[Chinese name] Cayratia japonica
[category] whole grass
[synonyms] Ba, Long Ge (Erya), Long Wei, Hu Ge (Erya Guo Pu Zhu), Wu Ye Mei (Tao Hongjing), Long Cao, Wu Xie Cao (Shu Ben Mo), Wu Ye Teng (Lu? Yan Ben Cao), Wu claw Long Cao (medical zhengzhuan), Chi Ge, Chi Po Teng (compendium), Wu Long Cao (Ben Cao Shu), sow Teng (Cao Mu Bian Fang), Wu Ye Peng (Modern Practical Chinese Medicine), blood Wujia (Guizhou Province Traditional Chinese medicine prescription), guoshanlong (Nanjing folk herbs), Gynostemma Pentaphyllum (Jiangsu Zhi Yao Zhi), zhupoteng, wuzhuteng, jisiteng (Chinese local pesticide Zhi), wuzhujinlong (Zhejiang folk herbal medicine), xiaozhuteng (Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine Zhi), ground mouse, tiesanxian, suangjiateng, wujiateng, tiechengtuo (Hunan Yao Zhi), wujiangcao (wujiangcao Zhi) , Guojianglong (Jiangxi herbal medicine manual), diwujia (Guizhou herbal medicine), wild grape vine, laoyayan vine, laoyateng, huangyanteng, crucian carp vine (Shanghai commonly used Chinese herbal medicine), hemostatic vine (Nanjing commonly used Chinese herbal medicine).
[source] it is the whole grass or root of Ampelopsis japonica.
[plant morphology] Cayratia japonica
Perennial creeping herbs. Stems purplish green, longitudinally ribbed, tendril shaped, young branches pubescent, later smooth. The leaves are palmately compound, with 5 leaflets arranged in bird claw shape. The middle leaflets are elliptic ovate, 4-6 cm long and 2.5-3 cm wide. The petioles are 2-3 cm long. The apex is short and pointed, and the base is wedge-shaped or round. The 4 leaflets on both sides are gradually smaller and opposite to the same petiole, but each has petioles. The small margin has uniform round obtuse serration, and the total petiole is 3-5 cm long. Cymes axillary, 6-15 cm in transverse diameter, 3-12 cm in peduncle length; flowers small, yellowish green, with short peduncle; calyx cup-shaped; petals 4, ovate triangular; stamens 4, opposite petals, anthers long elliptic; pistils 1, ovary superior, 2-locular. Berries obovate, ca. 7 mm in transverse diameter, black at maturity. 2-4 seeds. The flowering period is June. The fruit period is from August to September.
Growing in the wilderness, valley, forest. It is distributed in East China, Central South and southwest China.
In addition, there is also a variety of Cayratia japonica, which is also used as medicine.
[chemical composition] the whole herb contains Arabian, mucilaginous substance, potassium nitrate, sterol, amino acid, phenolic composition and flavonoids. The root contains alkaloid, tannin, starch and gum. The peel contains cayratinin.
[collection] harvest in summer and autumn.
Bitter and sour, cold.
① Tang materia medica: "sour and bitter taste, cold, non-toxic. "
② Lu? Yan Ben Cao: "sweet, cold, non-toxic. "
③ Guiyang folk herbs: "bitter, pungent, flat, non-toxic. "
[Guijing] Mindong materia medica: "entering the heart, liver and stomach. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat and dampness, detoxifying and detumescence. It is used to treat carbuncle, sore, parotid, erysipelas, rheumatic pain, jaundice, dysentery, hematuria and turbidity. It is used for sore throat, furuncle, carbuncle, sore, dysentery, blood in urine, turbidity, injury by falling and snakebite.
① Tao Hongjing: "the wound is swollen and the snake and insect bite. "
② Tang materia medica: "the main wind poison heat swelling, you Dan, snake injury, pound and drink juice. "
③ "Lvyan materia medica:" it can cure carbuncle and gangrene on the back, and smash the affected area. "
④ The compendium of Medical Sciences: "it can cool blood, detoxify and facilitate urination; it can be taken with wine to eliminate furuncle and swelling. "
⑤ "Cao Mu Bian Fang": "clearing away heat and toxin, smearing ulcer toxin, eliminating tuberculosis, Qi selection due to deficiency of nine sons. Tonic deficiency. "
⑥ Classification of herbal medicine: Qufeng Santan. It can cure five kinds of yellow diseases, sow wind, and apply sore poison. "
⑦ "Hot water soaking, leg fumigation can relieve pain. "
⑧ "Treating rheumatism and paralysis". "
⑨ "Hunan medicine records": "treatment of migraine, hemorrhoids. "
⑩ "Mindong Materia Medica": "treat heat diarrhea, blood dysentery. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 0.5-1 Liang; grind powder, soak wine or mash juice. External use: tamping.
[selected prescriptions] ① for all kinds of swelling and poisons, such as hair back, breast carbuncle, stool poison, and sores. For the first time, hold the five leaf vine or root, and a piece of ginger. Mash, put in a good wine, wring juice, take sweat, apply it with dregs. Garlic can also be used instead of ginger. (Shouyu shenfang)
② Treatment of heat under the swelling, commonly known as toad plague: five leaf vine tamping. (Dan Xi Bian Yao)
③ Treatment of back and buttock carbuncle and stool poison: the whole grass of Cayratia japonica is decocted in water for two times and filtered. The two decoctions are combined into one place, and then decocted in water to concentrate into paste, spread on gauze, apply on the affected part, and change once a day. (Jiangxi folk herbal medicine)
④ Treatment nameless swelling poison: Cayratia japonica Leaves mashed, fried hot, with vinegar spilled, the affected area. (Zhejian folk herbal medicine)
⑤ Treatment of acne: fresh Cayratia japonica Leaves, mash and apply to the affected area, tie and protect with wide cloth, change once a day. Or sun grind powder, each medicine powder one or two, with pig fat three Liang, pound into paste, paste paste spread paper, apply the affected area. (Jiangxi folk herbal medicine)
⑥ Treatment of laryngeal obstruction: malanju, wuzhaolongcao, plantain each grip. On three things, pestle juice, slowly drink it. (true story of Medicine)
⑦ Cure nine son excessive itching: sow vine, nine son lianhuancao, Polygonum multiflorum. Stewed meat. (records of Sichuan Traditional Chinese Medicine)
⑧ Treatment of lung labor cough blood: Cayratia japonica root three to four money, fried. Or add Platycladus orientalis, Sanguisorba officinalis, green stone egg each three money, with fried service. (Zhejiang folk herbal medicine)
⑨ Treat rheumatism joint ache: Black Cayratia root one or two, soak wine to take. (Guizhou herbal medicine)
⑩ Treatment of urine and blood: wuyeteng Yin dry for the end, each take two money, white soup. (Yi Jian Fang for health)
(11) treatment of turbidity, diuresis: Cayratia japonica root mash juice drink. (Zhejiang folk herbal medicine)
(12) treatment of snakebite, black eyes, blurred vision: the whole grass of fresh Cayratia japonica is mashed, the juice is twisted for two liang, and the rice wine is taken. Smash the whole fresh grass for external use and apply it to the injured area. (Jiangxi folk herbal medicine)
For the treatment of stings caused by Longfeng, fried with water. (Jiangxi herbal medicine manual)
(14) treatment of traumatic injuries: five clawed dragon mash juice, and children's urine hot wine, take sweat. (simple formula)
Treatment of traumatic bone grafting: dry the root of xuewujia in the sun, grind it fine, and mix brown sugar with boiling water to cover the affected area. (the secret recipe of traditional Chinese medicine in Guizhou Province)
(16) urine and blood. Use Cayratia japonica to dry in the shade and grind into powder. Two yuan for each service, with boiled water.
The fever under the head of the frog (commonly known as toad plague). Mash and apply with Cayratia japonica.
(18) the onset of mastitis and sores. Use a handful of rattan or root of Cayratia japonica and a piece of ginger. Mash them together, add a bowl of wine, wring the juice, take them hot to make them sweat, and apply the drug residue to the affected area at the same time. Ginger in the prescription can be replaced by garlic.
(19) traumatic injuries. Mash the juice with Cayratia japonica, add children's stool, and serve with hot wine.
[clinical application] ① treatment of suppurative infection
Wash the whole fresh grass or stems and leaves, mash them like mud and apply them to the affected area. Or grind the leaves and roots into fine powder, mix with Vaseline into 20% ointment, or dry and grind the juice for external use, and change the dressing once a day. It can treat furuncle, carbuncle, honeycomb inflammation, suppurative lymphadenitis, traumatic infection wound, residual wound of burn infection, pustule, pemphigus, chilblain ulceration, eczema, dermatitis, etc. it has the functions of detumescence, pain relief, removing blood stasis and generating new life. For general purulent infection such as furuncle and carbuncle in the early and middle stages, it is cool and comfortable after application, and the inflammation can be seen to subside after 1-2 times; for ulcerated or purulent wounds, the pus is significantly reduced after treatment, the granulation is fresh, and the epithelial growth is accelerated. For the wound infected by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. After dressing for 1-2 times, the secretion culture turned negative. It can also be used for joint sprain and soft tissue contusion. No side effects and adverse reactions were found. In addition, it can also be made into 1:1 or 1:2 fresh herb decoction for oral use.
② Used for bone grafting and detumescence
Take 1 jin of fresh roots, half a bowl of glutinous rice, and paste them on the affected area. Or in autumn and winter, wash the roots and slice, dry them, and form the powder and seal them. When Baijiu is used, paste them in the affected area. General dressing 12 ~ 24 hours, such as local burning should immediately change dressing, otherwise easy to foam. In the treatment of arthritis, it can be applied for 3-7 days. One case of ulnar fracture of the right hand was treated. The fracture section was neat and the affected part was swollen and painful. After reduction, five herbs were applied and fixed. The dressing was changed once in three days, and the splint was removed in one week.
Chinese PinYin : Wu Lian Mei
Alihong. A Li Hong
Honeysuckle. Jin Yin Hua
Water lily. Dao Shui Lian
Liquidambar formosana bark. Feng Xiang Shu Pi
Osmanthus fragrans. Huang Mian Gui Guo
Wolf cream. Lang Gao
Oxytropis annulata. Lun Ye Ji Dou
Rice oil. Mi You
Branches and leaves of Acer truncatum. Niu Er Feng Zhi Ye
Rhamnus. Shu Li
Rumex. Suan Mo
Wormseed Wallflower. Tang Jie