(Ningxia Chinese herbal medicine manual)
[synonym] shandayan, shanpapaver, maopapaver, yedayan (Jilin Chinese herbal medicine), shanmizuo (Northeast Chinese herbal medicine manual).
[source] it is the fruit, shell or whole grass with flowers of Papaver nudicaule.
[plant morphology] Papaver nudicaule
It is a perennial herb, 30-60 cm high, with hard hairs and white pulp when broken. Basal leaves tufted, oblong ovate, pinnately lobed, lobes unequally lobed; long petiolate. The flower stems are erect, from the base, thin, much longer than the leaves; the flowers are single, terminal; the petals are 4, obovate, undulate, 2 inner whorls, smaller, orange or yellow. Capsule oblong or obovate globose, ca. 18 mm, apically covered, often densely hirsute.
Born in high and dry area of hillside. Distributed in Northeast, Shanxi, Ningxia, Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang and other places.
[collection] harvest in summer and autumn.
[nature and taste] 1. The Handbook of commonly used Chinese herbal medicines in Northeast China: "sour, slightly bitter and astringent. "
② "Xinjiang Chinese herbal medicine manual": "slightly cold, toxic. "
[functions and indications] ① Qinglin Chinese herbal medicine: "astringent bowel, pain relief, detoxification. Treat enteritis, dysentery. "
② "Northeast commonly used Chinese herbal medicine manual": "analgesia, cough, asthma, diarrhea. It is used to treat nervous headache, migraine, long cough, wheezing, diarrhea, bloody stool, spermatorrhea, menstrual pain, leucorrhea, anal prolapse, acute and chronic gastritis, gastric ulcer and stomachache. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1-2 yuan.
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