Huli District Huli District, subordinate to Xiamen City, Fujian Province, is located in the north of Xiamen Island. It is surrounded by three sea areas, facing Jinmen island across the sea, and bordering Siming District in the south. It has a land area of 73.77 square kilometers and a coastline of 30 kilometers.
Huli District, founded in November 1987, is the birthplace of Xiamen Special Economic Zone. In 1980, the State Council approved the establishment of Xiamen Special Economic Zone (SEZ) within 2.5 square kilometers of Huli. In 1984, Comrade Deng Xiaoping personally wrote the inscription "to make the SEZ faster and better" in Huli. Then, the scope of the SEZ was expanded to Xiamen Island and Xiamen City in 2010.
Huli district is the center of the national information technology industry base. Its container throughput ranks the sixth in China. It is one of the top ten ports in China and an important hub of Xiamen island's external transportation.
In 2019, Huli District has five streets, one development zone and one free trade zone, with a permanent resident population of 1.026 million, realizing a GDP of 129.73 billion yuan, of which the added value of the secondary and tertiary industries is 54.952 billion yuan and 74.778 billion yuan, and the proportion of the three industries is 0:42.4:57.6. According to the permanent resident population, the per capita GDP is 126100 yuan, equivalent to 18300 US dollars per person.
In 282, Jin Taikang set up Tong'an County, which belonged to Jin'an county. It was soon abolished and merged into Nan'an county. It was not until more than 600 years later that the county system was set up again.
In the year of longqiyuan (933), Fujian was promoted to Tongan County, which was established again as Quanzhou.
In the 19th year of Zhengyuan (803) of Tang Dynasty, datongchang was set up in the southwest of Nan'an county. In the second year of Guangqi (886), Wang chaoke was appointed governor of Quanzhou.
In the fifth year of Baoda in the Southern Tang Dynasty (947), the Southern Tang Dynasty destroyed the state of min. Tongan was ruled by Wang Chao and the state of min, which lasted for 61 years. In the first year of Kaiping (909), Wang Shenzhi was the king of Fujian. He established the state of Fujian with Fuzhou as its capital and Datong Chang as its jurisdiction. In the seventh year of Baoda in the Southern Tang Dynasty (949), Quanzhou was promoted to Qingyuan army in the Southern Tang Dynasty.
In the first year of Qiande in the Northern Song Dynasty (963), the Qing Yuan army was changed into the Ping Navy in the Song Dynasty, with Chen Hongjin as the Jiedushi and Tong'an County as the Ping Navy. In 978, Chen Hongjin took over the land of Song Dynasty, and Tong'an county took over the land of Song Dynasty with the Pinghai Navy. In the same year, song Fuping's navy was Quanzhou. Song belonged to the Navy and Quanzhou. Yuan belongs to Quanzhou road.
Ming Dynasty belongs to Quanzhou Prefecture. In 1387, the city of Xiamen was built, which means the gate of the national building. Since then, the name of Xiamen has been listed in the annals of history.
The establishment of Heshan District began in 1935. After the victory of the Anti Japanese War, Heshan District was set up as one of the five administrative districts of Xiamen City in that year. From 1946 to 1948, zengcuolong, xibian, Shangli, Gangkou, qiancuo, Houcuo, Cangli, Qiantian, xibian, Xiabian and Dongzhai of zengxibao in Heshan District were merged into Xiagang district (after Xiagang district was abolished, they were transferred to Siming District); tacuo, tawei, jiangjunci, xibian, Weitou and douziwei of wuhaobao District were merged into Kaiyuan District.
From May 1938 to September 1945, Heshan was commonly known as "Shanchang". There were 19 bao178 communities (natural villages), 14 of which were forcibly occupied by the Japanese Army during the occupation of Xiamen and turned into airports; 21 were abandoned due to natural and man-made disasters.
After the founding of new China, administrative regions were adjusted many times. In March 1950, agricultural areas such as zengcuolong and Huangcuo returned to Heshan District. In 1958, Heshan District became a part of the suburb of Xiamen City, known as the front line commune. With the gradual Eastward Development of the urban area, Wenzao and Wucun were successively assigned to Kaiyuan District in the early 1960s.
In November 1979, the central government decided to set up a special socialist economic zone in Xiamen.
In July 1980, after consultation and study between Fujian Province and Xiamen City, 2.5 square kilometers of Huli brigade of Heshan Township in the northwest of Xiamen island was designated as the scope of the special zone. The special zone project construction headquarters under Xiamen Special Economic Zone Management Committee of Fujian Province was responsible for land acquisition, carrying out "five links and one leveling" and building factories and roads. The management committee also began to publicize and attract foreign investment.
In March 1984, the central government decided to extend the Xiamen Special Economic Zone to the whole island (including Gulangyu).
In August 1985, Xiamen Special Economic Zone was given the right to gradually implement some policies of free port, and the establishment of the management line of the special economic zone was planned. In this way, it is necessary to put Heshan Township under the jurisdiction of the suburb (Jimei town outside the island).
In July 1987, the State Council (87) No. 104 approved the cancellation of Xiamen suburb and Huli Industrial Administration Bureau and the establishment of Huli District in the north of Xiamen Island.
In November 1987, Huli district was officially established under the jurisdiction of Xiamen.
In 1995, Huli District, covering an area of 58.21 square kilometers, has one street, one town, 18 neighborhood committees and 11 village committees.
In 1997, Huli District, with an area of 58.2 square kilometers and a population of 73000, governed one street and one town: Huli street and Heshan Town. The district government is located in Huli street.
In 2000, Huli district had jurisdiction over two streets and one town: Huli street, Dianqian street and Heshan Town.
On December 26, 2002, the Ministry of Civil Affairs approved the relocation of Huli District People's Government of Xiamen City from No. 23 Xinglong Road to Heshan Town.
In 2003, Huli district had jurisdiction over two streets and one town: Huli street, Dianqian street and Heshan Town. The district government is located in Heshan Town.
On June 18, 2004, Fujian Provincial People's Government (minzhengwen 229) gave an official reply; on July 8, Xiamen Municipal People's Government (Xiafu 137) gave an official reply: Huli District abolished Heshan Town and set up Jiangtou, Heshan and Jinshan streets. Jiangtou Street governs eight communities, including lvcuo, Yuanshan, Jiangtou, Jiangcun, Lvling, Houpu, Jinshang and Caitang. The street is located in lvcuo. Heshan Street governs Banshang community, fanghu community, Lingxia community, Weili community and Zhongzhai community. Jinshan Street governs Gaolin, Jinshan, Houkeng and Wutong communities, and the street is located in Gaolin. On July 23, 2004, three new streets were officially put into operation.
In 2004, it has jurisdiction over 37 communities in Huli, Dianqian, Jiangtou, Heshan and Jinshan.
In 2008, Huli District has jurisdiction over five streets, namely: Huli street, Dianqian street, Heshan street, Jiangtou street, Jinshan street, torch high tech Development Zone and Xiangyu free trade zone.
Current situation of regionalization
In 2019, Huli District has five streets, one development zone and one free trade zone. Huli District People's Government in Heshan street.
Huli district is adjacent to Siming District in the south, Tongan District and Xiang'an District in the East, Haicang District in the West and Jimei District in the north through Gaoqi Jimei seawall and Xiamen cross sea bridge. It is between 24 ° 29 ′ - 24 ° 34 ′ N and 118 ° 04 ′ - 118 ° 02 ′ e. the land is 13.8 km wide in east-west direction and 8.7 km wide in north-south direction, with a total land area of 73.77 square kilometers.
There are many hills in the south of Huli district. The highest peak of Xianyue mountain is 212 meters above sea level. In the East, West and north of Huli District, there are sea erosion terraces, mainly red soil platform, and the terrain is relatively low and flat. Xiamen island belongs to bedrock Island, and its geological structure belongs to igneous rock. There are metamorphic rocks and granites in the island. Most of the crust in Xiamen area has the general trend of upward movement, with faults, fault block differential movement and intermittent movement as the main forms. The coastal geomorphology is basically divided into marine erosion and marine accumulation.
Huli District has a subtropical marine monsoon climate. The average temperature difference between the hottest month and the coldest month is less than 16 ℃, and the sea land breeze is obvious in midsummer. From November to March next year, the northeast wind blows in the eastern and northern coastal areas, and the temperature is about 2 ℃ lower than that in the southwest of the island. It is prone to thunderstorm, gale, hail and tornado in spring. 3. April is prone to fog. In February, the average temperature was low and the rainfall increased. The temperature began to increase in March. In April, the temperature increases the most, the southeast wind increases, the temperature and humidity are high, and hail, thunderstorm, gale, rainstorm and tornado are prone to occur. The annual precipitation is 1411 mm and the annual average temperature is 20.5 ℃.
The wild plants in Huli district are mainly distributed in shrubs and grass, and shrubs and grass are mainly distributed in hills or abandoned land. The main plant communities of secondary forest are Pinus massoniana forest, Acacia forest and Casuarina equisetifolia forest. The wild plant community mangroves have disappeared.
Huli District in the history of the emergence of terrestrial wildlife covers amphibious, crawling, bird, breast-feeding four, dozens of species, some of which are listed in the national key protected wildlife list. Aquatic animals are more abundant than terrestrial animals, including invertebrates, including annelids, molluscs, arthropods; vertebrates, including fish, a total of hundreds of species.
The metal deposits in Huli district are relatively poor. There are manganese mineralization and molybdenum mineralization. The non-metallic mineral deposits include Yanshanian fine-grained granite, granodiorite, biotite granite, monzonitic granite, quartz diorite and other granite stones. It is distributed in Shihu, Huli, Tangbian, machuo and lakeside. Refractory clay has Tangbian, Huli, fanghu and other mineral spots. Brick and tile clay has large reserves and wide distribution.
In Huli District, there is Zhongzhaiwan Tangban hot spring, which is a small medium temperature hot water mine (geothermal) resource. The water temperature is 59 ℃, and the daily water yield is about 1382 tons.
In the east of Huli District, a saltern has been set up in history, and the average salinity of the Western sea area is 28.57 ‰.
The main mineral resources in Huli district are granite, with some parts
Chinese PinYin : Fu Jian Sheng Sha Men Shi Hu Li Qu
Release Time:2021-03-06 11:14:35
Wei County, Handan City, Hebei Province. He Bei Sheng Han Dan Shi Wei Xian
Anguo City, Baoding City, Hebei Province. He Bei Sheng Bao Ding Shi An Guo Shi
Hunyuan County, Datong City, Shanxi Province. Shan Xi Sheng Da Tong Shi Hun Yuan Xian
Licheng County, Changzhi City, Shanxi Province. Shan Xi Sheng Zhang Zhi Shi Li Cheng Xian
Jiaojiang District, Taizhou City, Zhejiang Province. Zhe Jiang Sheng Tai Zhou Shi Jiao Jiang Qu
Changtai County, Zhangzhou City, Fujian Province. Fu Jian Sheng Zhang Zhou Shi Zhang Tai Xian
Luxi County, Pingxiang City, Jiangxi Province. Jiang Xi Sheng Ping Xiang Shi Lu Xi Xian
Weihai Torch hi tech Industrial Development Zone, Weihai City, Shandong Province. Shan Dong Sheng Wei Hai Shi Wei Hai Huo Ju Gao Ji Shu Chan Ye Kai Fa Qu
Tian'e County, Hechi City, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Guang Xi Zhuang Zu Zi Zhi Qu He Chi Shi Tian E Xian
Dongpo District, Meishan City, Sichuan Province. Si Chuan Sheng Mei Shan Shi Dong Po Qu
Dunhuang City, Jiuquan City, Gansu Province. Gan Su Sheng Jiu Quan Shi Dun Huang Shi
Shule County, Kashgar Prefecture, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. Xin Jiang Wei Wu Er Zi Zhi Qu Ka Shi Di Qu Shu Le Xian