The word "Bai" in Baicheng county is transliterated from the word "Bayi", which means rich.
Baicheng County, belonging to Aksu, Xinjiang, is located at the southern foot of the Middle Tianshan Mountain, the Intermountain basin on the northern edge of Queletage mountain and the upper reaches of Weigan River. It is adjacent to Zhaosu county and Tekes County in the north, Xinhe County in the south, Kuqa County in the East and Wensu County in the West. The total area is 15917 square kilometers. In 2017, the total population was 240810. The county people's government is located in Baicheng, 860 kilometers away from Urumqi. Baicheng county is high in the north and low in the south, with an altitude of 1200 meters.
In 2017, the GDP will reach 6677 million yuan, and the proportion of three industries will be 20.5:44.6:34.9. The per capita GDP is 27728 yuan. At comparable prices, it is 12.8% higher than that in 2016.
On October 22, 2018, Baicheng county was selected into the list of pilot areas for the integrated development of rural primary, secondary and tertiary industries in 2018. On January 25, 2019, it was selected as the national "safe agricultural machinery" Demonstration County in 2018. On July 29, 2020, it will be included in the National Health township (county) naming list of 2017-2019 cycle.
Baicheng county was the land of Kumo state and kuci state in Han Dynasty, which was under the command of the western regions.
In the Tang Dynasty, there were two cities here: the west city was "axiyan city" and the east city was "jupiluo city", both of which belonged to Gumo Prefecture and were ruled by kuci Dudu Fu under Anxi Dufu.
The yuan and Ming Dynasties were under the jurisdiction of Bishi Bali.
In 1760, there were still two cities, Bayi and Sailimu.
Guangxu eight years (1882), the two places built Baicheng County, under the Wensu Zhili Prefecture.
Guangxu 28 years (1902), Li Wensu house.
In 1920, it was one of the nine counties under the jurisdiction of Aksu administrative region.
In 1929, all the administrative divisions were in Aksu area.
Baicheng county has 4 towns, 10 townships and 1 Management Committee: Baicheng Town, tiereke Town, Chaerqi Town, Sailimu Town, Heiyingshan Township, Kizil Township, Toksun Township, yatur Township, Kangqi Township, Bulong Township, mijike Township, wenbashi Township, Daqiao Township, Laohutai Township and Dawanqi Management Committee.
Baicheng county is located in the southern foot of the Middle Tianshan Mountain, the Intermountain basin on the northern edge of Queletage mountain and the upper reaches of Weigan River. It is adjacent to Zhaosu county and Tekes County in the north, Xinhe County in the south, Kuqa County in the East and Wensu County in the West. The total area is 15917 square kilometers.
Surrounded by mountains, Baicheng county is a belt basin. It is high in the northwest and low in the southeast, with large natural slope and complex terrain. It is the main trunk of Tianshan Mountain in the north, Queletage mountain in the south, Kuqa Daban in the East and Dieshan Honggou in the West.
Baicheng county has a temperate continental arid climate with cold winter and cool summer. The average annual temperature is 7.6 ℃, the extreme maximum temperature is 38.3 ℃, the extreme minimum temperature is - 28 ℃, the frost free period is 133-163 days, the average annual sunshine coefficient is 2789.7 hours, and the average annual precipitation is 171.13 mm.
There are muzati River, kapulang River, Kalasu River, Kizil River and other water systems in Baicheng county.
Baicheng county has a total land area of 28.65 million mu. Among them, 22.7 million mu are mountains and hills, and 5.95 million mu are oasis plain. At present, there are 1053200 mu of cultivated land, 212800 mu of forest land, 13948000 mu of grassland, 1.48 million mu of water area, and 1 million mu of land can be developed and utilized.
Baicheng county has proved 58 kinds of 8 categories, among which raw coal, natural gas, nepheline, andalusite, manganese ore, barite, Maifanshi, marble, salt rock and other reserves are the largest. The prospective reserves of raw coal are more than 5.3 billion tons. There are 850 million tons of nepheline, 37 million tons of andalusite, 112000 tons of barite, 900 million tons of Maifan stone, 43.2 million tons of marble, 10.8 billion tons of salt rock and 6.51 million tons of oil. There are 384.7 billion cubic meters of natural gas, 47.1 square kilometers of Kela-2 gas field, 284 billion cubic meters of proven natural gas reserves, 100 square kilometers of Dabei gas field, 100.7 billion cubic meters of proven natural gas reserves.
Wild animals include red deer, yellow sheep, wild goat, argali, big head sheep, wild boar, hare, duck, bear, wolf, fox, marmot, rare birds such as pheasant, snow pheasant, wild tiger and snow leopard.
Wild plants mainly include Achnatherum splendens, Phragmites australis and other industrial building materials, and liquorice, plantain seed, Cirsium japonicum, Saussurea involucrata, Angelica sinensis, Codonopsis pilosula and other precious Chinese medicinal materials.
Science and technology
In 2013, Baicheng County applied for 10 autonomous regional science and technology projects, 8 regional science and technology projects, and undertook 5 national, autonomous regional and regional science and technology projects (Topics). We will strive for 710000 yuan for science and technology projects in autonomous regions and regions. It has 9 County research and technology development institutions. 50 invention patent applications were accepted and 12 patents were authorized. Two technical contracts were signed, with the transaction value of 320000 yuan.
By the end of 2013, there were 111 ordinary primary and secondary schools in Baicheng County, with 3052 teaching staff, an increase of 39.9%, and 31525 students at the end of the year, a decrease of 4.5%, including 18532 primary school students, 8931 junior high school students, and 4062 senior high school students. There are 40 kindergartens, including 3 private kindergartens. There were 7038 kindergarten children, an increase of 9.3%, and 324 teachers, an increase of 109%. There were 25 vocational education classes, with 1067 students enrolled, a decrease of 28.4%; the enrollment rate of primary school-age children was 99.36%, the school attendance rate was 99.6%, and the drop out rate of primary school students was controlled at 0.18%. The enrollment rate of school-age teenagers in junior high school is 99.46%, the school attendance rate is 90%, and the enrollment rate of junior high school graduates entering ordinary senior high school (including technicians) is 92%. The enrollment rate of disabled children was 77.5%, the completion rate of primary education was 99.86%, the non illiteracy rate of young and middle-aged people was 100%, and the re illiteracy rate of the people who got rid of illiteracy was controlled at 0.7%.
In 2013, Baicheng county has one cultural center, 16 cultural stations and one public library. It has 14 broadcasting stations, covering 99% of the population. There is one TV station, with a comprehensive coverage rate of 98%. There were 6300 cable digital TV users, a decrease of 11.27%. There is an art performance group with 139 performances, including 96 performances in the countryside.
In 2013, Baicheng county had 188 health institutions with 765 beds and 1063 health technicians. Among them, there are 2 hospitals, 1 Center for Disease Control and prevention, 1 maternal and child health care institution and 1 health supervision and inspection institution. There are 15 township hospitals with 328 beds.
In August 2019, it was selected as the pilot county of compact County medical community construction.
In 2013, Baicheng County employed 24000 people, an increase of 44% over 2012, with a net increase of 1262 people. Through various ways, 3107 people were reemployed in cities and towns. Among them, 244 college and secondary school graduates were employed, 2721 other unemployed people in cities and towns, 142 people with employment difficulties were employed, and the registered unemployment rate in cities and towns was controlled at 3.3%.
In 2013, 7582 urban residents in Baicheng County received the government's minimum living security relief, 32 less than the previous year; 17259 rural residents received the government's minimum living security relief, 2738 less than the previous year. At the end of the year, there were 8 adoptive social welfare units with 851 beds. Due to the disqualification of some five guarantee households in 2013, they were transferred into the rural minimum living allowance, and 393 people of all kinds were adopted, a decrease of 522. The Civil Affairs Department issued a total of 25.992 million yuan of minimum living security for urban residents, an increase of 1.119 million yuan, an increase of 4.5%; the rural minimum living security subsidy was 22.629 million yuan, a decrease of 4.711 million yuan. 28439 people participated in the new rural cooperative medical system, and the participation rate was 100%. The civil administration paid 21780 rural low-income insurance households on behalf, and the participation rate was 100%. There are 75000 new rural endowment insurance participants, and 14199 of them have received endowment insurance benefits.
In 2017, there were 69411 households with a population of 240810. Among them, the urban population is 48126, and the rural population is 192684. The proportion of urban population in the total population (urbanization rate of permanent resident population) is 19.98%. The annual birth rate was 18.1 ‰, the death rate was 11.1 ‰, and the natural growth rate was 6.9 ‰.
In 2017, Baicheng county has 25 ethnic groups, including Han, Uygur, Kazak, Hui, Kirgiz, Mongolian, Xibe, Russian, Tajik, Uzbek, Tatar, Manchu, Daur, Dongxiang, Zhuang, Tibetan, Miao, Tu, Tujia, Dong, Yao, Yi, Bai, Yugur and Shui.
In 2017, the GDP was 6.677 billion yuan, an increase of 12.8% over the previous year (comparable price, the same below). Among them, the added value of the primary industry was 1.366 billion yuan, an increase of 7.6%; the added value of the secondary industry was 29.76%
Chinese PinYin : Xin Jiang Wei Wu Er Zi Zhi Qu A Ke Su Di Qu Bai Cheng Xian
Release Time:2021-03-06 13:45:41
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