(to be worthy of Materia Medica)
[synonym] yizhizi (Kaibao materia medica) and jiezhanzi (Chinese herbal medicine manual).
[source] it is the fruit of Alpinia oxyphylla.
[plant morphology] Yizhi (Guangzhi)
Perennial herbs, 1-3 m high. The rhizome is elongated. Stem erect, tufted. The leaf blade is lanceolate, 20-35 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, apex caudal, base broadly cuneate, margin with exfoliative setae, its residual trace is fine serrate, dark green above, light green below, glabrous on both sides; ligule membranous, 1-1.5 cm long, covered with light brown pubescence. Raceme terminal, inflorescence axis brown, 10-15 cm long, short hairy, lower end with a ring bract, surrounded by the axis, pedicel 1-2 mm long; bracteoles very short, membranous, brown; calyx tubular, 1.2 cm long, one side dehiscent to the middle, apex 3-toothed, outer short hairy; corolla tube about 1 cm long, lobes 3, oblong, about 1.8 cm long, the upper one slightly larger, the first one The tip is slightly cucullate, covered with short hairs, labellum obovate, about 2 cm long, pink white, with red stripes, apex obtuse 3-lobed; staminode cone-shaped, about 2 mm long, developing stamen 1, filament about 1 cm long, anther linear, about 7 mm long; ovary inferior, ovoid, densely tomentose, 3-locular, with 8-9 ovules per locule, style linear, stigma capitate, 2 upper glands, Stick like. Capsule elliptic to spindle shaped, 1.5-2 cm long, sparse hairy, with fibrous bundle lines on the surface, short stipe. The flowering period is from March to May. The fruit period is from May to June.
It grows under the wet forest. It is distributed in Hainan and southern Guangdong.
[collection] during May to June, when the fruit is brown and the skin is less hairy, pick it, remove the fruit stalk and dry it in the sun.
[medicinal material] the dried fruit is spindle or oval in shape, 1.5-2 cm in length and 1-12 cm in diameter. The outer skin is reddish brown to grayish rod, with 13-18 longitudinal discontinuous uplifts. Skin thin and slightly tough, close to seed. The seeds were clustered into 3 petals, separated by membrane, with 6-11 seeds in each petal. The seed is irregularly oblate, slightly obtuse, about 3 mm in diameter and 1.5 mm in thickness, with grayish brown or grayish yellow on the surface; the hilum is located in the center of the ventral surface, slightly concave, with a furrow shaped ridge from the hilum to the junction on the back; after breaking, the inside is white, powdery, smelly, pungent and slightly bitter.
It is mainly produced in Guangdong.
[processing] Alpinia oxyphylla kernel: put Alpinia oxyphylla kernel in the pot, fry until the shell is burnt black, take out and cool thoroughly, remove the shell, and mash the kernel.
Salt Yizhiren: mix Yizhiren with salt water, stir fry, take out and let cool. (100kg of Yizhiren, 8liang of salt, add proper amount of boiled water to clear)
[flavor] pungent, warm.
① "Southern vegetation shape": "taste spicy. "
② Tao Hongjing: "hot. "
③ Kaibao materia medica: "it is pungent, warm and non-toxic. "
④ Ben Cao Bian Du: "it's hard to taste, but hot in nature. "
[Guijing] into the spleen, kidney.
① Tang Ye Ben Cao: "Taiyin meridian of hand and foot, Shaoyin meridian of foot. "
② "Lei Gong's treatment of medicinal properties": entering the spleen, stomach and kidney. "
③ "Herbal classic solution": "into the foot Jueyin liver meridian, hand Taiyin lung meridian. "
Functions and indications: warming spleen, warming kidney, Strengthening Qi and astringent essence. Treatment of cold abdominal pain, cold vomiting and diarrhea, more saliva, spermatorrhea, urine, night urine.
① "Han Guangzhi" is a record of taking away filth. "
② Materia medica: stop vomiting. "For the treatment of asthenia and leakage of spermatorrhea, residual urine, tonifying qi and calming the nerves, tonifying deficiency, promoting Sanjiao, regulating various Qi, and urinating more at night, take 24 pieces of broken pieces, add salt and decoct them. "
③ Liu Wansu: "the development of depression, so that the gas Xuantong.". "
④ "Qi Yuan of medicine": "treat cold evil in spleen and stomach, and replenish qi. It should be used in tonifying traditional Chinese medicine. "
⑤ Wang Haogu: "Yipi and Wei, Li Yuan Qi, Bu Shen Xu, slippery Li. "
⑥ "Compendium": "treatment of cold air abdominal pain, and heart qi deficiency, dream discharge, red turbidity, heat sad system, hematemesis, blood collapse. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1-3 yuan; or into pills, powder.
[should avoid] it is forbidden to take it when Yin deficiency and fire are strong or the slide belt is caused by heat.
① According to the classic of Materia Medica, "vomiting due to heat, not due to cold; Qi inversion due to anger, not due to deficiency; residual urine due to water dryness, essence deficiency, not due to internal heat, not due to kidney qi deficiency; diarrhea due to hot and humid injection, not due to Qi deficiency and intestinal smooth, should be prohibited. "
② "Ben Cao Bei Yao": "it is forbidden to use if it is broken or turbid due to heat. "
③ "Blood dryness has fire, so it should not be misused. "
[prescription selection] ① for the treatment of typhoid fever with excessive Yin, fullness of heart and abdomen, vomiting and diarrhea, cold hands and feet, and all the cold air rushing, hypochondriac abdominal distension and colic: Chuanwu (gun, peeled, umbilical) 42 Liang, yizhi (peeled) 22 Liang, Ganjiang (gun) 50 Liang, Qingpi (peeled) 32 Liang. The last piece is scattered. Take three coins each, two cups of water, one twist of salt, five pieces of ginger and two dates, break them, fry them together until eight minutes, remove dross, take them warm and before eating. (Ju Fang Yi Zhi SAN)
② The treatment of abdominal distension and diarrhea, day and night more than, all drugs do not work, this gas off also: yizhizi Ren Er Liang. It's better to drink it with strong decoction. (Shi Yi De Xiao Fang)
Third, the treatment of dream release: 22 Alpinia (22), and 22 of the medicinal herbs, the last is yam one or two, and the pill is the same as the Wutong seed, each pill is fifty pills, the hollow is lying under the salt soup, and the cinnabar is the garment. (Sanxian pill in Shi Yi De Xiao Fang)
④ It is especially effective for children: Wuyao, Yizhiren, etc. On for the end, wine boiled yam for the end of the grid, Wan Tongzi big. Take 70 pills each time, drink salt, wine or rice. (Suoquan pill in women's good prescription is Guzhen pill in Wei's family prescriptions)
⑤ Treatment of infantile enuresis, but also the treatment of white turbidity: Yizhiren, white Poria cocos each equal, on the end. Take one money each time, adjust the hollow rice soup. (Yizhiren powder in Buyao pocket formula for children)
⑥ Treatment of women collapse: yizhizi, stir fry fine, rice drink into salt, take a money. (Jingxiao ChanBao)
⑦ Treatment of fetal blood leakage: Yizhiren banliang, shrink Amomum one or two. It's the end. Three yuan for each, two for each day. (Hu's Jiyin prescription)
⑧ The treatment of colic, even abdominal spasm, called endless: Yizhiren, dried ginger (gun), licorice (fried), fennel (fried) each three money, Aconitum (gun, peeled), ginger each half two, Qingpi (white) two money. Fine cut on the top. Take 4 yuan each, 2 cups of water, add a little salt, fry until 7 minutes, remove dross, warm before eating. (jishengfang Yizhiren Decoction)
⑨ Treatment of white and turbid abdominal fullness, regardless of men and women: Yizhiren (salt water immersion fried), Magnolia officinalis (Ginger Sauce Fried), etc. Three pieces of ginger and one piece of jujube, fried in water. (Yonglei qianfang)
⑩ Treatment of urine red turbidity: Yizhiren, Fushen each two, Polygala, licorice (boiled) each half Jin. For the end, wine paste pill, Wuzi big. Fifty pills in hollow ginger soup. (compendium)
[discussion by famous experts] 1. In the compendium of Medical Sciences: "it is also a medicine for Promoting Yang and relieving Yin. Sanjiao and mingmenqi are suitable for the weak. According to Yang Shiying's Zhi Zhi Zhi Fang, the heart is the mother of the spleen. Eating is not only to harmonize the spleen, but also to make the fire produce soil. When the heart medicine is put into the spleen and stomach medicine, the common people can get it. Therefore, the ancients took medicine, more use Yizhi, soil Yihuo also. "
② According to the classic of Materia Medica, "yizhizi Ren, with its astringency, is used to treat the deficiency and leakage of spermatorrhea, and residual urine, which are also the syndrome of kidney qi not solid. Kidney is in charge of Qi, but deficiency can not. The spleen and kidney are deficient in Qi, and the two Zang organs are derelict of duty. The kidney can't accept and the spleen can't take. Therefore, the main body Qi floats up and the salivary filth overflows. If the Qi of the spleen and kidney is absorbed, the Qi will return to its original state and the salivary filth will descend. "
③ "Seeking truth from Materia Medica" says: "it can replenish intelligence, smell pungent and hot, work on dryness of the spleen and warming the stomach, and astringe the spleen and kidney qi, store and return to the source, so it is also called the agent of Tonifying the heart and life. If the stomach is cold and saliva is seen, it is used for taking. If the spleen is deficient and food is not seen, it is used for warming. If the kidney qi is not warm and urine is not shrinking, it is used for taking Suoquan pill. And husband heart kidney deficiency, and see the dream with collapse, then use this as secret essence solid gas. If Qi deficiency is caused by heat, and symptoms such as turbid collapse and dreaminess are found, it is not appropriate. Although it is similar to the condensed sand, it is also warming the stomach, but the condensed sand has the function of fast stagnation, so it has the power of cooling, so it is necessary to use the ear separately. "
④ Huiyue Yijing: "Yizhiren, whose nature is more than tonic, should be used as a tonic. If it is used alone, it will disperse Qi. "
⑤ "Materia medica justice" says: "wisdom is first found in the collection of Materia Medica, which is called warm and pungent, not to mention astringent, but the indications described by various schools are not warm and astringent. According to Yang Renzhai's zhizhifang, the ancients took medicine and used it to replenish wisdom and fire. This is a case of legislation for those who are disheartened due to spleen deficiency but do not think about food. The spleen soil likes warm but averse to cold, and likes dryness but averse to dampness. Cold dampness sleeps, then the health transportation ability is deficient, but does not think the valley, moreover the food is also tasteless, this only warm helps yang to be harmonious, but mediates the atmosphere, then can eat. Yizhi Xingpi Yiwei, solid also with Amomum villosum, cardamom and other consistent. Renzhai said that when he comes to benefiting the fire and making the earth, he will attach importance to the medicine of the Heart Sutra. He is still willing to go far and near, but he doesn't have to say it deliberately. Linhu also refers to the treatment of heart qi deficiency, dream discharge and red turbidity. It is based on the theory that the kidney Yang has no right and the slippery discharge can't help. Therefore, this method of warming and astringency can be used. However, the deficiency and cold syndrome of turbidity is rare. Shi Wan says that the cause of heat is yellow and dry. It can't be misused. Linhu is also called the Department of treating heat and heartbreak. The syndrome of hematemesis and haemorrhage is heat injury, and it is absurd to use this medicine of great heat instead. "
Chinese PinYin : Yi Zhi Ren
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Silkworm return paper. Can Tui Zhi
Cardamom flower. Dou Kou Hua
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Tiger skin grass. Hu Pi Cao
Huo Suo Ma. Huo Suo Ma
Artemisia ordosica. Mu Hao
Water lily. Rao Hua
Chinese herbaceous peony. Shao Yao
asparagus fern. Wen Zhu
Xiangyuanzi. Xiang Yuan Zi
Artemisia selengensis. Yan Hao