Nuwa city is located in sidugang village, niedui Town, 7.5km north of Xihua county, Zhoukou City, Henan Province. In 1986, it was designated as a provincial cultural relics protection unit in Henan Province. In 1994, the national, provincial and municipal tourism departments and cultural relics departments listed Nuwa city as a municipal key tourist attraction construction project through investigation and demonstration. Today's Nuwa city has become a large-scale Nuwa sacrificial and sightseeing resort with nationwide influence.
The origin of Nuwa City
It is said that after Nu Wa mended the earth and mended the sky, there was a thriving scene on the earth. There are four distinct seasons in spring, summer, autumn and winter. They come back in order. Spring is bright and everything is striving for prosperity. However, the evil birds and beasts in the central plains are still making waves, attacking human beings and seriously threatening the safety of people's lives. Nu Wa agreed to the request of her descendants and killed the black dragon. Evil birds and beasts kill and die. The rest are tamed by people, and some become friends of human beings. People live a happy life again. At last, she could take a long breath to recover her tired body from overwork.
One day, Nu Wa came to the place called sidugang village. Looking up at the sky that she mended, the sky is full of rosy clouds, the blue sky is thousands of miles, the wind is clear and the clouds are light. Standing here, you can have a wide view. In the north, there are vast fields, lush trees and lush grass; in the south, there is a confrontation with Kunshan Qifeng; a small meandering Yellow River passes through the mountains from northwest to Southeast, rippling with water. She breathed the breeze and the fragrance of wild flowers from the river, and felt the comfort she had never experienced. She decided to settle down here.
After finishing her journey, Nu Wa settled down to work with Fu Xi to teach people to fish, hunt and grow crops; to marry, marry and reproduce; and to build a shed with sticks instead of living in caves. Everything works for people. After people's living income improved, she chose a wider and flat area and began to build her own residence, which she called "city". The city is more than 100 Zhang in length and width, and eight feet in height. The inner city and the outer city are located in it. According to archaeological experts, there are still ruins of the old city and solid rammed earth layers. Because the world respected Nu Wa as the ancestor of human beings and one of the three emperors in ancient times, the city was called "imperial city" and later "Nu Wa city".
After the construction of Nuwa City, there were more and more people living in the surrounding area, gradually forming the center of Nuwa's rule. At that time, people didn't have clothes, and they relied on leaves and animal skins to unload the cold. Every winter, when the northeast wind blows, it is still very cold. After thinking about it, Nu Wa decided to build three mountains in the north of the city to keep out the cold. She explained her ideas to Fuxi. Fuxi did not believe in Nuwa's ability to build mountains. Nuwa said, "if we can build man to make up the sky, can't we build mountains? Believe it or not, I can build three mountains for you to see tonight. Fuxi said unconvinced: "let's bet that if you can build three mountains tonight, everything will be up to you. If you can't build anything, everything will be up to me.". Time is limited to the next day when the rooster crows at dawn.
That night, in a deeper silence, Nu Wa was silent. Fu Xi secretly followed her. Nu Wa came to the north of Nu Wa City, grabbed three handfuls of soil with her hands, put them in three places, and breathed one breath with her mouth. The three piles of soil made a "buzzing" sound of eating. In the sunlight, the fog was rising slowly. Fu Xi admired Nu Wa's magic power in his heart, but looked at the three mountains and plains When he got up, he was sure to lose his bet. He wanted to ask the God of Tian Jiang Er Lang, Yang Jian, to help him, and let the pheasant crow early. Er Lang God somehow assigned the pheasant to crow three times, and the chickens on the ground began to crow. In a moment, the sound of "buzz" stopped, the fog slowly dispersed, and the three mountains just came out of the ground a few feet high. Into three big mounds, Nu Wa lost. From then on, everything is up to men. The descendants of these three mounds are called "three earth cities". When the sun is clear and clear and the setting sun goes down to the west, people can clearly see three streams of smoke coming out of the mound. Also known as "wa city sunset", one of the eight scenic spots in Xihua. In the early years of the Republic of China, three mounds were dug up by a grave robber, and they never smoke again. In 1938, the Yellow River silted up, and the villagers took earth to burn kilns and level the land. Three mounds were excavated, but the mound remains can still be seen.
After finishing all the work for the benefit of mankind, Nu Wa took a thunder cart, congratulated Ying the dragon, opened the way for Bai He, and was escorted by Teng snake. Reluctant to leave people and return to China. And her body remained in the "imperial city.". Buried in the west of Nuwa city. With the natural changes of thousands of years, dynasties have changed. The mountains are flattened, the rivers are diverted, the sea is transformed into mulberry fields, and the tomb of Nu Wa is still standing. In the history of Xihua county, the Yellow River has committed more than 350 crimes, silting up soil for several feet, and Nu Wa's mausoleum has always been exposed to the ground. During the Tianbao period of the Tang Dynasty, the heavy rain caused Yan to lose his place, the Yellow River burst with mud, the villages and fields were submerged, and the tomb of Nu Wa was razed to the ground. One day, there was a strong wind and a loud crackling sound at the mausoleum. People could see that Nu Wa's Mausoleum gushed out of the ground from the ground, and huge stones appeared, engraved with the words "fenglingdui". Nu Wa's contributions to the creation of heaven and earth include nine heavens in the upper world and Huang Long in the lower world. Her reputation is the same with rivers, the same with the sun and the moon. Her imperial city and mausoleum are also protected by heaven and worshipped by the lower world. Her selfless dedication is also a model for generations to learn from.
Nuwa city site
According to folklore and historical records, the Department of cultural relics excavated the ancient city site after long-term exploration.
Nuwa city is located in the northwest corner of dugang village, niedui Town, Xihua county. The city site is square and divided into two layers. The outer wall is 4000 meters long and the inner wall is 1440 meters long. The highest point of the remaining wall is 3 meters and the width is 8 meters. The moat has a clear outline, with a base width of 6 meters and a top width of 15 meters. The walls are mostly rammed in layers, with each layer 10 to 20 cm thick. Tamping nest is round, flat bottom, 5 cm in diameter. There is a palace style rammed earth platform in the city. An underground drainage pipe with a remnant length of 1 meter and a diameter of 29 cm was unearthed under the north city wall. A large number of relics of the spring and Autumn period, such as cauldrons, pots, cudgels, urns and tiles, were unearthed in the city. It can be seen that the city was magnificent and the residents were prosperous. According to research, the city is the site of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, and the ancient cultural sites of Shang and Zhou Dynasties and even earlier are under the wall.
Present situation of Nuwa City
The ancient cultural site of Nuwa city was listed as a provincial key cultural relic protection unit in 1986. In 1994, a new Nuwa city was built near the Nuwa ancient mausoleum. Nuwa city covers an area of more than 60 mu. There are archery gate, Nuwa mausoleum, Butian hall, WA palace, Fuxi hall, Sanhuang hall, Sanqing hall and corridor rooms on both sides. There are statues of Nu Wa, Fu Xi and other gods in the halls and corridors, as well as sculptures and murals depicting Nu Wa's achievements in making man and mending heaven. In front of Nuwa's ancient mausoleum, there are many years of smog and incense.
Nuwa city has its own temple fair on the first and fifteenth day of the lunar new year. People from all over the world flock to it, and the number of daily tourists reaches 100000. Xihua is the main activity area and the only capital of Nuwa in ancient times. Therefore, today's Nuwa city has become an influential large-scale Nuwa sacrificial resort in China.
Address: Northwest of sidugang village, Xihua county, Zhoukou City
Chinese PinYin : Nv Wa Cheng
Release Time:2022-01-30 04:58:56
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