Song Luo (1634-1713), named Mu Zhong, was born in Mantang, xipi and Mianjin mountains. Later, he was named xipi old man and xipi fangya Weng. Guide (now Shangqiu, Henan) people. Poets, painters and politicians in Qing Dynasty. One of the "six sons of houxueyuan".
In the fourth year of Shunzhi (1647) of the Qing Dynasty, song Luo was ordered to be a bodyguard by a great minister. Kangxi three years (1664), was awarded Huguang Huangzhou general sentence, Kangxi sixteen years (1677), make up the Li Fan court sentence, move yuan wailang. Li Guan was appointed to Shandong, Jiangsu, Jiangxi and Jiangsu. From 1699 to 1705, Emperor Kangxi visited the South three times, all of which were received by song Luo. In November of the 44th year of Kangxi (1705), he was promoted to minister of the Ministry of officials. Kangxi 52 years (1713) spring, add Prince Shaoshi. He died in September of the same year at the age of 80 and was buried in xipi villa in Shangqiu.
Song bi was an upright official, and was praised by Emperor Kangxi as "incorruptness is the first governor in the world". Song Luo was a scholar and learned scholar. He was good at poetry, calligraphy and painting. He enjoyed a high reputation in the literary world in the early Qing Dynasty. Together with Zhu YIZUN, Shi Runzhang and others, he was also called "the top ten talents in Kangxi period". He has compiled 50 volumes of xipi Lei manuscript, Mantang Shuo Shi and selected poems of Jiangzuo shiwuzi.
(overview source: hanging statue of song clan ancestral hall in Shangqiu, Henan) < / I >
Life of the characters
The edge is beginning to show
On the 26th of the first month of the seventh year of Chongzhen in the Ming Dynasty (February 23, 1634), song Luo was born in an official family in Shangqiu, Henan Province. He was the son of song Quan, then the magistrate of Yangqu county (later he joined the Qing Dynasty as a Bachelor of the Academy of National History). At the age of ten, he was able to ride a horse. At the age of eleven, he began to learn rhythm, calligraphy and friendship.
In March of the fourth year of Shunzhi (1647), song Luo, who was only 14 years old, joined the bodyguard as the son of a minister. In September, Emperor Shunzhi went hunting, and song Luo followed him. Two months later, it was cold winter. On the way back, Emperor Shunzhi and his party passed Sanggan River. The weather was cold and the water was frozen. Song Luo raised his whip and leaped over his horse. Emperor Shunzhi appreciated his bravery very much.
In the fifth year of Shunzhi (1648), Emperor Shunzhi ordered the Ministry of official affairs to select talents who were proficient in Arts and science among the bodyguards and officials. At that time, 15-year-old song Luo passed the examination and was awarded the post of general sentence. His father song Quan forced him to study in the countryside and prepare for the local examination on the ground that he was still young and not familiar with politics. So he wrote a request to postpone the appointment, and Emperor Shunzhi allowed it.
The famous crane rises
In 1649, the 16-year-old song Luo stayed in the capital with his father. During this period, he made a lot of friends. In May, the withered orchids in Song Quan's Beijing residence bloomed again, and he called together all the scholars of virtue and knowledge from his fellow countrymen and their children to enjoy them. At that time, Wang Duo, a famous scholar, was sitting in the courtyard depicting orchids. According to Kulan Fuhua tujuan, song Luo was also present, and met his predecessors Liang yungou, Huang Jiadi, Zhang Jinyan, Zhang Dingyan, Xue suoyun, Fu Jingxing and Liu Yingzhou. He also had a banquet under the locust tree with them.
In March 1651, song Quan became an official. In August, song Luo returned home with his father. After Song Quan returned home, he invited his old friend Jia Kaizong and his disciple Hou Fangyu to teach him poetry and prose. Song Luo followed Hou Fangyu, Jia Kaizong, Xu zuosu, Xu Shichen and Xu Lintang to rebuild the old society of Xueyuan with them, forming "six sons of houxueyuan" and becoming a rising star. Hou Fangyu praised him for his great talent when he was young.
In June of 1652, song Quan died. He planned to stay at home to watch the funeral, but someone advised him to go out and make friends with the world's nobles. He didn't know what to do. Hou Fangyu heard from Jia Kaizong that song Luo was in a difficult situation, so he wrote to him, advising him to study hard, not to focus on making friends with noble people, and reading is the right way to solve the difficult situation. And told him to collect more ancient and modern books. Since then, song has been studying hard at home, during which he took part in a rural examination, and failed.
Be at leisure
In March of the third year of Kangxi (1664), song Luo took the post of bodyguard as the general judge of Huangzhou in Huguang. When he was about to leave, he held a farewell banquet with MI Hanwen and Liang Xiyan at Wang Wan's home. Each of them gave a farewell speech and wrote a poem. At that time, song bi was very angry because of his humble position. In order to comfort him, the three presented "keeping it quiet", "inheriting it wide" and "learning from it". After taking office, his friends visited him frequently, and he was used to the life of indifference and poverty.
On October 22, 1669, the eighth year of Emperor Kangxi's reign, his biological mother Zhao passed away, and song Luo went home to worry about his mother Ding. At the end of the next spring and the beginning of the next summer, he built a veranda and continued to study hard in it. During this period, he also wrote "Junlang puppet pen", which was prefaced by Chen Weisong.
After the 11th year of Kangxi (1672), song Bi went to Beijing twice to wait for his replacement. During this period, in order to get an official position, he ran around Beijing. In the 16th year of Kangxi (1677), after a long wait, song Luo was granted the post of Li Fan yuan.
In the summer of 1678 (the 17th year of Kangxi's reign), song Luo was promoted to the post of wailang, the Guizhou member of the Ministry of punishment. Every time there was a case, song insisted on trial in person, and many unjust and false cases were redressed. Wei Xiangshu, who was then the chief justice, was very impressed. In November of the same year, on the recommendation of Tang officials, song Luo was appointed to inspect Ganzhou as a member of the Ministry of punishment.
In February of the 18th year of Kangxi (1679), song Luo was appointed as the governor of Ganzhou. During the San Francisco rebellion, Ganzhou had just been recovered, and there were few merchant ships. Song Luo was exempted from ship tax by more than 7000 Jin. As a result, merchants and boats gathered in Ganzhou again, and the taxes were paid as scheduled. The next year, song Luo was called back to Beijing.
In February of the 22nd year of Kangxi (1683), song Peng was promoted to Zhili Tongyong Road, where he also worked as garrison, courier, coastal defense, river course, grain, rates, tax and warehouse. When he took office, he found that the Tongzhou government had been destroyed by the earthquake, so he built six houses out of his own pocket, named "Mantang" after Lu You's poem. During his term of office, he was considerate of the people, actively exempted taxes, and had a peaceful political life. Apart from official business, song Luo often went back and forth with his literary friends in the mountains and rivers.
Good deeds of officials
In April of 1687, the 26th year of Kangxi, song Luo moved to Shandong Province as an envoy. When he arrived at the post, he released the suspect prison, banned the false accusation, and saved the delay. For a time, the officials and the people were afraid of Wyatt, and all said that there was no injustice. In October, song Luo was promoted to be Jiangning's chief envoy. As soon as he took office, song Luo found that the treasurer of Jiangsu had a silver deficit of 360000. Song Peng reported to Tian Wen, governor of Jiangsu Province, and requested the former chief envoy to recover the deficit. Later, song Peng asked Tian Wen to stop mining Copper on the ground that Jiangsu did not produce copper, and the price and transportation cost of copper offered by the imperial court were not equal. The imperial court decided to raise the price of copper from six cents to one dollar per kilogram after a ministerial discussion.
In April of 1688, the 27th year of Kangxi, song Luo was promoted to governor of Jiangxi. Xia Fenglong, the former governor of Huguang, made trouble. The imperial court called up Jiangxi soldiers to exterminate the rebels. When the army arrived in Jiujiang, it nearly mutinied because of the lack of food and pay. On June 13 (July 10), song Luo and his party on the official road went to Pengze County in Jiujiang Prefecture. After hearing the report, they called for the distribution of Hukou Treasury money as food. Only then did the army advance. On the 19th, song Luo arrived at Nanchang government office to accept his appointment. In less than a month, Li Meiyu and Yuan Daxiang, former governors of the two rivers, gathered 3000 people to make trouble and rob the warehouse in response to Xia Fenglong's incident. When song Luo learned about it, he made a quick decision and captured Li Meiyu and Yuan Daxiang in the night. The next day, he beheaded the people and told them that the other people who were incited by them would not be held responsible, so the rebels scattered and the rebellion was put down. On October 20 (November 12), Jiangxi Province had to prepare bamboo and wood. Raozhou government provided red bamboo, Nankang and Jiujiang wood for Tan and Nan, and Tongsheng sent bamboo for cat. In name, it was official preparation, but in fact, it had to levy taxes. Song Bi went up to the book "Tiaoyi purchasing bamboo and wood", and asked to use the money from the national treasury to purchase bamboo and wood. At the end of the same year, Emperor Kangxi ordered the governor to inspect the general treasurer, and song Luoshu asked the grain post storehouse to be checked by the general envoy. Song also found that the civil and military officials of the Han Army at that time were replaced by new officials, and their families had to be exploited and searched when they passed through all the counties and prefectures, and they also needed to show proof. He thought that this was to treat the family members of officials like criminals, so he ordered to cancel these miscellaneous checkpoints and not give the officials along the way room for corruption. He also asked the Ministry of punishment to trace the amount of money withheld by officials and go to the capital to make an account. These measures have been implemented.
On August 4, the 31st year of Kangxi (September 14, 1692), song Luo was promoted to governor of Jiangsu Province. At that time, there were hurricanes in the coastal counties of Suzhou, mountain torrents broke out in Shangyuan and Liuhe counties, and the rivers in the counties under Huai, Yang and Xu rose. On the one hand, Song Shu requested Emperor Kangxi to reduce local taxes according to the severity of the disaster in Jiangsu Province, and on the other hand, he released grain stored in Jiangning and Fengyang warehouses for disaster relief. Song Luo also asked for exemption from taxes on the low-lying land beside Taihu Lake. The Ministry of household ordered song Luo to investigate carefully on the ground of wide area. Song Luo went to Shanghai again, and Emperor Kangxi agreed to song Luo's request. The Emperor Kangxi praised him as "the most honest governor in the world".
Peace of residence
From 1699 to 1705, Emperor Kangxi visited Suzhou for three times and was received by song Bi, governor of Jiangsu Province. Emperor Kangxi praised song's officials for their peace and tranquility and generous rewards
Chinese PinYin : Song Luo