(New materia medica)
[synonym] Luffa net (yilinzuoyao), Luffa shell (classified herbal medicine), melon collaterals and flocculent pulp (flora of Guangzhou), tianluoxian (collection of medicinal materials), Luffa tendon (flora of Jiangsu), Luffa pulp (flora of Hebei), qianlanglou (flora of Hunan).
[source] it is the reticular fiber of the old hot fruit of Luffa (Cucurbitaceae) or the withered old fruit of Luffa (Guangdong). For plant morphology, please refer to Luffa.
[collection] in autumn, take the withered and old fruits, rub off the skin and flesh, or soak them in water until the skin and flesh rot, then take them out and wash them. Remove the seeds and dry them in the sun. Guangdong towel gourd is called "towel gourd cloth" because it does not peel or peel after being taken.
(1) Luffa collaterals
It is long cylindrical or long prismatic, slightly curved and thin at both ends. It is about 25-60 cm long and 6-8 cm in diameter. The surface is white or yellowish white, and the whole system is a network interwoven by multi-layer filamentous fibers. It's light, tough and can't be broken. The ovary was 3-locular in cross section, with 3 large cavities and a few residual black seeds. It has no Qi, light taste, fine tendons and tough texture. White, no skin is better.
It is produced all over the country, especially in Zhejiang and Jiangsu.
② Towel gourd cloth
It has a long cylindrical shape with a tough fruit stalk at one end. The pericarp is grayish yellow with 10 longitudinal ridges. The pericarp is crisp. The others are similar to Luffa.
It is mainly produced in Guangdong.
[chemical constituents] Luffa complex contains xylan, cellulose, mannan, galactan and lignin
[processing] sponge gourd: wash, dry and cut into sections. Stir fry Luffa collateral: cut into small sections of Luffa collateral, stir fry with the lack of skin until it is yellow, take out and sieve the bran. Sponge gourd charcoal: take the sponge gourd charcoal cut into small sections, put it in the pot (full degree), cover it with a pot of the same size, seal it tightly with yellow mud at the junction of the two pots, and then calcine it with low fire for about 4-5 hours (generally stick it on the bottom of the pot with white paper, calcine it when the paper is burnt yellow), and take it out after waiting for cold.
Sweet and smooth.
① "Ben Cao Bian Du": "it is sweet in taste and cold in nature. "
② "Nanning drug records": "Gan, Ping, non-toxic. "
Function indications: Tongjing Huoluo, Qingre Huatan. Treatment of chest pain, abdominal pain, low back pain, testicular swelling, lung heat, phlegm cough, women's amenorrhea, milk obstruction, carbuncle swelling, hemorrhoids leakage. Charcoal: it can stop bleeding. For hematochezia and HAEMORRHEA.
① Yilin zuanyao: "cooling blood and oozing blood, dredging meridians and collaterals, supporting pox poison. "
② New materia medica: "tongjingluo, and blood, phlegm Shun Qi. "
③ "Classification of herbal medicine": for the treatment of breast swelling and pain, it is necessary to use fire calcination and wine flushing. The fire wound of the soup was caused by grinding the end and flavoring the oil. "
④ "Modern practical Chinese medicine": "pass milk, acne. The treatment of carbuncle is not astringent. For black fever oral, treatment of intestinal bleeding, dysentery, uterine bleeding, orchitis swelling, hemorrhoids bleeding. "
⑤ Lu Chuan materia medica: "cool blood and detoxify, promote water and remove dampness. It is used to treat cough due to lung heat, delirium due to fever, dysphoria due to heart heat and convulsions of hands and feet. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1.5-3 yuan; or burning and storage research powder. External use: calcine and deposit, grind and apply.
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