Chengdu people's Park
People's Park (Chengdu people's Park) generally refers to Chengdu people's Park
Chengdu people's Park is located in Shaocheng Road, ancestral hall street, Chengdu City, covering an area of 112639 square meters. It is a comprehensive garden integrating cultural relics and entertainment. The park was built in 1911, with Jinshui River, goldfish Island, bonsai garden and other famous tourist attractions. Chengdu people's Park is a comprehensive park integrating garden, culture, cultural relic protection, patriotism education, leisure and entertainment. The park has a national key cultural relics protection unit and four municipal cultural relics protection units. Chengdu park is a national "AAAA" tourist attraction.
Chengdu people's Park, formerly known as Shaocheng Park, was built in 1911. The origin of Shaocheng park is directly related to the naming of Old Chengdu City, Chengdu City
Based on the original division of big city and small city, as early as 311 BC when King Hui of Qin Dynasty, Chengdu had big city and small city.
The Republic of China
In 1913, Yin Zhongxi planned the expansion. In order to commemorate the victims of the road protection movement launched by Sichuan patriots on the eve of the 1911 Revolution, Zhang Lan and Yan Kai jointly proposed to build a monument.
From the second year of the Republic of China to the third year of the Republic of China, in order to commemorate the martyrs who died in the road protection movement, Sichuan Han Railway Corporation built a "memorial to the death of protecting roads in the autumn of 1911" (now a national key cultural relic protection unit).
In the third year of the Republic of China, the park was expanded, the Yongji warehouse in the south of the park was demolished, and a canal was dug from Tongshun bridge to lead Jinshui River into the park, which flows eastward around Heming tea house and hehuating (now the island in the middle of the lake) to the banbian bridge. In the 13th year of the Republic of China, Yang Sen took charge of Sichuan Administration and invited Lu Zuofu, a famous industrialist, to Chengdu as director of education department.
From the May 4th movement to the Anti Japanese War, Shaocheng Park was the first choice for speech, performance, gathering and fund-raising of various progressive groups in Chengdu.
In the 27th year of the Republic of China, a commemorative bronze statue of Wang Mingzhang, the Anti Japanese general who died for the country, was built in the east of the park (Huzhong Island) (demolished in 1952).
On September 27, 1928 and July 27, 1929, Shaocheng Park was bombed by Japanese planes. The gold and stone exhibition hall, stadium, zoo, Monument and other places in the park were damaged, killing and injuring thousands of people.
In the 35th year of the Republic of China, Shaocheng Park and Chengdu municipal library were changed into "Zhongzheng Park" and "Zhongzheng library", which provided funds for maintenance and slightly changed the old concept. In 1949, Hu zongnan stationed troops in the park, cutting down trees, demolishing doors and windows, burning books, so that the park suffered another catastrophe.
The People's Republic of China
Chengdu was liberated on December 10, 1949. Shaocheng Park was reborn and renamed "people's Park" the next year. During the ten years from 1950 to 1959, the party and government attached great importance to the construction and development of the park. In the spring of 1951, marshal he long, who was then vice chairman of the political commissar of the southwest army and later director of the National Sports Commission, visited the park and gave important instructions on the construction of the park.
In the summer and autumn of 1952, the municipal government leaders Mi Jianshu and Li Jieren personally reviewed the park planning, and then allocated funds for renovation three times.
In 1965, the first phase of the civil air defense project changed the Jinhe channel into a civil air defense channel, filling the river channel from north to south.
In 1982, the west main road was expanded, and the riverway on the side of the park was changed into a street. So far, the park area has been reduced to 145 mu.
From 2001 to 2003, the park took the lead in demolishing houses in ancestral hall street, Shaocheng Road, Xiaonan street and Junping street in the whole city, and built empty iron flower walls (transparent green). The scenery of the park was directly presented to the public. Xiaonan Street Primary School was included in the park, with an area of 155 mu.
Chengdu people's Park is located at No.12 Shaocheng Road, ancestral hall street, Chengdu City, covering an area of 112639 square meters. It is the largest open landscape Historical Park in the downtown area.
Chengdu people's Park has a subtropical monsoon climate with an annual average temperature of 18 ℃ and annual precipitation of more than 1000 mm.
As of 2012, there are many famous and ancient trees in the park, such as Ginkgo biloba, Machilus nigra, celadon, etc., and more than 70 other trees.
Scenic spot landscape
Jinshui River is located at the foot of the west mountain of the people's Park. It passes through the main gate to the inner side of the east gate. It is 355 meters long and 6 meters wide. It is transformed from the original Jinhe River. It was started in 1999 and completed in August 2000. The bottom of the river is paved with smooth pebbles, and the side of the stream is paved with boulders of different sizes. The main section is pebble gentle slope water inflow, and pebble revetment. Along the coast, peach, willow, Pueraria, crabapple, Chimonanthus praecox, Ligustrum lucidum, Ligustrum lucidum, Berberis rubra and other plants were planted.
Jinshui River is about 500 meters through the park, with two bridges. In 1919, at the present main gate (the side gate at that time), on the South Bank of the left side, a canal was dug to lead the Jinhe River into the garden, around the Heming tea house, through the lotus Pavilion (cash fish pond), and into the eastern half of the bridge. In 1924, the Jinhe River was diverted from xiaonanjiekou, passing through children's paradise, lotus pond, zoo and East rockery, and then turned north to join banbianqiao.
Xinhai revolution road protection movement square
Xinhai square is located in Xinhai Baolu Memorial square in the center of people's Park, with an area of 3000 square meters, a building area of 110 square meters and a stage area of 130 square meters. The former metropolises (Chengdu) Entertainment Co., Ltd. of Hong Kong Jinsheng company demolished the open-air dance hall in 1993 and built UA metropolises Entertainment Plaza. Due to the disharmony with the surrounding environment, the new Xinhai square was built in 2004 to commemorate the Xinhai Sichuan Road protection movement. The whole project started in February 2004 and was completed and opened on May 1, 2004. Combining with the needs of the park environment, the Xinhai square has produced the ground relief and the stele relief reflecting the "history of Sichuan Xinhai road protection revolution".
Jinyu Island, Yongju tea house
Jinyu island is located between Heming tea house and artificial rockery waterfall in the eastern district. It is in the artificial lake and connected with Heming tea house by arch bridge. In 2004, the park developed and utilized the golden fish island, and restored the "Yongju" historical old tea house. Combining the characteristics of tea tasting in the old tea house and fish watching in the golden fish island, the park has become a cultural place for citizens to enjoy the cool, entertainment, fish watching, fishing, sightseeing and tea tasting, and reappears the landscape of the golden fish island. There are more than 10 kinds of ornamental goldfish and hundreds of precious goldfish on the island.
The early history of Yongju tea house was close to the famous qiaohuayuan restaurant (near the present "Ziwei Pavilion"). Semi colonial and semi feudal society can be said to be semi open and semi closed in terms of social atmosphere. also
Xindongdamen rockery Plaza
In 2002, after the municipal government planned to transform the old city of Chengdu, in 2004, nearly 5000 square meters of old city houses near the east gate of the former people's Park, Chengdu Library and banbianqiao street, were removed and returned to the people's Park for management as green land. The green area of the park expanded again.
The newly built Shanshui waterfall square and east gate are located in the inner side of the east area of people's Park in ancestral hall street, adjacent to banbianqiao street, with an area of 10600 square meters, including 9000 square meters of greening and 1600 square meters of square. The whole reconstruction project was started in March 2004 and completed in December 2004. The waterfall is 43 meters wide and 12 meters high, with about 3000 tons of stone. It is a large artificial rockery stone landscape.
After the founding of new China, chairman Zhu De presented 5 varieties and 10 pots of orchids to the park in 1963. So far, there are 18 varieties of orchids in the park, more than 1200 pots. From 1965 to 1974, 14 rare varieties were purchased year by year in the province, which were managed by Chen songru, a florist.
In 1986, Jianlan garden is located on the left side of the office, covering an area of 880 square meters. The front of the garden is covered with gray tiles and the wall is inlaid with flower windows with orchid and bamboo patterns. After entering the circular arch, it is a concrete square Pavilion in the shape of a tree. The pool under the pavilion is surrounded by orchid racks. There are 28 varieties of orchids, such as Clivia and Chlorophytum, and more than 900 pots of orchids. This orchid garden is the largest orchid garden in the urban park of Chengdu Landscape garden.
The bonsai garden of the people's Park is located in Shaocheng garden in the south of the central part of the park, covering an area of 2600 square meters. It is equipped with a rest corridor and a lotus pool. The Bank of the pool is piled up with rockery, with Ophiopogon japonicus and Rhododendron. The pool contains aquatic plants such as water lily, lotus, Calla Lily, umbrella grass and calamus. The park has lush trees, green bamboos, green shade and quiet environment. There are more than 200 bonsai on display throughout the year, including more than 20 landscape bonsai and more than 180 stump bonsai, mainly including ancient trees and stumps such as elm, Ginkgo biloba, Podocarpus arvensis, bigwig, golden marble and Begonia pedunculata.
The luohansong ancient pile bonsai in the park has won the special prize of China bonsai competition exhibition and is the treasure of Chengdu people's garden.
East rockery was built in 1918. At that time, the soil from the canal was piled up, and a grass Pavilion and a wooden bridge were built, and then they were constantly decorated. In 1965, the first phase of civil air defense project,
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