(commonly used Chinese herbal medicine in Tibet)
[synonym] Bangjian garbu (Tibetan name).
[source] Gentianaceae plant Gentiana Alba with roots of the whole grass.
[plant morphology] Gentiana alba
Perennial herbs, 5-20 cm high. Stem erect, unbranched. Leaves opposite; lanceolate to linear lanceolate, 3-10 cm long, 0.2-0.8 cm wide, obtuse, base connected into sheath, entire; leaves of vegetative branches rosette shaped. Flowers terminal or axillary, 2-5, large, white; calyx tubular, apex 5-lobed, lobes triangular lanceolate, nearly as long as calyx tube; corolla campanulate, 5-lobed, lobes ovate triangular, folds nearly truncate or 2-lobed; stamens 5; style short, stigma 2-lobed. Ovary superior. Capsule long conic, exserted, stipe 5 cm long. Seeds numerous, brown, elliptic, with many spongy wings on the surface.
Born in alpine grassland. It is distributed in Jilin, Gansu, Xinjiang, Sichuan and Tibet.
In addition, there is a variety of Gentiana flaviflora, which is also used in Tibet.
[collection] harvest from July to September.
[chemical constituents] gentianine was found in Gentiana scabra.
[nature and taste] common Chinese herbal medicine in Tibet: "cold in nature, bitter in taste. "
[functions and indications] common Chinese herbal medicine in Tibet: "purging the liver and gallbladder, clearing dampness and heat, relieving cough and strengthening stomach. Treatment of cold, fever, red eyes, sore throat, meningitis, pneumonia, cough, gastritis, dysuria, itching, scrotal eczema and other diseases. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1-3 yuan.
Chinese PinYin : Bai Hua Long Dan
Chicken ginseng. Ji Rou Can
Bovine brain. Niu Nao
Gentiana scabra. Shui Long Dan Cao
Water bean. Shui Liu Dou
Taibai Chrysanthemum. Tai Bai Ju
a kind of aconite. Tian Xiong
Codonopsis pilosula. Tu Dang Can
Forsythia suspensa 2. Tu Lian Qiao
Parsley. Xiang Gen Qin
Fish, turtle and Venus. Yu Bie Jin Xing
Pig tooth soap. Zhu Ya Zao
Root of Zanthoxylum bungeanum. Zhu Ye Jiao Gen