Former residence of Jiang Jingguo
In March 1939, Mr. Jiang Jingguo came to southern Jiangxi Province as the inspector and security commander of the fourth administrative region of Jiangxi Province. He left Gannan in February 1945 and resigned in July, which lasted for six years. In Gannan, he mainly had three residences, one was huayuantang No.1 official residence, the other was hugang new Chinese children's village, and the other was Tongtianyan summer resort. The former residence is a Russian style brick and wood structure building built under the leadership of Jiang Jingguo in 1940. It covers an area of more than 170 square meters and has a "convex" shape with fish scale board wall and tile roof. The building is well preserved and is a cultural relic protection unit in Ganzhou City.
Introduction to old residence
The former residence is a Russian style brick and wood structure building built under the leadership of Jiang Jingguo in 1940. It covers an area of more than 170 square meters, with "convex" plane shape, fish scale board wall and tile roof. From June 1939 to February 1945, Mr. Jiang Jingguo lived here with his wife Jiang Fangliang, his son Jiang Xiaowen and his daughter Jiang Xiaozhang when he was the Commissioner of the fourth administrative region of Jiangxi Province in Ganzhou. Jiang Jingguo had received Zhang Zhizhong, Bai Chongxi, Lei Jieqiong, representatives of the United States, Soviet advisors and other people here. The building is well preserved and is a cultural relic protection unit of Ganzhou City. In the old residence, there is a display of Jiang Jingguo's main deeds in Gannan. The bedroom of Jiang's wife, the bedroom of three nannies and their children. The desk Jiang Jingguo used in that year is displayed in his office. In the courtyard, there is a magnolia tree planted by Jiang Jingguo himself in 1941, which has been preserved to this day. In 1988, it was listed as a cultural relic protection unit of Ganzhou City. Over the years, there has been an endless stream of guests from home and abroad,
Move to Ganzhou
Born on March 18, 1910, Mr. Jiang Jingguo went to study at Sun Yat sen University in Moscow, the Soviet Union in 1925, and joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in the Soviet Union. In 1937, he returned home with his wife Jiang Fangliang and his son. He came to Gannan for several reasons: first, Chiang felt that Chiang had no political capital in the party, so he put Chiang Ching Kuo in Gannan for training, hoping that he would make a contribution and become a pillar; second, when he just returned from the Soviet Union, Chiang Ching Kuo's thought was more progressive and out of step with Chiang Kai Shek; third, Gannan was the location of the Central Soviet Area, where revolutionary activities were relatively active, and Chiang Kai Shek was afraid, which made Chiang Kai Shek feel worried Fourth, the border between Gannan and Guangdong, garrison in Gannan, can curb the Guangdong warlords.
Gannan New Deal
After Jiang Jingguo came to Gannan, he vigorously carried out the so-called "Gannan New Deal". He carried out "three prohibitions": Prohibition of gambling, smoking and prostitution, and proposed to achieve "five haves": everyone has work, food, clothing, housing and reading. At the same time, in terms of production, efforts were made to reclaim wasteland, build water conservancy projects, plant trees, mine mining, stabilize prices, develop transportation, and set up schools. It can be said that the six years in Gannan were the period when Mr. Jiang Jingguo got comprehensive training, and also the period when he showed his most talent in the mainland. Because while suppressing the revolutionary movement of the Communist Party, he also did some good and practical things beneficial to the people. Therefore, Gannan people can objectively evaluate his activities in Gannan, and some of his former sites have been well preserved.
There are three important sites preserved today: huayuantang No.1 official residence, hugang new Chinese children's village, Tongtianyan summer resort, chizhuling "three people's principles Youth League cadre training class" former site, Meilin "Jiangxi province directly under the local administrative cadre training group" former site, and lakeside "Jiangxi Province second nursery".
After Jiang Jingguo arrived in southern Jiangxi in 1939, he established an official residence here. From 1940 to 1945, he and his wife Jiang Fangliang lived here. Also here are Bai Chongxi and Jiang Weiguo, the younger brother of Jiang Jingguo. The official residence has a beautiful environment. This is a small villa built according to the characteristics of Western architecture. The Magnolia in the courtyard was planted by Mr. Jiang Jingguo in 1941. In the old house, there is a wooden plaque of "meritorious culture and education", which Mr. Jiang Jingguo presented to Mr. Ouyang Zhen of Anyuan County, Jiangxi Province. Ouyang Zhen donated 10000 yuan to build Anyuan middle school. Jiang Jingguo thought he was generous and admirable, so he wrote the plaque and presented it to him. "New Gannan family precepts" was written by Mr. Jiang Jingguo in Ganzhou according to the rhyme and rhyme of "Zhuzi family precepts", which requires that all men, women, old and young can read and recite. Many old people in Ganzhou still recite this song "new Gannan family precepts". In Mr. Jiang Jingguo's bedroom, this desk is the original one he used and donated by his driver in 1997. In his children's bedroom, the main display is the literature and history materials related to Mr. Jiang Jingguo, as well as some photos and objects.
In 2007, the Department of cultural relics of Ganzhou City organized a construction team to carry out a comprehensive repair of Jiang Jingguo's old house. According to the principle of "repair the old as the old" and restore the original historical appearance, the indoor cement floor was restored to the original wooden floor, the external walls were painted, the doors and windows were painted, and the whole building was thoroughly treated with anti-seepage and moisture-proof.
Address: No.8 Beishan street, Xihu District, Hangzhou
Ticket information: free.
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