce battle with the Qing army in longzongmen. Finally, because he was outnumbered, Li Wencheng's reinforcements failed to arrive. Both ways failed. Thirty one volunteers died and 41 were captured. On the 19th, Lin Qing was arrested and killed in Huang village.
Lin Qing was born in Zhejiang Province. His father, Lin xianben, moved to Daxing County later. His father once served as the inspector of South Road. When Lin Qing was seventeen or eighteen years old, he was an apprentice at the jiurutang pharmacy in shanpailou, Beijing. After three years of learning crafts, he worked as a clerk at Sanlihe pharmacy. He was expelled by the owner of the pharmacy and was exiled. He once worked as a watchman outside Shuncheng gate. After his father's death, he replaced him as a scribe of Huangcun Yamen. A year later, because of his office work in Hunhe, he was dismissed from his family. Later, he opened a teahouse, worked as a small worker, worked as a long follower in Danyang yamen, Suzhou, and practiced medicine in Jiangnan. In the end, he was still unable to live, so he had to be employed as a grain boat owner and returned to Beijing. After returning to Beijing, he became a peddler, picked out quails, and partnered with a general surnamed Wang in a flower bird shop. Lin Qing, who was struggling for a living, was introduced into the ronghua society in the 11th year of Jiaqing by his brother-in-law Dong Bowang. The real name of ronghua society is Longhua society, which is a branch of Hongyang religion in the capital area. After joining the Hongyang sect, Lin Qing stepped on the stage of life. He soon excluded song Jinyao and Guo Junchao, the leaders of the Longhua society, and further merged the kangua sect. In the 13th year of Jiaqing, Lin Qing got to know Li Wencheng, a hexagram believer from Huaxian County, Henan Province, through Niu Liangchen. Lin Qing went south to help Li Wencheng, expelling Liang Jianzhong, the leader of Zhengua cult, making Li Wencheng become the leader of Zhengua cult, and making all the hexagrams obey Li Wencheng's leadership, forming a situation of "nine palaces and eight hexagrams, with Lin and Li in charge together".
To establish the Tianli religion and launch the "Tianli religion uprising" and the "Guiyou change", Lin Qing merged the Hongyang religion, kangua religion and Huaxian Zhengua religion in the capital to form the Tianli religion, which was named "king of Tianli". In order to control the eight trigrams cult, Lin Qing claimed to be the reincarnation of Liu zuochen, the "congenital patriarch" and the "postnatal patriarch", so as to deify himself and command the eight trigrams cult. Lin Qing is a chivalrous man in the river and lake. He has got money, and "there are many people who ask for loans and give them to him, and there are more than ten thousand people who depend on food in the countryside.". From this harvest of people's hearts, began to be pretentious. In the 17th year of Jiaqing, Lin Qing planned an uprising with Li Wencheng and Niu Liangchen, stipulated the organizational forms of the three emperors, the eight palace kings and the sixty-four Palace officials, and set up such official posts as prime minister, general marshal, Grand Marshal, general general, vanguard, general manager of the capital, and grain officer of the capital. Clothing color, password, and specific time plan. In order to further incite the people, he also borrowed the book of three Buddhas to rob to make a prophecy: in August, the Mid Autumn Festival and August, the yellow flowers bloom everywhere. There are also rumors of Baiyang robbery: Shanxi is the foreign head, Henan is the foreign belly, and Shandong is the foreign tail. So Shanxi was the first, Henan the second, and then Shandong. On September 14, the 18th year of Jiaqing, Lin Qing led the believers to launch an uprising in Beijing and directly attacked the imperial palace. This was the "change of Guiyou" that shocked for a moment. after the failure of the uprising, Lin Qing was arrested on September 17. The court interrogated him. Lin Qing confessed: "I joined the church before, but I wanted to collect money. Later, people pushed me to take charge of the eight trigrams, and then I took charge of the eight trigrams Seeing that there are many people who have joined the church, I intend to rebel. " on September 27, Lin Qing was executed by lingchi.
Lin Qingyuan is just a villain, a charlatan. He joined Longhua club for the purpose of collecting money. Later, he was "obsessed with himself" and wanted to be the emperor. He was killed all his life. At the same time, Lin Qing is a chivalrous man in the river and lake. He has got money, "there are loan seekers who give it to him at every turn, and there are more than ten thousand people who depend on food in the countryside.".
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