Tongnan District, located in the northwest of Chongqing, is a new industrial base of Chengdu and Chongqing, an ecological and cultural tourism destination of Western Chongqing, and a green vegetable capital of Western China. It is adjacent to Hechuan district and Tongliang District in the East, Dazu District in the south, Anyue County of Ziyang City, Anju District of Suining City and Chuanshan District of Suining City in the west, Pengxi County of Suining City and wusheng County of Guang'an City in the north, and Jialing District of Nanchong City in Sichuan Province.
Tongnan has an area of 1583 square kilometers, with 3 streets and 20 towns. In 2019, registered residence population was 952 thousand and 800 (725 thousand and 900 of permanent residents), and the region achieved gross domestic product (GDP) of 45 billion 108 million yuan. Tongnan is a basin shallow hill landform with flat terrain and altitude of 300-450 meters. It has a subtropical humid monsoon climate with mild climate, rich heat, abundant rainfall, sufficient sunshine and is suitable for cultivation in four seasons.
Tongnan district has a long history. In 373 ad (the first year of Ningkang in the Eastern Jin Dynasty), it was established as a county. In 1912, it was established as Dongan County. In 1914, it was renamed Tongnan because it was located in the south of Tongchuan Prefecture. Yang anggong, Yang Shangkun, Yang Baibing and other great men of the times were born successively, and Chen Tuan, the supreme Taoist, LV Daqi, the important Minister of Ming Dynasty, Liao Jingqiu, the master of Sichuan Opera and other historical and cultural celebrities were bred. Taian fish, lion dance and car lights are included in the municipal intangible cultural heritage and are the hometown of Chinese folk culture and art.
Tongnan district has Dafosi scenic spot, Shuangjiang ancient town, chongkan chentuan hometown scenic spot and other cultural attractions. It has 4 national key cultural relics protection units, 10 municipal cultural relics protection units and 61 county-level cultural relics protection units. It is an important transportation hub in Sichuan and Chongqing. There are Chongqing Suining railway, Chongqing Suining expressway, Tongrong Expressway and Beibei Anyue Expressway under construction. National roads 246, 319 and 351 pass through the area. In June 2017, Tongnan district was named national health city.
Evolution of organizational system
Tongnan area belonged to Ba state and Shu state during Zhou and Qin Dynasties.
In the Zhou Dynasty, Chongqing and Sichuan were divided into Ba and Shu. Fujiang in Tongnan belonged to Shu and Qiongjiang belonged to ba.
After the unification of China in the Qin Dynasty, the system of county and county was implemented. Tongnan was divided into Ba and Shu counties.
In the Western Han Dynasty, when Emperor Gaodi of the Han Dynasty, the area of Fujiang in Tongnan belonged to Guanghan County, Guanghan county. During the reign of Emperor Wu, Qiongjiang in Tongnan belonged to Qianwei county.
Shuhan, Tongnan and Fujiang belong to Deyang County of Guanghan County, while Qiongjiang still belongs to Qianwei county.
In the Western Jin Dynasty, Li te established Deyang county and led Deyang county. In the Eastern Jin Dynasty, in the second year of Long'an (398) of emperor an, Suining County was set up (the county government was located in the County dam of the former Great Buddha village in Tongnan County of Chongqing), leading Deyang county. In emperor Xiaowu's time, Jinxing county was set up in Deyang County, which was the beginning of Tongnan County.
In the southern and Northern Dynasties, in 556, Jinxing county changed its name to Shixing County and was subordinate to Huaihua county. In the Northern Zhou Dynasty, Shixing County was under the jurisdiction of Shishan County, leading the Fujiang area in Tongnan, while Anju county was under the jurisdiction of rougang County in Qiongjiang area in Tongnan.
In the Sui Dynasty, the county was abandoned and the state was established. Shixing County was subordinate to Suizhou, rougang county was subordinate to Puzhou, and longkan town was established. In 593, Emperor Wen changed rougang county to Anju county. In 598, Emperor Wen changed the name of Shixing County to Qingshi County, and Tongnan was divided into Anju and Qingshi counties. Yangdi Daye three years (607), Suizhou renamed Suining County, Qingshi County subordinate. Yangdi Daye 12 years (616), shenglongkan town for longkan county (county governance in today's Chongqing Tongnan County chongkan town wazibao), jurisdiction of Tongnan Qiongjiang area, Li Ziyang County.
In the Tang Dynasty, the first year of Wude (618), Gaozu changed Suining County and restored Suizhou, still leading Qingshi county. In the second year of Wude (619), Puzhou was restored and longkan county was subordinate to Puzhou. In 708, it was divided into Qingshi county and Suining County. In 712, Xuanzong changed the name of longkan county to chongkan county. In 728, Xuanzong moved the county to dongliuxiba.
In the Song Dynasty, in the fifth year of Qiande (967), Emperor Taizu of the Song Dynasty, chongkan county was transferred to Anju county and attached to Anyue County of Puzhou. In 1703, Qingshi county was merged into Suining County. The next year, Qingshi county was restored.
In the Yuan Dynasty, in 1280, the county government moved from daichangba to Bachuan Town, and daichangba was transferred to Suining County, Sichuan Province. In the 19th year of Zhiyuan (1282), Suining and Qingshi counties entered Xiaoxi county and were subordinate to Suining Prefecture. So far, the county is no longer a county.
In the Ming Dynasty, in the ninth year of Hongwu (1376), Taizu descended Suining prefecture to Suining County, and Xiaoxi County entered Suining County, which was subordinate to Tongchuan Prefecture, the Minister of Sichuan. Tongnan is under the jurisdiction of Suining. Taizu Hongwu ten years (1377), and Pengxi County into Suining County. Taizu Hongwu 13 years (1380), re divided into Pengxi county. The left bank of Fujiang River belongs to Pengxi, while the right bank of Fujiang River belongs to Suining.
In the Qing Dynasty, in the 10th year of Shunzhi (1653), Suining County entered Pengxi County, and in the 17th year of Shunzhi (1660), Suining County was divided again. In 1734, Tongchuan Prefecture was promoted to be a prefecture, leading eight counties, including Santai, Shehong, Yanting, Zhongjiang, Pengxi, Suining, Anyue and Lezhi, until the end of the Qing Dynasty.
In the first year of the Republic of China (1912), Dong'an County was newly established, which was directly under the central government of Sichuan Province. In the second year of the Republic of China, the province was abolished and the road was changed. In the third year of the Republic of China, Chuanbei road was renamed Jialing Road, and Dongan County was renamed Tongnan County. In the 18th year of the Republic of China, the system of Daofu was abolished, and Tongnan County was directly under the provincial government. In the 24th year of the Republic of China, the administrative supervision district system was implemented, and Tongnan County was subordinate to the 12th administrative supervision district of Sichuan Province.
During the period of the people's Republic of China, in 1950, Tongnan County was under the jurisdiction of Suining District of northern Sichuan. In September 1952, Tongnan County was subordinate to Suining District of Sichuan Province. In 1958, Suining district was merged into Mianyang District, and Tongnan district was subordinate to Mianyang district. In January 1976, Tongnan County was changed from Mianyang area to Jiangjin area. In 1981, Jiangjin area was renamed Yongchuan area, and Tongnan was subordinate to Yongchuan area.
In April 1983, Yongchuan District of Sichuan Province was incorporated into Chongqing City, and Tongnan County was also subordinate to Chongqing city.
In 1997, Tongnan County was subordinate to Chongqing Municipality.
On June 27, 2015, Tongnan District of Chongqing was officially listed.
In 1953, biekou township of Hechuan county (now Hechuan District), zengzichang of Wanshou District, zengjiaxiaowan and longqiaogou of the eighth village of Baishui township of Anyue County were assigned to Tongnan County.
In January 1994, Tongnan County had 22 towns of Zitong, Shuangjiang, Tangba, Baizi, Guanghui, Xiaodu, Wofo, Tai'an, Shanghe, Guxi, Guilin, Baolong, Longxing, Xinsheng, Yuxi, Huayan, Feiyue, mixin, Qunli, Wugui, Xinhua and Yongsheng, and 9 townships of Tianjia, Yongan, Wenming, Anxing, Longxiang, Mengzi, bekou, Honghua and Shouqiao.
On July 9, 1999, Chongqing municipal government approved the relocation of Tongnan County Party committee, people's Congress, government and CPPCC organs from No. 27, 23, 34 and 59, Zhengxing street, Zitong town to the new administrative center of Lianhua village, Zitong town.
In July 2000, Guanghui town was renamed chongkan town.
By the end of 2002, Tongnan County had jurisdiction over 22 towns, 9 townships, 21 neighborhood committees and 283 administrative villages.
On June 16, 2006, Chongqing municipal government approved Tongnan County to adjust 31 townships to 22 townships and streets. Among them, five towns and six townships were abolished, two streets were set up, the administrative areas of six towns and two townships were adjusted, and the governments and resident offices of 11 towns and one township remained unchanged. Specifically, Zitong town and Guilin town were abolished and Zitong street and Guilin street were established; Xinhua Town was abolished and merged into mixin town; Feiyue town and Honghua Township were abolished and merged into Guxi town; Yongsheng Town was abolished and merged into Tian township; Wenming Township and Yong'an Township were abolished and merged into Baizi town; Longxiang township was abolished and merged into Tian Township and biekou township; Mengzi township was abolished and merged into Longxing town; Anxing township was abolished and merged into Baizi town, It was merged into Shuangjiang town and Yuxi town.
On April 29, 2011, Chongqing municipal government approved to abolish Tianjia Town, biekou town and Shouqiao town and establish Tianjia Town, biekou town and Shouqiao town. After the adjustment, the county governs 2 streets and 20 towns: Zitong street, Guilin street, Shanghe Town, Longxing Town, Guxi Town, Baolong Town, Yuxi Town, mixin Town, Qunli Town, Shuangjiang Town, Huayan Town, Baizi Town, chongkan Town, Tangba Town, Xinsheng Town, Tai'an Town, Xiaodu Town, WOFO Town, Wugui Town, Tianjia Town, biekou town and Shouqiao town.
On July 23, 2020, the jurisdiction of Zitong Street will be adjusted and Dafo Street will be added. After the adjustment, Zitong street has jurisdiction over 10 communities including Longqiao community, diaoloupo community, memorial community, Yanwan community, Daqiao community, sentry tower community, Shipan community, gaoti community, Yungu community and Qifo community, and 6 villages including Daping village, Wulang village, Litai village, Luojia village, Qingyan village and Qilong Village. The sub district office is located at 183 Jianshe East Road of Daqiao community (original site); Dafo street It has jurisdiction over six communities, including lijiaci community, Shinan community, Shengli community, Weixing community, douyawan community and Bali community, and five villages, including Fengchan village, Qianjin village, Xinsheng village, huopen village and Wenjia village. The sub district office is located at 458 Fujiang Road, Shinan community (the former site of Dafosi Scenic Area Management Committee in Tongnan District).
Tongnan District governs 23 township level administrative units (street 3, town 20). It covers an area of 1585 square kilometers and has a population of 950000. Tongnan District People's government is located at 120 Xingtong Avenue, Guilin street.
（1） Street (3)
Guilin street, Zitong street, Dafo Street
（2） Town (20)
Chinese PinYin : Zhong Qing Shi Shi Xia Qu Tong Nan Qu
Tongnan District, Chongqing Municipality
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