(Ben Cao Tu Jing)
[synonyms] chukui, shuviola, Carex, shuipucai (the book of Materia Medica), red celery, purple celery, qiqiongcao (Xuanyuan's theory on treasure), heartbroken herb, wild peanut (Guizhou herbal medicine), scorpion flower, mugou flower, wheat yellow herb (Shaanxi herbal medicine).
[source] it is the whole grass and root of corydalis.
[plant morphology] Corydalis
Herbs glabrous annual with slender taproots. The stem is 10-30 cm high and often branched from the lower part. Leaves basal and cauline, petiolate; leaf blade triangular in outline, 3-9 cm long, 2-or 3-pinnately divided, 1-lobes 2-3 pairs, 2-or 3-lobes obovate in outline, unequally subpinnately divided, terminal lobes narrowly ovate, apex obtuse. Raceme 3-10 cm long; bracts ovate or narrowly ovate, entire or sparsely denticulate; sepals small; petals purple, upper petals 1.5-1.8 cm long, spur as long as 5 mm, end slightly downward curved. Capsule strip, ca. 3 cm long, ca. 1. 5 mm wide. Seeds black, oblate, densely punctate. The flowering period is from April to May.
It grows under the forest, at the edge of the ditch or at the place with many stones. It is distributed in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, Henan and southern Shaanxi in the north, Shanxi, Gansu and other places.
The flowers of this plant (Corydalis) are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] harvest from April to May.
[pharmacological action] 25% decoction had significant inhibitory effect on Staphylococcus aureus, followed by Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
[taste] bitter, cold and poisonous.
① Guizhou herbal medicine: "bitter, pungent, flat, toxic. "
② "Shaanxi Chinese herbal medicine": "bitter, flat, toxic. "
[function indications] it is used to treat pulmonary tuberculosis, hemoptysis, spermatorrhea, sores and tinea.
① Guizhou herbal medicine: "sedation, hemostasis. Treat tuberculosis and cough up blood. "
② Shaanxi Chinese herbal medicine: "clearing away heat and toxin, relieving itching, astringency, strengthening essence. It is used to treat sore poison, stubborn tinea, alopecia, herpes zoster, snake bite, anal prolapse and spermatorrhea. "
[usage and dosage] oral: decoction, 2-3 yuan. External use: tamping, grinding, mixing or frying.
[selection] 1. To treat pulmonary tuberculosis and hemoptysis: sausaged Rhizoma, fried in water or soaked in wine. (Guizhou herbal medicine)
② Treatment of spermatorrhea: Scorpion spent three to four money, soaked in rice swill and exposed for a night, fried with the original rice swill, mash for drink, even take three to four doses.
③ Cure sore poison: Scorpion flower root is right amount, decoct water to wash affected area.
④ Treatment of baldness sore, snake bite: fresh scorpion flower root, mash external application. (2) Shaanxi Chinese herbal medicine is listed below.)
[clinical application] treatment of suppurative otitis media
Wash and mash the fresh heartbroken grass (whole grass) for juice. After cleaning the pus in the ear, the drug was dripped into the ear 3-4 times a day. 32 cases were observed, 8 cases were cured and 18 cases were markedly effective. Some patients were cured in 1-7 days. If the eustachian tube is unobstructed, it is better to use cotton ball to soak the medicine juice and put a little into the ear.
Chinese PinYin : Zi Jin
Scissor stock. Jian Dao Gu
Jinniu grass. Da Jin Niu Cao
Mole cricket. Lou Gu
Mung bean skin. Lv Dou Pi
Ma Yaqi. Ma Ya Qi
Vitex negundo. Mu Jing Ye
Green medicine. Qing Yao
Scorpio. Quan Xie
Artemisia rupestris. Tu Yi Zhi Hao
Hedgehog brain. Wei Nao
Salt bran leaf. Yan Fu Ye
night willow herb. Ye Lai Xiang