(notes to the classic of Materia Medica)
[synonyms] purple sandalwood (another record), red sandalwood, shengchenxiang (compendium), red sandalwood (herbal preparation).
[source] it is the heartwood of Pterocarpus tinctorius.
[plant morphology] red sandalwood, also known as palm wood, flower palm wood, rose wood, feather leaf sandalwood, green dragon wood, yellow cypress.
Arbor, 15-25m high, 40cm in diameter. Leaflets 7-9, oblong, 6.5-11 cm long, 4-5 cm wide, apex acuminate, base rounded, glabrous; stipules caducous. Panicle axillary or terminal, pedicel and rachis yellow pubescent; bracteoles caducous; calyx campanulate, slightly curved, calyx teeth 5, broadly triangular, yellow pubescent; corolla yellow, petal margin folded, clawed; stamen monomer; ovary short petiole, densely yellow pubescent. Pods round, oblique, flat, with broad wings, wings up to 2 cm wide. Seeds 1-2. It can be cultivated in sparse forest on sloping land. It is distributed in Guangdong, Yunnan and other places.
[collection] collected in summer and autumn.
The bark and sapwood have been peeled off. Both inside and outside are bright red. After long contact with the air, they are dark or even green. The vessel is large in shape, with holes in the transverse section and lines in the longitudinal section; there are red resin like substances in the shape of oil drops, which are scattered in wood fibers, soft cells and vessels and are easily soluble in alcohol. The texture is dense and heavy. Boiled in water, no red solution. The air is weak and the taste is light.
[chemical constituents] Pterocarpus officinalis contains Pterocarpus officinalis, homopterocarpus officinalis and Pterocarpus Angora. Pterocarpus santalinus L.f. heartwood contains Pterocarpus santalinus L.f., Pterocarpus santalinus L.f., Pterocarpus santalinus L.f., Pterocarpus santalinus L.f., Pterocarpus santalinus L.f., Pterocarpus santalinus L.f., Pterocarpus santalinus L.
[pharmacological action] the aqueous extract of Pterocarpus santalinus L.f. has inhibitory effect on Ehrlich ascites cancer in mice, which can reduce ascites formation, prolong survival time and reduce mortality.
[flavor] salty, flat.
① Bielu: "it tastes salty and slightly Han. "
② Rihuazi materia medica: "non toxic. "
③ "Ben Cao Feng Yuan": "salty, flat, non-toxic. "
[Guijing] Bencao Jingshu: "entering foot Jueyin meridian. "
[function indications] detumescence, hemostasis, pain. Treatment of swelling and poison, golden sore bleeding.
① Bielu: "the main evil, wind poison. "
② Tao Hongjing: "Mo Yi spreads wind and toxin to all swelling; he also controls Jin Chuang to stop bleeding; he also cures gonorrhea. "
③ "Rihuazi Materia Medica": "vinegar rub all paw swelling. "
[usage and dosage] external use: grind the powder or grind the juice. Oral: fried soup.
[taboo] Ben Cao Cong Xin: "after the carbuncle is swollen and ulcerated, many sores and pus and excessive fire due to yin deficiency are not suitable for use. "
[selection] 1. To treat golden sores, to relieve pain, to stop bleeding and to generate muscle: red sandalwood powder. (behind the elbow)
② Treatment of apoplexy, swelling and acute pain: red sandalwood, grind and apply with vinegar. (behind the elbow)
[discussion by famous experts] 1. In the compendium of Medical Sciences, it is said that "white sandalwood is warm and pungent, and it is also the medicine of Qi division, so it can regulate qi, regulate spleen and lung, and benefit chest and diaphragm. Red sandalwood is salty and cold, and it is also the medicine of blood division. Therefore, it can eliminate swelling and poison with Ying Qi, and cure golden sores. "
② The classic of materia medica: "Purple sandalwood, the main evil wind poison. All poisons will be caused by heat. If the heat is severe, the wind will be generated. If the blood is injured, the poison will be generated. If the salt can enter the blood and the cold can remove the heat, the poison will disappear. Hongjing uses it to apply the golden sores, stop bleeding and relieve pain. It should be very fine powder with fanjiangzhenxiang, and it is good to apply Jinchuang. "
Chinese PinYin : Zi Tan
Release Time:2022-01-27 04:06:17
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