Yongnian District Yongnian District, Handan City, Hebei Province, is located in the south of Hebei Province and the north of Handan city. It is located between 114 ° 20 ′ - 114 ° 52 ′ E and 36 ° 35 ′ - 36 ° 56 ′ n. From west to East, it can be divided into low mountains and hills, piedmont inclined plain, plain and depression. Yongnian district has a warm temperate semi humid continental monsoon climate. As of 2019, the district has a total area of 761 square kilometers, 17 townships and towns with a total population of 964000 (2019), and the district government is located in Linmingguan town.
In the first year of Hongwu in Ming Dynasty (1368), Guangping road was changed into Guangping mansion, and Yongnian (now Guangfu city) was still ruled. This is the beginning of Yongnian's change to Guangping mansion. In September 2016, Handan city was divided into districts by withdrawing counties, and the administrative region of Yongnian County (excluding Nanyan Town, xiaoxibao Township and yaozhai township) was taken as the administrative region of Yongnian district. There are "two railways" of Beijing Guangzhou railway and Beijing Guangzhou high speed railway, and "two high Railways" of Beijing Hong Kong Macao Expressway and Qinglan expressway. National Highway 107 runs through the north and south. Yongnian district is the hometown of Chinese folk culture and art, the hometown of Chinese sports, the hometown of national martial arts, and the best leisure tourism area in China. There are Guangfu ancient city, Hongji bridge, Zhushan stone carvings, Zhaowang mausoleum, shibeikou Yangshao cultural sites. In 2017, Guangfu ancient city in Yongnian district was rated as a national 5A tourist attraction.
In 2018, the GDP of Yongnian District reached 24.65 billion yuan, an increase of 6.3%; the total fiscal revenue reached 2.37 billion yuan, an increase of 16.7%; the general public budget revenue reached 1.59 billion yuan, an increase of 10.5%; the profits of industries above Designated Size reached 1.2 billion yuan, an increase of 11.3%; the total retail sales of social consumer goods reached 13.95 billion yuan, an increase of 8.8%. In 2018, the proportion of tertiary industry is about 14:46:40.
The territory of Yongnian was located in Jizhou during the Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties. The earliest name in history is Quliang, which was the capital of Quliang in the state of Jin in the spring and Autumn period.
During the Warring States period, it belonged to the state of Zhao.
After Qin Shihuang unified China, it was divided into 36 counties, belonging to Handan county.
In the first year of Zhongyuan (149 BC) of emperor Jing of the Western Han Dynasty, Guangping county was set up in Handan County, and Guangping county (now Southeast of Jize) was ruled by the county.
In the new mang period, Guangping state was changed to "huanting", also known as Fuchang, which governed sixteen counties and belonged to Jizhou. Later, Quliang was changed to Zhiliang, and guangnian was changed to Fuchang.
In the Eastern Han Dynasty, Yongnian was still located in Quliang County, guangnian county and Yiyang County, belonging to Julu County. In the 17th year of Jian'an (212), Quliang County, guangnian county and Yiyang County belonged to the west of Wei county. Moved to Wei county (now Daming County) Western Duwei.
During the Three Kingdoms period, in 221, the Western Wei Duwei changed his name to Guangping County, and was renamed Quliang county. It was the county government, which governed 15 counties and belonged to Jizhou.
Jin and Sixteen Kingdoms period, known as Guangping county. During the northern and Southern Dynasties, Emperor Wenxuan of the Northern Qi Dynasty cut Qu Liang and brought guangnian County into guangnian County, which is called guangnian. Mingzhou was set up in the first year of xuanzheng (578) of the Northern Zhou Dynasty. It was governed by Wu'an County, with eight counties under its jurisdiction.
In the kaihuang period of Sui Dynasty (581-600 years), Wu'an county was abolished, belonging to Guangping county. Yang Guang, emperor of the Sui Dynasty, ascended the throne. In order to avoid taboo, he changed guangnian to Yongnian and became the governor of Wu'an county. Daye three years (607) strike Mingzhou, renamed Wu'an county.
In 618, the first year of Wude in Tang Dynasty, Wu'an county was changed to Mingzhou (now Guangfu city), which belongs to Hebei road. In the second year of Wude (619), Dou Jiande, king of Xia Dynasty, the peasant uprising army in the end of Sui Dynasty, captured Mingzhou, built his capital here and built Wanchun palace. In the fourth year of Wude (621), the Tang Dynasty put down Dou Jiande's rebellion and set Shandong daoxingtai in Mingzhou. In the fifth year of Wude (622), Liu heikai called himself the king of Eastern Han Dynasty and changed his name to Tianzao. He also set up the capital of Mingzhou. In the sixth year of Wude (623), Liu heikai set up Mingzhou's mansion. In 742, Guangping county was changed to Hebei Dao. In the first year of Qianyuan (758), it was changed to Mingzhou.
During the Five Dynasties, Xingzhou, Mingzhou and Cizhou were taken as the Baoyi army in Houliang, and the name of Houliang was changed to Anguo.
In the song and Jin Dynasties, Mingzhou belonged to the West Road of Hebei Province. It governed five counties in the Song Dynasty and nine counties in the Jin Dynasty.
In the Yuan Dynasty, the state was changed to Lu (Lu, the name of the administrative division) to Lu Zhi. In 1236, it was changed to Xing Ming Lu, and then Ming Ci Lu. In 1278, it was promoted to Guangping Road, where Yongnian (today's Guangfu city) was ruled. It belongs to Zhongshu province. It has jurisdiction over one department, five counties and two prefectures. The first division is the recording division (yuan system, recording division, in charge of civil affairs in the city). The five counties are Yongnian, Quzhou, Feixiang, Jize and Guangping (now Guangping county). They are Cizhou (Fuyang, Wu'an, Handan and Cheng'an counties are still Cizhou) and Weizhou (Mingshui and Jingxing counties are still Weizhou).
In the first year of Hongwu in Ming Dynasty (1368), Guangping road was changed into Guangping mansion, and Yongnian (now Guangfu city) was still ruled. This is the beginning of Yongnian's change to Guangping mansion. In the ninth year of Hongwu (1376), it belonged to the administrative department of Peking, and in the first year of Yongle (1403), it was the capital of Zhili, Beijing.
The Qing Dynasty inherited the former system and became Guangping Prefecture of Zhili. At first, it belonged to shunguang Road, then changed to Daming Road, and then changed to shunguang road. Yongzhengzhong (1723-1735), due to the construction of the Fuyang River sluice for water affairs, cut the Zhangde Prefecture in Henan Province to belong to Cizhou, to is, jurisdiction of a state nine counties.
In September of the first year of the Republic of China (1912), the county was abandoned and the government was left behind. The second year of the Republic of China (1913), the abolition of the county, Zhili Daming Road. In 1928, the road was abandoned in Hebei Province. After the 26th year of the Republic of China (1937), it belonged to southern Hebei Province.
In 1950, it belonged to the office of Handan inspector general.
In 1958, the county was moved from Guangfu town to Linmingguan Town, which is now a special office in Handan.
On June 19, 1993, the prefecture and city of Handan were merged, and Yongnian County belonged to Handan city until September 30, 2016.
In September 2016, some administrative divisions of Handan city were adjusted. Yongnian County was abolished and Yongnian District of Handan city was established. The administrative region of Yongnian County (excluding Nanyan Town, xiaoxibao Township and yaozhai township) was the administrative region of Yongnian district. The people's Government of Yongnian district was located at No. 25, Mingzhou Avenue, Linmingguan town.
In September 2016, Yongnian County of Handan city was abolished and Yongnian District of Handan city was established. Nanyan village, xiaoxibao Township and yaozhai Township, which originally belonged to Yongnian County, were under the jurisdiction of Congtai District of Handan city.
In February 2018, Yongnian district obtained the official reply from Handan Municipal government to withdraw dongyangzhuang Township, Jiangwu Township and XISU Township, and set up dongyangzhuang Town, Jiangwu town and XISU town.
In 2018, Yongnian district has jurisdiction over 9 towns and 8 townships, namely: Linmingguan Town, dabeiwang Town, Guangfu Town, zhangxibao Town, yonghehui Town, Liuying Town, XISU Town, dongyangzhuang Town, Jiangwu Town, liuhan Town, jiehedian Town, Qumo Town, Zhengxi Town, xiaolongma Town, xihezhuang Town, xiyangcheng town and xinzhuangbao town. It has jurisdiction over 363 administrative villages. The district government is located in Linmingguan town.
Yongnian district is located in the south of Hebei Province and the north of Handan city. It is located between 114 ° 20 ′ - 114 ° 52 ′ E and 36 ° 35 ′ - 36 ° 56 ′ n. It is 20 kilometers away from Handan in the south, 150 kilometers away from Shijiazhuang in the north, and 420 kilometers away from Beijing. It is adjacent to Quzhou County and Jize County in the East, Wu'an city in the west, Feixiang district and Congtai District in the south, Shahe City and Nanhe District in the north. Its total area is 761 square kilometers.
Yongnian area is located in two secondary structural units of Shanxi uplift and North China fault depression. In the west, it is the Dongling of Taihang arch in Shanxi Tai Long. The eastern part is the sub unit of Handan fault depression in North China fault depression, and its stratigraphic characteristics are basically the same as those in other parts of North China. Because it is located in the eastern foot of Taihang Mountain, the terrain is low and gentle, which is widely covered by quaternary system. Therefore, the bedrock strata are poorly exposed. From northwest to Southeast, there are carbonate, sulfate and mudstone deposits of Ordovician epicontinental shallow sea facies; coal bearing clastic deposits of middle and Upper Carboniferous Benxi Formation and Taiyuan formation; coal bearing clastic deposits of Lower Permian Shanxi Formation and Lower Shihezi Formation; red clastic deposits of upper Shihezi Formation and Shiqianfeng Formation; tertiary and Quaternary sediments of Cenozoic It is glacial water, flood flushing and sedimentation.
Yongnian district belongs to the southern part of North China platform, and the Western Hills are part of Taihang anticline. The eastern plain is a part of Bohai depression and Ningjin depression. From west to East, it can be divided into low mountains and hills, piedmont inclined plain, plain and depression. The highest is Zishan, 498.4 meters above sea level, and the lowest is the center of yongnianwa, 40.3 meters above sea level, with a height difference of 458.1 meters.
Yongnian district has a warm temperate semi humid continental monsoon climate. The general climatic characteristics of the whole year are as follows: four distinct seasons, mild climate, sufficient light, rainy and hot seasons, dry and cold seasons, prevailing wind direction of the year is southerly. In spring, the temperature increases rapidly, the wind is strong, the rain is less, the evaporation is more, and the drought lasts for nine years; in summer, the southerly wind prevails, the weather is hot, the rainfall is large and concentrated; in autumn, the weather is clear and sunny; in winter, the northerly wind prevails, the rain and snow are rare, and the weather is clear and cold.
The average annual precipitation in Yongnian district is 503.6 mm. The main flood season is from July to August. The rainfall is 285.1 mm, accounting for 58% of the annual rainfall. The precipitation in winter (December January) is 14.1 mm, accounting for only 3% of the annual precipitation.
The annual average evaporation in Yongnian district is 1997.5 mm. The evaporation in June is the largest, with an average of 354.4 mm. The evaporation in December and January is the smallest, with an average of 53.6 mm.
The annual average sunshine hours in Yongnian district is 2463.8 hours, and the sunshine is 100
Chinese PinYin : He Bei Sheng Han Dan Shi Yong Nian Qu
Release Time:2021-03-06 09:52:33
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