(collection of compendium)
[synonyms] field mouse, pollen head (Lingnan medicine collection record), water powder head (Tianbao materia medica revised and supplemented), powder head and rouge head (Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine records).
[source] it is the tuberous root of Mirabilis jalapa.
[plant morphology] mirabilis jalapa (caohuapu), also known as rouge flower (caohuapu), meituan flower (Shengjing Tongzhi), Jasminum indicum, fendouhua (a textual research on the name and reality of plants), clove, Fener, Weishi flower, Rouzhi Shuifen, shuifenzi flower and Catharanthus roseus.
Annual herbs, up to 1 m high. The root is spindle shaped, fleshy, brownish black on the surface and white on the inside. Stem erect, branched, with swollen nodes. Leaves opposite, ovate, 4-10 cm long, 3 cm wide, apex acute, base truncate or cordate, entire, pinnate reticulate veins; petiole long. One or several flowers are born on the branch tip, the involucre is 5-lobed, calyx like; the calyx is coronoid, the calyx tube is slender, 4-5 cm long, the upper part is enlarged into trumpet shape, 5-lobed, white or purplish red; the petals are absent; the stamens are 5-6, the filaments are slender, equal to or slightly longer than the perianth; the pistil is 1, the ovary is superior, 1-locular, the style is linear, and the stigma is capitate. Fruit narrowly ovate, ca. 8 mm long, black. The seeds are erect and contain abundant white powdery endosperm. The flowering period is from July to September.
It is cultivated in most parts of the country.
The leaves (mirabilis jalapa L.) and endosperm (mirabilis jalapa L.) of this plant are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] root tubers were dug in autumn and winter, washed and dried in the sun.
[chemical composition] the root contains amino acids, organic acids and a large amount of starch. The flower contains many kinds of yellow pigment such as beet flavin.
[pharmacological action] the root contains resin, which is irritant to skin and mucous membrane. Flowers in the evening spit out a strong aroma, can be anesthetized and repellent mosquitoes.
The water extract of Mirabilis multiflora has antitumor effect in preliminary animal screening test.
[taste] sweet and bitter, flat.
① In the compendium of compendium, it is said that "the taste is slightly sweet. "
② Tianbao materia medica: "bitter, sweet. "
③ "Nanning medicine annals": "Gan, Ping. "
④ Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "it is slightly cold in nature, sweet in taste and non-toxic. "
[function indications] diuresis, diarrhea, blood circulation and stasis. It is used to treat drenching, leucorrhea, lung fatigue, hematemesis, carbuncle, acute arthritis.
① "Removing wind and promoting blood circulation" in the compendium. Treatment of breast carbuncle, white turbidity. "
② "Kunming medicine plant investigation report": "benefit urination, eliminate edema. "
③ "Guizhou folk medicine collection": "for women with red collapse, leucorrhea, rash, injury and bone grafting. "
④ "Nanning medicine annals": "antipyretic, slow down, break blood stasis, regulate menstruation. It is used to treat lung fatigue and hemoptysis. "
⑤ Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "it is used to treat the patients with physical injury, thin body, dizziness, Wulin and women's belt collapse. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 3-5 yuan (fresh 0.5-1 Liang). External use: tamping.
[prescription selection] ① treatment of drenching and leucorrhea: one to two pairs of Mirabilis Alba roots (peeled, washed and sliced), three to five pieces of Poria cocos. Fried in water, before meals, twice a day. (Fujian folk herbal medicine)
② Cure leucorrhea: white Rouge flower root one or two, white Hibiscus five money, white peony five money. Stewed meat. (Guiyang folk herbs)
③ Cure red collapse: red rouge flower root two liang, red cockscomb flower root one or two, dizziness medicine one or two, rabbit ear wind five money. Stewed pig feet. (Guiyang folk herbs)
④ Treatment of acute arthritis: fresh purple jasmine root three Liang. Fried in water, hot body with bean curd, cold body with pig feet. (Handbook of Chinese herbal medicine, Jinjiang, Fujian)
⑤ Treatment of carbuncle and back sore: a fresh root of Mirabilis jalapa. Peel and wash, add a little brown sugar, mash, apply to the affected area, change twice a day. (Fujian folk herbal medicine)
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