Root of Zanthoxylum bungeanum
(Guizhou folk medicine)
[synonym] sanxuefei, jianxuefei (Guizhou folk medicine), Zanthoxylum bungeanum (Shangrao District Health Bureau of Jiangxi Province, medical communication (1): 351972).
[source] root bark or root of Zanthoxylum bungeanum, a Rutaceae plant. For plant morphology, please refer to "bamboo leaf pepper".
[collection] all year round.
[chemical constituents] the root contains alkaloids, mainly Magnolia alkaloid 0.17%, and zanthoxyline o.0075%, Yinyu alkaloid o.0015%, dictamnine 0.001%, Yajiao alkaloid, etc.
[pharmacological action] see "BAIXIAN" and "Yinyu".
[nature and taste] Guizhou folk medicine: "the taste is pungent and the nature is warm. "
Functions and indications: dispelling wind, dispersing cold, promoting blood circulation and relieving pain. Treat headache, cold, cough, vomiting and diarrhea, rheumatoid arthritis, traumatic injury, toothache.
① Guizhou folk medicine: "expelling wind, relieving pain, killing insects. Treatment of cough, rheumatic pain, ringworm, insect toothache, knife wound bleeding. "
② "Hunan medicine records": "treat headache, cold. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 0.1-1 Liang; or soaking in wine. External use: tamping or grinding powder scattering.
[prescription selection] ① treatment of rheumatic pain: five for the root bark of Zanthoxylum bungeanum and five for Touguxiang, three for heifengteng and dahxueteng, and one kilogram for liquor; three times a day, one or two for each time. (Guizhou herbal medicine)
② Treatment of rheumatic arthritis pain, lumbago: fresh bamboo leaf pepper root two to three Liang. It's fried in water. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
③ Treatment of abdominal pain, cold stagnation abdominal pain: Bamboo pepper root skin, South Schisandra root skin each six money, asarum three money. Grind the powder and take it with warm water for three to five minutes. (Jiangxi herbal medicine manual)
④ Treatment of insect toothache: root skin of a bamboo leaf pepper, grind, put into the insect tooth hole with appropriate amount. (Guizhou herbal medicine) two bamboo leaf pepper root skin seven money to one or two, boiling water frequently gargle. (Jiangxi herbal medicine manual)
5. Treat injuries: 42 of fresh bamboo leaves, half a jin of Baijiu, seven days of soaking. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
⑥ Treatment of tinea: Bamboo pepper root skin, rock Brown each two money, borneol a point, wine four Liang, soak rub the affected area. (Guizhou folk medicine)
⑦ Treatment of wound bleeding: Bamboo pepper root skin, grind fine powder applied to the wound. (Guizhou herbal medicine)
[clinical application] analgesic
The fresh roots (or leaves and fruits) of Zanthoxylum bungeanum bungeanum were distilled into injection, and every 2 ml was equivalent to 2 g of crude drug. Each time intramuscular injection 2 ~ 4 ml. 208 cases of biliary tract diseases, gastric and duodenal ulcer, intestinal spasm and postoperative pain were treated. Generally, the analgesic effect was produced 10-20 minutes after medication. If Zusanli acupoint injection was used, the effect was faster. The analgesic effect can be maintained for 5-10 hours and repeated every 12 hours if necessary. No adverse reactions and addiction were found during the application, and no significant changes were found in body temperature, pulse, respiration, blood pressure, etc.
Chinese PinYin : Zhu Ye Jiao Gen
Root of Zanthoxylum bungeanum
Polygonum viviparum. Jia La Liao
Light vegetables. Dan Cai
Floral sheet. Hua Bei Dan
Huashan alum fruit. Hua Shan Fan Guo
Amaranth. Kong Xin Xian
Vallisneria 2. Ku Cao
Grass flower. Cao Hua
Drosera. Mao Gao Cai
Cortex Fraxini. Qin Pi
Xiaobaibu. Xiao Bai Bu
Rock pepper. Yan Jiao
Wild green hemp. Ye Lv Ma