Zhu fengbiao (October 10, 1800 - August 2, 1873), with the name of tongxuan and Jianxia, was born in zhujiatan village, east of Xiaoshan City, Zhejiang Province. Qing Daoguang eight years (1828) Township examination, twelve years palace examination a second Jinshi, granted editing. In nineteen years, he entered Zhishang study, and then he supervised Hubei academic administration. In the 21st year, he was granted the title of imperial college secretary, and moved to serve the common sons. In 24 years, he was promoted to a bachelor's degree. The next year, he was ordered to teach the seven sons of the Emperor (Prince alcohol), moved to the cabinet as a bachelor and Minister of rites. In the 26th year, he was the right servant of the household department. In the 27th year, he moved to the military department and transferred to the household department.
Zhu fengbiao is honest and self disciplined. He has a high prestige. He is familiar with public security and military affairs. He is good at building cities and platforms. He has been in charge of Wenheng for many times and has been called the most famous scholar. He was five years old when he taught the seven sons of the emperor. He was diligent in teaching and reading for 15 years. He once lived in Daoguang, Xianfeng and Tongzhi dynasties, and served as five ministers of the Ministry of household, the Ministry of punishment, the Ministry of war, the Ministry of work and the Ministry of officials.
Life of the characters
In the 28th year of Daoguang (1848), Zhu fengbiao was ordered to go to Tianjin to check and accept grain and investigate Shandong salt affairs.
When the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement swept across the country, Zhu fengbiao spared no efforts to plan for war and defense, and advocated "prevention and suppression". At the time of the second Opium War, he insisted on the main battle and played many memorials, which people did not dare to say.
In the fourth year of Xianfeng, he was granted the Minister of punishment. In the winter of six years, he added the prince's less security, transferred troops, and transferred households. In the autumn of 1998, he was the Deputy examiners of chongshuntian rural examination. In the winter of that year, Zhu fengbiao was implicated in the crime of imperial examination, and he was jailed. In the autumn of the ninth year, he was awarded the title of Professor of Imperial Academy, and still went to the study to teach the prince of alcohol. In a short time, he was granted the title of Shaoqing of Dali temple, recommended the political secretary and the left deputy to be the censor, the right Minister of the Department of punishment, and moved to the Minister of the Ministry of war. In the 11th year, he transferred the Ministry of officials, filled the chief master of the study, gave the Minister of the Ministry of work, and served as an official of the banquet. In the first month of the seventh year of tongzhi (1868), he was the assistant of the Minister of the Ministry of official affairs, and the head of the Imperial Academy. Before long, he was a Bachelor of Ti Ren Ge and an administrator. In the summer of the 11th year, he was allowed to beg for rest due to his old illness, but he still received his full salary. He died in the 12th year of Tongzhi and was awarded the title of crown prince and posthumous title of Wenduan.
Contribute to the government
At the time of the second Opium War, Zhu fengbiao, as the official of the imperial court, realized that the influx of opium into China would bring great harm to people's physical and mental health, and also cause a lot of financial loss, so he played the role of the imperial court. Zhu fengbiao, Minister of the Ministry of household affairs, wrote: "the foreign ships broke into Tianjin and sailed northward. When they arrived at BeiCang, they returned to the Haihe River because they blocked the shallow water. Therefore, they opened the North Canal to reduce the dam. If we reduce the water from the North Canal, we can make it impossible to enter. If we reduce the water from the Weihe River, we can make it impossible to retreat. The fuchawei River, the West River and the North Canal converge at the three forks of Tianjin to form the Haihe River. The upstream of the Weihe River has a reducing dam which may discharge. The nearest dam in Tianjin is located in Xingji town of Tianjin, and then far to the south of Nanpi is the old channel of the Yellow River, that is, the Xijin River, which can discharge the Weihe River into the sea. The source of the water from Weizhang in Xihe River is weak. It is the nearest to Weihe River and easy to vent. At present, the North Canal has been dammed, and the water of the Haihe River is decreasing. If the water of the Weihe River and the Xihe River is dammed to the East, the Haihe River can run dry. That is to say, if the tide rises less than two or three feet and it is difficult for the boat to drive, then I can control the boat's life, and the boat will not be afraid and will be satisfied. " His determination to fight against Britain is beyond words.
The memorials were not only diligent in state affairs and good intentions, but also detailed research, familiar with geography, decisive in fighting the enemy to death. When the Qing army made some achievements in the resistance, Zhu fengbiao played the role of the imperial court again. Zhu fengbiao, Secretary of the Ministry of household affairs, said: "I heard that if you practice bravery in eastern Guangdong, you will win the battle, and there are words like Keke, the provincial capital. Although they were stubborn and cunning, if they heard that Guangdong had been defeated, they would be rebellious to show their fearlessness. However, they could not live for a long time because their road had been broken. However, they were poor in their tactics. I hope that I will break my heart. I don't want to listen to the exaggeration and try to resist the attack of eastern Guangdong. Moreover, the people of Guangdong are engaged in war. The enmity has become irreconcilable, and the court will not listen to the attack. How can the people stop fighting. If it is said that the government is afraid to obstruct the advance of troops, then the people and the officials will have enmity and prevent radical change. The country is rooted in the hearts of the people, which is what the British and foreigners fear. Fu Wang ordered Luo zhunyan and others to encourage them to attack. If you sweep the acupoints and canals, I will not only be in charge of the situation, but also be able to wash away my 20 years of deep hatred. "
Zhu fengbiao was resolute in fighting against Britain, brilliant in vision, united with the government and the people, and shared a common hatred of the enemy: "those who dare to speak dare not speak." We can see that we are concerned about the country and the people. He is a patriotic advocate of war among the ministers who hold different views. After Zhu fengbiao's death, the imperial court never forgot him, and Tongzhi Emperor gave him three sacrificial rites. Mu Zong system said: "Zhu fengbiao, a former great scholar, is" mature and sincere, and excellent in learning literature ". He was promoted by the Hanlin to Zhengqing, and became the Secretary of literature. Lianyuji later ordered him to be the chief master of the study. He was appointed to manage the affairs of the Ministry. He was able to be respectful and respectful, and was called Jue post. He fell ill last year and asked for leave to recuperate. He was granted a full salary for his official career. If you want to take good care of yourself, you will be cured and enjoy your life forever. When I heard the death, I mourned deeply. The crown prince of Jiaen was awarded the title of "Taibao" and sent Prince Su LongQin with ten bodyguards to hang up the Sutra. During his term of office, he received all the punishment from Kaifu, and he should be punished by the Yamen. When Yi Zi Zhu Qixuan took the medicine, he made up for it as soon as he met the shortage. Zhu Youji, the supervisor of Sun Yat Sen, gave a reward to the whole family. Find a sacrifice. Yu Yi "Wenduan". Ziqixuan lake is located in the north of xiangyunjing road. Sun Youji and his imperial gifts to Juren are written in the cabinet. "
Mu Zong also said: "Zhu fengbiao, a great scholar, has made great achievements in his studies. He holds his bow and is sincere. He ascends to the top of the list of pistils, and ranks in the Qing class in liepeng mountain The Emperor invited the emperor to ride on the throne, and encouraged the emperor to share the same virtue. Xun Tui leader Yu Qunxian... "
Muzong said: "I am only assisted by Junheng, and I am attached to Laocheng. Zhong dingmingxun was worshipped by the emperor. I'd like to tell Zhu fengbiao, a Bachelor of science, that his learning has its origin and his taste has reached its essence. Frequent envoys, strict identification of Yu Wenheng; no teacher, especially in the model of Ji Shi In line with its general concept, the monument will stand forever.... "
Zhu fengbiao had been an official for more than 50 years. He was an elder of three dynasties (Daoguang, Xianfeng, Tongzhi) and five ministers (Ministry of work, Ministry of punishment, Ministry of household, Ministry of war, Ministry of official). He was the second most famous and powerful official in Xiaoshan. He was the president of shiwuying Hall of tirenge University. He was a real prime minister Acting) to handle affairs "impartially and selflessly, correct not a, achievement learning Yan Tong, patriotism and love the people". Therefore, the imperial court gave him a high evaluation, which was really a "great honor" and was known as the Prime Minister of Xiaoshan. The emperor said that he was "mature and prudent, and learned well in literature", which is a correct evaluation. He is also an old minister of "songqian Shengse, monument forever", and directly transferred his children
Category: Bangyan Dynasty: Qing Dynasty
Year of birth and death: 1799-1873
Name: tongxuan No.: Jianxia native place (ancient name): Wu native place (modern name): zhujiatan, Chengdong Township, Xiaoshan, Zhejiang Province
And time (Chinese calendar): qingdaoguang 12 years and time (Western calendar): 1832
Division: Renchen Enke rank: one a, two Jinshi
Conferring official: Wu Bu Shang Shu posthumous title: Wen Duan works: None
Chinese PinYin : Zhu Feng Biao
Liu Huangshang. Liu Huang Shang
Sun Yunfeng. Sun Yun Feng
Qu Fu. Qu Fu
Protect the country. Hu Guo
Zeng Zhen. Ceng Di
Li Jue Si. Li Jiao Si
Liang Shichu. Liang Shi Chu