Ningxian county belongs to Qingyang City, Gansu Province. It is located in the east of Gansu Province, between 107 ° 41 ′ e to 108 ° 34 ′ E and 35 ° 15 ′ n to 35 ° 52 ′ n. It is connected with Ziwuling in the East, Jinghe River in the South and Shaanxi Province. It is adjacent to Heshui County, Xifeng district and Zhengning County in the northwest and Southeast respectively. Malian River passes through the county from north to south, which is the main river in Ningxian County, with a total area of 2633 square kilometers.
As of 2014, Ningxian county has jurisdiction over 14 towns, 4 townships, 257 administrative villages and 13 communities, with a total population of 556100.
In 2012, the county's GDP reached 4.714 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 21.0% at comparable prices. There are many famous scenic spots in Ningxian County, such as Xiangle song tower, Zhenyuan bronze bell of Puzhao temple, five generations tower of taerzhuang, Memorial Hall of martyr Wang Xiaoxi, etc.
In March 2019, it was listed as the first batch of revolutionary cultural relics protection and utilization area sub County list. In February 2020, approved by the leading group of poverty alleviation in Gansu Province, Ningxian County met the exit conditions of poverty-stricken counties and approved the exit.
During the Xia and Shang Dynasties, Ningxian was the birthplace of the Zhou nationality.
Qin Shihuang visited Beidi County several times, and Meng Tian was ordered to build Zhidao. The straight way passes through the county, which is about 60 kilometers from the main ridge of Ziwuling, making Ningxian a military important place for Xianyang.
In the Han Dynasty, there were six counties (roads) in Niyang, Dayao, Yiju, Pengyang, Xiangle and Yiqu. In 30 A.D., Feng Yi, a great general in the west, marched into Yiqu county and led the northern prefect to control this important military area.
In the Wei and Jin Dynasties, Ningxian belonged to anding County of Yongzhou.
In the Northern Wei Dynasty, Huazhou, banzhou and Chenzhou were successively set up, with jurisdiction over Northwest, Zhaoxing and Xiangle counties and 10 counties. Jurisdiction south to Shaanxi Yongshou, Xunyi, north to Shaanxi Wuqi. In 553 A.D., Chenzhou was changed into ningzhou under the name of "Rongdi of Funing".
In the Sui and Tang Dynasties, the prefectures were set up several times to govern the counties, which became an important place in the capital at that time.
In the song and Yuan Dynasties, Ningxian was a military Prefecture, with five counties under its jurisdiction and a frontier outpost.
In the Ming Dynasty, Ningxian county was still a prefectural county.
In the second year of Kangxi, Gansu Province was established by analyzing Qingyang and other four prefectures, and ningzhou then belonged to Gansu Province.
In 1913, ningzhou was changed to Ningxian.
As of 2014, Ningxian county has 10 towns: Xinning Town, Pingzi Town, Zaosheng Town, changqingqiao Town, Hesheng Town, Xiangle Town, Xinzhuang Town, Panke Town, Jiaocun Town, Zhongcun Town, 8 townships: miqiao Township, Liangping Township, Taichang Township, Nanyi Township, Waxie Township, Jincun Township, Jiuxian Township, Chunrong Town, 257 administrative villages and 13 communities.
As of 2014, Ningxian county has a total population of 548900, including agricultural population of 505900.
Ningxian nationality is mainly Han nationality, including Hui, Manchu and other ethnic minorities.
As of 2012, the county has 147 passenger vehicles, 1016 freight vehicles and 50 taxis, with a passenger transport volume of 2.532 million person times, a passenger turnover of 113.588 million person / km, a cargo transport volume of 1.832 million tons and a cargo turnover of 247.78 million tons / km.
There are 1 national highway with a total length of 53.0 km, 2 provincial highways with a total length of 84.7 km, 6 county roads with a total length of 212.9 km, 20 township roads with a total length of 673.8 km, and 384 village roads with a total length of 1573.7 km, including 851.5 km of oil roads and 1140.5 km of gravel roads. The earth road is 491.2 km.
Ningxian County, located in the south of Qingyang City, is one of the southeast border counties in Gansu Province. Its geographical location is 107 ° 41 ′ ~ 108 ° 34 ′ e, 35 ° 15 ′ ~ 35 ° 52 ′ n, adjacent to Zhengning and Huangling County in Shaanxi Province in the East, Xianyang City in Shaanxi Province in the south, Jingchuan County in Pingliang City in the west, Xifeng district and Heshui County in the North, with a total area of 2633 square kilometers (2014).
Ningxian county is located in the southeast of Ordos platform, which is moved by Guanshan Liupanshan fold belt. The basic landforms of Ningxian county are as follows: the eastern part is crisscrossed with hills and gullies, the central and western parts are crisscrossed with valleys and plateau gullies, the terrain is high in the northeast, low in the southwest, long from east to west and narrow from south to north, with an altitude of 860m to 1760m and a relative elevation difference of 900m.
Ningxian is located in the interior of the mainland, a warm temperate continental monsoon climate, four distinct seasons, sufficient light. The annual average temperature is 8.7 ℃, the extreme maximum temperature is 36.5 ℃, the extreme minimum temperature is - 25.4 ℃, the average temperature in the hottest month (July) is 22 ℃, and the average temperature in the coldest month (January) is - 5.8 ℃. The average annual precipitation is 565.9mm, and it is semi-arid in spring. The rainfall is mainly concentrated in July, August and September. The interannual variation of precipitation is obvious and the variation rate is large. It is dry in winter, with few rain and snow, rainy in summer and autumn, and concentrated precipitation. The average annual evaporation is 1442.6 mm and the average relative humidity over the years is 67%. The average annual sunshine hours is 2369.1 hours, and the average annual total solar radiation is 127.3 kcal / cm2. The dominant wind direction is south easterly, followed by North westerly. The frozen soil depth is generally below 80cm, the maximum frozen soil depth is 86cm, the maximum snow depth is 21cm, the maximum frost free period is 219 days, the minimum frost free period is 126 days, and the annual average frost free period is 168.2 days.
There are seven rivers flowing through Ningxian County, including Jing River, Malian River, Jiulong River and Chengbei River, with an annual inflow of 666 million cubic meters. The annual average discharge of Malian River, Chengbei River and Jiulong River is 14.9 m3 / s, 1.44 m3 / s and 0.71 m3 / s respectively. The shallow groundwater is mainly composed of Quaternary River Valley sand gravel phreatic water and Cretaceous Huanhe formation weathering fissure phreatic water.
As of 2014, the total land area of Ning county is 2653km2 (including 641.36km2 of state-owned forest farm), of which 2074.13km2 is in mountainous area, accounting for 78.88%, 54.2km2 is in Sichuan area, accounting for 2.05%, and 504.67km2 is in tableland area, accounting for 19.18%. The cultivated land area is 951500 mu, and the per capita cultivated land is 1.8 mu. The forest and grass area of Ningxian county is 1101 hundred hectares, the forest coverage rate is 19.7%, and the grassland area is 480 hundred hectares.
The total amount of runoff water resources in Ningxian county is 165.89 million cubic meters, and the water resources per capita is 326.9 cubic meters, which is 15.5% and 26.2% of the national and provincial average respectively. The water resources per mu is 171 cubic meters, which is 7.73% and 24.8% of the national and provincial average respectively.
Ningxian county's mineral resources mainly include coal, petroleum, coal-bed methane, construction sand (sand) stone, limestone, mineral water, brick and tile clay mines all over the territory. Among them, coal, oil, natural gas and other mineral resources are rich in reserves, all over the territory. As of 2014, the total proved reserves of coal are 102.7 billion tons, accounting for 73% of the province's predicted reserves, including 7.7 billion tons of shallow reserves, 6.3 billion tons of proved reserves, and Ningnan coalfield has started construction; the predicted reserves of oil are 200 million tons, and PetroChina and Sinopec have begun large-scale exploitation; the production capacity can reach 1.2 million tons at the end of the 12th Five Year Plan; and the predicted reserves of coalbed methane can reach 215 billion cubic meters. There are 38.6 tons of coal, 0.075 tons of oil and 81 cubic meters of coalbed methane per square meter.
Secretary of the county Party committee: Hou Changming
Deputy secretary and head of the county Party committee: Li Pengfei
Deputy Secretary of the county Party committee: Luo Rui
Yao Dexue, member of the Standing Committee and Secretary of the Discipline Inspection Commission of the county Party committee
Du Feng, member of the Standing Committee and executive deputy head of the county Party committee
He Pengcheng, member of the Standing Committee of the county Party committee and Minister of publicity
Bian Tao, member of the Standing Committee and deputy head of the county Party committee
Member of the Standing Committee of the county Party committee and head of the Organization Department: an Pengxiang
Member of the Standing Committee of the county Party committee and Secretary of the political and Legal Affairs Committee: Zhang Maolong
Member of the Standing Committee of the county Party committee and head of the United Front Work Department: Zhang Hongbin
Member of the Standing Committee of the county Party committee: Ma yingle
In 2012, the county's GDP reached 4.714 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 21.0% at comparable prices. Among them, the added value of the primary industry reached 1.280 billion yuan, an increase of 8.7% over the same period last year, the added value of the secondary industry reached 1.759 billion yuan, an increase of 38.4% over the same period last year, of which the industrial added value reached 1.255 billion yuan, and the added value of the tertiary industry reached 1.675 billion yuan, an increase of 14.1% over the same period last year.
In 2012, the total output value of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery in the county was 2.3 billion yuan, an increase of 19.0%. Among them, the agricultural output value was 1.9 billion yuan, an increase of 16.84%; the forestry output value was 22 million yuan, an increase of 62.5%; the animal husbandry output value was 325 million yuan, an increase of 26.0%; the fishery output value was 07 million yuan, an increase of 11.0%; the agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery service industry output value was 53 million yuan, an increase of 54.7%. The added value of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery was 1.320 billion yuan, an increase of 18.67%, including 1.09 billion yuan of agricultural added value, an increase of 16.8%; 07 million yuan of forestry added value, an increase of 62.4%; 209 million yuan of animal husbandry added value, an increase of 26.0%; 004 million yuan of fishery added value, an increase of 11.0%; 14 million yuan of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery service industry added value, an increase of 54.8%.
The sown area of crops in the county is 1.4911 million mu, and the sown area of grain is 974100 mu. The total grain output reaches 244700 tons, which is 3122 tons higher than that of the previous year, an increase of 1.3%. The average grain yield per mu is 251 kg, an increase of 2.5% year on year. Among them: the sown area of summer grain is 450500 mu, and the yield is 1
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