(records of Sichuan Traditional Chinese Medicine)
[synonym] yumaixu (Diannan materia medica), maize pistil (Modern Practical Chinese Medicine), bangzimao (Hebei herbal medicine).
[source] it is the style of maize. See "corn" for plant morphology.
[chemical composition] it contains 2.5% fatty oil, 0.12% volatile oil, 3.8% gum like substance, 2.7% resin, 1.15% bitter glucoside, 3.18% saponin and 0.05% alkaloid. It also contains cryptoflavin, ascorbic acid, pantothenic acid, inositol, vitamin K, sitosterol, stigmasterol, malic acid, citric acid, tartaric acid, oxalic acid, etc.
(1) diuretic effect
Corn silk has diuretic effect on human and rabbit, and can increase chloride excretion, but the effect is weak. The methanol insoluble part of its water extract has the strongest diuretic effect in dialysis patients (a), and it has significant effect in oral, subcutaneous or intravenous injection. Diuretic effect is mainly extrarenal, and its effect on kidney is very weak.
② Effect on circulatory system
Intravenous injection of the Decoction in anesthetized dogs had significant antihypertensive effect, but it had no antihypertensive effect on dogs with chronic carotid artery skin bridge. A can dilate the peripheral blood vessels at low concentration.
③ Hypoglycemic effect
The fermented preparation of corn silk has a very significant hypoglycemic effect on rabbits.
④ Cholagogic and hemostatic effects
Corn silk preparation can promote bile excretion, reduce its viscosity and bile pigment content, so it can be used as a cholagogic drug for patients with chronic cholecystitis and bile excretion disorder without complications. It can also accelerate the process of blood coagulation, increase the content of thrombin in blood, and increase the number of platelets. Therefore, it can be used as a hemostatic and diuretic drug for bladder and urinary calculi.
Sweet and smooth.
① "Diannan Materia Medica": "it is mild in nature and sweet in taste. "
② Modern practical Chinese medicine: "Gan, Ping. "
③ Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "it is mild in nature, sweet in taste and non-toxic. "
[function indications] diuresis, heat release, liver calming, cholagogic. Treatment of nephritis, edema, beriberi, jaundice, hepatitis, hypertension, cholecystitis, gallstones, diabetes, hematemesis, bleeding, nasopharynx, mastitis.
① "South Yunnan Materia Medica" says: "it's easy to relax the intestines and lower the Qi. It is used to treat women's breast knot, milk obstruction, swelling and pain, fear of cold and fever, headache and sleepiness. "
② "Lingnan medicine collection record": "treating diabetes with pork decoction. He also treated urination, dribbling sand and stone. He could not bear the pain and took the decoction frequently. "
③ Modern practical Chinese medicine: "it is a diuretic, effective for kidney disease, edema disease, diabetes, etc. It is also an effective drug for cholecystitis, cholelithiasis and hepatitis jaundice. "
④ It can reduce blood pressure, diuresis and detumescence. Treatment of nosebleed, red collapse. "
⑤ "Hebei medicinal materials": "treating water swelling beriberi. "
⑥ "Zhejiang folk herbal medicine": "appetizer, liver, Qufeng. "
⑦ Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "clearing blood and heat, promoting urination. Treatment of jaundice, wind heat, rash, hematemesis and red Bengal. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1-2 Liang; or burning and storage research powder. External use: smoke inhalation.
[selection] 1. Treatment of edema: two pairs of corn whiskers. Fried water, avoid salt. (secret recipe of Guiyang)
② Treatment of nephritis, early kidney stones: corn whiskers, unlimited amount, decoction, frequent service. (secret recipe of Guiyang)
③ Treatment of hepatitis and jaundice: corn whisker, Lysimachia christinae, star, Curcuma, wormwood, fried.
④ Treatment of blood vomiting due to strain: corn beard. Thistle, stewed pork suit.
⑤ Treatment of hematemesis and red collapse: corn whiskers, boiled water stewed meat service.
⑥ Treatment rubella block (commonly known as wind Dan) and heat poison: corn ash, mixed with mash service. (3) the following prescriptions are published in Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals.)
⑦ Treatment of diabetes: corn to one or two. Take it by frying. (Zhejiang folk herbal medicine)
⑧ Treatment of essential hypertension: corn beard, watermelon skin, banana. Take it by frying. (records of Sichuan Traditional Chinese Medicine)
⑨ Cure brain leak: corn must be dried in the sun, put it on a dry chimney. (Zhejiang folk herbal medicine)
[clinical application] ① treatment of chronic nephritis
Take 50g of dried corn silk, add 600ml of warm water, decoct it with gentle fire for 20-30 minutes, get about 300ml-400ml of liquid medicine, take it orally after filtration, once a day or in parts. Nine cases of chronic glomerulonephritis were treated. After more than 10 months of observation, 3 cases were cured, 2 cases improved, and the other 4 cases had no obvious effect. The effect of corn silk is mainly manifested in diuresis, improvement of renal function, regression or reduction of edema, disappearance or reduction of urinary protein and so on. In some cases, no toxic side effects were found after 6 months.
② Treatment of nephrotic syndrome
Each time with dry corn 60 grams, wash fried. Twice a day in the morning and evening. At the same time, take 1 g potassium chloride, 3 times a day. 12 cases were treated clinically, including 10 cases with severe systemic edema, or pleural effusion and ascites, and 2 cases with mild edema. After 3 months of treatment, 9 cases of edema completely subsided, and 2 cases mostly subsided. The edema disappeared in 1 case as soon as 15 days after treatment. In general, diuresis began 3 days after taking the medicine. At the same time, urinary protein and non protein nitrogen decreased in varying degrees. In a few cases, plasma protein increased. In some cases, phenol red test and blood pressure became normal.
③ Treatment of acute hemolytic anemia complicated with hemoglobinuria
Two cases of this disease caused by eating wild plant "zhaoniao stick" poisoning were treated, that is, 1-2 Decoction of corn silk was taken orally. After taking it for 4 hours and 6 hours respectively, the urine volume of two cases increased, and the soy sauce like hematuria could not be seen by naked eyes; later, the jaundice decreased or disappeared. During the treatment, 5% glucose saline, vitamin C and blood transfusion were given. It has been observed that corn silk can not only diuretic, may have anti hemolytic, anti allergic and detoxification effects.
Chinese PinYin : Yu Mi Xu
Fangji. Guang Fang Ji
Let Lu Zi. Rang Lv Zi
Jiexianghua. Jie Xiang Hua
Snuff. Bi Yan
Spring flower. Li Chun Hua
Mengzi Wood Blue. Meng Zi Mu Lan
Mimai?. Mi Mai
Triangle wind. San Jiao Feng
Chinese yam vine. Shan Yao Teng
Mahonia tenuifolia. Shi Da Gong Lao Xi Ye Shi Da Gong Lao
Water wet Salix. Shui Shi Liu Ye Cai
Jasmine leaves. Zi Mo Li Ye