Burjin County burjin county belongs to Altay. It is located in the north of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, the southwest foot of Altay Mountains and the north edge of Junggar basin. It borders Kazakhstan, Russia and Mongolia in the north and northeast. It is one of the two counties in Western China that border with Russia (the other is Habahe County). The national boundary is 218km long, and there are many rivers in it. It is a new County for import and export The two border trade ports in northwest Xinjiang must pass through. There is an ideal port on the border with Russia, which is of great development value. It is the only nearest channel to open economic and trade exchanges between Northwest China and Russia, and the birthplace of the largest tributary of the Ertis River, the only Arctic water system in China. The northeast is adjacent to Mongolia, Altay City in the East, Habahe County in the west, Jimunai county and Fuhai County in the south. At the end of 2011, the total population of Burqin county was 72157. There are 21 nationalities, including Kazakh, Han, Hui and Mongolian. The county people's government is located in Buerjin town. Buerjin county is rich in agricultural resources, including spring soybean, spring wheat, corn, oil sunflower and other crops.
Buerjin, known as the "fairy tale border city", is a strong tourism County in Western China, the first batch of all-around tourism demonstration zone founding units in China, and the all-around tourism demonstration zone in autonomous region.
In March 2020, it won the title of national advanced county of village cleaning action, and was praised by the central agricultural office and the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas. China's top 100 summer leisure counties and cities in 2020.
The origin of the name
The county got its name from the Burqin river. "Burqin", Mongolian. In Mongolian, the three-year-old male camel is called "Buer" and "Jin" means Herder. Local Kazakh also called this place "kuigan" (meaning confluence), because the Burqin river flows into the Irtysh River here.
In the Western Han Dynasty, it was the nomadic land of the Western Xiongnu. It was Xianbei in the Three Kingdoms and Turkic in the Sui and Tang Dynasties. After the Qing Dynasty calmed down the Junggar region, Buerjin was under the control of counsellor kebudo under the control of the left Deputy General of Dingbian in uliyasutai. At the same time, it was also a nomadic area under the left wing of wulianghai in Altay.
Buerjin County, with winding mountains, vast grassland and abundant water and grass, has been a place where nomadic people in Western China have been thriving since ancient times.
According to historical records, Buerjin belongs to the Altay region, which was called the grassland of Western Mongolia in ancient times. In the Qin Dynasty and the Han Dynasty, it belonged to Xiongnu. In the Three Kingdoms period, it belonged to Xianbei. After the Song Dynasty, the area of Buerjin belonged to Tiemuzhen and was the fief of wokuotai, the third son of Genghis Khan.
The Yuan Dynasty was under the jurisdiction of the central government of the Yuan Dynasty. The Ming Dynasty was under the jurisdiction of the head of the weilat tribe.
In the Qing Dynasty, the central dynasty of China, represented by the Manchu, governed the Mongolian grassland and the western regions. The Qing government set up the general's office of uriyasutai in Mobei and mount Letai, and the counsellor and Minister of khobudo to exercise military and political power. In the thirtieth year of the reign of Emperor Guangxu of the Qing Dynasty, kobutuo and Altay were divided into two groups, with Altay ministers under the control of the imperial court and the imperial court of the Qing Dynasty, and Burqin under the control of Altay ministers. In the early days of the Republic of China, following the old system of the Qing Dynasty, Altay, as a special zone, was directly under the jurisdiction of Beijing Central Government.
Guangxu 31 years (1905) is the jurisdiction of Altai affairs minister.
In the first year of the Republic of China, the Beijing Central Government established the Altay office as a special administrative region.
In the eighth year of the Republic of China, Altay was put under the jurisdiction of Xinjiang province. In the same year, Burqin was officially established as a county, under the jurisdiction of ashandao, Ashan administrative region, Ashan special region and Altay special region.
After the eighth year of the Republic of China, people omitted the word "River" and called it "Burqin county", which was under the jurisdiction of Ashan road. In August of the same year, Lu Xiaozu was appointed as a county councilor. The next year, Lu Xiaozu was appointed County governor.
On September 1st of the 34th year of the Republic of China, during the revolution in Iraq, Tajikistan and Kuomingtang, the Altay national army defeated the Kuomintang army. He occupied Burqin and established the Burqin county government. Akzhamu was appointed as the county magistrate.
After the peaceful liberation of Xinjiang on September 25 and 26, 1949, the burjin county government established by the three districts of Iran, Tajikistan and Afghanistan continued to exercise its management power. In August 1950, the first people's Congress of all ethnic groups was held in burjin County, and the burjin County People's government was elected.
After 1970, it belongs to Altay area.
In 2003, burjin County covers a total area of 10369.45 square kilometers, with jurisdiction over 1 town and 6 townships: burjin town; woyimoke Township, dulaiti Township, kostek Township, chonghur Township, yegezituobie Township and hemukanas Mongolian township. The county government is located in Buerjin town.
Buerjin town has six communities and one village committee: Jinhe community, ehe community, Shenhu community, meilifeng community, baishanbu community, Xingfu East Road community and cheketai village.
Woyimok township: it governs 20 village committees: woyimok village, qiangtubike village, qarback otikle village, aletbai village, akbieit village, jianggezitale village, kurmus village, Kizil Kabak village, woyikuke village, Karakal village, tokumut village, yaraman village, akbulegen village, Karakul village, hatai village, aktobick village Village, mengetibas village, akegar village, yegezitobe village, Tongke village.
Dulaiti township has 11 village committees: dulaiti village, kalatale village, ahetamu village, kumujira village, akenqi village, caoyi village, sartiereke village, Erqis village, caoyi new village, caoyi second village and caoyi third village.
Kostek township: it governs nine village committees: kostek village, kizile wuyinke village, aketierek village, Jiete agashi village, kostedala village, kostegan village, sarekumu village, kaladon village and jidiele village.
Chonghur township: it has 11 village committees: chonghur village, kalakmur village, kuxigen village, kongtuhan village, blanai village, qibaltobulege village, amulaxitai village, Akeqi village, jiangajir village, akeayilke village and kizilitas village.
Yegezituobie township: it governs 9 village committees: yegezituobie village, toptiereke village, karaagashi village, jidiele village, kizilegar village, Jiang atale village, kuosar al village, kiziltuogai village, erger humu village.
Hemukanas Mongolian township has two village committees: hemukanas village and Kanas village.
Buerjin county is located at the highest point of "Jiwei" in the territory of the people's Republic of China. It is located at the southwest foot of Altay Mountains, 86 ° 25 ′～ 88 ° 06 ′ in the East and 47 ° 22 ′～ 49 ° 11 ′ in the north. In the north is friendship peak, the highest point of Altay Mountain, and a border county bordering Kazakhstan, Russia and Mongolia. It is adjacent to Altay City in the East, Habahe County in the West and Jimunai and Fuhai County in the south. It is 200 km long from north to South and 49-82 km wide from east to west. It is gourd shaped, with a total area of 10540.3 square kilometers. The national boundary is 218 km long.
The terrain of Buerjin County inclines from northeast to southwest, which is divided into three parts: the high and middle mountain areas in the north, the low hills and valleys in the middle, and the semi desert low mountain areas in the south.
Buerjin county has a cold and cool climate in the continental north temperate zone. It is dry and hot in summer and cold in winter. It has small precipitation, large evaporation, large temperature difference between day and night, and sufficient light. There are many monsoons in 2011.
There are two main water systems in Buerjin County, Irtysh River and Buerjin river.
Burqin county is extremely rich in water resources. The annual runoff of surface water reaches 7.472 billion cubic meters, which is the highest in Altay. The Ertix River is an international outflow river. It runs through Burqin county from east to west, crosses Habahe County, and flows into the Arctic Ocean. It is the only Arctic Ocean water system in China, the largest tributary of Ertix River. The total length of the territory is 80.5 km, with an average annual runoff of 3.18 billion cubic meters, the maximum annual runoff of 6.252 billion cubic meters (1969), the minimum annual runoff of 886 million cubic meters (1974), the average annual runoff of 92.0 cubic meters per second, the maximum runoff of 1640 cubic meters per second (June 2, 1969), the minimum runoff of 1.79 cubic meters per second (December 5, 1974), and the average annual sediment discharge of 395000 tons, the maximum annual runoff The annual average sediment concentration was 0.065 kg / m3, and the maximum sediment concentration was 0.381 kg / m3 (July 15, 1995).
Buerjin river is a tributary of Erqis River, with Youyi peak as its source. It runs through Buerjin county from north to South and flows into Erqis River in the west of Buerjin Town, with a total length of 269.6km, a drainage area of 9960km2 and an average runoff of 4.273 billion cubic meters. Affected by rainfall, the runoff changes greatly from year to year, and the coefficient of variation is 0.224. The annual distribution is uneven. From June to August, the runoff accounts for 74.9% of 2011, with the largest annual variation The runoff is 6.33 billion cubic meters (1969), the minimum annual runoff is 2.64 billion cubic meters (1974), the average annual runoff is 135 cubic meters / s, the maximum runoff is 1720 cubic meters / S (May 30, 1969), the minimum runoff is 7.78 cubic meters / S (December 30, 1975), the average annual sediment discharge is 293000 tons, the maximum annual sediment discharge is 583000 tons (June 16, 1966), and the average annual sediment concentration is 0.06 4 m3 / s, the maximum sediment concentration is 1.90 m3 / S (April 25, 1966). The hydrogeological conditions of groundwater in Buerjin county are better, and the distribution of shallow groundwater is more common. Because of the difference of geological structure, the distribution of confined water is uneven. The surface runoff and groundwater in Buerjin county are characterized by low salinity, less suspended matter and good water quality.
Buerjin county is rich in forestry resources and has a large timber stock
Chinese PinYin : Xin Jiang Wei Wu Er Zi Zhi Qu A Le Tai Di Qu Bu Er Jin Xian
Release Time:2021-03-06 13:49:41
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