Zhang Jun (307-346) was born in Wushi County, Anding county (now Pingliang City, Gansu Province). He was the grandson of Zhang Gui, the king of Liangwu, the son of Zhang Shi, the king of Liangzhao, and the nephew of Zhang Mao, the king of Liangcheng. He was the fourth monarch of the former Liang Dynasty (324-346).
Zhang Jun was a young, wonderful and unruly man. In 316, he was the Marquis of the city. In the 12th year of Jianxing (324), after his Uncle Zhang Mao died, he formally succeeded to the throne and became the Duke of Xiping County by worshipping Liangzhou Mu and Huqiang Xiaowei. Zhang Jun was loyal to the royal family of the Eastern Jin Dynasty. During the period of administration, he worked hard in politics, established his son, and tried his best to expand his territory and seize the land of Longxi.
In 346, Zhang Junhong died at the age of 40. He was named Wengong after his posthumous title and was buried in Daling. After his son Zhang Zuo became emperor, he was named Wenwang after his posthumous title and the temple was named Shizu.
Life of the characters
Succeeding Liang Wang
Zhang Jun, whose name is GONGTING, grew up in a strange and magnificent way. In the fourth year of Jianxing (316), he was granted the title of Marquis of Ba city. At the age of ten, he was able to write articles, outstanding and uninhibited, but he was too licentious and indulgent. He often behaved in the streets at night, and the Chinese followed suit. By the time he took office, he was eighteen. Before that, Shi Shu, the envoy of emperor Jin, was in guzang. Zuo Changshi Fanyi and you Changshi Mamo advised Shi Shu to worship Zhang Jun as envoy Chijie, governor of Dadu, general, liangzhoumu, captain of linghuqiang and Duke of Xiping. In the territory of amnesty, set around the four leading officials, repair Nangong. Liu Yao, the former Emperor of Zhao, sent envoys to worship Zhang Jun as the king of Liangzhou. At this time, Xin Yan relied on his military strength to gain power in the city. Zhang Jun banquets his colleagues in Xianyu hall and orders Dou Tao to enlist Xin Yan. Liu Qing exhorted: "overlord does not send troops because of happiness and anger, does not rely on risk to win by chance, must wait for the time and personnel, and then rise. Xin Yan and his son are cruel and ferocious. Their doom is just around the corner. How can they use a large number of troops in the year of famine and attack the city in the cold? Once upon a time, King Wu of the Zhou Dynasty returned to the army to wait for the time to destroy Yin. Duke Cao eased his use of the army against yuan and let him die. How can his royal highness be ashamed of his return to the army? " Zhang Jun took his advice.
Zhao before sending an envoy
Wang Ji was sent to the former Zhao. Liu Yao said to him, "your master must want to follow Dou Rong's example and be sincere and kind. Can you guarantee that?" "No," Wang said Tu Miao, Liu Yao's servant, said, "when you come to seek harmony, you say you can't. why?" Wang said: "Duke Huan of Qi was very worried and cautious when he was in the alliance with Ze. The princes didn't call him. At the meeting of kuiqiu, he was arrogant and arrogant, and betrayed by the nine kingdoms. Today is just the right time for the state of Zhao to be weathered. If the politics and religion are corrupted, the changes in the near future can not be detected, let alone bizhou is far away. " Liu Yao turned back to his subordinates and said, "this is the Gaoshi of Liangzhou. He has fulfilled his mission." Send him back with courtesy.
Recover the South
In the first year of Taining (323), Zhang Jun was still called the 12th year of Jianxing. Zhang Jun cultivated the land himself. Soon, I received the news that emperor yuan of Jin died. Zhang Jun got together and cried for three days. When Huang Long appeared in Jiaquan of xuci, right chief Shi Fanyi said to Zhang Jun: "to investigate the year of Jianxing is the year when the young emperor began to rise. The emperor's death should be changed. The imperial court is far away in the south of the Yangtze River, and the news is isolated. We should take advantage of the appearance of Huanglong to change the year name to highlight the auspicious signs. " Zhang Jun didn't listen. At the beginning, when Zhang Jun ascended the throne, Gu Zang ballad said: "wild geese come from the south, and the birds are not surprised. Who said that the goose's tail is winged, and the two wings hold high the Phoenix's song." At this time, he regained the land of Henan.
Fight with Zhao ZhengZhan
In the early years of Xianhe, Zhang Jun sent Dou Tao, Wu Wei's prefect, Zhang Lang, Jin Cheng's prefect, Xin Yan, Wu Xing's prefect, and song Ji, Yang lie's general, to join Han Pu and attack Qinzhou. Liu Yao sent his general Liu Yin to resist and assembled his troops in didaocheng. Han Pu marched over Wogan ridge. Xin Yan said: "we have tens of thousands of people. With the elite of DI and Qiang, we should fight quickly to eliminate the enemy. We can't wait for a long time Han Pu said: "since the end of summer, the Taibai star has violated the moon, the Chenxing star is retrograde, and the Baihong runs through the sun. These are all big changes. We can't act rashly. If you act rashly and fail to win, the disaster will be deeper. I'm going to last and bring down the thieves. Besides, Liu Yao and shile fought against each other, and Liu Yin could not last long. " After a stalemate of more than 70 days, Xin Yan was sent to Jincheng to urge the transportation of grain. Liu Yin was very happy when he heard that, and said to his soldiers, "Han Pu is ten times as many as our army. Qiang Hu betrayed and did not listen to the dispatch. Our army will run out of grain and grass, and it is difficult to persist for a long time. Now the bandits and the prisoners divide their forces to transport grain. It's a good chance for me. If you defeat Xin Yan, Han Pu and others will collapse without fighting. We must fight to the death. If you are defeated in the war, no horse will survive. You should sharpen your spears and try your best to use your intelligence. " Everyone is working hard. So he led 3000 cavalry to attack Xinyan in woganling and defeat him. Han Pu's army collapsed and more than 20000 people died. Zhang Jun said: "this is the sin of loneliness. What shame does the general have?" Forgive them all. Taking advantage of the victory, Liu Yin crossed the Yellow River, captured lingju, occupied Zhenwu, and was greatly shocked in Hexi. Zhang Jun sent Huangfu to resist him and grant amnesty in the territory. When Liu Yao went to the east to beg for Shisheng, Chang'an was empty. Zhang Jun, in the name of hunting, wantonly paraded and practiced martial arts. He was about to attack Qin and Yong. Cao Lang asked for advice and said, "although Liu Yao was in the eastern expedition, Liu Yin still stayed in the base area. The road is very dangerous and it's easy to defend. If Liu Yin relied on Diqiang Qingqi to resist our army, it would be difficult to predict his rampage; if the enemy stopped fighting in the East and refused to fight, he would continue to invade us. In recent years, he has been fighting frequently. Soldiers and horses have appeared in the suburbs. There are hungry and weak people outside, and the internal resources are empty. Is this his Highness's so-called love for the people like a son? " Zhang Jun said: "I'm always worried that I won't give any honest advice. I listen to them face to face and violate them behind. My politics and religion are at fault, but they don't correct me. My sincere advice and admonishment are deeply in line with my wish. " Pay homage to him with goat wine.
Set up a son
The countries of the western regions offered more than 200 kinds of precious jewels, such as hanxuema, huohuanbu, Zhiniu, peacock, elephant and so on. Shi Libo, the governor of the western regions, asked to attack Zhao Zhen, who was defeated by Zhao Zhen. The commentator thinks that Li Bai's plan failed and asks to kill him. Zhang Jun said: "I always think that the Han Emperor's killing Wang Hui is not as good as Qin Mu Gong's pardoning Meng Ming." In the end, the group was convinced that the death penalty should be reduced or remitted. Zhang Jun paraded in Xinxiang, hunted in the northern mountains, and defeated kewulu. In Jingzhong, he ordered: "in the past, when he was executed, Yu rose, while Rui was killed, but he was not used. As a result, the emperor of Tang eliminated the flood disaster, and the Marquis of Jin became one of the five tyrants. According to the law, a person who commits a capital crime is not allowed to serve in the central government. Now it is decided that they can be appointed, but it is not suitable to be a guard in the palace. " Therefore, the criminal law was clear and the country was rich. The officials advised Zhang Jun to be called the king of Liang, to lead the herdsmen of Qin and Liang, and to set up a hundred officials, according to the old rules of Cao Cao, Emperor Wu of Wei Dynasty, and Sima Zhao, Emperor Wen of Jin Dynasty. Zhang Jun said: "this is not what people and officials should say. Anyone who dares to say this is unforgivable. " But all the land called him king. All officials asked Zhang Jun to establish a son, but Zhang Jun didn't listen. Song Ji, the core general, said to Zhang Jun, "the reason why we attach importance to the imperial household in the ritual system is probably that we attach importance to the ancestral temple. The reason why King Cheng of Zhou Dynasty and Emperor Zhao of Han Dynasty became the crown prince in their infancy was that the successor of the state could not be lacked, and the crown prince should be determined as early as possible. Once upon a time, when King Wu was just founded, the king of Yuan became the crown prince. At the beginning of Jianxing, the former king was in power, and his highness was named Shizi. Moreover, now the country is more noble, the holy body is unique and independent, and the great cause is gradually prosperous. How can the crown prince be short of people! I think the country is in danger, but my highness thinks it is more stable than Mount Tai. That's not the case. " Zhang Jun listened to his advice and made his son Zhang Chonghua his son.
Learn from the road
Before that, Zhang Jun sent Fu Ying to borrow the road from Cheng Han and present the seal to the capital. Li Xiong, Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, disagreed. Zhang Jun also appointed Zhang Chun to be a minister to the Chenghan Dynasty in order to borrow the road. Li Xiong is very happy. Li Xiong also had a grudge against Nandi Yang Chu, so Zhang Chun persuaded Li Xiong: "Nandi is not decent. It has become a disaster on the border many times. It's better to levy a hundred hectares first, and then pacify Shangli. Our two countries work together. Sweeping the Sanqin Dynasty to the East, sweeping Xu and Luo of the Qing Dynasty, sweeping Yan and Zhao of the Qing Dynasty, taking back the coffins of the two emperors in Pingyang, and welcoming the emperor back to Luoyi, this is a heroic move and a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity. The reason why our monarch traveled so far as to send his ministers to express his sincerity at risk is that his majesty is famous for his righteousness and will surely sympathize with our monarch's will to serve the emperor. The good things in the world are the same. Please consider them Li Xiong was angry and pretended to agree. He wanted to throw Zhang Chun into the gorge to the East. Qiao Zan, a native of the Han Dynasty, told Zhang Chun about it in secret. Zhang Chun said to Li Xiong: "the reason why our monarch sent his junior ministers to walk in the desolate and uninhabited places and traveled thousands of miles through many barbarian areas to express his sincerity is that his majesty can uphold justice, sympathize with and work together with his royal ministers, and fulfill other people's virtues. If you want to kill the next minister, you should do it openly in the city and publicize it under the public eyes. That is to say, Liangzhou does not forget the old righteousness and sends messengers to Langxie to show loyalty and borrow the way from us. Their Lord, shengchenming, we found out and killed him. It can make the name of righteousness far-reaching and the world afraid of power. If you secretly kill him in the middle of the river, and the threat of punishment can't be shown, how can it be enough to publicize the good deeds and announce them to the world? " Li Xiong was shocked and said, "how can such a thing happen! I'll let you go back to Hexi. " Jing Qian, the commander of Sili school in Chenghan Dynasty, said to Li Xiong, "Zhang Chun is a strong man, so he should be left to serve." Li Xiong said: "how can a strong man be left behind? Let's observe according to your will
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