Hundred Liang gold
(Ben Cao Tu Jing)
[synonyms] eight clawed dragon, eight clawed Golden Dragon (Cao Mu Bian Fang), open throat sword, hidden pearl under leaves, zhuangyuanhong (Tianbao materia medica), Shandougen, tieyusan, Zhenzhu Liangsan (Fujian herbal medicine), yehouzao, Zhenzhu umbrella (Jiangxi herbal medicine manual).
[source] it is the root and rhizome of bailianjin, a plant of ardiaceae.
[plant morphology] bailiangjin
Evergreen shrubs, up to 1 m high. Stem usually simple or finely branched near stem tip. Leaves alternate, lanceolate or broadly lanceolate, 9-20 cm long and 1.5-5 cm wide, apex acuminate, margin nearly entire, or microwave serrated, base broadly cuneate, dark green above and light green below, veins protruding below, dark brown glandular spots near the margin at the top of reticulum; petiole 8-15 mm long. The flowers are arranged into corymbs, the total petiole is about 6 cm long, the petiole is slender, 1-2 cm long, densely covered with short glandular hairs; the calyx is 5-lobed, and the lobes are lanceolate to oblong; the Corolla is purplish red, campanulate, 5-lobed, and the lobes are ovate to ovate lanceolate; the stamen is 5-lobed at the base of the corolla, the filament is short, and the anther is arrow shaped; the pistil is 1-shaped, the ovary is spherical, and the style is thin, Apex pointed. Drupe globose, 5-7 mm in diameter, red when ripe. 1 seed. The flowering period is from July to September. The fruiting period is November.
Born on hillsides, forests or rocks. It is distributed in Sichuan, Guizhou, Hunan, Hubei, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong and Guangxi.
The leaves of this plant (Bailiang gold leaf) are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
In addition, the roots and rhizomes of the same plant are also used in a few areas. See "dwarf cinnabar root".
[collection] it can be harvested all year round, especially in autumn and winter. After harvest, it can be washed and used fresh or dried in the sun.
[chemical constituents] the root contains alkaloid, Bergenin and tauric acid.
Bitter, pungent and cool.
① "Ben Cao Tu Jing": "bitter, flat, non-toxic. "
② Classified herbal medicine nature: "taste astringent. "
③ Fujian Chinese herbal medicine: "slightly sweet and pungent, cool. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat, eliminating phlegm and promoting diuresis. Treatment of sore throat, lung cough, expectoration, damp heat jaundice, nephritis, edema, dysentery, turbidity, rheumatism, bone pain, toothache, testicular swelling and pain.
① "Ben Cao Tu Jing": "for the treatment of stagnant heat and sore throat, it contains an inch of pharyngeal fluid. It's used for drying in the sun to cure wind and saliva. "
② "Classification of herbal medicine": treating rheumatism, muscle and bone pain. "
③ Tianbao materia medica: "it can cure sore throat and swollen teeth. "
④ Fujian Chinese herbal medicine: "clearing away heat and dampness. Treatment of damp heat, jaundice, dysentery, turbidity, testicular swelling, falling pain, alopecia, scabies. "
⑤ Jiangxi Chinese herbal medicine: "detumescence, expectorant. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 0.5-1 Liang (fresh 1-2 Liang). External use: gargle with decocted water or apply at the end of research.
[prescription selection] ① for the treatment of laryngeal moth (tonsillitis): one or two pieces of fresh hundred taels of golden root, fried in water; or one or two pieces of fresh hundred taels of golden root, fried in water with a little vinegar, gargling or swallowing frequently. Dry two hundred taels of gold root or leaf, put it on a new tile, bake it as the end, blow the throat, several times a day. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
② Treatment of throat ulceration: Bailiang Jingen Sanqian, fried in water, mixed with pig liver soup. (Jiangxi herbal medicine manual)
③ Treatment of lung disease, cough, phlegm is not smooth: hundred taels of gold root five money, stewed pig lung service. (Jiangxi Chinese herbal medicine)
④ Treatment of dampness, heat, jaundice, turbid: fresh 100 Liang Jin 1 to 22 Liang, decoction. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
⑤ Cure dysentery: fresh 100 Liang golden root 2 liang, decoct in water. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
⑥ Treatment of stomachache: a hundred taels of gold, three coins, grind the end, boiled water, two to three times a day.
⑦ Treatment of nephritis edema: fresh 100 Liang Golden Root one or two, a chicken (head, feet, wings, viscera), water stew, eat chicken soup.
⑧ Treatment of old low back pain: Bailiang Jingen Sanqian, xuejiancao Wuqian, fried in water, mixed with liqueur.
⑨ Treatment of toothache: bailiangjingen Wuqian, fried in water, containing pharynx frequently. (6) herbal medicine manual of Jiangxi Province
⑩ Treatment of testicular swelling and pain: one to two hundred taels of golden root, fourteen litchi seeds, decocted with wine. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
(11) treatment of alopecia and scabies: dry 100 liang of golden root skin as the end, mix tea oil to wipe the affected area; or add water to fry, wash the affected area. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
Chinese PinYin : Bai Liang Jin
Hundred Liang gold
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