Former residence of Liu Xia in Kaifeng
The memorial hall of Liu Qingxia's former residence generally refers to the former residence of Liu Xia in Kaifeng City
The memorial hall of Liu Qingxia's former residence was established on the basis of Liu's Hutong compound in Kaifeng to commemorate Liu Qingxia, a modern educator, social activist and revolutionary of 1911. Now it is a key cultural relic protection unit in China.
A brief introduction to the memorial hall of Liu Qingxia's former residence
Liu Qingxia's former residence is located in Liujia Hutong, beitu street, Shunhe Hui District, Kaifeng City. The Liujia courtyard was built in 1880. Liujiazhaiyuan is a typical closed quadrangle courtyard, which faces south from north. The layout and architectural form of the East and West courtyard are completely the same. Each courtyard is composed of the front, middle and back courtyard, covering an area of more than 900 square meters. The east courtyard and the West courtyard have more than 70 rooms with architectural style in the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China. It is a national cultural relics protection unit. The courtyard is the most complete preserved courtyard in Henan Province with elegant carving, open doors and bright windows. In May 2006, it was designated as a national cultural relics protection unit.
These buildings not only have the typical features of northern courtyard, but also have the architectural characteristics of Henan Folk Houses. As the material carrier of Liu Qingxia's life and struggle, the people of the city know her legendary life; her pursuit of the core values of the bourgeois democratic revolution is of positive significance to contemporary society and education.
Married to Liu family
Liu Qingxia (1877-1922) was born in Anyang, Henan Province. He was born in an official family and his surname was ma. His father Ma Piyao once served as "the teacher of the emperor", taught the Emperor Guangxu, later served as the governor of Guangdong and Guangxi, and his second brother was the Imperial Academy of the late Qing Dynasty. At the age of 18, she married Liu Yaode, the Wei family in Henan Province, so she is known as Liu Qingxia.
In 1906, under the influence of Zhang Zhongduan, the leader of the 1911 Revolution in Henan Province, and pan Zupei, Luo Wenhua, and Liu Hengtai, the students studying in Japan in Weishi County, Liu Qingxia traveled to Japan with her brother Ma Jizhang, met Mr. Lu Xun, and joined the alliance. Henan Branch of the alliance founded Henan magazine in Tokyo. Qingxia donated 20000 yuan as a fund to make the magazine published. Half a year later, she returned home from Japan. In order to wake up the public and focus on women's education, she set up Huaying women's school in Weishi in 1908, which became the precedent of Henan women's school. In addition, she has donated 3000 liang of money to Weishi primary school, Zhongzhou women's school and Zhongzhou public school, and 30000 liang of silver to Beijing Yu school. She has also founded a sericulture school in Weishi, and donated 3000 mu of land to establish an internship mulberry garden. He donated 9000 liang of silver to build a stone bridge over the Jialu River and 110 mu of land to set up an orphanage. For this reason, she was respected by all walks of life in Beijing. She was employed as the president of Beijing Women's law and politics school, the president of Beijing Women's academic affairs Maintenance Association, and the president of Beijing Women's political alliance.
Liu Qingxia followed the revolution and yearned for freedom. She made a huge donation for Dahe publishing house, which was set up in Kaifeng by Henan Branch of the alliance. She wrote in liberty Daily: "freedom is good, but there are few sprouts in midsummer. Yuese River sound fly pen bottom, Luoyang paper expensive huichunhua, open all over the free flower In 1911, Zhang Zhongduan returned from Japan. In order to seek professional cover, Qingxia recommended Zhong Duan to enter the majizhang tent in Hubei Province, so that he could travel between Han, Ningxia and Shanghai in a legal capacity. After the Wuchang Uprising, he donated 1600 liang of silver to support Zhang Zhongduan's uprising. In the first year of the Republic of China, she became the general manager of national donation in Henan Province.
Liu Qingxia's revolutionary deeds are not allowed by the Liu people. She was determined to burn her bridges and bid farewell to the old fortress she knew well. In 1913, Qingxia went to Shanghai to meet Sun Yat Sen and was willing to donate her wealth to the country. At that time, sun served as the general office of the national railway. Xingwen went to Henan to go through the donation procedures, which was just the time when the north and the South split and did not compete. In 1921, when Feng Yuxiang was the governor of Henan Province, her people sued Qingxia again. She resolutely handed over all her property to the public and used it for Henan Education. In 1922, Qingxia returned to her mother's home alone and soon died in Jiangyang village.
Address: beitu Street section, Jiefang Road, Jinming District, Kaifeng City
Ticket information: free.
Chinese PinYin : Liu Qing Xia Gu Ju Ji Nian Guan
Memorial Hall of Liu Qingxia's former residence
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