[category] whole grass
[synonyms] yuleihua (Huajing), xiyangju, zhuanxinlian (a textual research on the name and reality of plants), zhuanzhilian (Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine records).
[source] it is the whole plant of passionflower.
[plant morphology] Passionflower
Perennial twining herbs. The leaves are alternate, palmately 3 or 5-lobed, 6-10 cm long, 9-15 cm wide, lobes lanceolate, apex pointed, serrate margin, base heart-shaped and convex; petiole 5 cm long, apex near leaf base with 2 nectaries. The flowers are solitary, leaf axils, pedicels 5-7 cm long; bracts 3, small, crumpled; sepals 5, rectangular, apex round, with a protuberance on the back; petals 5, pale red, corona whisker like, dark purple or lavender; stamens 5, medicine can rotate, like a clock; ovary superior, style; 8. Berry oval, yellow when ripe. It blooms in autumn.
Most of them are planted in gardens.
[collection] harvest in summer and autumn.
[chemical constituents] pyrocatechol, gallic acid, palmitic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid, linolenic acid, myristic acid, sitosterol and glucose are contained in flowers and ears.
[nature and taste] records of Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine: "it is warm in nature, bitter in taste and non-toxic. "
[functions and indications] ① pharmacognosy by Wang Dianxiang: "it is used for neuralgia, insomnia, menstrual pain and dysentery, and has anesthetic and sedative effects. "
② "Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals:" in addition to wind and heat, cough and phlegm. Treat wind heat, dizziness, stuffy nose and runny nose. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1-3 yuan.
[selected formula] for wind heat headache: Passiflora leaf, chrysanthemum, mulberry leaf, Prunella vulgaris and lotus leaf. Fried soup. (records of Sichuan Traditional Chinese Medicine)
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