In the 1950s, the United States launched the Korean War internationally, and set off a hysterical anti Communist wave in China, persecuting American progressive people, and persecuting Chinese scientists and international students. The most famous one is Qian Xuesen, which is the "Qian Xuesen event" which was the American boom.
Qian Xuesen was allowed to participate in the research of American defense during World War II, and he was awarded by the United States Department of defense for many times because he was allowed to participate in the research of American defense, and made great achievements in aviation engineering and jet technology, namely rocket missile, and was awarded by the United States Department of defense for many times, and general Arnold, commander of the aviation force and general Arnold of five stars, Qian said Qian made "immeasurable" contributions in the field of rocket and jet propulsion in the United States.
By 1950, however, with McCarthyism rampant, Qian Xuesen became the subject of the FBI review, and his secret license was revoked. Qian Xuesen realized that the situation was severe, and immediately proposed to the California Institute of technology to resign and prepare to return to China.
For a famous scientist like Qian Xuesen, the American authorities will never let him go back to new China. So various "charges" followed - later, he said "illegal entry", violating immigration law; Later, he was said to be "a member of the Communist Party of the United States" and "spy of the Communist Party of the Communist Party of the United States", and had an attempt to subvert the American government. The immigration bureau is to expel him; The defense department again opposed him leaving the United States to return to China. "I would rather shoot him than return to the Communist Party of China. He is so valuable that he can be worth three or five divisions anywhere," said U.S. Navy Deputy Minister Kim bell
Thus, Qian Xuesen was persecuted and tortured by imprisonment, interrogation, house arrest, surveillance and so on. But it did not shake his determination and will to return to his motherland firmly.
On October 19, 1950, the Chinese people's volunteer army sent troops to North Korea. Less than a month after the volunteer army went to Korea, on November 15, the Immigration Bureau of the United States Department of justice began to interrogate Qian Xuesen in the name of a hearing.
The first hearing was held in room 103 of the Los Angeles Immigration Bureau, attended by the hearing officer (i.e. judge), interrogator (i.e. prosecutor), clerk, Qian Xuesen's lawyer, journalist and listener.
It should be noted that Judge Roy Waddel is extremely unfair and rejects the lawyer's protest; Albert del Guercio, prosecutor, is an anti Communist veteran and extremely vicious and tricky.
At the beginning of the trial, prosecutor gulqiu asked Qian Xuesen to stand up and swear to ensure that the testimony given in the trial was true. After asking routine questions according to the legal procedures, Gulch's eyes suddenly became aggressive. He suddenly asked Qian Xuesen, "aren't you going to Taiwan under the Kuomintang rule?"
Qian Xuesen: "I have no plan."
Gulch: "who are you loyal to?"
Qian Xuesen: "I am loyal to the Chinese people."
During the first trial, U.S. prosecutors kept setting traps to lure Qian to stand between the Communist Party led New China and Kuomintang ruled Taiwan. But Qian Xuesen has learned through various channels that the Communist Party of China serves the people wholeheartedly, especially his old friend luopeilin, who has been transferred from Yan'an to study in California Institute of technology, and tells Qian Xuesen many of his experiences and experiences in Yan'an. Qian Xuesen believes that the purpose of the Communist Party is in full agreement with the interests of the people.
From 1950 to 1951, our volunteer army fought hard on the Korean front line, with frequent reports. During this period, Qian was interrogated four times in the United States, and for Qian himself, he fought four times. He wanted to defeat the gurqiu, who represented the American government.
During the whole trial, Qian faced a strong American government, but he was not afraid of extreme pressure, and answered the questions with a strong, tight and impeccable answer. But the unreasonable American government still found Qian Xuesen guilty.
On April 26, 1951, the Immigration Bureau of the United States Department of Justice issued a judgment saying Qian Xuesen "was once a member of the United States Communist Party and was expelled from the country. At the same time, he was delayed in execution because of his possession of confidential information of the United States, and was not allowed to leave the country, and could only be active within a certain range.".
Since then, Qian began his life of being monitored, monitored and tracked, often disturbed by various reasons, and must report to the Immigration Bureau on time every month. However, Qian Xuesen did not sink in this regard, he believed that he would return to the motherland one day, so he quickly turned his research direction to theoretical work without confidentiality, namely engineering cybernetics and physical mechanics, and made pioneering contributions.
In September 1955, the Qian Xuesen family, who had been struggling for five years, finally returned to their motherland under the rescue of the Chinese government. It's a victory for justice!
After Qian Xuesen returned home, he made outstanding contributions to the missile and space industry in China, and even the whole science and technology. On the eve of his 80th birthday in 1991, the party and the state held a grand ceremony in the Great Hall of the people to honor him with the honorary title of "national outstanding contribution scientist" and the first class model medal, and praised him as "an outstanding model of patriotic intellectuals". Qian Xuesen finally realized his initial devotion to his motherland and people what he learned in the United States.
After the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and the United States, many American academic organizations invited Qian Xuesen to visit the United States again, but he declined it. In 1985, U.S. President science adviser kivos visited China and talked about Qian Xuesen during talks with Song Jian, director of the national science and Technology Commission. Kivos said he had consulted the files on the Qian Xuesen incident before his visit. He now believes that it is unreasonable for the United States government to harm Qian Xuesen. Professor Qian made such a great contribution to the defense science of the United States. The United States government owed him debts. In order to make up for it, Qian Xuesen could be awarded the "National Science Medal of the United States". This is the highest honor in the United States, usually by the president in the White House. If Mr. Qian does not want to visit the United States, he can be awarded the medal by the president of the American Academy of Sciences in China. This is the first time that senior officials in the United States have made a mistake on Qian Xuesen.
Qian Xuesen said after being informed that this is American skilful. Our Chinese have national dignity. If the United States does not apologize to me publicly, we will never step on the United States Land in this life and the world. I don't expect any American medal. If, after my death, the Chinese people say I have done something for the people for the country, that is the highest reward!
Patriotism is the core of the Chinese nation spirit. We firmly believe that today's Chinese will not be afraid of extreme pressure. History will once again prove that justice and justice will never be absent.
Qian Xuesen was once detained by the US side and lost his language ability. How difficult is the road back to China? Details of that year
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