(Ben Cao Tu Jing)
[synonyms] Xiegan (behind the elbow),? TOU (Luchuan materia medica), cauliflower (Xinjiang medicinal materials), wild garlic, Xiaodu garlic (empirical identification of traditional Chinese Medicine), XiaoSuan, zhaisuan (Hebei medicinal materials), xiebaitou (medicinal materials).
[source] the bulb of Allium macrostemon or Allium macrostemon in Liliaceae.
[plant morphology] 1. Xiaogen garlic, also known as Caizhi (BIE Lu), Qiaozi (Ben Cao Tu Jing),? Zi (Gang Mu), Xianggu dish (Tieling county annals), Xiaogen dish.
Herbs perennial, up to 70 cm tall. Bulb subglobose, covered with white membranous scales. Leaves basal; leaf blade linear, 20-40 cm long, 3-4 mm wide, apex acuminate, base sheath, amplexicaul. The flower stems are single, erect, smooth and glabrous; umbels are dense and many flowered, subglobose, terminal; pedicel is thin, about 2 cm long; perianth is 6, oblong lanceolate, lilac pink or lilac; stamen is 6, longer than perianth, filament is slender; pistil is 1, ovary is superior, 3-locular, 2-ribbed, style is linear, slender. The fruit is a capsule. The flowering period is from June to August. The fruit period is from July to September.
It grows in the weeds of cultivated land and the dry places of mountainous area. Distributed in Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Hebei, Shandong, Hubei, Guizhou, Yunnan, Gansu, Jiangsu and other places.
② Allium macrostemon
It is similar to the above. Bulb long elliptic, 3-4 cm long. Leaf blade 2-4, semi cylindric, linear, hollow. Umbels lax; perianth segments rounded or oblong.
It was born in the mountain area. It is distributed in most parts of the country.
The leaves of the above plants (Allium macrostemon) are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] most of them are harvested in spring in the north and in summer and autumn in the south. Dig up the roots, remove the stems, leaves and fibrous roots, wash them, boil them thoroughly with boiling water, dry them in the sun or dry them. This product must be placed in a dry place to prevent moisture and moth.
[herb] the dried bulb is irregular oval. They are 1-1.5 cm long and 0.8-1.8 cm in diameter, with stem marks on the upper part; the surface is yellowish white or light yellowish brown, translucent, with longitudinal grooves and wrinkles, or covered with several layers of membranous scales, which are easy to be rubbed off. It is hard, horny, not easy to break, and its cross section is yellow white. It stinks of garlic and tastes slightly spicy. It is better to be big, firm, full, yellow white, translucent and without flower stem.
Mainly produced in Northeast, Hebei, Jiangsu, Hubei and other places.
In addition to Allium macrostemon and bulb of Allium macrostemon, there are also Allium macrostemon with dense flowers from Shandong, Allium macrostemon with long stem from Northeast China, and bulb of Allium macrostemon with sky blue from Xinjiang, which are also used as Allium macrostemon in a few areas.
[processing] Allium macrostemon: remove impurities, shake and sift to remove hair, stir fry Allium macrostemon: put the Allium macrostemon into the pot, stir fry it gently until the outer surface is scorched, take it out and let cool.
Hard work, warm.
① The book of wood: "it tastes spicy and warm. "
② Bielu: "bitter, warm, nontoxic. "
③ Qianjin Shizhi: "bitter and pungent, warm, smooth, non-toxic. "
④ Yilin zuanyao: "sweet, sour, pungent, warm. "
[Guijing] ① Tangye materia medica: "start with Yangming classic. "
② According to the interpretation of Materia Medica classic, "entering the liver meridian of foot Jueyin, lung meridian of hand Taiyin and heart meridian of hand Shaoyin. "
Functions and indications: Regulating Qi, widening chest, activating yang and dispersing knots. Treatment of chest pain through the back, Wan PI not comfortable, retching, diarrhea after heavy, sore.
① "Ben Jing" says: "the Lord of gold sores is defeated. "
② Bielu: "to the bone. In addition to cold and heat, to moisture, warm in the scattered knot. All sores have edema due to apoplexy. "
③ "Qianjin? Shizhi": it can produce muscle and benefit puerpera. If you can't swallow a bone lump, you can eat it. "
④ Tang materia medica: "the white one is tonic and beautiful, the red one is the master of acne and Phoenix. "
⑤ "Dietotherapy Materia Medica": "treat women's red and white belt. "
⑥ According to the collection of materia medica: "in the tune, the main benefit is not long, the belly is often evil, but more cooking.". "
⑦ Ben Cao Tu Jing: "tonifying deficiency, detoxifying. "Master beriberi; it's easy to produce when boiled and drunk by puerpera. "
⑧ Bencao Yanyi: "pound with honey, burn with soup. "
⑨ "Medication heart method": "treatment of diarrhea under heavy, under the Jiao Qi stagnation. "
⑩ "The compendium of Medical Sciences" says: "it can treat Shaoyin disease, diarrhea, chest pain, lower Qi, disperse blood, and stabilize the fetus. "Wenyang road. "
(11) preparation of materia medica: "Liqiao. Treatment of lung asthma. "
(12) according to the book of the classics, it is said that "mashing juice and drinking raw water can spit phlegm in the stomach and eat insects.". "
(4) Lingnan medicine collection record: "he Shengyan mashes up the sore and is injured by iron needles, leaving rust in the muscles, which can be sucked out by applying. It can disperse, relieve exterior, strengthen stomach and open diaphragm. "
(14) Nanjing folk herbs: "smash the external application, cure all kinds of sores and boils. In addition, take wild chrysanthemum Decoction orally. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1.5 ~ 3 yuan (fresh 1 ~ 2 liang); or into the pill, powder. External use: tamping or juice coating.
[should not] the patients with Qi deficiency should take it carefully.
① "Dietotherapy Materia Medica": "patients with fever should not eat more. "
② Ben Cao Hui Yan: "Yin deficiency fever is not suitable for eating. "
③ "Materia Medica from the new": "slippery products, do not use without stagnation. "
④ "With the rest of the diet:" eat more fever, avoid and leek with. "
[selection] first, chest pain, asthma, cough, saliva, chest pain, shortness of breath, pulse of the clove mouth, and close of the small tight number: Trichosanthes is a (pound), half white caterpillar onion, Baijiu seven liters. Top three flavors, cook together, take two liters. Take it separately. (Trichosanthes, Baijiu Baijiu)
2. Chest pain, no rest, pain and pain: a Trichosanthes, 32 of the Allium, half a half of the pinellia, and a baijiu. Top four flavors, cook together, take four liters. Warm clothes one liter, three times a day. (Trichosanthes kirilowii and Xiebai Banxia Decoction)
③ For the treatment of chest stuffiness, the heart is full of Qi in the chest, and the chest is full. Four pieces of Fructus aurantii, four pieces of Magnolia officinalis, half Jin of Allium macrostemon, one or two pieces of Cinnamon Twig, and one piece of Trichosanthes kirilowii. First boil Fructus aurantii Immaturus and Cortex Magnoliae officinalis, take two liters, remove dross, take all kinds of medicine, boil several times, take three times at different temperatures. Zhishi Xiebai Guizhi Decoction. ① The prescriptions are as follows (Synopsis of the Golden Chamber)
④ Treatment of dysentery: Allium macrostemon, Phellodendron amurense. Cook and take it. (notes on materia medica)
⑤ The next treatment: Red Allium macrostemon. Cut and cook for porridge. (heart mirror of food medicine)
⑥ Treatment of galloping dolphin Qitong: Xiebai Daozhi drink. (behind the elbow)
⑦ Treatment of cholera retching: Xieyi yihukou. Boil it in three liters of water, take half of it and take it at once, but make it three times. (duxingfang)
⑧ Treatment of moxibustion sore swelling and pain: Xiebai (cut) 1 liter, pig fat 1 liter (fine cut). Soak the night with bitter wine, fry three times over low heat, remove dross and apply. (Mei Shi Ji Yi Fang)
⑨ Treatment of hand and foot ulcers: a handful of Allium macrostemon. Put in hot vinegar and seal the sore. (Qian Jin Fang)
⑩ Treatment of sore throat: root of Allium macrostemon, vinegar pound, apply swelling, cold is easy. (Sheng Hui Fang)
(11) treatment of Biyuan: Xiebai Sanqian, papaya huasanpreserves and pig nasal tube 422. Take it in water. (Lu Chuan Ben Cao)
(12) to treat fish bone jams: chew the Allium macrostemon, make it soft, tie it with the rope, hold the rope end, swallow the Allium macrostemon to the place where the fish bone jams, and lead it. (behind the elbow)
Xiebai Yisheng, Danggui siliang. Five liters of water, two liters of boiling, two servings. (ancient and modern prescriptions)
(14) treatment of Chibai dysentery: 60 grams of Xietou, 60 grams of glutinous rice, cooked thin rice.
Treatment of infantile dysentery (including chronic enteritis): wash the fresh Allium macrostemon head, mash it like mud, mix it with rice flour and honey to make cake, and bake it for cooked food.
(16) treatment of chest pain: Xiebai 10g, gualouren 10g, pinellia 5g, decoct with water to remove residue, take with yellow rice wine, twice a day.
Xiebai porridge, Xiebai 10-15g (fresh 30-45g), with 100 g of Japonica rice porridge. After cooking, season with oil and salt. It is suitable for chest tightness or angina pectoris of coronary heart disease, chronic enteritis and bacillary dysentery of the elderly.
[famous scholar's discussion] ① in the book of Materia Medica, it is said that "all the scallion and Allium macrostemon are used to remove the green and leave the white, and the cloud and white are cold but green and hot. Therefore, it is said that the nature of the scallion and Allium macrostemon is cold and detoxifying by boiling it with Phellodendron amurense. "
② Mu Cao Yan Yi: "in Qianjin, Xiebai is used to treat lung qi and asthma, and its slippery catharsis is also used. "
③ "Decoction of Materia Medica": "the next heavy, also qi stagnation, Sinisan plus this (Xiebai), to vent qi stagnation. "
④ "Ben Jing Feng Yuan": "Xiebai," the treatment of Jinchuang failure in Ben Jing, also take Xin to deflate, warm to long meat also. "
⑤ Changsha medicine solution: "lung disease is adverse, turbid Qi does not fall, so the chest diaphragm is blocked; intestinal disease is depressed, Qi does not rise, so the anus falls heavily. Allium macrostemon is good at dispersing and obstructing, so the arthralgia will change into Chong he when it comes down, and the heavy one will turn into Qing when it comes up. Its main indications are as follows: dysentery, in addition to diarrhea, Anyi pregnancy, scattered sores and ulcers, golden sores, bone jams in the lower part of the body, Qi pain, pharyngeal swelling. "
⑥ "Seeking truth from Materia Medica" says: "xieba, if it tastes pungent, it will disperse; if it disperses, it will make the upper cold stagnate; if it tastes bitter, it will descend; if it falls, it will make the lower cold stagnate; if it is warm, it will disperse; if it disperses, it will make the middle cold stagnate; if it is slippery, it will pass; if it is general, it will make the chronic cold stagnate. It is the following dysentery can be removed, blood stasis can be dispersed, asthma can be stopped, edema can be applied, chest pain can be cured, fetal birth can be cured, soup fire and evil death can be saved, solid ventilation, slippery orifices, Yang also good products. The function of leek is similar to leek, but leek can enter the blood circulation and invigorate the kidney yang, which is specially used to relieve cold stagnation and smooth the orifices. "
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