Today's Chongming County began in the Wanli period of the Ming Dynasty (1583). Due to the limited technical level of embankment construction in ancient times, the land in the southern part of the island was constantly collapsed due to tidal erosion. Since 1277 (yuan to yuan), Chongming County has undergone five migrations and six constructions. In the 11th year of Wanli in the Ming Dynasty, the county seat in pingyangsha collapsed. He maoguan, the then magistrate, led the people to Changsha to build the new county seat. The brick city was built in 1586, surrounded by a river and a mud city. There are five gates. The East, South, West, North and southeast are named Leping gate, Yingxun gate, Qingcheng gate, Gongchen gate and Chaoyang Gate respectively. The city wall is built with Ming Dynasty green bricks. In 1675 (the 14th year of Kangxi reign of Qing Dynasty), the gates were built and renamed Chunhui gate, Chongan gate, Zhenhai gate, Wuding gate and Baisheng gate. Since 1954, the city walls have been demolished one after another and changed into roads around the city, namely Nanmen Road, Dongmen Road, Ximen road and Beimen road. Bayi Road runs through the north and south of the city, and Renmin Road runs across the East and west of the city.
Chongming new town is one of the nine new towns determined by Shanghai's urban master plan. After completion, it will become the new political, economic and cultural center of Chongming County. Chongming new town is divided into three districts. At present, the old district of the county town will be regarded as the West District of the new town and become a part of the new County town; the New District in the city is the center of the city; the New District in the east of the city is the reserve area for future development.
Chongming County generally refers to Chongming district
Chongming District, subordinate to Shanghai, is located at the estuary of the Yangtze River. It is composed of Chongming, Changxing and Hengsha islands. It is located at 121 ° 09 ′ 30 ″ - 121 ° 54 ′ 00 ″ E and 31 ° 27 ′ 00 ″ - 31 ° 51 ′ 15 ″ n, with a total area of 1413 square kilometers. Among them, Chongming Island is the largest estuary alluvial island in the world and the third largest island in China after Taiwan Island and Hainan Island.
Chongming district has a subtropical monsoon climate with four distinct seasons, mild and humid climate, abundant sunshine and rainfall, and an average annual temperature of 16.5 ℃,
The average annual rainfall is 1128.9 mm.
As of 2018, Chongming district has jurisdiction over 16 towns and 2 townships, and the district government is stationed in Chengqiao town.
As of 2018, the registered residence population of Chongming was 678 thousand.
During the period of Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms, Yang Wu and Qian's Wu Yue fought in the Yangtze River Estuary. Yao Yanhong, the governor of jinghaidu Town, established Chongming town in Xisha in 937. From the Yuan Dynasty to the 14th year of the Yuan Dynasty (1277), Chongming town was promoted to Yangzhou, which was subordinate to Yangzhou road. In the second year of Hongwu in the Ming Dynasty (1369), Chongming was demoted to a county and still attached to Yangzhou road. On July 22, 2016, Shanghai municipal Party committee and Shanghai municipal government held the work conference of "Chongming County divided into districts" to change Chongming County into Chongming district. There are G40 Shanghai Shaanxi Expressway and S128 Chenhai highway in Chongming, which is the main traffic artery in the south of Chongming.
The main scenic spots in Chongming include Chongming academy, Tang yicen tomb and Dongping National Forest Park. Chongming has won the honorary titles of "longevity town of China", "national ecological demonstration zone", "the first batch of National Agricultural Sustainable Development Experimental Demonstration Zone" and "the second batch of agricultural products advantage zone with Chinese characteristics".
In 2018, the GDP of Chongming district was 33.284 billion, an increase of 6.8% over the previous year,
The added value was 35.11 billion yuan, an increase of 5.5% over the previous year. The per capita disposable income of residents was 36647 yuan, an increase of 9.4% over the previous year. Among them, the per capita disposable income of rural residents was 25474 yuan, an increase of 9.9%.
The second batch of national agricultural product quality and safety counties.
History of construction
During the period of Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms, Yang Wu and Qian's Wu Yue fought in the Yangtze River Estuary. Yao Yanhong, the governor of jinghaidu Town, established Chongming town in Xisha in 937.
At the end of the first year of Shengyuan (937) in the Southern Tang Dynasty, Li Min replaced Yang Wu and became the state name of Daqi. Later, he changed the state name of Tang (historically known as the Southern Tang Dynasty) and the year name to Shengyuan, and continued to govern Chongming town. After Li Jing succeeded to the throne, Chongming town was under the jurisdiction of Jinghai Zhiyuan (now Nantong).
In 958, the army of the Later Zhou Dynasty conquered all the territories in Jiangbei of the Southern Tang Dynasty and abolished the establishment of Chongming Town temporarily.
At the beginning of the Northern Song Dynasty, Chongming town was restored and put under the jurisdiction of Haimen County, Tongzhou.
From the Yuan Dynasty to the 14th year of the Yuan Dynasty (1277), Chongming town was promoted to Yangzhou, which was subordinate to Yangzhou road. Xue Wenhu, the first magistrate of Chongming, established the city at the former site of the Tidu Office of Yao Liusha Tianci salt farm. Chongming town was changed into Xisha inspection department, and the only remaining dao'an village was changed into dao'an township. Yuanzhizheng 12 years (1352), the old city collapsed, a city moved to the original site 15 miles north.
In the second year of Hongwu in the Ming Dynasty (1369), Chongming was demoted to a county and still attached to Yangzhou road. Hongwu eight years (1375), change Li Suzhou.
In 1724, Chongming County was subordinate to Taicang Prefecture. In the third year of Xuantong (1911), the governor of Shanghai army sent the people's army to drive away Chongming town and Taiwan, and established the Chongming County Government of the Republic of China, which was under the jurisdiction of Jiangsu Province.
In 1914, Chongming County was under the jurisdiction of Hokkaido.
In 1927, Chongming County was transferred to Jiangsu Province.
In 1928, 10 townships of Waisha in Chongming County were designated as Qidong County in Jiangsu Province.
In 1933, Chongming County belonged to the seventh district of Jiangsu Province.
In 1934, it belonged to the Fourth District of Jiangsu Province (Nantong).
In 1939, Chongming special district office was subordinate to Shanghai special city (Wang puppet regime).
After the victory of the Anti Japanese war in 1945, Chongming County was once again under the jurisdiction of Jiangsu Province.
In 1946, it was subordinate to Songjiang District of Jiangsu Province.
In 1949, it was subordinate to Nantong Commissioner's office of Jiangsu Province.
On June 2, 1949, Chongming County was liberated and subordinated to Nantong District of Jiangsu Province.
On December 1, 1958, Chongming County was transferred to Shanghai.
On May 18, 2005, the administrative regions of Changxing and Hengsha, which originally belonged to Baoshan District of Shanghai, were established and incorporated into Chongming County. On November 18, 2009, Changxing withdrew the township and built a town.
On July 22, 2016, Shanghai municipal Party committee and Shanghai municipal government held the work conference of "Chongming County divided into districts" to change Chongming County into Chongming district.
In May 2020, it was selected as the top 100 County online retail in 2019, ranking 36th.
By 2018, Chongming district has jurisdiction over 16 towns and 2 townships (78 residential communities and 269 administrative villages): Chengqiao Town, Bao Town, Xinhe Town, Miao Town, Lixin Town, Xianghua Town, Sanxing Town, Gangyan Town, Zhongxing Town, Chenjia Town, LvHua Town, Gangxi Town, Jianshe Town, Xinhai town, Dongping Town, Changxing Town, Xincun town and Hengsha town,
The district government is stationed at 68 Renmin Road, Chengqiao town.
Chongming District, with a total land area of 1413 square kilometers, is mainly composed of Chongming, Changxing and Hengsha islands, as well as shoals and sandbanks around them. The shoals are rich in resources. It is adjacent to the Yangtze River in the west, the East China Sea in the East, Pudong New Area, Baoshan District, Jiading District of Shanghai and Taicang City of Jiangsu Province in the south, Haimen City and Qidong City of Jiangsu Province in the north.
Chongming Island in Chongming district is located at the middle point of China's coastline. Its geographical position is 121 ° 09'30 ″ e to 121 ° 54'00 ″ N and 31 ° 27'00 ″ n to 31 ° 51'15 ″. It is located at the estuary of the Yangtze River, the largest river in China. The island covers an area of 1269.1 square kilometers, 80 kilometers long from east to west and 13-18 kilometers wide from north to south. The island is surrounded by rivers on three sides and faces the sea on one side. It is known as the "gateway of the Yangtze River" and "Yingzhou in the East China Sea". Changxing Island in Chongming district is located in the South Branch waterway of Wusongkou, with a total area of 89.5 square kilometers. It is adjacent to Hengsha Island in the East and Chongming Island in the north. It is 26.8 km long from east to west and 214 km wide from north to south. Hengsha Island in Chongming district is located at the east end of the South Branch of the Yangtze River Estuary, with a total area of 54.4 square kilometers. It faces the river on three sides and the sea on one side. Changxing Island in the west, Chongming Island in the north and Pudong New Area across the river in the south. The island is conch shaped, about 12 km long from north to South and 8 km wide from east to west.
Chongming Island in Chongming district is flat without hills. It is slightly higher in the northwest and middle, and slightly lower in the southwest and East. More than 90% of the land elevation (with Wusong elevation 0 m as reference) is between 3.21 m and 4.20 M.
Changxing Island in Chongming district is located in Jiangnan waterway outside Wusongkou. The island is banded, 26.8km long from east to west and 214km wide from south to north. In the south, there is a deep water coastline of nearly 20 kilometers, with the general water depth of - 12 meters to - 16 meters and the deepest depth of - 22 meters. It can dock 300000 DWT ships.
Hengsha Island in Chongming district is an island at the easternmost end of the Yangtze River Estuary, facing the river on three sides and the sea on one side. The island is conch shaped, about 12 kilometers long from north to South and 8 kilometers wide from east to west. The average altitude is 2.8 meters. The surrounding coastline is more than 30 kilometers, of which the south end has about 2 kilometers of deep water coastline, with a water depth of about - 12 meters.
Chongming district soil has
Chinese PinYin : Chong Ming Xian
Motan Village. Mo Tan Cun
Lin'an town. Lin An Zhen
Man Mo Temple . Da Pu Wen Wu Er Di Miao
Rongbu Temple. Rong Bu Si
Palace Museum. Gu Gong Zhen Bao Guan
Sandun scenic spot in Dahan. Da Han San Dun Jing Qu
Shanghai University of Finance and Economics. Shang Hai Cai Jing Da Xue
No.1 stele Garden. Zhuang Yuan Bei Yuan
Xinguang Village. Xin Guang Cun
Tongzhu terrace. Tong Zhu Ti Tian
Sheng Shou Temple. Sheng Shou Si
Chinese cabbage Culture Park. Xiao Bai Cai Wen Hua Yuan