Fangshan County, belonging to Luliang City, Shanxi Province, is located in the west of the middle section of Luliang Mountain in the west of Shanxi Province. Guandi mountain in Dongping is adjacent to Loufan and Jiaocheng, mountain in the west is adjacent to Linxian, Xingxian and Lanxian in the north, and Lishi District in the south. The total area is 1434.1 square kilometers.
Fangshan County has a long history. As early as the Neolithic age, human beings have been living and reproducing in the territory. It was established in the third year of Daye of Sui Dynasty (607), with a history of more than 1400 years. Fangshan County has a good ecological environment, with a forest coverage rate of 41%, and is known as the "back garden of Luliang City"; it is rich in tourism resources. Among them, beiwudang mountain is the third batch of national scenic spots announced by the State Council in 1994, and there are more than 20 scenic spots, such as Pangquangou National Nature Reserve, zhangjiata residence in Qing Dynasty, and Jackie Chan's hometown.
In 2019, Fangshan County governs 5 towns and 2 townships, with a permanent resident population of 148900, realizing a GDP of 5.05869 billion yuan, including 316.33 billion yuan for the primary industry, 3.5170.8 billion yuan for the secondary industry and 1.252.8 billion yuan for the tertiary industry.
The origin of place names
According to Yuanhe county annals, Fangshan County is named after the city below Fangshan.
History of construction
According to the identification of Neolithic stone tools found in Zhaozhuang village and Daping village of Fangshan County, human beings had already multiplied and lived in the territory in the Neolithic age.
Gaolangyi county was established in the Warring States period, belonging to Zhao.
In the Western Han Dynasty, gaolang County belonged to Xihe county.
In the Western Jin Dynasty, zuokuo city was set up, belonging to Xihe state.
In 552, the third year of Tianbao, Emperor Wenxuan of the Northern Qi Dynasty, Liangquan county was established as huaizheng county (now Lishi).
Kuhu county was added during the reign of emperor Jing of the Northern Zhou Dynasty.
In 583, kuhu county was changed into Xiuhua County, belonging to Shizhou. Daye three years (607) built Fangshan County.
In the second year of Wude (619), Emperor Gaozu of the Tang Dynasty set up Fangzhou, which was under the jurisdiction of the county. Wude three years (620) state waste, change to Shizhou. In 637, Fangshan County government was transferred to modern and ancient Xian, which still belonged to Shizhou.
In 1216, the county government moved to Jicui mountain.
In 1266, Fangshan County was incorporated into Lishi County, belonging to Shizhou.
In 1918, Fangshan County was restored, belonging to Jining road. In 1937, it belonged to the fourth administrative office. In 1939, it was the second administrative office. In the 29th year of the Republic of China (1940), the Anti Japanese democratic regime was established in Northwest Shanxi Province, the second guerrilla zone administrative office of Shanxi Province, which belongs to the fourth special zone. In 1942, the third and fourth districts were merged into three districts, and the county belonged to three districts. In 1943, the northwest administrative office was renamed Jinsui border region administrative office, and the county was under the jurisdiction of Jinsui border region.
On February 15, 1949, after the merger of Shanxi Suiyuan border region and Shaanxi Gansu Ningxia border region, the Northwest Shanxi administrative office was set up, under which there were four divisions, and the county belonged to Lishi division. In September, the people's Government of Shanxi Province was established, and the county belongs to Xingxian district.
On July 1, 1952, Xingxian district was abolished and Yuci district was the county.
Lishan county was merged with Lishi County on July 1, 1954.
After Zhongyang County was merged into Lishan County on November 10, 1958, it was renamed Lishi county.
Fangshan County was restored on May 1, 1971. The county is located in Gedong Town, belonging to Luliang area.
In May 2004, Luliang City was built from land, and Fangshan County was under the jurisdiction of Luliang City.
In 2019, Fangshan County governs 5 towns and 2 townships. Fangshan County People's government is located in Gedong town.
Fangshan County is located in the west of Shanxi Province, the hinterland of the West foot of Luliang. Guandi mountain in Dongping is adjacent to Loufan and Jiaocheng, mountain in the west is adjacent to Linxian County, Xingxian county and Lanxian County in the north, and Lishi County in the south. It is between 111 ° 2 ′ 50 ″ - 111 ° 34 ′ 30 ″ E and 37 ° 36 ′ 58 ″ - 38 ° 18 ′ 27 ″ n, 62 km long from north to South and 46 km wide from east to west, with a total area of 1434.1 square kilometers.
There are Archean, Proterozoic, Paleozoic, Mesozoic and Cenozoic strata in Fangshan County. The terrain is high in the north and low in the south. The highest point is the main peak of Xiaowen mountain, with an altitude of 2831 meters. The lowest point is wuhuizhuang river beach in Dawu Town, with an altitude of 986.7 meters. The northeast of Fangshan County is the earth rock mountainous area, the southwest is the Loess Hilly and gully area, and the middle is the valley area. Beichuan river runs through north and south.
Fangshan County has a temperate continental climate. There are four distinct seasons in spring, summer, autumn and winter due to the influence of monsoon and different air masses in each season. It is cold and dry in spring. Summer is short, warm and hot with concentrated rainfall. It's cool and pleasant in autumn. Winter is long, cold and snowy. The annual average temperature is 7.3 ℃, and the annual average precipitation is 440-650mm. The frost free period gradually decreases from south to north. Dawu town at the southernmost end has more than 150 days, and Kaifu area at the northernmost end has only about 90 days.
The zonal distribution of soil in Fangshan County is not obvious, but the vertical distribution is very obvious. The law is: mountain meadow soil, distributed in the eastern heheyan mountain peak, 2500 to 2700 meters above sea level, is the highest distribution, the smallest area of a type of mountain soil. Mountain brown soil is the forest soil type in Fangshan County, which is suitable for the development of forest and animal husbandry. It originates from coniferous forest, coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forest and corresponding grass irrigation zone, and mainly distributes in the East and West Mountains, with an altitude of more than 1800 meters. Grey cinnamon soil, mainly developed in Loess covered mountains, hills and valleys, distributed in the range of 1000 meters to 1800 meters above sea level. Meadow soil is an important agricultural soil in Fangshan County, distributed on both sides of Beichuan River and Shentanggou valley.
Fangshan County is rich in water resources. The average annual runoff of Beichuan river is 90 million cubic meters. Hengquan Reservoir, a large-scale water conservancy project in Shanxi Province, is located in the upper reaches of Beichuan River, with a total storage capacity of 81.23 million cubic meters, which can provide sufficient water for Dawu Industrial Park and Lishi, Liulin and Zhongyang counties.
Fangshan County has 749000 mu of forest (including 520000 mu of state-owned forest), 434000 mu of natural and artificial grassland and 410000 mu of cultivated land, including 230000 mu of basic farmland and 260000 mu of four wasteland.
According to the general survey of forest germplasm resources in Luliang City in 1996, there are 945 species of wild plants belonging to 129 families in Fangshan County, including 294 species of woody plants belonging to 115 genera of 57 families and 651 species of herbaceous plants belonging to 72 families.
According to the data records and the survey of wildlife resources in 1988, Fangshan County has 213 species belonging to 24 orders of 4 classes, with abundant resources, including 160 species of birds in 16 families of 14 orders, 36 species of mammals in 16 families of 6 orders, four species of wild animals under the first-class national protection, namely brown eared pheasant, Golden Eagle, black stork and Golden Leopard, and four species of wild animals under the second-class national protection, namely goshawk, kite, sparrow hawk, black eagle, prairie eagle, black eagle, black eagle, black eagle and Golden Leopard There are 20 species, including white tailed Harrier, Falcon, red footed falcon, kestrel, mandarin duck, musk deer, roe deer and yellow sheep.
There are many kinds of mineral resources in Fangshan County. By 2013, 40 kinds of mineral resources of various genetic types have been found, including 4 large-scale mineral deposits, 6 medium-sized mineral deposits, 30 small-scale mineral deposits and 274 ore occurrences and mineralization points. The prominent resources in Fangshan County are coal, iron ore, bauxite, refractory clay, limestone, dolomite, asbestos, silica and potash bearing rock, etc., with certain proven reserves.
Fangshan County has a coal area of 1140 square kilometers, with 3.9 billion tons of reserves and 1.5 billion tons of coking coal.
Fangshan County has a wide distribution of iron ores with large reserves. There are 13 known deposits, 6 ore spots and mineralization spots, and the proven reserves are 181 million tons.
Fangshan County has large bauxite reserves and good quality. Most of them can be mined in the open pit. There are 38 ore spots, including 4 large and 14 medium ones. The proved reserves are 140 million tons and the prospective reserves are 470 million tons.
By the end of 2019, the permanent resident population of Fangshan County is 148900. The birth rate is 7.94 ‰, the death rate is 5.65 ‰, and the natural growth rate is 2.29 ‰. There are 77200 males and 71600 females in the county, with a sex ratio of 107.82. Among the permanent residents in the county, there are 6069100 people living in cities and towns and 882520 people living in rural areas.
County Party committee
Secretary of the county Party committee: Zhou Xiaoyun
Deputy Secretary of the county Party committee:
Deputy Secretary of the county Party committee: Wu Yuegui
Member of the Standing Committee of the county Party committee: Yan Jianxin
Member of the Standing Committee of the county Party committee: Ren Zhiyong
Member of the Standing Committee of the county Party committee: Gao Wenxiang
Luo Xuemei, member of the Standing Committee of the county Party committee
Member of the Standing Committee of the county Party committee: Qin Xin
Member of the Standing Committee of the county Party committee: Zhang Peijun
County People's Congress
Chairman of the National People's Congress: he Xinzhong
Deputy director of the National People's Congress: Liu Linmei
Deputy director of the National People's Congress: Bai Ziliang
Deputy director of the National People's Congress: Chang Yunlu
Deputy county head: Mu Tianmin
Deputy county magistrate: Cui Kai
Deputy county head: Gao Yunlin
Deputy county magistrate: Ren Haitao
Deputy county magistrate: Zhang gailing
Deputy county magistrate: Wang Hao
Deputy county magistrate: Zhang Ruixue (temporary post)
Deputy county magistrate: Zhao Xi (temporary post)
Office director: Wang Qiang
CPPCC Chairman: Liu YueShun
Vice chairman of CPPCC: Li bukui
CPPCC Vice Chairman: Ren enliang
Vice chairman of CPPCC: Li Hailin
Vice chairman of the CPPCC: Ren Sanyuan
(as of March 2020)
In 2019, the GDP of Fangshan County will reach 5.05869 billion yuan, an increase of 11.7% over the same period of last year, of which the primary industry will reach 316.3 billion yuan, an increase of 12.4% over the same period of last year, and the secondary industry will reach 3.5170.8 billion yuan, an increase of 11.7% over the same period of last year
Chinese PinYin : Shan Xi Sheng Lv Liang Shi Fang Shan Xian
Release Time:2021-03-06 10:12:46
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